21 U.S. Code § 623 - Exemptions from inspection requirements

(a) Personal slaughtering and custom slaughtering for personal, household, guest, and employee uses
The provisions of this subchapter requiring inspection of the slaughter of animals and the preparation of the carcasses, parts thereof, meat and meat food products at establishments conducting such operations for commerce shall not apply to the slaughtering by any person of animals of his own raising, and the preparation by him and transportation in commerce of the carcasses, parts thereof, meat and meat food products of such animals exclusively for use by him and members of his household and his nonpaying guests and employees; nor to the custom slaughter by any person, firm, or corporation of cattle, sheep, swine or goats delivered by the owner thereof for such slaughter, and the preparation by such slaughterer and transportation in commerce of the carcasses, parts thereof, meat and meat food products of such animals, exclusively for use, in the household of such owner, by him and members of his household and his nonpaying guests and employees; nor to the custom preparation by any person, firm, or corporation of carcasses, parts thereof, meat or meat food products, derived from the slaughter by any person of cattle, sheep, swine, or goats of his own raising, or from game animals, delivered by the owner thereof for such custom preparation, and transportation in commerce of such custom prepared articles, exclusively for use in the household of such owner, by him and members of his household and his nonpaying guests and employees: Provided, That in cases where such person, firm, or corporation engages in such custom operations at an establishment at which inspection under this subchapter is maintained, the Secretary may exempt from such inspection at such establishment any animals slaughtered or any meat or meat food products otherwise prepared on such custom basis: Provided further, That custom operations at any establishment shall be exempt from inspection requirements as provided by this section only if the establishment complies with regulations which the Secretary is hereby authorized to promulgate to assure that any carcasses, parts thereof, meat or meat food products wherever handled on a custom basis, or any containers or packages containing such articles, are separated at all times from carcasses, parts thereof, meat or meat food products prepared for sale, and that all such articles prepared on a custom basis, or any containers or packages containing such articles, are plainly marked “Not for Sale” immediately after being prepared and kept so identified until delivered to the owner and that the establishment conducting the custom operation is maintained and operated in a sanitary manner.
(b) Territorial exemption; refusal, withdrawal, or modification
The Secretary may, under such sanitary conditions as he may by regulations prescribe, exempt from the inspection requirements of this subchapter the slaughter of animals, and the preparation of carcasses, parts thereof, meat and meat food products, by any person, firm, or corporation in any Territory not organized with a legislative body solely for distribution within such Territory when the Secretary determines that it is impracticable to provide such inspection within the limits of funds appropriated for administration of this chapter and that such exemption will otherwise facilitate enforcement of this chapter. The Secretary may refuse, withdraw, or modify any exemption under this subsection in his discretion whenever he determines such action is necessary to effectuate the purposes of this chapter.
(c) Pizzas containing meat food products
(1) Under such terms and conditions as the Secretary shall prescribe through rules and regulations issued under section 624 of this title that may be necessary to ensure food safety and protect public health such as special handling procedures, the Secretary shall exempt pizzas containing a meat food product from the inspection requirements of this chapter if—
(A) the meat food product components of the pizzas have been prepared, inspected, and passed in a cured or cooked form as ready-to-eat in compliance with the requirements of this chapter; and
(B) the pizzas are to be served in public or private nonprofit institutions.
(2) The Secretary may withdraw or modify any exemption under this subsection whenever the Secretary determines such action is necessary to ensure food safety and to protect public health. The Secretary may reinstate or further modify any exemption withdrawn or modified under this subsection.
(d) Adulteration and misbranding provisions applicable to inspection-free articles
The adulteration and misbranding provisions of this subchapter, other than the requirement of the inspection legend, shall apply to articles which are exempted from inspection or not required to be inspected under this section.

Source

(Mar. 4, 1907, ch. 2907, title I, § 23, formerly 21st, 22nd pars., 34 Stat. 1265; June 29, 1938, ch. 810, 52 Stat. 1235; renumbered § 23 and amended Pub. L. 90–201, §§ 1, 11,Dec. 15, 1967, 81 Stat. 584, 591; Pub. L. 91–342, July 18, 1970, 84 Stat. 438; Pub. L. 102–237, title X, § 1016(a),Dec. 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 1902.)
Codification

Section was formerly classified to sections 91 and 92 of this title.
Amendments

1991—Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 102–237added subsec. (c) and redesignated former subsec. (c) as (d).
1970—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 91–342changed proviso so as to permit custom slaughterers to conduct a separate inspected meat business, continued the exemption for owners to slaughter and process their own animals for their own use, authorized the Secretary to exempt custom slaughtering and processing performed by an inspected establishment, and required that custom slaughtered articles be clearly marked “not for sale”.
1967—Pub. L. 90–201, § 11, substituted provisions for personal, custom, and territorial slaughtering exemptions and for application of adulteration and misbranding provisions to inspection-free articles for farmer definition and retail butcher and retail dealer exemption provisions.
1938—Act June 29, 1948, amended section generally.
Effective Date of 1967 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 90–201effective upon expiration of sixty days after Dec. 15, 1967, see section 20(c) ofPub. L. 90–201, set out as an Effective Date note under section 601 of this title.
Regulations

