(Pub. L. 87–195, pt. I, § 251, as added Pub. L. 108–484, § 3,Dec. 23, 2004, 118 Stat. 3923.)
A prior section
,Pub. L. 87–195
, pt. I, § 251, as added Pub. L. 87–565
, pt. I, § 106,Aug. 1, 1962, 76 Stat. 257
; amended Pub. L. 88–205
, pt. I, § 106(a),Dec. 16, 1963, 77 Stat. 382
; Pub. L. 89–583
, pt. I, § 105(a),Sept. 19, 1966, 80 Stat. 799
; Pub. L. 90–137
, pt. I, § 106(a),Nov. 14, 1967, 81 Stat. 451
, related to assistance in order to promote the economic development of countries and areas in Latin America, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 95–424
, title I, § 102(g)(1)(A), title VI, § 605,Oct. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 942
, 961, effective Oct. 1, 1978.
Findings and Policy
Pub. L. 108–484
, § 2,Dec. 23, 2004, 118 Stat. 3922
, provided that: “Congress finds and declares the following:
“(1) Congress has demonstrated its support for microenterprise development assistance programs through the enactment of two comprehensive microenterprise laws:
“(A) The Microenterprise for Self-Reliance Act of 2000 (title I of Public Law 106–309; 114 Stat. 1082
) [see Short Title of 2000 Amendments note set out under section
of this title].
“(B) Public Law 108–31 [see Tables for classification] (an Act entitled ‘An Act to amend the Microenterprise for Self-Reliance Act of 2000 and the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 to increase assistance for the poorest people in developing countries under microenterprise assistance program under those Acts, and for other purposes’, approved June 17, 2003).
“(2) The report on the effectiveness of the United States Agency for International Development’s microfinance program, prepared by the Consultative Group to Assist the Poor, rated the Agency in the top tier of the 17 donors in this field.
“(3) The Comptroller General, in a report dated November 2003, found that the United States Agency for International Development has met some, but not all, of the key objectives of such microenterprise development assistance programs.
“(4) The Comptroller General’s report found, among other things, the following:
“(A) Microenterprise development assistance generally can help alleviate some impacts of poverty, improve income levels and quality of life for borrowers and provide poor individuals, workers, and their families with an important coping mechanism.
“(B) Microenterprise development assistance programs of the United States Agency for International Development have encouraged women’s participation in microfinance projects and, according to data of the Agency, women have comprised two-thirds or more of the micro-loan clients in Agency-funded microenterprise projects since 1997.
“(5)(A) The Comptroller General’s report recommends that the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development review the Agency’s ‘microenterprise results reporting’ system with the goal of ensuring that its annual reporting is complete and accurate.
“(B) Specifically, the Administrator should review and reconsider the methodologies used for the collection, analysis, and reporting of data on annual spending targets, outreach to the very poor, sustainability of microfinance institutions, and the contribution of Agency’s funding to the institutions it supports.”
Sense of Congress
Pub. L. 108–484
, § 7,Dec. 23, 2004, 118 Stat. 3930
, provided that: “It is the sense of Congress that, in carrying out title VI of chapter 2 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 [22
et seq.] (as added by section 3 of this Act and amended by sections 4 through 6 of this Act), the Administrator of the United States Agency for International Development—
“(1) where applicable, should ensure that microenterprise development assistance provided under such title is matched by recipients with an equal amount of assistance from non-United States Government sources, including private donations, multilateral funding, commercial and concessional borrowing, savings, and program income;
“(2) should include in the report required by section 258 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 [22
] (as added by section 6 of this Act) a description of all matching assistance (as described in paragraph (1)) provided for the prior year by recipients of microenterprise development assistance under such title;
“(3) should ensure that recipients of microenterprise development assistance under such title do not expend an unreasonably large percentage of such assistance on administrative costs;
“(4) should not use recipients of microenterprise development assistance under such title to carry out critical management functions of the Agency, including functions such as strategy development or overall management of programs in a country; and
“(5) should consult with the appropriate congressional committees with respect to the implementation of title VI of chapter 2 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 23, 2004].”
Pub. L. 108–484
, § 9,Dec. 23, 2004, 118 Stat. 3931
, provided that: “Any reference in a law, regulation, agreement, or other document of the United States to section 108, 131, or 132 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 [former 22
] shall be deemed to be a reference to subtitle B of title VI of chapter 2 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 [division B of this subpart], subtitle A of title VI of chapter 2 of part I of such Act [this division], or subtitle C of title VI of chapter 2 of part I of such Act [division C of this subpart], respectively.”