19 U.S. Code § 267 - Overtime and premium pay for customs officers

(a) Overtime pay
(1) In general
Subject to paragraph (2) and subsection (c) of this section, a customs officer who is officially assigned to perform work in excess of 40 hours in the administrative workweek of the officer or in excess of 8 hours in a day shall be compensated for that work at an hourly rate of pay that is equal to 2 times the hourly rate of the basic pay of the officer. For purposes of this paragraph, the hourly rate of basic pay for a customs officer does not include any premium pay provided for under subsection (b) of this section.
(2) Special provisions relating to overtime work on callback basis
(A) Minimum duration
Any work for which compensation is authorized under paragraph (1) and for which the customs officer is required to return to the officer’s place of work shall be treated as being not less than 2 hours in duration; but only if such work begins at least 1 hour after the end of any previous regularly scheduled work assignment and ends at least 1 hour before the beginning of the following regularly scheduled work assignment.
(B) Compensation for commuting time
(i) In general Except as provided in clause (ii), in addition to the compensation authorized under paragraph (1) for work to which subparagraph (A) applies, the customs officer is entitled to be paid, as compensation for commuting time, an amount equal to 3 times the hourly rate of basic pay of the officer.
(ii) Exception Compensation for commuting time is not payable under clause (i) if the work for which compensation is authorized under paragraph (1)—
(I) does not commence within 16 hours of the customs officer’s last regularly scheduled work assignment, or
(II) commences within 2 hours of the next regularly scheduled work assignment of the customs officer.
(b) Premium pay for customs officers
(1) Night work differential
(A) 3 p.m. to midnight shiftwork
If the majority of the hours of regularly scheduled work of a customs officer occurs during the period beginning at 3 p.m. and ending at 12 a.m., the officer is entitled to pay for work during such period (except for work to which paragraph (2) or (3) applies) at the officer’s hourly rate of basic pay plus premium pay amounting to 15 percent of that basic rate.
(B) 11 p.m. to 8 a.m. shiftwork
If the majority of the hours of regularly scheduled work of a customs officer occurs during the period beginning at 11 p.m. and ending at 8 a.m., the officer is entitled to pay for work during such period (except for work to which paragraph (2) or (3) applies) at the officer’s hourly rate of basic pay plus premium pay amounting to 20 percent of that basic rate.
(C) 7:30 p.m. to 3:30 a.m. shiftwork
If the regularly scheduled work assignment of a customs officer is 7:30 p.m. to 3:30 a.m., the officer is entitled to pay for work during such period (except for work to which paragraph (2) or (3) applies) at the officer’s hourly rate of basic pay plus premium pay amounting to 15 percent of that basic rate for the period from 7:30 p.m. to 11:30 p.m. and at the officer’s hourly rate of basic pay plus premium pay amounting to 20 percent of that basic rate for the period from 11:30 p.m. to 3:30 a.m.
(2) Sunday differential
A customs officer who performs any regularly scheduled work on a Sunday that is not a holiday is entitled to pay for that work at the officer’s hourly rate of basic pay plus premium pay amounting to 50 percent of that basic rate.
(3) Holiday differential
A customs officer who performs any regularly scheduled work on a holiday is entitled to pay for that work at the officer’s hourly rate of basic pay plus premium pay amounting to 100 percent of that basic rate.
(4) Treatment of premium pay
Premium pay provided for under this subsection may not be treated as being overtime pay or compensation for any purpose.
(c) Limitations
(1) Fiscal year cap
The aggregate of overtime pay under subsection (a) of this section (including commuting compensation under subsection (a)(2)(B) of this section) and premium pay under subsection (b) of this section that a customs officer may be paid in any fiscal year may not exceed $25,000; except that the Commissioner of Customs or his designee may waive this limitation in individual cases in order to prevent excessive costs or to meet emergency requirements of the Customs Service.
(2) Exclusivity of pay under this section
A customs officer who receives overtime pay under subsection (a) of this section or premium pay under subsection (b) of this section for time worked may not receive pay or other compensation for that work under any other provision of law.
(d) Regulations
The Secretary of the Treasury shall promulgate regulations to prevent—
(1) abuse of callback work assignments and commuting time compensation authorized under subsection (a)(2) of this section; and
(2) the disproportionately more frequent assignment of overtime work to customs officers who are near to retirement.
(e) Definitions
As used in this section:
(1) The term “customs officer” means an individual performing those functions specified by regulation by the Secretary of the Treasury for a customs inspector or canine enforcement officer. Such functions shall be consistent with such applicable standards as may be promulgated by the Office of Personnel Management.
(2) The term “holiday” means any day designated as a holiday under a Federal statute or Executive order.

Source

(Feb. 13, 1911, ch. 46, § 5,36 Stat. 901; Feb. 7, 1920, ch. 61, 41 Stat. 402; Pub. L. 91–271, title III, § 316,June 2, 1970, 84 Stat. 293; Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, § 13811(a),Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 668.)
Codification

Section derived from R.S. § 2872, as amended by act June 26, 1884, ch. 121, § 25,23 Stat. 59.
Prior to the general revision of section 5 of act Feb. 13, 1911, by section 13811(a) ofPub. L. 103–66, provisions of section 5 of act Feb. 13, 1911, relating to extra compensation for boarding officers performing services at night or on Sundays and holidays, were classified to section 261 of this title.
Amendments

1993—Pub. L. 103–66amended section generally, substituting provisions relating to overtime and premium pay for customs officers for provisions relating to fixing of working hours and overtime compensation by Secretary of the Treasury.
1970—Pub. L. 91–271substituted references to the appropriate customs officer for references to the collector of customs wherever appearing, and struck out reference to inspectors, storekeepers, weighers, and other customs officers and employees.
Effective Date of 1993 Amendment

Pub. L. 103–66, title XIII, § 13811(c),Aug. 10, 1993, 107 Stat. 670, provided that: “The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) [amending this section and section 1450 of this title, repealing section 1451a of this title, and omitting provisions formerly set out as section 261 of this title] apply to customs inspectional services provided on or after January 1, 1994.”
Effective Date of 1970 Amendment

For effective date of amendment by Pub. L. 91–271, see section 203 ofPub. L. 91–271, set out as a note under section 1500 of this title.
Transfer of Functions

For transfer of functions, personnel, assets, and liabilities of the United States Customs Service of the Department of the Treasury, including functions of the Secretary of the Treasury relating thereto, to the Secretary of Homeland Security, and for treatment of related references, see sections 203 (1), 551 (d), 552 (d), and 557 of Title 6, Domestic Security, and the Department of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan of November 25, 2002, as modified, set out as a note under section 542 of Title 6.
Functions of all officers of Department of the Treasury and functions of all agencies and employees of such Department transferred, with certain exceptions, to Secretary of the Treasury, with power vested in him to authorize their performance or performance of any of his functions, by any of those officers, agencies, and employees, by Reorg. Plan No. 26 of 1950, §§ 1, 2, eff. July 31, 1950, 15 F.R. 4935, 64 Stat. 1280, 1281, set out in the Appendix to Title 5, Government Organization and Employees. Customs officers, referred to in this section, were under Department of the Treasury.

 

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