20 U.S. Code § 955 - National Council on the Arts

(a) Inclusion within the National Endowment for the Arts
There shall be, within the National Endowment for the Arts, a National Council on the Arts (hereinafter in this section referred to as the “Council”).
(b) Appointment and composition of Council
(1) The Council shall be composed of members as follows:
(A) The Chairperson of the National Endowment for the Arts, who shall be the chairperson of the Council.
(B) Members of Congress appointed for a 2-year term beginning on January 1 of each odd-numbered year as follows:
(i) Two Members of the House of Representatives appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives.
(ii) One Member of the House of Representatives appointed by the Minority Leader of the House of Representatives.
(iii) Two Senator  [1] appointed by the Majority Leader of the Senate.
(iv) One Senator appointed by the Minority Leader of the Senate.
Members of the Council appointed under this subparagraph shall serve ex officio and shall be nonvoting members of the Council.
(C) 18 members appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, who shall be selected—
(i) from among private citizens of the United States who—
(I) are widely recognized for their broad knowledge of, or expertise in, or for their profound interest in the arts; and
(II) have established records of distinguished service, or achieved eminence, in the arts;
(ii) so as to include practicing artists, civic cultural leaders, members of the museum profession, and others who are professionally engaged in the arts; and
(iii) so as collectively to provide an appropriate distribution of membership among major art fields and interested citizens groups.
In making such appointments, the President shall give due regard to equitable representation of women, minorities, and individuals with disabilities who are involved in the arts and shall make such appointments so as to represent equitably all geographical areas in the United States.
(2) Transition to the new council composition.—
(A) Notwithstanding subsection (b)(1)(B) of this section, members first appointed pursuant to such subsection shall be appointed not later than December 31, 1997. Notwithstanding such subsection, such members shall be appointed to serve until December 31, 1998.
(B) Members of the Council serving on the effective date of this subsection may continue to serve on the Council until their current terms expire and new members shall not be appointed under subsection (b)(1)(C) of this section until the number of Presidentially appointed members is less than 14.
(c) Terms of office; vacancies
Each member appointed under subsection (b)(1)(C) of this section shall hold office for a term of six years, and the terms of office shall be staggered. The terms of office of all Council members appointed under subsection (b)(1)(C) of this section shall expire on the third day of September in the year of expiration. No member appointed under subsection (b)(1)(C) of this section shall be eligible for reappointment during the two-year period following the expiration of such member’s term. Any member appointed under subsection (b)(1)(C) of this section appointed  [2] to fill a vacancy shall serve for the remainder of the term for which such member’s predecessor was appointed. Notwithstanding any other provision of this subsection, a member appointed under subsection (b)(1)(C) of this section shall serve after the expiration of such member’s term until such member’s successor takes office.
(d) Meetings of Council; quorum; written records
(1) The Council shall meet at the call of the Chairperson but not less often than twice during each calendar year. Ten members of the Council shall constitute a quorum. All policy meetings of the Council shall be open to the public.
(2) The Council shall—
(A) create written records summarizing—
(i) all meetings and discussions of the Council; and
(ii) the recommendations made by the Council to the Chairperson; and
(B) make such records available to the public in a manner that protects the privacy of individual applicants, panel members, and Council members.
(e) Compensation of members
Members shall receive compensation at a rate to be fixed by the Chairperson but not to exceed the per diem equivalent of the rate authorized for grade GS–18 by section 5332 of title 5 and be allowed travel expenses including per diem in lieu of subsistence, as authorized by law (section 5703 of title 5) for persons in the Government service employed intermittently.
(f) Advisory functions; policies, programs, and procedures; recommendations; authority of Chairperson; action by Chairperson pursuant to delegation of authority
The Council shall advise the Chairperson with respect to policies, programs, and procedures for carrying out the Chairperson’s functions, duties, or responsibilities under this subchapter, and review applications for financial assistance under this subchapter and make recommendations to the Chairperson with respect to the approval of each application and the amount of financial assistance (if any) to provide to each applicant. The Council shall make recommendations to the Chairperson concerning—
(1) whether to approve particular applications for financial assistance under subsections (c) and (p) ofsection 954 of this title that are determined by panels under section 959 (c) of this title to have artistic excellence and artistic merit; and
(2) the amount of financial assistance the Chairperson should provide with respect to each such application the Council recommends for approval.
The Chairperson shall not approve or disapprove any such application until the Chairperson has received the recommendation of the Council on such application. The Chairperson shall have final authority to approve each application, except that the Chairperson may only provide to an applicant the amount of financial assistance recommended by the Council and may not approve an application with respect to which the Council makes a negative recommendation. In the case of an application involving $30,000, or less, the Chairperson may approve or disapprove such request if such action is taken pursuant to the terms of an expressed and direct delegation of authority from the Council to the Chairperson, and provided that each such action by the Chairperson shall be reviewed by the Council, and that such action shall be used with discretion and shall not become a normal practice of providing assistance under such subsections, except that the terms of any such delegation of authority shall not permit obligations for expenditure of funds under such delegation for any fiscal year which exceed an amount equal to 10 per centum of the sums appropriated for that fiscal year pursuant to subparagraph (A) of paragraph (1) of section 960 (a) of this title.


