(1)The term “distortion” includes, but is not limited to, a subsidy.
(2)The term “foreign country” includes any foreign instrumentality. Any territory or possession of a foreign country that is administered separately for customs purposes, shall be treated as a separate foreign country.
(3)The term “GATT” means the GATT 1947 (as defined in section
3501(1)(A) of this title).
(4)The term “implementing bill” has the meaning given such term in section
2191(b)(1) of this title.
(5)The term “international trade” includes, but is not limited to—
(A)trade in both goods and services, and
(B)foreign direct investment by United States persons, especially if such investment has implications for trade in goods and services.
(6)The term “state trading enterprise” means—
(A)any agency, instrumentality, or administrative unit of a foreign country which—
(i)purchases goods or services in international trade for any purpose other than the use of such goods or services by such agency, instrumentality, administrative unit, or foreign country, or
(ii)sells goods or services in international trade; or
(B)any business firm which—
(i)is substantially owned or controlled by a foreign country or any agency, instrumentality, or administrative unit thereof,
(ii)is granted (formally or informally) any special or exclusive privilege by such foreign country, agency, instrumentality, or administrative unit, and
(iii)purchases goods or services in international trade for any purpose other than the use of such goods or services by such foreign country, agency, instrumentality, or administrative unit, or which sells goods or services in international trade.
This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original “this part”, meaning part 1 (§§ 1101 to
1107) of subtitle A of title I of Pub. L. 100–418, which enacted this chapter and amended sections
2191 of this title. For complete classification of part 1 to the Code, see Tables.
1994—Par. (3). Pub. L. 103–465substituted “the GATT 1947 (as defined in section
3501(1)(A) of this title)” for “the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade”.
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 103–465effective on the date on which the WTO Agreement enters into force with respect to the United States [Jan. 1, 1995], see section 621(b) ofPub. L. 103–465, set out as a note under section
1677k of this title.
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.
Description of Change
Statutes at Large
LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.