22 U.S. Code § 2295b - Authorities relating to assistance and other provisions

(a) Assistance through governments and nongovernmental organizations
Assistance under this part may be provided to governments or through nongovernmental organizations.
(b) Technical and managerial assistance
Technical assistance under this part shall, to the maximum extent feasible, be provided on a long term, on-site basis and shall emphasize the provision of practical, management and other problem-solving advice, particularly advice on private enterprise provided by United States business volunteers.
(c) Enterprise funds
Activities supported pursuant to this part may include the establishment of and the provision of support for one or more enterprise funds for the independent states of the former Soviet Union. If the President determines that an enterprise fund should be established and supported under this part, the provisions contained in section 201 of the Support for East European Democracy (SEED) Act of 1989 [22 U.S.C. 5421] (excluding the authorizations of appropriations provided in subsection (b) of that section) shall be deemed to apply with respect to such enterprise fund and to funds made available to such enterprise fund pursuant to this part.
(d) Cooperative development and research projects
Assistance under this part may include support for cooperative development projects, including cooperative development research projects, among the United States, other countries, and independent states of the former Soviet Union.
(e) Administration of justice programs
In order to strengthen the administration of justice in the independent states of the former Soviet Union under paragraph (2)(J) of section 2295 of this title, the President may exercise the same authorities as are available under section 2346c of this title, subject to the limitations and requirements of that section, other than subsection (c) and the last two sentences of subsection (e).
(f) Use of economic support funds
Any funds that have been allocated under part 4 of subchapter II of this chapter for assistance for the independent states of the former Soviet Union may be used in accordance with the provisions of this part.
(g) Use of SEED agency funds and administrative authorities
The President may authorize any agency of the United States Government that has authority to conduct activities under the Support for East European Democracy (SEED) Act of 1989 [22 U.S.C. 5401 et seq.] to use—
(1) any funds that are available to it for activities related to international affairs outside Eastern Europe, and
(2) any administrative authorities that are available to it for activities with respect to Eastern Europe,
to conduct activities authorized by section 2295 of this title with respect to the independent states of the former Soviet Union.
(h) Procurement restrictions
Funds made available for assistance under this part may be used for procurement—
(1) in the United States, the independent states of the former Soviet Union, or a developing country; or
(2) in any other country but only if—
(A) the provision of such assistance requires commodities or services of a type that are not produced in and available for purchase in any country specified in paragraph (1); or
(B) the President determines, on a case-by-case basis, that procurement in such other country is necessary—
(i) to meet unforseen  [1] circumstances, such as emergency situations, where it is important to permit procurement in a country not specified in paragraph (1), or
(ii) to promote efficiency in the use of United States foreign assistance resources, including to avoid impairment of foreign assistance objectives.
(i) Terms and conditions
Assistance under this part shall be provided on such terms and conditions as the President may determine, consistent with applicable provisions of law (except as otherwise provided in subsection (j) of this section).
(j) Waiver of certain provisions
(1) In general
Funds authorized to be appropriated for fiscal year 1993 by this part, and any other funds appropriated for fiscal year 1993 that are used under the authority of subsection (f) or (g) of this section, may be used to provide assistance under this part notwithstanding any other provision of law, except for—
(A) this part;
(B) section 2394–1 of this title and comparable notification requirements contained in sections of the annual foreign operations, export financing, and related programs Act;
(C) sections 2799aa and 2799aa–1 of this title and sections 5604 and 5605 of this title, to the extent that they apply to assistance to governments; and
(D) section 1341 of title 31 (commonly referred to as the “Anti-Deficiency Act”), the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974, the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, and the Budget Enforcement Act of 1990.
(2) Nuclear reactor safety and related activities
Any provision that corresponds to section 510 of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1991 (relating to the prohibition on financing exports of nuclear equipment, fuel, and technology) shall not apply with respect to funds used pursuant to this part.
(k) Definitions
(1) Appropriate congressional committees
As used in this part, the term “appropriate congressional committees” means the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate.
(2) Independent states of the former Soviet Union
As used in this part, the terms “independent states of the former Soviet Union” and “independent states” have the meaning given those terms by section 5801 of this title.
(3) Nonmarket based trade
As used in section 2295a (b)(5) of this title, the term “nonmarket based trade” includes exports, imports, exchanges, or other arrangements that are provided for goods and services (including oil and other petroleum products) on terms more favorable than those generally available in applicable markets or for comparable commodities, including—
(A) exports to the Cuban Government on terms that involve a grant, concessional price, guaranty, insurance, or subsidy;
(B) imports from the Cuban Government at preferential tariff rates;
(C) exchange arrangements that include advance delivery of commodities, arrangements in which the Cuban Government is not held accountable for unfulfilled exchange contracts, and arrangements under which Cuba does not pay appropriate transportation, insurance, or finance costs; and
(D) the exchange, reduction, or forgiveness of debt of the Cuban Government in return for a grant by the Cuban Government of an equity interest in a property, investment, or operation of the Cuban Government or of a Cuban national.
(4) Cuban Government
(A) The term “Cuban Government” includes the government of any political subdivision of Cuba, and any agency or instrumentality of the Government of Cuba.
(B) For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term “agency or instrumentality of the Government of Cuba” means an agency or instrumentality of a foreign state as defined in section 1603 (b) of title 28, with each reference in such section to “a foreign state” deemed to be a reference to “Cuba”.