[1]  So in original. Probably should be “Senators”.

[2]  So in original.

Source

(Pub. L. 89–209, § 6,Sept. 29, 1965, 79 Stat. 849; Pub. L. 90–348, § 4,June 18, 1968, 82 Stat. 185; Pub. L. 91–346, § 5(b),July 20, 1970, 84 Stat. 444; Pub. L. 93–133, § 2(a)(5),Oct. 19, 1973, 87 Stat. 463; Pub. L. 94–462, title I, § 103(a),Oct. 8, 1976, 90 Stat. 1971; Pub. L. 96–496, title I, § 103,Dec. 4, 1980, 94 Stat. 2584; renumbered title I, § 6, and amended Pub. L. 98–306, §§ 2, 5 (a),May 31, 1984, 98 Stat. 223, 224; renumbered § 6 and amended Pub. L. 99–194, title I, §§ 101(1), 106,Dec. 20, 1985, 99 Stat. 1332, 1335; Pub. L. 101–512, title III, § 318 [title I, § 106], Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1960, 1968; Pub. L. 105–83, title III, § 346(e), (f),Nov. 14, 1997, 111 Stat. 1605, 1606; Pub. L. 105–119, title VI, § 624,Nov. 26, 1997, 111 Stat. 2522; Pub. L. 105–277, div. A, § 101(e) [title III, § 330], Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681–231, 2681–293; Pub. L. 111–88, div. A, title IV, § 417,Oct. 30, 2009, 123 Stat. 2959.)
References in Text

The effective date of this subsection, referred to in subsec. (b)(2)(B), probably means Nov. 14, 1997, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 105–83which amended subsec. (b) of this section generally.
Amendments

