20 U.S. Code § 1071 - Statement of purpose; nondiscrimination; and appropriations authorized

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(a) Purpose; discrimination prohibited
(1) Purpose
The purpose of this part is to enable the Secretary—
(A) to encourage States and nonprofit private institutions and organizations to establish adequate loan insurance programs for students in eligible institutions (as defined in section 1085 of this title),
(B) to provide a Federal program of student loan insurance for students or lenders who do not have reasonable access to a State or private nonprofit program of student loan insurance covered by an agreement under section 1078 (b) of this title,
(C) to pay a portion of the interest on loans to qualified students which are insured under this part, and
(D) to guarantee a portion of each loan insured under a program of a State or of a nonprofit private institution or organization which meets the requirements of section 1078 (a)(1)(B) of this title.
(2) Discrimination by creditors prohibited
No agency, organization, institution, bank, credit union, corporation, or other lender who regularly extends, renews, or continues credit or provides insurance under this part shall exclude from receipt or deny the benefits of, or discriminate against any borrower or applicant in obtaining, such credit or insurance on the basis of race, national origin, religion, sex, marital status, age, or handicapped status.
(b) Authorization of appropriations
For the purpose of carrying out this part—
(1) there are authorized to be appropriated to the student loan insurance fund (established by section 1081 of this title)
(A) the sum of $1,000,000, and
(B) such further sums, if any, as may become necessary for the adequacy of the student loan insurance fund,
(2) there are authorized to be appropriated, for payments under section 1078 of this title with respect to interest on student loans and for payments under section 1087 of this title, such sums for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1966, and succeeding fiscal years, as may be required therefor,
(3) there is authorized to be appropriated the sum of $17,500,000 for making advances pursuant to section 1072 of this title for the reserve funds of State and nonprofit private student loan insurance programs,
(4) there are authorized to be appropriated
(A) the sum of $12,500,000 for making advances after June 30, 1968, pursuant to sections 1072 (a) and (b) of this title, and
(B) such sums as may be necessary for making advances pursuant to section 1072 (c) of this title, for the reserve funds of State and nonprofit private student loan insurance programs,
(5) there are authorized to be appropriated such sums as may be necessary for the purpose of paying a loan processing and issuance fee in accordance with section 1078 (f) of this title to guaranty agencies, and
(6) there is authorized to be appropriated, and there are appropriated, out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such sums as may be necessary for the purpose of carrying out section 1072 (c)(7) of this title.
Sums appropriated under paragraphs (1), (2), (4), and (5) of this subsection shall remain available until expended, except that no sums may be expended after June 30, 2010, with respect to loans under this part for which the first disbursement is after such date. No additional sums are authorized to be appropriated under paragraph (3) or (4) of this subsection by reason of the reenactment of such paragraphs by the Higher Education Amendments of 1986.
(c) Designation
The program established under this part shall be referred to as the “Robert T. Stafford Federal Student Loan Program”. Loans made pursuant to sections 1077 and 1078 of this title shall be known as “Federal Stafford Loans”.
(d) Termination of authority to make or insure new loans
Notwithstanding paragraphs (1) through (6) of subsection (b) or any other provision of law—
(1) no new loans (including consolidation loans) may be made or insured under this part after June 30, 2010; and
(2) no funds are authorized to be appropriated, or may be expended, under this chapter and part C of subchapter I of chapter 34 of title 42 or any other Act to make or insure loans under this part (including consolidation loans) for which the first disbursement is after June 30, 2010,
except as expressly authorized by an Act of Congress enacted after March 30, 2010.

Source

(Pub. L. 89–329, title IV, § 421, as added Pub. L. 99–498, title IV, § 402(a),Oct. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 1353; amended Pub. L. 100–297, title II, § 2601(a),Apr. 28, 1988, 102 Stat. 330; Pub. L. 100–369, § 8,July 18, 1988, 102 Stat. 837; Pub. L. 102–325, title IV, § 411(a)(2), (c),July 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 510, 511; Pub. L. 105–244, title IV, § 411,Oct. 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 1673; Pub. L. 109–171, title VIII, § 8004(a),Feb. 8, 2006, 120 Stat. 158; Pub. L. 110–227, § 6(a),May 7, 2008, 122 Stat. 746; Pub. L. 111–152, title II, § 2201,Mar. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 1074.)
References in Text

The Higher Education Amendments of 1986, referred to in subsec. (b), is Pub. L. 99–498, Oct. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 1268. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1001 of this title and Tables.
Codification

Another section 411 ofPub. L. 105–244enacted subpart 8 (§ 1070f et seq.) of part A of this subchapter.
Prior Provisions

