20 U.S. Code Chapter 28 - HIGHER EDUCATION RESOURCES AND STUDENT ASSISTANCE
- SUBCHAPTER I—GENERAL PROVISIONS (§ )
- SUBCHAPTER II—TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT (§ )
- SUBCHAPTER III—INSTITUTIONAL AID (§ )
- SUBCHAPTER IV—STUDENT ASSISTANCE (§ )
- SUBCHAPTER V—DEVELOPING INSTITUTIONS (§ )
- SUBCHAPTER VI—INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS (§ )
- SUBCHAPTER VII—GRADUATE AND POSTSECONDARY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMS (§ )
- SUBCHAPTER VIII—MISCELLANEOUS (§ )
- SUBCHAPTER IX—ADDITIONAL PROGRAMS (§ )
Sec. 1001. General definition of institution of higher education. 1002. Definition of institution of higher education for purposes of student assistance programs. 1003. Additional definitions.
1011. Antidiscrimination. 1011a. Protection of student speech and association rights. 1011b. Territorial waiver authority. 1011c. National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality and Integrity. 1011d. Student representation. 1011e. Financial responsibility of foreign students. 1011f. Disclosures of foreign gifts. 1011g. Application of peer review process. 1011h. Binge drinking on college campuses. 1011i. Drug and alcohol abuse prevention. 1011j. Prior rights and obligations. 1011k. Recovery of payments. 1011l. Diploma mills. 1011m. Certification regarding the use of certain Federal funds.
1015. Improvements in market information and public accountability in higher education. 1015a. Transparency in college tuition for consumers. 1015b. Textbook information. 1015c. Database of student information prohibited. 1015d. In-State tuition rates for members of the armed forces on active duty, spouses, and dependent children. 1015e. State higher education information system pilot program. 1015f. State commitment to affordable college education.
1018. Performance-Based Organization for delivery of Federal student financial assistance. 1018a. Procurement flexibility. 1018b. Administrative simplification of student aid delivery.
1019. Definitions. 1019a. Responsibilities of covered institutions, institution-affiliated organizations, and lenders. 1019b. Loan information to be disclosed and model disclosure form for covered institutions, institution-affiliated organizations, and lenders participating in preferred lender arrangements. 1019c. Loan information to be disclosed and model disclosure form for institutions participating in the William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan Program. 1019d. Self-certification form for private education loans. SUBCHAPTER II—TEACHER QUALITY ENHANCEMENT 1021. Definitions.
1022. Purposes. 1022a. Partnership grants. 1022b. Administrative provisions. 1022c. Accountability and evaluation. 1022d. Accountability for programs that prepare teachers. 1022e. Teacher development. 1022f. State functions. 1022g. General provisions. 1022h. Authorization of appropriations.
1031. Authorization of appropriations.
1032. Program authorized. 1032a. Uses of funds. 1032b. Application requirements. 1032c. Evaluation.
1033. Definitions. 1033a. Augustus F. Hawkins centers of excellence.
1034. Teach to reach grants.
1035. Adjunct teacher corps.
1036. Graduate fellowships to prepare faculty in high-need areas at colleges of education.
1041. Limitations. SUBCHAPTER III—INSTITUTIONAL AID 1051. Findings and purpose.
1057. Program purpose. 1058. Definitions; eligibility. 1059. Duration of grant. 1059a. Applications. 1059b. Goals for financial management and academic program. 1059c. American Indian tribally controlled colleges and universities. 1059d. Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian-serving institutions. 1059e. Predominantly Black Institutions. 1059f. Native American-serving, nontribal institutions. 1059g. Asian American and Native American Pacific Islander-serving institutions.
1060. Findings and purposes. 1061. Definitions. 1062. Grants to institutions. 1063. Allotments to institutions. 1063a. Applications. 1063b. Professional or graduate institutions. 1063c. Reporting and audit requirements.
1064. Repealed. 1065. Endowment challenge grants.
1066. Findings. 1066a. Definitions. 1066b. Federal insurance for bonds. 1066c. Limitations on Federal insurance for bonds issued by designated bonding authority. 1066d. Authority of Secretary. 1066e. Repealed. 1066f. HBCU Capital Financing Advisory Board. 1066g. Minority business enterprise utilization.
