22 U.S. Code § 2796 - Leasing authority

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(a) Preconditions
The President may lease defense articles in the stocks of the Department of Defense to an eligible foreign country or international organization if—
(1) he determines that there are compelling foreign policy and national security reasons for providing such articles on a lease basis rather than on a sales basis under this chapter;
(2) he determines that the articles are not for the time needed for public use;
(3) the President first considers the effects of the lease of the articles on the national technology and industrial base, particularly the extent, if any, to which the lease reduces the opportunities of entities in the national technology and industrial base to sell new equipment to the country or countries to which the articles are leased; and
(4) the country or international organization has agreed to pay in United States dollars all costs incurred by the United States Government in leasing such articles, including reimbursement for depreciation of such articles while leased, the costs of restoration or replacement if the articles are damaged while leased, and, if the articles are lost or destroyed while leased—
(A) in the event the United States intends to replace the articles lost or destroyed, the replacement cost (less any depreciation in the value) of the articles; or
(B) in the event the United States does not intend to replace the articles lost or destroyed, an amount not less than the actual value (less any depreciation in the value) specified in the lease agreement.
The requirement of paragraph (4) shall not apply to leases entered into for purposes of cooperative research or development, military exercises, or communications or electronics interface projects. The President may waive the requirement of paragraph (4) for reimbursement of depreciation for any defense article which has passed three-quarters of its normal service life if the President determines that to do so is important to the national security interest of the United States. The President may waive the requirement of paragraph (4) with respect to a lease which is made in exchange with the lessee for a lease on substantially reciprocal terms of defense articles for the Department of Defense, except that this waiver authority—
(A) may be exercised only if the President submits to the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate, in accordance with the regular notification procedures of those Committees, a detailed notification for each lease with respect to which the authority is exercised; and
(B) may be exercised only during the fiscal year  [1] the current fiscal year and only with respect to one country, unless the Congress hereafter provides otherwise.
The preceding sentence does not constitute authorization of appropriations for payments by the United States for leased articles.
(b) Duration; termination
(1) Each lease agreement under this section shall be for a fixed duration which may not exceed
(A) five years, and
(B) a specified period of time required to complete major refurbishment work of the leased articles to be performed prior to the delivery of the leased articles, and shall provide that, at any time during the duration of the lease, the President may terminate the lease and require the immediate return of the leased articles.
(2) In this subsection, the term “major refurbishment work” means work for which the period of performance is 6 months or more.
(c) Applicable statutory authorities
Defense articles in the stocks of the Department of Defense may be leased or loaned to a foreign country or international organization only under the authority of this subchapter or chapter 2 of part II of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 [22 U.S.C. 2311 et seq.], and may not be leased to a foreign country or international organization under the authority of section 2667 of title 10.


[1]  So in original. The words “the fiscal year” probably should not appear.

Source

(Pub. L. 90–629, ch. 6, § 61, as added Pub. L. 97–113, title I, § 109(a),Dec. 29, 1981, 95 Stat. 1524; amended Pub. L. 99–500, § 147,Oct. 18, 1986, 100 Stat. 1783–351, and Pub. L. 99–591, § 147,Oct. 30, 1986, 100 Stat. 3341–354; Pub. L. 100–202, § 101(e) [title V, § 556], Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1329–131, 1329–170; Pub. L. 100–461, title V, § 552,Oct. 1, 1988, 102 Stat. 2268–35; Pub. L. 101–167, title V, § 550,Nov. 21, 1989, 103 Stat. 1235; Pub. L. 101–513, title V, § 546,Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 2019; Pub. L. 102–145, § 118, as added Pub. L. 102–266, § 102,Apr. 1, 1992, 106 Stat. 93; Pub. L. 102–391, title V, § 544,Oct. 6, 1992, 106 Stat. 1672; Pub. L. 103–87, title V, § 524,Sept. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 952; Pub. L. 103–236, title VII, § 731(e),Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 503; Pub. L. 103–306, title V, § 524,Aug. 23, 1994, 108 Stat. 1632; Pub. L. 104–107, title V, § 524,Feb. 12, 1996, 110 Stat. 729; Pub. L. 104–164, title I, §§ 146, 153 (a),July 21, 1996, 110 Stat. 1434, 1440; Pub. L. 104–208, div. A, title I, § 101(c) [title V, § 524], Sept. 30, 1996, 110 Stat. 3009–121, 3009–149; Pub. L. 105–118, title V, § 524,Nov. 26, 1997, 111 Stat. 2412; Pub. L. 105–277, div. A, § 101(d) [title V, § 524], Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681–150, 2681–177; Pub. L. 107–228, div. B, title XII, § 1233,Sept. 30, 2002, 116 Stat. 1433.)
References in Text