A prior section 1071,Pub. L. 89–329, title IV, § 421,Nov. 8, 1965, 79 Stat. 1236; Pub. L. 90–460, §§ 2(b)(3), 3 (a),Aug. 3, 1968, 82 Stat. 635, 636; Pub. L. 90–575, title I, §§ 113(b)(1), 114(a), 119(b),Oct. 16, 1968, 82 Stat. 1021, 1027; Pub. L. 94–482, title I, § 127(a),Oct. 12, 1976, 90 Stat. 2099; Pub. L. 95–43, § 1(a)(8)–(10), June 15, 1977, 91 Stat. 213; Pub. L. 96–374, title XIII, § 1391(a)(1), (2),Oct. 3, 1980, 94 Stat. 1503; Pub. L. 98–79, § 6,Aug. 15, 1983, 97 Stat. 482, related to statement of purpose of, appropriations for, and implementation of programs to provide low-interest insured loans to students in institutions of higher education, prior to the general revision of this part by Pub. L. 99–498.
Amendments

2010—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 111–152, § 2201(1), inserted “, except that no sums may be expended after June 30, 2010, with respect to loans under this part for which the first disbursement is after such date” after “expended” in concluding provisions.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 111–152, § 2201(2), added subsec. (d).
2008—Subsec. (b)(6). Pub. L. 110–227added par. (6).
2006—Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 109–171substituted “a loan processing and issuance fee” for “an administrative cost allowance”.
1998—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105–244struck out heading and text of subsec. (d). Text read as follows: “Notwithstanding any other provision of this part, no new loan guarantees shall be issued after June 30, 1994, if the Secretary does not issue final regulations implementing the changes made to this part under the Higher Education Amendments of 1992 prior to that date. The authority to issue new loan guarantees shall resume upon the Secretary’s issuance of such regulations. This subsection shall not provide the basis for avoiding any requirements for notice and public hearing on such regulations.”
1992—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 102–325, § 411(a)(2), added subsec. (c) and struck out former subsec. (c) which read as follows: “The program established under this part shall be referred to as the ‘Robert T. Stafford Student Loan Program’. Loans made under this part shall be known as ‘Stafford Loans’.”
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 102–325, § 411(c), added subsec. (d).
1988—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 100–369substituted “shall be referred” for “may be referred” and inserted provision identifying loans made under this part as “Stafford Loans”.
Pub. L. 100–297added subsec. (c).
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Pub. L. 110–227, § 6(b),May 7, 2008, 122 Stat. 746, provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act [May 7, 2008].”
Effective Date of 2006 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 109–171effective July 1, 2006, except as otherwise provided, see section 8001(c) ofPub. L. 109–171, set out as a note under section 1002 of this title.
Effective Date of 1992 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 102–325effective July 23, 1992, with changes in the designation or names of loans or programs under this part effective with respect to applications or other documents (used in making such loans) that are printed after July 23, 1992, see section 432 ofPub. L. 102–325, set out as a note under section 1078 of this title.
Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Pub. L. 100–297, title VI, § 6303,Apr. 28, 1988, 102 Stat. 431, as amended by Pub. L. 100–351, June 27, 1988, 102 Stat. 661; Pub. L. 106–400, § 2,Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1675, provided that:
“(a) General Rule.—Except as otherwise provided, this Act and the amendments made by this Act [see Tables for classification] shall take effect July 1, 1988.
“(b) Special Rules.—(1) Any provision of this Act or any amendment made by this Act which authorizes appropriations for fiscal year 1988 shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Apr. 28, 1988].
“(2) The provisions of section 2402, relating to the National Center for Vocational Research, shall take effect on April 10, 1988.
“(3) The amendments made by section 3403 [amending sections 1221e and 1221e–1 of this title] shall take effect for assessments made after September 30, 1989, with respect to State data.
“(4) Allotments to States made under chapters 1 and 2 of title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 [formerly 20 U.S.C. 2701 et seq., 2911 et seq.] and under the Adult Education Act [formerly 20 U.S.C. 1201 et seq.] from amounts appropriated by the joint resolution entitled ‘Joint resolution making further continuing appropriations for the fiscal year 1988, and for other purposes’, approved December 22, 1987 (Public Law 100–202), shall be computed in accordance with the provisions of law applicable to allotments to States under chapters 1 and 2 of the Education Consolidation and Improvement Act of 1981 [formerly 20 U.S.C. 3801 et seq., 3811 et seq.] and under the Adult Education Act, respectively, as such Acts were in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act [Apr. 28, 1988].
“(5) Amounts appropriated by the joint resolution entitled ‘Joint resolution making further continuing appropriations for the fiscal year 1988, and for other purposes’, approved December 22, 1987 (Public Law 100–202), for the following programs shall be awarded in accordance with the applicable provisions of law in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this Act [Apr. 28, 1988]:
“(A) Programs under subchapter D of chapter 2 of the Education Consolidation and Improvement Act of 1981 [formerly 20 U.S.C. 3851 et seq.], except that projects under section 583 (c) [formerly 20 U.S.C. 3851 (c)] may not be reviewed by a program significance panel.
“(B) National programs under the Adult Education Act [formerly 20 U.S.C. 1201 et seq.].
“(C) Programs under the Indian Education Act [Pub. L. 92–318, title IV, see Tables for classification].
“(D) Programs under title II of the Education for Economic Security Act [formerly 20 U.S.C. 3961 et seq.].
“(E) The program under section 702 of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act [formerly 42 U.S.C. 11421].
“(6) The provisions of part A of title II of this Act [§§ 2001 to 2034 ofPub. L. 100–297, amending sections 236 et seq. and 631 et seq. of this title], excluding sections 2014(e) and 2018 [amending section 238 of this title and enacting provisions set out as a note under section 238 of this title], shall apply only with respect to amounts appropriated for fiscal years beginning after September 30, 1988.
“(7) The amendments made by section 6001 [amending section 11421 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare], relating to literacy training of homeless adults, shall take effect on October 1, 1988.
“(8) Any election under section 5209(b)(1) [25 U.S.C. 2508 (b)(1)] conveyed to the Secretary prior to August 1, 1988, shall take effect for the fiscal year beginning on October 1, 1988, and thereafter.”
Effective Date