Secretary to issue final rules no later than Aug. 1, 1992, to implement exemption authorized by subsec. (c) of this section, see section 1016(c) ofPub. L. 102–237, set out as a note under section 464 of this title.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

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21 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


7 CFR - Agriculture

7 CFR Part 15 - NONDISCRIMINATION

9 CFR - Animals and Animal Products

9 CFR Part 300 - AGENCY MISSION AND ORGANIZATION

9 CFR Part 301 - TERMINOLOGY; ADULTERATION AND MISBRANDING STANDARDS

9 CFR Part 302 - APPLICATION OF INSPECTION AND OTHER REQUIREMENTS

9 CFR Part 303 - EXEMPTIONS

9 CFR Part 304 - APPLICATION FOR INSPECTION; GRANT OF INSPECTION

9 CFR Part 305 - OFFICIAL NUMBERS; INAUGURATION OF INSPECTION; WITHDRAWAL OF INSPECTION; REPORTS OF VIOLATION

9 CFR Part 306 - ASSIGNMENT AND AUTHORITIES OF PROGRAM EMPLOYEES

9 CFR Part 307 - FACILITIES FOR INSPECTION

9 CFR Part 309 - ANTE-MORTEM INSPECTION

9 CFR Part 310 - POST-MORTEM INSPECTION

9 CFR Part 311 - DISPOSAL OF DISEASED OR OTHERWISE ADULTERATED CARCASSES AND PARTS

9 CFR Part 312 - OFFICIAL MARKS, DEVICES AND CERTIFICATES

9 CFR Part 313 - HUMANE SLAUGHTER OF LIVESTOCK

9 CFR Part 314 - HANDLING AND DISPOSAL OF CONDEMNED OR OTHER INEDIBLE PRODUCTS AT OFFICIAL ESTABLISHMENTS

9 CFR Part 315 - RENDERING OR OTHER DISPOSAL OF CARCASSES AND PARTS PASSED FOR COOKING

9 CFR Part 316 - MARKING PRODUCTS AND THEIR CONTAINERS

9 CFR Part 317 - LABELING, MARKING DEVICES, AND CONTAINERS

9 CFR Part 318 - ENTRY INTO OFFICIAL ESTABLISHMENTS; REINSPECTION AND PREPARATION OF PRODUCTS

9 CFR Part 319 - DEFINITIONS AND STANDARDS OF IDENTITY OR COMPOSITION

9 CFR Part 320 - RECORDS, REGISTRATION, AND REPORTS

9 CFR Part 321 - COOPERATION WITH STATES AND TERRITORIES

9 CFR Part 322 - EXPORTS 1

9 CFR Part 325 - TRANSPORTATION

9 CFR Part 327 - IMPORTED PRODUCTS

9 CFR Part 329 - DETENTION; SEIZURE AND CONDEMNATION; CRIMINAL OFFENSES

9 CFR Part 331 - SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR DESIGNATED STATES AND TERRITORIES; AND FOR DESIGNATION OF ESTABLISHMENTS WHICH ENDANGER PUBLIC HEALTH AND FOR SUCH DESIGNATED ESTABLISHMENTS

9 CFR Part 332 - SELECTED ESTABLISHMENTS; COOPERATIVE PROGRAM FOR INTERSTATE SHIPMENT OF CARCASSES, PARTS OF CARCASSES, MEAT, AND MEAT FOOD PRODUCTS

9 CFR Part 335 - RULES OF PRACTICE GOVERNING PROCEEDINGS UNDER THE FEDERAL MEAT INSPECTION ACT

9 CFR Part 390 - FREEDOM OF INFORMATION AND PUBLIC INFORMATION

9 CFR Part 391 - FEES AND CHARGES FOR INSPECTION SERVICES AND LABORATORY ACCREDITATION

9 CFR Part 416 - SANITATION

9 CFR Part 417 - HAZARD ANALYSIS AND CRITICAL CONTROL POINT (HACCP) SYSTEMS

9 CFR Part 418 - RECALLS

9 CFR Part 424 - PREPARATION AND PROCESSING OPERATIONS

9 CFR Part 439 - ACCREDITATION OF NON-FEDERAL CHEMISTRY LABORATORIES

9 CFR Part 441 - CONSUMER PROTECTION STANDARDS: RAW PRODUCTS

9 CFR Part 442 - QUANTITY OF CONTENTS LABELING AND PROCEDURES AND REQUIREMENTS FOR ACCURATE WEIGHTS

9 CFR Part 500 - RULES OF PRACTICE

 

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