22 U.S. Code § 3002 - Function and duties of Commission

The Commission is authorized and directed to monitor the acts of the signatories which reflect compliance with or violation of the articles of the Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, with particular regard to the provisions relating to human rights and Cooperation in Humanitarian Fields. The Commission is further authorized and directed to monitor and encourage the development of programs and activities of the United States Government and private organizations with a view toward taking advantage of the provisions of the Final Act to expand East-West economic cooperation and a greater interchange of people and ideas between East and West.

Source

(Pub. L. 94–304, § 2,June 3, 1976, 90 Stat. 661; Pub. L. 99–7, § 2,Mar. 27, 1985, 99 Stat. 19.)
References in Text

The Final Act of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, referred to in text, means part four of the Helsinki Declaration which deals with follow-up to the Conference and possible steps to encourage compliance with its purposes and undertakings. The Declaration was signed on August 1, 1975 by the nine members of the European Economic Community and the 35 participants to the Conference included all the European States, both Communist (except Albania) and non-Communist, the United States, Canada, and several non-participating Mediterranean states. The Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe is now called the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe.
Amendments

1985—Pub. L. 99–7inserted “human rights and” after “relating to”.
Change of Name

The Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe to be called the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe effective Jan. 1, 1995, pursuant to Ex. Ord. No. 13029, Dec. 3, 1996, 61 F.R. 64591.
Effective Date of 1985 Amendment

Pub. L. 99–7, § 6,Mar. 27, 1985, 99 Stat. 20, provided that:
“(a) Except as provided in subsection (b), this Act and the amendments made by this Act [amending this section and sections 3003, 3007, and 3008 of this title and enacting provisions set out as a note under section 3003 of this title] shall take effect on the date of enactment of this Act [Mar. 27, 1985] or April 15, 1985, whichever is later.
“(b)(1) The amendment made by subsection (b) of the first section [amending section 3003 of this title] shall take effect on the first day of the One Hundredth Congress [which convenes in January 1987].
“(2) Subsection (d) ofsection 8 of the Act entitled ‘An Act to establish a Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe’, approved June 3, 1976 (as added by section 5 of this Act) [section 3008 (d) of this title], shall be effective as of June 3, 1976.”

 

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