Pub. L. 99–498, title IV, § 402(b)–(d), Oct. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 1428, 1429, as amended by Pub. L. 100–50, § 22(b),June 3, 1987, 101 Stat. 361, provided that:
“(b) Effective Dates.—The changes made in part B of title IV of the Act [20 U.S.C. 1071 et seq.] by the amendment made by subsection (a) of this section shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 17, 1986], except—
“(1) as otherwise provided in such part B;
“(2) the changes in sections 427(a)(2)(C) and 428(b)(1)(M) of the Act [20 U.S.C. 1077 (a)(2)(C), 1078 (b)(1)(M)] (other than clauses (viii), (ix), and (x) of each such section) shall apply only to loans to new borrowers that (A) are made to cover the cost of instruction for periods of enrollment beginning on or after July 1, 1987; or (B) are disbursed on or after July 1, 1987;
“(3) the changes made in sections 425(a), 428(b)(1)(A), and 428(b)(1)(B) of the Act [20 U.S.C. 1075 (a), 1078 (b)(1)(A), (B)] shall apply with respect only to loans disbursed on or after January 1, 1987, or made to cover the costs of instruction for periods of enrollment beginning on or after January 1, 1987;
“(4) the changes made in subsections (a), (b), and (d) ofsection 433 of the Act [20 U.S.C. 1083 (a), (b), (d)] shall apply with respect only to loans disbursed on or after January 1, 1987, or made to cover the costs of instruction for periods of enrollment beginning on or after January 1, 1987;
“(5) the changes in section 428 (b)(1)(H) [20 U.S.C. 1078 (b)(1)(H)] shall apply with respect only to loans for which the borrower files an application on or after July 1, 1987;
“(6) the changes in sections 435(d)(5) and 438(d) of the Act [20 U.S.C. 1085 (d)(5), 1087–1 (d)] shall take effect 30 days after the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 17, 1986]; and
“(7) the changes made in section 438(b) [20 U.S.C. 1087–1 (b)] shall take effect with respect to loans disbursed on or after 30 days after the date of enactment of this Act [Oct. 17, 1986] or made to cover the costs of instruction for periods of enrollment beginning on or after 30 days after the date of enactment of this Act.
“(c) Changes Effective Without Regard to Regulations; Republication of Regulations.—The changes made in part B of title IV of the Act [20 U.S.C. 1071 et seq.] by the amendment made by subsection (a) of this section shall be effective in accordance with subsection (b) of this section without regard to whether such changes are reflected in the regulations prescribed by the Secretary of Education for the purpose of such part.
“(d) New Borrowers.—For the purpose of this section, the term ‘new borrower’ means, with respect to any date, an individual who on that date has no outstanding balance of principal or interest owing on any loan made, insured, or guaranteed under part B of title IV of the Act [20 U.S.C. 1071 et seq.].”
Study of Role of Guaranty Agencies

Pub. L. 102–325, title XIV, § 1401,July 23, 1992, 106 Stat. 816, directed Secretary of Education to review role of guaranty agencies within Federal Family Education Loan Program by examining administrative and financial operations of such agencies and the relationships between guaranty agencies and State governments and report to Congress within 1 year of July 23, 1992, on the review, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 105–332, § 6(b)(2),Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3128.
General Accounting Office Reports

Pub. L. 99–498, title XIII, §§ 1311–1314,Oct. 17, 1986, 100 Stat. 1583, 1584, as amended by Pub. L. 100–50, § 23(6),June 3, 1987, 101 Stat. 362, directed Comptroller General to conduct studies on practices of State guaranty agencies and multistate guarantors under the student loan program, on the feasibility and efficiency of permitting students to establish multiple year lines of credit with eligible lenders, on the impact of the multiple disbursement system on the ability of students and institutions of higher education to meet expenses, and on the cost, efficiency, and impact of the consolidation loan program established by Pub. L. 99–498, and directed Comptroller General to make and submit a report to Congress on each study not later than two years after Oct. 17, 1986, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 105–332, § 6(a),Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3127.

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20 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

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34 CFR - Education

34 CFR Part 676 - FEDERAL SUPPLEMENTAL EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITY GRANT PROGRAM

34 CFR Part 682 - FEDERAL FAMILY EDUCATION LOAN (FFEL) PROGRAM

 

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