20 U.S. Code § 1223 - Forward funding
(a) To the end of affording the responsible Federal, State, and local officers adequate notice of available Federal financial assistance for carrying out ongoing education activities and projects, appropriations for grants, contracts, or other payments under any applicable program are authorized to be included in the appropriations Act for the fiscal year preceding the fiscal year during which such activities and projects shall be carried out.
(b) In order to effect a transition to the timing of appropriation action authorized by subsection (a) of this section, the application of this section may result in the enactment, in a fiscal year, of separate appropriations for an applicable program (whether in the same appropriations Act or otherwise) for two consecutive fiscal years.
Source(Pub. L. 90–247, title IV, § 420, formerly § 403,Jan. 2, 1968, 81 Stat. 814; Pub. L. 91–230, title IV, § 401(a)(4),Apr. 13, 1970, 84 Stat. 165; renumbered § 412,Pub. L. 92–318, title III, § 301(a)(1),June 23, 1972, 86 Stat. 326; renumbered § 411,Pub. L. 93–380, title V, § 506(a)(1)(C),Aug. 21, 1974, 88 Stat. 562; renumbered § 420 and amended Pub. L. 103–382, title II, §§ 212(b)(1), 231,Oct. 20, 1994, 108 Stat. 3913, 3914.)
A prior section 420 ofPub. L. 90–247was renumbered section 426, and is classified to section 1228 of this title.
1994—Pub. L. 103–382, § 231, amended section generally. Prior to amendment, section read as follows: “To the end of affording the responsible State, local, and Federal officers concerned adequate notice of available Federal financial assistance for education, appropriations for grants, contracts, or other payments under any applicable program are authorized to be included in the appropriation Act for the fiscal year preceding the fiscal year for which they are available for obligation. In order to effect a transition to this method of timing appropriation action, the preceding sentence shall apply notwithstanding that its initial application under such program will result in the enactment in the same year (whether in the same appropriation Act or otherwise) of two separate appropriations, one for the then current fiscal year and one for the succeeding fiscal year.”
1970—Pub. L. 91–230substituted “applicable program” and “under such program” for “Act referred to in section 1221 of this title” and “under any such Act”, respectively.
National Policy With Respect to Advance Funding of Education Programs
Pub. L. 93–380, title VIII, § 802,Aug. 21, 1974, 88 Stat. 597, provided that: “The Congress declares it to be the policy of the United States to implement immediately and continually section 411 [now 420] of the General Education Provisions Act [this section], relating to advance funding for education programs, so as to afford responsible State, local, and Federal officers adequate notice of available Federal financial assistance for education authorized under this [Act, Pub. L. 93–380, see Short Title of 1974 Amendment note set out under section 6301 of this title] and other Acts of Congress.”