20 U.S. Code § 9802 - Definitions

prev | next
(a) ESEA definitions
Unless otherwise specified in this chapter, the terms used in this chapter have the meanings given the terms in section 7801 of this title.
(b) Other definitions
In this chapter:
(1) Critical foreign language
The term “critical foreign language” means a foreign language that the Secretary determines, in consultation with the heads of such Federal departments and agencies as the Secretary determines appropriate, is critical to the national security and economic competitiveness of the United States.
(2) Institution of higher education
The term “institution of higher education” has the meaning given the term in section 1001 (a) of this title.
(3) Secretary
The term “Secretary” means the Secretary of Education.
(4) Scientifically valid research
The term “scientifically valid research” includes applied research, basic research, and field-initiated research in which the rationale, design, and interpretation are soundly developed in accordance with accepted principles of scientific research.


(Pub. L. 110–69, title VI, § 6001, formerly § 6002,Aug. 9, 2007, 121 Stat. 625; renumbered § 6001,Pub. L. 111–358, title X, § 1002(b)(1),Jan. 4, 2011, 124 Stat. 4048.)
Prior Provisions

A prior section 6001 ofPub. L. 110–69was classified to section 9801 of this title prior to repeal by Pub. L. 111–358.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

20 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large


LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.