19 U.S. Code § 2532 - Federal standards-related activities
No Federal agency may engage in any standards-related activity that creates unnecessary obstacles to the foreign commerce of the United States, including, but not limited to, standards-related activities that violate any of the following requirements:
(1) Nondiscriminatory treatment
Each Federal agency shall ensure, in applying standards-related activities with respect to any imported product, that such product is treated no less favorably than are like domestic or imported products, including, but not limited to, when applying tests or test methods, no less favorable treatment with respect to—
(2) Use of international standards
(A) In general
Except as provided in subparagraph (B)(ii), each Federal agency, in developing standards, shall take into consideration international standards and shall, if appropriate, base the standards on international standards.
(B) Application of requirement
For purposes of this paragraph, the following apply:
(i) International standards not appropriate The reasons for which the basing of a standard on an international standard may not be appropriate include, but are not limited to, the following:
(3) Performance criteria
Each Federal agency shall, if appropriate, develop standards based on performance criteria, such as those relating to the intended use of a product and the level of performance that the product must achieve under defined conditions, rather than on design criteria, such as those relating to the physical form of the product or the types of material of which the product is made.
(4) Access for foreign suppliers
Each Federal agency shall, with respect to any conformity assessment procedure used by it, permit access for obtaining an assessment of conformity and the mark of the system, if any, to foreign suppliers of a product on the same basis as access is permitted to suppliers of like products, whether of domestic or other foreign origin.
 See References in Text note below.
Source(Pub. L. 96–39, title IV, § 402,July 26, 1979, 93 Stat. 242; Pub. L. 103–465, title III, § 351(c),Dec. 8, 1994, 108 Stat. 4956; Pub. L. 104–295, § 20(c)(14),Oct. 11, 1996, 110 Stat. 3529.)
References in Text
Section 2571 (6)(A) of this title, referred to in par. (2)(B)(ii), was amended generally by Pub. L. 103–465, title III, § 351(e)(4),Dec. 8, 1994, 108 Stat. 4956, and, as so amended, no longer contains clauses.
1996—Par. (4). Pub. L. 104–295inserted comma after “system, if any”.
1994—Par. (4). Pub. L. 103–465substituted “Access” for “Certification access” in heading, and, in text, substituted “conformity assessment procedure” for “certification system” and “an assessment of conformity and the mark of the system, if any” for “certification under that system”.
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment