2 U.S. Code § 654 - Study by Government Accountability Office of forms of Federal financial commitment not reviewed annually by Congress

The Government Accountability Office shall study those provisions of law which provide mandatory spending and report to the Congress its recommendations for the appropriate form of financing for activities or programs financed by such provisions not later than eighteen months after December 12, 1985. Such report shall be revised from time to time.


(Pub. L. 93–344, title IV, § 404, formerly § 405, as added Pub. L. 99–177, title II, § 214,Dec. 12, 1985, 99 Stat. 1059; renumbered § 404 and amended Pub. L. 105–33, title X, § 10116(c)(1), (2),Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 692; Pub. L. 108–271, § 8(b),July 7, 2004, 118 Stat. 814.)
Prior Provisions

A prior section 404 ofPub. L. 93–344, which is not classified to the Code, was renumbered section 403 by Pub. L. 105–33, title X, § 10116(c)(1),Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 692.

2004—Pub. L. 108–271substituted “Government Accountability Office” for “General Accounting Office” in section catchline and text.
1997—Pub. L. 105–33, § 10116(c)(2), substituted “mandatory spending” for “spending authority as described by section 651 (c)(2) of this title and which provide permanent appropriations,”.
Effective Date

Section effective Dec. 12, 1985, and applicable with respect to fiscal years beginning after Sept. 30, 1985, see section 275(a)(1) ofPub. L. 99–177, formerly set out as an Effective and Termination Dates note under section 900 of this title prior to repeal by Pub. L. 112–25, title I, § 104(a),Aug. 2, 2011, 125 Stat. 246.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

2 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large


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