1067. Findings. 1067a. Purpose; authority. 1067b. Grant recipient selection. 1067c. Use of funds. 1067d. Repealed.
1067e. YES partnerships grant program. 1067e–1. Promotion of entry into STEM fields. 1067e–2. Evaluation and accountability plan.
1067g. Eligibility for grants. 1067h. Grant application. 1067i. Cross program and cross agency cooperation. 1067j. Administrative provisions. 1067k. Definitions. 1067l. Repealed.
1067q. Investment in historically Black colleges and universities and other minority-serving institutions.
1068. Applications for assistance. 1068a. Waiver authority and reporting requirement. 1068b. Application review process. 1068c. Cooperative arrangements. 1068d. Assistance to institutions under other programs. 1068e. Limitations. 1068f. Penalties. 1068g. Continuation awards. 1068h. Authorization of appropriations. SUBCHAPTER IV—STUDENT ASSISTANCE
1070. Statement of purpose; program authorization.
1070a. Federal Pell Grants: amount and determinations; applications. 1070a–1. Academic competitiveness grants. 1070a–2 to 1070a–6. Repealed.
Division 1—Federal TRIO Programs 1070a–11. Program authority; authorization of appropriations. 1070a–12. Talent search. 1070a–13. Upward bound. 1070a–14. Student support services. 1070a–15. Postbaccalaureate achievement program authority. 1070a–16. Educational opportunity centers. 1070a–17. Staff development activities. 1070a–18. Reports, evaluations, and grants for project improvement and dissemination. Division 2—Gaining Early Awareness and Readiness for Undergraduate Programs 1070a–21. Early intervention and college awareness program authorized. 1070a–22. Requirements. 1070a–23. Applications. 1070a–24. Activities. 1070a–25. Scholarship component. 1070a–26. 21st Century Scholar Certificates. 1070a–27. Evaluation and report. 1070a–28. Authorization of appropriations. Division 3—Academic Achievement Incentive Scholarships 1070a–31 to 1070a–35. Repealed. Division 4—Model Program Community Partnership and Counseling Grants 1070a–41 to 1070a–43. Repealed. Division 5—Public Information 1070a–51 to 1070a–53. Repealed. Division 6—National Student Savings Demonstration Program 1070a–61. Repealed. Division 7—Preeligibility Form 1070a–71. Repealed. Division 8—Technical Assistance for Teachers and Counselors 1070a–81. Repealed.
1070b. Purpose; appropriations authorized. 1070b–1. Amount and duration of grants. 1070b–2. Agreements with institutions; selection of recipients. 1070b–3. Allocation of funds. 1070b–4. Carryover and carryback authority.
1070c. Purpose; appropriations authorized. 1070c–1. Allotment among States. 1070c–2. Applications for leveraging educational assistance partnership programs. 1070c–3. Administration of State programs; judicial review. 1070c–3a. Grants for access and persistence. 1070c–4. “Community service” defined. 1070d to 1070d–1d. Repealed.
1070d–2. Maintenance and expansion of existing programs.
1070d–31. Statement of purpose. 1070d–32. Repealed. 1070d–33. Scholarships authorized. 1070d–34. Allocation among States. 1070d–35. Agreements. 1070d–36. Eligibility of scholars. 1070d–37. Selection of scholars. 1070d–38. Stipends and scholarship conditions. 1070d–39. Repealed. 1070d–40. Construction of needs provisions. 1070d–41. Authorization of appropriations.
1070e. Child care access means parents in school.
1070f to 1070f–6. Repealed.
1070g. Definitions. 1070g–1. Program established. 1070g–2. Applications; eligibility. 1070g–3. Program period and funding. 1070g–4. Program report.
1070h. Scholarships for veteran’s dependents.
