20 U.S. Code § 1232a - Prohibition against Federal control of education

No provision of any applicable program shall be construed to authorize any department, agency, officer, or employee of the United States to exercise any direction, supervision, or control over the curriculum, program of instruction, administration, or personnel of any educational institution, school, or school system, or over the selection of library resources, textbooks, or other printed or published instructional materials by any educational institution or school system, or to require the assignment or transportation of students or teachers in order to overcome racial imbalance.

Source

(Pub. L. 90–247, title IV, § 438, formerly § 422, as added Pub. L. 91–230, title IV, § 401(a)(10),Apr. 13, 1970, 84 Stat. 169; renumbered § 432 and amended Pub. L. 92–318, title III, § 301(a)(1), title VII, § 717(b),June 23, 1972, 86 Stat. 326, 369; Pub. L. 94–482, title IV, § 404(b),Oct. 12, 1976, 90 Stat. 2230; renumbered § 438,Pub. L. 103–382, title II, § 212(b)(1),Oct. 20, 1994, 108 Stat. 3913.)
Prior Provisions

A prior section 438 ofPub. L. 90–247was renumbered section 444, and is classified to section 1232g of this title.
Another prior section 438 ofPub. L. 90–247was renumbered section 448, and was classified to section 1233g of this title prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–382.
Amendments

1976—Pub. L. 94–482substituted provisions prohibiting any applicable program from exercising Federal control of education, for provisions prohibiting such specific Federal laws as the Act of Sept. 30, 1950, National Defense Education Act of 1958, Act of Sept. 23, 1950, Higher Education Facilities Act of 1963, Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, Higher Education Act of 1965, International Education Act of 1966, Emergency School Aid Act, and the Vocational Education Act of 1963 from exercising such Federal control.
1972—Pub. L. 92–318, § 717(b), inserted “the Emergency School Aid Act;” after “the International Education Act of 1966;”.
Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 94–482effective 30 days after Oct. 12, 1976, except either as specifically otherwise provided or, if not so specifically otherwise provided, effective July 1, 1976, for those amendments providing for authorization of appropriations, see section 532 ofPub. L. 94–482, set out as a note under section 1001 of this title.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

20 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

 

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