This chapter, referred to in subsec. (a)(1), was in the original “this Act”, meaning Pub. L. 90–629, Oct. 22, 1968, 82 Stat. 1321, which is classified principally to this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2751 of this title and Tables.
The Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, referred to in subsec. (c), is Pub. L. 87–195, Sept. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 424, as amended. Chapter 2 of part II of that Act is classified generally to part II (§ 2311 et seq.) of subchapter II of this chapter. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 2151 of this title and Tables.
Codification

Amendment by Pub. L. 102–145is based on 545 of H.R. 2621, One Hundred Second Congress, 1st Session, as passed by the House of Representatives on June 19, 1991, which was enacted into law by Pub. L. 102–145, § 118, as added by Pub. L. 102–266, § 102,Apr. 1, 1992, 106 Stat. 93. Section 118 ofPub. L. 102–145provided that the authority and conditions provided in such section 545 shall be applicable to funds appropriated by Pub. L. 102–145(and are hereby enacted) in lieu of the authority and conditions provided in section 546 ofPub. L. 101–513. See 1990, 1991, and 1992 Amendment notes below.
Pub. L. 99–591is a corrected version of Pub. L. 99–500.
Amendments

2002—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 107–228designated existing provisions as par. (1), substituted “which may not exceed (A) five years, and (B) a specified period of time required to complete major refurbishment work of the leased articles to be performed prior to the delivery of the leased articles,” for “of not to exceed five years”, and added par. (2).
1998—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105–277substituted “the current fiscal year” for “1998” in par. (B).
1997—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 105–118substituted “1998” for “1997” in par. (B).
1996—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 104–164, § 153(a), struck out “, or to any defense article which has passed three-quarters of its normal service life.” after “electronics interface projects” in second sentence and inserted after second sentence “The President may waive the requirement of paragraph (4) for reimbursement of depreciation for any defense article which has passed three-quarters of its normal service life if the President determines that to do so is important to the national security interest of the United States.”
Pub. L. 104–208substituted “1997” for “1996” in par. (B).
Pub. L. 104–107substituted “1996” for “1995” in par. (B).
Subsec. (a)(4). Pub. L. 104–164, § 146, substituted “and, if the articles are lost or destroyed while leased—
“(A) in the event the United States intends to replace the articles lost or destroyed, the replacement cost (less any depreciation in the value) of the articles; or
“(B) in the event the United States does not intend to replace the articles lost or destroyed, an amount not less than the actual value (less any depreciation in the value) specified in the lease agreement” for “and the replacement cost (less any depreciation in the value) of the articles if the articles are lost or destroyed while leased”.
1994—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–306substituted “1995” for “1994” in par. (B).
Pub. L. 103–236struck out “and” at end of par. (2), added par. (3), redesignated former par. (3) as (4), and substituted “paragraph (4)” for “paragraph (3)” in two places in provisions following par. (4).
1993—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–87substituted “1994” for “1993” in par. (B).
1992—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102–391substituted “1993” for “1992” in par. (B).
Pub. L. 102–266added Pub. L. 102–145, § 118. See 1991 Amendment note below.
1991—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102–145, § 118, as added by Pub. L. 102–266, substituted “1992” for “1991” in par. (B). See Codification note above.
1990—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–513substituted “1991” for “1990” in par. (B).
1989—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–167substituted “1990” for “1989” in par. (B).
1988—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–461substituted “1989” for “1988” in par. (B).
1987—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–202substituted “1988” for “1987” in par. (B).
1986—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 99–500and Pub. L. 99–591inserted provision authorizing the President to waive the requirements of par. (3) with respect to a lease which is made in exchange with the lessee for a lease on substantially reciprocal terms of defense articles for the Department of Defense and providing exceptions to such waiver authority.
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Pub. L. 104–164, title I, § 153(b),July 21, 1996, 110 Stat. 1440, provided that: “The third sentence of section 61(a) of the Arms Export Control Act, as added by subsection (a)(2) [22 U.S.C. 2796 (a)], shall apply only with respect to a defense article leased on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [July 21, 1996].”
Delegation of Functions

For delegation of functions of the President under this section, see section 1(t) of Ex. Ord. No. 13637, Mar. 8, 2013, 78 F.R. 16131, set out as a note under section 2751 of this title. Functions were previously delegated by Ex. Ord. No. 11958, which was formerly set out as a note under section 2751 of this title and was revoked, subject to a savings provision, by section 4 of Ex. Ord. No. 13637.

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31 CFR - Money and Finance: Treasury

31 CFR Part 539 - WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION TRADE CONTROL REGULATIONS

 

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