1071. Statement of purpose; nondiscrimination; and appropriations authorized. 1072. Advances for reserve funds of State and nonprofit private loan insurance programs. 1072a. Federal Student Loan Reserve Fund. 1072b. Agency Operating Fund. 1073. Effects of adequate non-Federal programs. 1074. Scope and duration of Federal loan insurance program. 1075. Limitations on individual federally insured loans and on Federal loan insurance. 1076. Sources of funds. 1077. Eligibility of student borrowers and terms of federally insured student loans. 1077a. Applicable interest rates. 1078. Federal payments to reduce student interest costs. 1078–1. Voluntary flexible agreements with guaranty agencies. 1078–2. Federal PLUS loans. 1078–3. Federal consolidation loans. 1078–4. Commingling of funds. 1078–5. Repealed. 1078–6. Default reduction program. 1078–7. Requirements for disbursement of student loans. 1078–8. Unsubsidized Stafford loans for middle-income borrowers. 1078–9. Repealed. 1078–10. Loan forgiveness for teachers. 1078–11. Loan forgiveness for service in areas of national need. 1078–12. Loan repayment for civil legal assistance attorneys. 1079. Certificate of Federal loan insurance—effective date of insurance. 1080. Default of student under Federal loan insurance program. 1080a. Reports to consumer reporting agencies and institutions of higher education. 1081. Insurance fund. 1082. Legal powers and responsibilities. 1083. Student loan information by eligible lenders. 1083a. Consumer education information. 1084. Participation by Federal credit unions in Federal, State, and private student loan insurance programs. 1085. Definitions for student loan insurance program. 1086. Delegation of functions. 1087. Repayment by Secretary of loans of bankrupt, deceased, or disabled borrowers; treatment of borrowers attending schools that fail to provide a refund, attending closed schools, or falsely certified as eligible to borrow. 1087–0. Repealed. 1087–1. Special allowances. 1087–2. Student Loan Marketing Association. 1087–3. Reorganization of Student Loan Marketing Association through formation of Holding Company. 1087–4. Discrimination in secondary markets prohibited.
1087a. Program authority. 1087b. Funds for origination of direct student loans. 1087c. Selection of institutions for participation and origination. 1087d. Agreements with institutions. 1087e. Terms and conditions of loans. 1087f. Contracts. 1087g. Repealed. 1087h. Funds for administrative expenses. 1087i. Authority to sell loans. 1087i–1. Temporary authority to purchase student loans. 1087i–2. Temporary loan consolidation authority. 1087j. Loan cancellation for teachers.
1087aa. Appropriations authorized. 1087bb. Allocation of funds. 1087cc. Agreements with institutions of higher education. 1087cc–1. Student loan information by eligible institutions. 1087dd. Terms of loans. 1087ee. Cancellation of loans for certain public service. 1087ff. Distribution of assets from student loan funds. 1087gg. Collection of defaulted loans: Perkins Loan Revolving Fund. 1087hh. General authority of Secretary. 1087ii. Definitions.
1087kk. Amount of need. 1087ll. Cost of attendance. 1087mm. Family contribution. 1087nn. Determination of expected family contribution; data elements. 1087oo. Family contribution for dependent students. 1087pp. Family contribution for independent students without dependents other than a spouse. 1087qq. Family contribution for independent students with dependents other than a spouse. 1087rr. Regulations; updated tables. 1087ss. Simplified needs test. 1087tt. Discretion of student financial aid administrators. 1087uu. Disregard of student aid in other Federal programs. 1087uu–1. Native American students. 1087vv. Definitions.
1088. Definitions. 1088a. Clock and credit hour treatment of diploma nursing schools. 1089. Master calendar. 1090. Forms and regulations. 1091. Student eligibility. 1091a. Statute of limitations, and State court judgments. 1091b. Institutional refunds. 1091c. Readmission requirements for servicemembers. 1092. Institutional and financial assistance information for students. 1092a. Combined payment plan. 1092b. National Student Loan Data System. 1092c. Simplification of lending process for borrowers. 1092d. Scholarship fraud assessment and awareness activities. 1092e. College access initiative. 1092f. Early awareness of financial aid eligibility. 1093. Distance education demonstration programs. 1093a. Articulation agreements. 1094. Program participation agreements. 1094a. Regulatory relief and improvement. 1094b. Assignment of identification numbers. 1095. Transfer of allotments. 1095a. Wage garnishment requirement. 1096. Administrative expenses. 1096a. Repealed. 1097. Criminal penalties. 1097a. Administrative subpoenas. 1098. Advisory Committee on Student Financial Assistance. 1098a. Regional meetings and negotiated rulemaking. 1098b. Authorization of appropriations for administrative expenses. 1098c. Repealed. 1098d. Procedures for cancellations and deferments for eligible disabled veterans. 1098e. Income-based repayment. 1098f. Deferral of loan repayment following active duty. 1098g. Exemption from State disclosure requirements.