2009—Subsec. (b)(1)(C). Pub. L. 111–88, § 417(1), substituted “18” for “14” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 111–88, § 417(2), substituted “Ten” for “Eight” in second sentence.
1998—Subsec. (b)(1)(B)(iii). Pub. L. 105–277substituted “Two” for “One”.
1997—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105–83, § 346(e), inserted heading and amended text of subsec. (b) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The Council shall be composed of the Chairperson of the National Endowment for the Arts, who shall be Chairperson of the Council, and twenty-six other members appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, who shall be selected—
“(1) from among private citizens of the United States who (A) are widely recognized for their broad knowledge of, or expertise in, or for their profound interest in, the arts and (B) have established records of distinguished service, or achieved eminence, in the arts;
“(2) so as to include practicing artists, civic cultural leaders, members of the museum profession, and others who are professionally engaged in the arts; and
“(3) so as collectively to provide an appropriate distribution of membership among the major art fields.
The President is requested, in the making of such appointments, to give consideration to such recommendations as may, from time to time, be submitted to the President by leading national organizations in these fields. In making such appointments, the President shall give due regard to equitable representation of women, minorities, and individuals with disabilities who are involved in the arts. Members of the Council shall be appointed so as to represent equitably all geographical areas in the United States.”
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105–83, § 346(f), inserted “appointed under subsection (b)(1)(C) of this section” after “member” wherever appearing and after “all Council members” in second sentence.
Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 105–119, which directed the substitution of “eight” for “fourteen”, was executed by substituting “Eight” for “Fourteen” to reflect the probable intent of Congress.
1990—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101–512, § 318 [title I, § 106(a)], inserted at end “Members of the Council shall be appointed so as to represent equitably all geographical areas in the United States.”
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101–512, § 318 [title I, § 106(b)], designated existing text as par. (1), inserted at end “All policy meetings of the Council shall be open to the public.”, and added par. (2).
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 101–512, § 318 [title I, § 106(c)], struck out “(1)” and “(2)” before “advise the Chairperson” and “review applications for”, respectively, struck out “thereon” before “to the Chairperson”, inserted before period at end of first sentence “with respect to the approval of each application and the amount of financial assistance (if any) to provide to each applicant”, struck out “, unless the Council fails to make a recommendation thereon within a reasonable time” after “on such application”, substituted “an expressed and direct delegation” for “a delegation” and “, and that such action shall be used with discretion and shall not become a normal practice of providing assistance under such subsections, except that” for “; Provided, That”, inserted “The Chairperson shall have final authority to approve each application, except that the Chairperson may only provide to an applicant the amount of financial assistance recommended by the Council and may not approve an application with respect to which the Council makes a negative recommendation.”, and inserted “The Council shall make recommendations to the Chairperson concerning—” and added pars. (1) and (2) immediately thereafter.
1985—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99–194, § 106(1), substituted “Chairperson” for “Chairman” in two places in provisions preceding par. (1), in par. (1) designated existing provisions following “who” as cl. (A) and added cl. (B), and in provisions following par. (3) substituted “the President” for “him” and inserted “In making such appointments, the President shall give due regard to equitable representation of women, minorities, and individuals with disabilities who are involved in the arts.”
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 99–194, § 106(2), substituted “such member’s” for “his” wherever appearing.
Subsecs. (d), (e). Pub. L. 99–194, § 106(3), (4), substituted “Chairperson” for “Chairman”.
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 99–194, § 106(5), substituted “Chairperson” for “Chairman” wherever appearing, “the Chairperson’s” for “his”, “until the Chairperson has received” for “until he has received”, and “$30,000” for “$17,500”.
1984—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 98–306, § 5(a), inserted “Notwithstanding any other provision of this subsection, a member shall serve after the expiration of his term until his successor takes office.”
1980—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 96–496provided that the terms of office of all Council members were to expire on the third day of September in the year of expiration.
1976—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 94–462inserted “, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate,” after “by the President”.
1973—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 93–133substituted “$17,500” for “$10,000” and inserted proviso that the terms of delegation of authority shall not permit obligations for expenditure of funds under such delegation for any fiscal year which exceed an amount equal to 10 per centum of the sums appropriated for that fiscal year.
1970—Pub. L. 91–346generally incorporated into this section the substantive provisions of the National Arts and Cultural Development Act of 1964 except for the independent study authority of the National Council on the Arts under the 1964 Act, provided for the appointment and composition of the Council, prescribed the terms of office for members of the Council, provided that the Council meet at the call of the Chairman at least twice a year, established 14 as the number of members constituting a quorum, set forth provisions governing compensation of persons employed for the Government service on an intermittent basis, and set forth functions and duties of the council essentially similar to the function and duties of the Council as set out in this section prior to this amendment.
1968—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 90–348inserted provision which authorized the Chairman, in the case of any application involving $10,000 or less, to approve or disapprove the application if such action is pursuant to the terms of a delegation of authority from the Endowment Council and such action is reviewed by the Endowment Council.
Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 101–512effective Oct. 1, 1990, see section 318 [title IV, § 403(a)] of Pub. L. 101–512, set out as a note under section 951 of this title.
Effective Date of 1973 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 93–133effective on and after July 1, 1973, see section 2(b) ofPub. L. 93–133, set out as a note under section 951 of this title.
Effective Date of 1970 Amendment

Pub. L. 91–346, § 5(d)(3)(A),July 20, 1970, 84 Stat. 445, provided that: “The amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) [amending this section and sections 954, 959, and 960 of this title] shall be effective after June 30, 1970.”
References in Other Laws to GS–16, 17, or 18 Pay Rates

References in laws to the rates of pay for GS–16, 17, or 18, or to maximum rates of pay under the General Schedule, to be considered references to rates payable under specified sections of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, see section 529 [title I, § 101(c)(1)] of Pub. L. 101–509, set out in a note under section 5376 of Title 5.
Continuation of Council as Established Under the National Arts and Cultural Development Act of 1964

Pub. L. 91–346, § 5(d)(1),July 20, 1970, 84 Stat. 445, provided that: “The National Council on the Arts established under section 6 of the National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act of 1965 [this section], as amended by subsection (b), shall, for any purpose determined to be necessary by the Chairman of the National Endowment for the Arts, be deemed to be a continuation of the National Council on the Arts established under the National Arts and Cultural Development Act of 1964, Public Law 88–579 [former section 781 et seq. of this title], without interruption.”
Appointees to Council Under National Arts and Cultural Development Act of 1964 Deemed Appointed Under 1965 Act

Pub. L. 91–346, § 5(d)(2),July 20, 1970, 84 Stat. 445, provided that: “Members appointed to the National Council on the Arts pursuant to section 5 of the National Arts and Cultural Development Act of 1964 [section 784 of this title] shall be deemed to have been appointed as members of the National Council on the Arts established under section 6 of the National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act of 1965 [this section], with such terms of office as may be remaining under the prior appointment on the effective date of the amendments made by subsection (b) [July 1, 1970].”

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