19 U.S. Code § 2401f - Fraud and recovery of overpayments

(a) In general
(1) Repayment
If the Secretary, or a court of competent jurisdiction, determines that any person has received any payment under this part to which the person was not entitled, or has expended funds received under this part for a purpose that was not approved by the Secretary, such person shall be liable to repay such amount to the Secretary, except that the Secretary may waive such repayment if the Secretary determines, in accordance with guidelines prescribed by the Secretary, that—
(A) the payment was made without fault on the part of such person; and
(B) requiring such repayment would be contrary to equity and good conscience.
(2) Recovery of overpayment
Unless an overpayment is otherwise recovered, or waived under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall recover the overpayment by deductions from any sums payable to such person under this part.
(b) False statement
A person shall, in addition to any other penalty provided by law, be ineligible for any further payments under this part—
(1) if the Secretary, or a court of competent jurisdiction, determines that the person—
(A) knowingly has made, or caused another to make, a false statement or representation of a material fact; or
(B) knowingly has failed, or caused another to fail, to disclose a material fact; and
(2) as a result of such false statement or representation, or of such nondisclosure, such person has received any payment under this part to which the person was not entitled.
(c) Notice and determination
Except for overpayments determined by a court of competent jurisdiction, no repayment may be required, and no deduction may be made, under this section until a determination under subsection (a)(1) of this section by the Secretary has been made, notice of the determination and an opportunity for a fair hearing thereon has been given to the person concerned, and the determination has become final.
(d) Payment to Treasury
Any amount recovered under this section shall be returned to the Treasury of the United States.
(e) Penalties
Whoever makes a false statement of a material fact knowing it to be false, or knowingly fails to disclose a material fact, for the purpose of obtaining or increasing for himself or for any other person any payment authorized to be furnished under this part shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than 1 year, or both.

Source

(Pub. L. 93–618, title II, § 297, as added Pub. L. 107–210, div. A, title I, § 141(a),Aug. 6, 2002, 116 Stat. 952; amended Pub. L. 111–5, div. B, title I, § 1885,Feb. 17, 2009, 123 Stat. 419; Pub. L. 112–40, title II, § 201(b), (c),Oct. 21, 2011, 125 Stat. 403.)
Reversion to Provisions in Effect on February 13, 2011

For reversion, beginning on Jan. 1, 2014, to provisions in effect on Feb. 13, 2011, with certain exceptions and subject to section 233(b) ofPub. L. 112–40, see Codification and Effective and Termination Dates of 2011 Revival notes below.
Codification

Section 1893 ofPub. L. 111–5, which provided for Feb. 13, 2011, termination of amendment by Pub. L. 111–5, was repealed by Pub. L. 112–40, title II, § 201(a),Oct. 21, 2011, 125 Stat. 403, and the provisions of this section, as amended by Pub. L. 111–5and as in effect on Feb. 12, 2011, were temporarily revived, effective Oct. 21, 2011, until Jan. 1, 2014, by Pub. L. 112–40, §§ 201(b), (c), 233. See 2009 and 2011 Amendment notes, Effective and Termination Dates of 2009 Amendment notes, and Effective and Termination Dates of 2011 Revival note below.
Amendments

2011—Pub. L. 112–40, §§ 201(b), (c), 233, temporarily revived the provisions of this section, as in effect on Feb. 12, 2011. See Codification note above and 2009 Amendment and Effective and Termination Dates of 2011 Revival notes below.
2009—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 111–5, §§ 1885, 1893, temporarily inserted “or has expended funds received under this part for a purpose that was not approved by the Secretary,” after “entitled,” in introductory provisions. See Codification note above and Effective and Termination Dates of 2009 Amendment note below.
Effective and Termination Dates of 2011 Revival

For temporary revival and applicability of provisions as in effect on Feb. 12, 2011, see sections 201(b), (c) and 233 ofPub. L. 112–40, set out as notes preceding section 2271 of this title. For reversion, beginning on Jan. 1, 2014, to provisions in effect on Feb. 13, 2011, with certain exceptions and subject to section 233(b) ofPub. L. 112–40, see section 233 ofPub. L. 112–40, set out as a note preceding section 2271 of this title.
Effective and Termination Dates of 2009 Amendment

Except as otherwise provided and subject to certain applicability provisions, amendment by Pub. L. 111–5effective upon the expiration of the 90-day period beginning on Feb. 17, 2009, see section 1891 ofPub. L. 111–5, set out as a note under section 2271 of this title.
Section 1893 ofPub. L. 111–5, which provided that, except as otherwise provided, amendment by Pub. L. 111–5not applicable on or after Feb. 13, 2011, and that this section be applied and administered beginning Feb. 13, 2011, as if amendment by Pub. L. 111–5had never been enacted, was repealed by Pub. L. 112–40, title II, § 201(a),Oct. 21, 2011, 125 Stat. 403. See Codification note above.
Termination Date

Except as otherwise provided, technical assistance and financial assistance may not be provided under this section after Dec. 31, 2013, see section 285 ofPub. L. 93–618, set out as a note preceding section 2271 of this title.

 

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