1098aa. Short title; findings; reference. 1098bb. Waiver authority for response to military contingencies and national emergencies. 1098cc. Tuition refunds or credits for members of armed forces. 1098dd. Use of professional judgment. 1098ee. Definitions. 1099. Transferred.
1099a. State responsibilities.
1099b. Recognition of accrediting agency or association.
1099c. Eligibility and certification procedures. 1099c–1. Program review and data. 1099c–2. Review of regulations.
1099d. Competitive loan auction pilot program.
1099e. Transferred. SUBCHAPTER V—DEVELOPING INSTITUTIONS
1101. Findings; purpose; and program authority. 1101a. Definitions; eligibility. 1101b. Authorized activities. 1101c. Duration of grant. 1101d. Special rule.
1102. Purposes. 1102a. Program authority and eligibility. 1102b. Authorized activities. 1102c. Application and duration.
1103. Eligibility; applications. 1103a. Waiver authority and reporting requirement. 1103b. Application review process. 1103c. Cooperative arrangements. 1103d. Assistance to institutions under other programs. 1103e. Limitations. 1103f. Penalties. 1103g. Authorizations of appropriations. SUBCHAPTER VI—INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS
1121. Findings; purposes; consultation; survey. 1122. Graduate and undergraduate language and area centers and programs. 1123. Language resource centers. 1124. Undergraduate international studies and foreign language programs. 1125. Research; studies; annual report. 1126. Technological innovation and cooperation for foreign information access. 1127. Selection of certain grant recipients. 1128. Equitable distribution of certain funds. 1128a. American overseas research centers. 1128b. Authorization of appropriations.
1130. Findings and purposes. 1130–1. Centers for international business education. 1130a. Education and training programs. 1130b. Authorization of appropriations.
1131. Minority foreign service professional development program. 1131–1. Institutional development. 1131a. Study abroad program. 1131b. Advanced degree in international relations. 1131c. Internships. 1131c–1. Financial assistance. 1131d. Report. 1131e. Gifts and donations. 1131f. Authorization of appropriations.
1132. Definitions. 1132–1. Special rule. 1132–2. Rule of construction. 1132–3. Assessment. 1132–4. Evaluation, outreach, and information. 1132–5. Report. 1132–6. Science and technology advanced foreign language education grant program. 1132–7. Reporting by institutions. SUBCHAPTER VII—GRADUATE AND POSTSECONDARY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAMS 1133. Purpose.
1134. Award of Jacob K. Javits fellowships. 1134a. Allocation of fellowships. 1134b. Stipends. 1134c. Fellowship conditions. 1134d. Authorization of appropriations.
1135. Grants to academic departments and programs of institutions. 1135a. Institutional eligibility. 1135b. Criteria for applications. 1135c. Awards to graduate students. 1135d. Additional assistance for cost of education. 1135e. Authorization of appropriations.
1136. Legal educational opportunity program.
1136a. Masters degree programs at historically Black colleges and universities. 1136b. Masters degree programs at predominantly Black institutions. 1136c. Authorization of appropriations.
1137. Administrative provisions for subparts 1 through 4.
1138. Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education. 1138a. National Board of the Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education. 1138b. Administrative provisions. 1138c. Special projects. 1138d. Authorization of appropriations.
1139 to 1139h. Repealed.
1140a. Purpose. 1140b. Grants, contracts, and cooperative agreements authorized. 1140c. Applications. 1140d. Rule of construction. 1140e. Authorization of appropriations.
1140f. Purpose. 1140g. Model comprehensive transition and postsecondary programs for students with intellectual disabilities. 1140h. Rule of construction. 1140i. Authorization of appropriations and reservation.
1140k. Definition of student with a print disability. 1140l. Establishment of Advisory Commission on Accessible Instructional Materials in Postsecondary Education for Students with Disabilities. 1140m. Model demonstration programs to support improved access to postsecondary instructional materials for students with print disabilities. 1140n. Rule of construction. 1140o. Authorization of appropriations.
