22 U.S. Code § 2354 - Procurement

(a) Limitations on procurement outside United States
(1) Funds made available for assistance under this chapter may be used by the President for procurement—
(A) only in the United States, the recipient country, or developing countries; or
(B) in any other country but only if—
(i) the provision of such assistance requires commodities or services of a type that are not produced in and available for purchase in any country specified in subparagraph (A); or
(ii) the President determines, on a case-by-case basis, that procurement in such other country is necessary—
(I) to meet unforeseen circumstances, such as emergency situations, where it is important to permit procurement in a country not specified in subparagraph (A); or
(II) to promote efficiency in the use of United States foreign assistance resources, including to avoid impairment of foreign assistance objectives.
(2) For purposes of this subsection, the term “developing countries” shall not include advanced developing countries.
(b) Purchases in bulk
No funds made available under this chapter shall be used for the purchase in bulk of any commodities at prices higher than the market price prevailing in the United States at the time of purchase, adjusted for differences in the cost of transportation to destination, quality, and terms of payment.
(c) Agricultural commodities or products thereof available for disposition under Food for Peace Act
In providing for the procurement of any agricultural commodity or product thereof available for disposition under the Food for Peace Act, as amended [7 U.S.C. 1691 et seq.], for transfer by grant under this chapter to any recipient country in accordance with its requirements, the President shall, insofar as practicable and when in furtherance of the purposes of this chapter, authorize the procurement of such agricultural commodity only within the United States except to the extent that such agricultural commodity is not available in the United States in sufficient quantities to supply emergency requirements of recipients under this chapter.
(d) Marine insurance
In providing assistance in the procurement of commodities in the United States, United States dollars shall be made available for marine insurance on such commodities where such insurance is placed on a competitive basis in accordance with normal trade practice prevailing prior to the outbreak of World War II: Provided, That in the event a participating country, by statute, decree, rule, or regulation, discriminates against any marine insurance company authorized to do business in any State of the United States, then commodities purchased with funds provided hereunder and destined for such country shall be insured in the United States against marine risk with a company or companies authorized to do a marine insurance business in any State of the United States.
(e) Parity for domestic commodities prior to use of funds outside United States
No funds made available under this chapter shall be used for the procurement of any agricultural commodity or product thereof outside the United States when the domestic price of such commodity is less than parity, unless the commodity to be financed could not reasonably be procured in the United States in fulfillment of the objectives of a particular assistance program under which such commodity procurement is to be financed.
(f) Commodity eligibility
No funds authorized to be made available to carry out subchapter I of this chapter shall be used under any commodity import program to make any payment to a supplier unless the supplier has certified to the agency primarily responsible for administering such subchapter I, such information as such agency shall by regulation prescribe, including but not limited to, a description of the commodity supplied by him and its condition, and, on the basis of such information such agency shall have approved such commodity as eligible and suitable for financing under this chapter.
(g) Construction or engineering services; applicability to advanced developing country
(1) None of the funds authorized to be appropriated or made available for obligation or expenditure under this chapter may be made available for the procurement of construction or engineering services from advanced developing countries, eligible under the Geographic Code 941, which have attained a competitive capability in international markets for construction services or engineering services.
(2) Paragraph (1) does not apply with respect to an advanced developing country which—
(A) is receiving direct economic assistance under part I of subchapter I of this chapter or part IV of subchapter II of this chapter, and
(B) if the country has its own foreign assistance programs which finance the procurement of construction or engineering services, permits United States firms to compete for those services.

Source

(Pub. L. 87–195, pt. III, § 604,Sept. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 439; Pub. L. 89–583, pt. III, § 301(b),Sept. 19, 1966, 80 Stat. 804; Pub. L. 90–554, pt. III, § 301(a),Oct. 8, 1968, 82 Stat. 963; Pub. L. 96–533, title VII, § 705,Dec. 16, 1980, 94 Stat. 3157; Pub. L. 99–83, title XII, § 1207,Aug. 8, 1985, 99 Stat. 278; Pub. L. 102–391, title V, § 597,Oct. 6, 1992, 106 Stat. 1694; Pub. L. 110–246, title III, § 3001(b)(1)(A), (2)(Q),June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1820.)
References in Text

This chapter, referred to in subsecs. (a) to (c) and (e) to (g)(1), was in the original “this Act”, meaning Pub. L. 87–195, Sept. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 424, as amended, known as the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2151 of this title and Tables.
The Food for Peace Act, as amended, referred to in subsec. (c), is act July 10, 1954, ch. 469, 68 Stat. 454, which is classified principally to chapter 41 (§ 1691 et seq.) of Title 7, Agriculture. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1691 of Title 7 and Tables.
References to Subchapter I Deemed To Include Certain Parts of Subchapter II

References to subchapter I of this chapter are deemed to include parts IV (§ 2346 et seq.), VI (§ 2348 et seq.), and VIII (§ 2349aa et seq.) of subchapter II of this chapter, and references to subchapter II are deemed to exclude such parts. See section 202(b) ofPub. L. 92–226, set out as a note under section 2346 of this title, and sections 2348c and 2349aa–5 of this title.
References to Part I Deemed To Include Section 2293

References to part I of subchapter I of this chapter are deemed to include a reference to section 2293 of this title. See section 2293 (d)(1) of this title.
Amendments

2008—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 110–246substituted “Food for Peace Act” for “Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954”.
1992—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102–391amended subsec. (a) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (a) read as follows: “Funds made available under this chapter may be used for procurement outside the United States only if the President determines that such procurement will not result in adverse effects upon the economy of the United States or the industrial mobilization base, with special reference to any areas of labor surplus or to the net position of the United States in its balance of payments with the rest of the world, which outweigh the economic or other advantages to the United States of less costly procurement outside the United States, and only if the price of any commodity procured in bulk is lower than the market price prevailing in the United States at the time of procurement, adjusted for differences in the cost of transportation to destination, quality, and terms of payment.”
1985—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 99–83designated existing provisions as par. (1) and added par. (2).
1980—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 96–533, § 705(a), authorized use of funds for procurement of a commodity outside the United States when the commodity to be financed could not reasonably be procured in the United States in fulfillment of objectives of a particular assistance program under which such commodity procurement is to be financed.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 96–533, § 705(b), added subsec. (g).
1968—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 90–554added subsec. (f).
1966—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 89–583, § 301(b)(1), struck out “surplus” before “agricultural commodity” in three places and inserted “or products thereof available for disposition under the Agricultural Trade Development and Assistance Act of 1954, as amended,” after “commodity” where first appearing.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 89–583, § 301(b)(2), added subsec. (e).
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–246effective May 22, 2008, see section 4(b) ofPub. L. 110–246, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8701 of Title 7, Agriculture.
Effective Date of 1985 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 99–83effective Oct. 1, 1985, see section 1301 ofPub. L. 99–83, set out as a note under section 2151–1 of this title.
Delegation of Functions

For delegation of functions of President under this section, see Ex. Ord. No. 12163, Sept. 29, 1979, 44 F.R. 56673, as amended, set out as a note under section 2381 of this title.

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