[1]  So in original. Probably should be “unforeseen”.

Source

(Pub. L. 87–195, pt. I, § 498B, as added Pub. L. 102–511, title II, § 201,Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat. 3328; amended Pub. L. 103–236, title VIII, § 826(c),Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 519; Pub. L. 104–114, title I, § 106(c)(2),Mar. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 796; Pub. L. 107–246, § 4(b),Oct. 23, 2002, 116 Stat. 1515.)
References in Text

The Support for East European Democracy (SEED) Act of 1989, referred to in subsec. (g), is Pub. L. 101–179, Nov. 28, 1989, 103 Stat. 1298, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 63 (§ 5401 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 5401 of this title and Tables.
The Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act of 1974, referred to in subsec. (j)(1)(D), is Pub. L. 93–344, July 12, 1974, 88 Stat. 297, as amended. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 621 of Title 2, The Congress, and Tables.
The Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985, referred to in subsec. (j)(1)(D), is title II of Pub. L. 99–177, Dec. 12, 1985, 99 Stat. 1038, as amended, which enacted chapter 20 (§ 900 et seq.) and sections 654 to 656 of Title 2, amended sections 602, 622, 631 to 642, and 651 to 653 ofTitle 2, sections 1104 to 1106 and 1109 of Title 31, Money and Finance, and section 911 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, repealed section 661 of Title 2, enacted provisions set out as notes under section 900 of Title 2 and section 911 of Title 42, and amended provisions set out as a note under section 621 of Title 2. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 900 of Title 2 and Tables.
The Budget Enforcement Act of 1990, referred to in subsec. (j)(1)(D), is title XIII of Pub. L. 101–508, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–573. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title of 1990 Amendment note set out under section 900 of Title 2 and Tables.
Section 510 of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1991, referred to in subsec. (j)(2), is section 510 ofPub. L. 101–513, title V, Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2003, which is not classified to the Code.
Amendments

2002—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 107–246substituted “paragraph (2)(J)” for “paragraph (2)(G)”.
1996—Subsec. (k)(3), (4). Pub. L. 104–114added pars. (3) and (4).
1994—Subsec. (j)(1)(C). Pub. L. 103–236substituted “sections 2799aa and 2799aa–1” for “sections 2429 and 2429a”.
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 103–236effective 60 days after Apr. 30, 1994, see section 831 ofPub. L. 103–236, set out as an Effective Date note under section 6301 of this title.
Delegation of Functions

For delegation of functions of President under this section, see Ex. Ord. No. 12163, Sept. 29, 1979, 44 F.R. 56673, as amended, set out as a note under section 2381 of this title.
Functions of President under subsecs. (c) and (g) of this section delegated to Coordinator by section 2(c) of Ex. Ord. No. 12884, Dec. 1, 1993, 58 F.R. 64099, set out as a note under section 5812 of this title.
Functions of President under subsecs. (h) and (i) of this section delegated by section 5(a) of Ex. Ord. No. 12884 to head of agency responsible for administering the particular program or activity with respect to which the authority is to be exercised.
Trans-Caucasus Enterprise Fund

Pub. L. 104–107, title II, [(t)], Feb. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 714, provided that: “The President shall establish a Trans-Caucasus Enterprise Fund to encourage regional peace through economic cooperation: Provided, That the President shall seek other bilateral and multilateral investors in the Fund: Provided further, That of the funds made available under this heading [Other Bilateral Economic Assistance, assistance for the new independent states of the former soviet union, see 110 Stat. 712], not less than $15,000,000 shall be made available for a United States investment in the Trans-Caucasus Enterprise Fund.”

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32 CFR - National Defense

32 CFR Part 744 - POLICIES AND PROCEDURES FOR THE PROTECTION OF PROPRIETARY RIGHTS IN TECHNICAL INFORMATION PROPOSED FOR RELEASE TO FOREIGN GOVERNMENTS

 

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