1140p. Purpose. 1140q. National technical assistance center; coordinating center. 1140r. Authorization of appropriations.
1141. College access challenge grant program. SUBCHAPTER VIII—MISCELLANEOUS 1151. Grants to States for workplace and community transition training for incarcerated individuals. 1152. Repealed. 1153. Underground Railroad educational and cultural program. 1154. Contract authority. 1155. Connie Lee privatization. SUBCHAPTER IX—ADDITIONAL PROGRAMS
1161a. Project GRAD.
1161b. Mathematics and science scholars program.
1161c. Business workforce partnerships for job skill training in high-growth occupations or industries.
1161d. Capacity for nursing students and faculty.
1161e. American history for freedom.
1161f. Teach For America.
1161g. Patsy T. Mink fellowship program.
1161h. Improving college enrollment by secondary schools.
1161i. Purpose. 1161i–1. Definition of early childhood education program. 1161i–2. Grants authorized. 1161i–3. State Task Force establishment. 1161i–4. State Task Force activities. 1161i–5. State application and report. 1161i–6. Evaluations. 1161i–7. Authorization of appropriations.
1161j. Improving science, technology, engineering, and mathematics education with a focus on Alaska Native and Native Hawaiian students.
1161k. Pilot programs to increase college persistence and success.
1161l. Student safety and campus emergency management. 1161l–1. Model emergency response policies, procedures, and practices. 1161l–2. Preparation for future disasters plan by the Secretary. 1161l–3. Education Disaster and Emergency Relief Loan Program. 1161l–4. Guidance on mental health disclosures for student safety. 1161l–5. Rule of construction.
1161m. Incentives and rewards for low tuition.
1161n. Statement of purpose; definition. 1161n–1. Reservations. 1161n–2. Grants for cooperative education. 1161n–3. Demonstration and innovation projects; training and resource centers; and research. 1161n–4. Authorization of appropriations.
1161o. College partnership grants authorized.
1161p. Grants to create bridges from jobs to careers.
1161q. Grants to rural-serving institutions of higher education.
1161r. Campus-based digital theft prevention.
1161s. Program to promote training and job placement of realtime writers.
1161t. Model programs for Centers of Excellence for Veteran Student Success.
1161u. Sustainability planning grants authorized.
1161v. Modeling and simulation.
1161w. Path to success.
1161x. School of veterinary medicine competitive grant program.
1161y. Early Federal Pell Grant Commitment Demonstration Program.
1161z. Henry Kuualoha Giugni Kupuna Memorial Archives.
1161aa. Masters degree programs. 1161aa–1. Postbaccalaureate programs.
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for the contained sections. If there are multiple sections, they are presented in section number order (original document order).
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.
|20 USC||Description of Change||Session Year||Public Law||Statutes at Large|
|§ 1001||nt new||2013||113-28 [Sec.] 1||127 Stat. 506|
|§ 1070a||nt [tbl]||2014||113-76 [Sec.]||128 Stat. 396|
|§ 1078-6||2013||113-67 [Sec.] 501||127 Stat. 1186|
|§ 1078-6||nt new||2013||113-67 [Sec.] 501||127 Stat. 1186|
|§ 1087e||nt new||2013||113-28 [Sec.] 2(b)||127 Stat. 507|
|§ 1087e||2013||113-28 [Sec.] 2(a)||127 Stat. 506|
|§ 1087e||2012||112-141 [Sec.] 100301, 100302(a)||126 Stat. 979|
|§ 1087f||2013||113-67 [Sec.] 502(1)||127 Stat. 1187|
|§ 1087h||2013||113-67 [Sec.] 502(2)||127 Stat. 1187|
|§ 1089||nt new||2012||112-141 [Sec.] 100302(b)||126 Stat. 980|
|§ 1090||nt new||2014||113-76 [Sec.] 310||128 Stat. 400|
|§ 1092||nt new||2013||113-4 [Sec.] 304(b)||127 Stat. 92|
|§ 1092||2013||113-4 [Sec.] 304(a)||127 Stat. 89|
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