22 U.S. Code § 3101 - Congressional statement of findings and declaration of purpose

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(a) Findings
The Congress finds and declares that—
(1) the United States Government is presently authorized to collect limited amounts of information on United States investment abroad and foreign investment in the United States;
(2) international investment has increased rapidly within recent years;
(3) such investment significantly affects the economies of the United States and other nations;
(4) international efforts to obtain information on the activities of multinational enterprises and other international investors have accelerated recently;
(5) the potential consequences of international investment cannot be evaluated accurately because the United States Government lacks sufficient information on such investment and its actual or possible effects on the national security, commerce, employment, inflation, general welfare, and foreign policy of the United States;
(6) accurate and comprehensive information on international investment is needed by the Congress to develop an informed United States policy on such investment;
(7) United States service industries engaged in interstate and foreign commerce account for a substantial part of the labor force and gross national product of the United States economy, and such commerce is rapidly increasing;
(8) international trade and services is an important issue for international negotiations and deserves priority in the attention of governments, international agencies, negotiators, and the private sector; and
(9) existing estimates of international investment and trade in services, collected under existing legal authority, are limited in scope and are based on outdated statistical bases, reports, and information which are insufficient for policy formulation and decisionmaking.
(b) Purpose
It is therefore the purpose of this chapter to provide clear and unambiguous authority for the President to collect information on international investment and United States foreign trade in services, whether directly or by affiliates, including related information necessary for assessing the impact of such investment and trade, to authorize the collection and use of information on direct investments owned or controlled directly or indirectly by foreign governments or persons, and to provide analyses of such information to the Congress, the executive agencies, and the general public. It is the intent of the Congress that information which is collected from the public under this chapter be obtained with a minimum burden on business and other respondents and with no unnecessary duplication of effort, consistent with the national interest in obtaining comprehensive and reliable information on international investment and trade in services.
(c) Nonrestraint and nondeterrence of investment
Nothing in this chapter is intended to restrain or deter foreign investment in the United States, United States investment abroad, or trade in services.

Source

(Pub. L. 94–472, § 2,Oct. 11, 1976, 90 Stat. 2059; Pub. L. 98–573, title III, § 306(b)(2),Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3009; Pub. L. 101–533, § 6(A)[(a)], Nov. 7, 1990, 104 Stat. 2348.)
Amendments

1990—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101–533inserted “to authorize the collection and use of information on direct investments owned or controlled directly or indirectly by foreign governments or persons,” after “the impact of such investment and trade,” in first sentence.
1984—Subsec. (a)(7) to (9). Pub. L. 98–573, § 306(b)(2)(A), added pars. (7) and (8), redesignated former par. (7) as (9), and inserted “and trade in services” after “international investment” in par. (9).
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 98–573, § 306(b)(2)(B), substituted “international investment and United States foreign trade in services, whether directly or by affiliates, including related information necessary for assessing the impact of such investment and trade,” for “international investment”, and “international investment and trade in services” for “international investment”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 98–573, § 306(b)(2)(C), inserted reference to trade in services.
Short Title

Pub. L. 94–472, § 1,Oct. 11, 1976, 90 Stat. 2059, as amended by Pub. L. 98–573, title III, § 306(b)(1),Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3009, provided that: “This Act [enacting this chapter] may be cited as the ‘International Investment and Trade in Services Survey Act’.”
Ex. Ord. No. 11961. International Investment and Trade in Services

Ex. Ord. No. 11961, Jan. 19, 1977, 42 F.R. 4321, as amended by Ex. Ord. No. 12013, Oct. 7, 1977, 42 F.R. 54931; Ex. Ord. No. 12318, Aug. 21, 1981, 46 F.R. 42833; Ex. Ord. No. 12518, June 3, 1985, 50 F.R. 23661, provided:
By virtue of the authority vested in me by the International Investment and Trade in Services Survey Act (90 Stat. 2059, 22 U.S.C. 3101) [this chapter], and section 301 of title 3 of the United States Code, and as President of the United States of America, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. All the functions vested in the President by the International Investment and Trade in Services Survey Act (90 Stat. 2059, 22 U.S.C. 3101) [this chapter], hereinafter referred to as the Act, are hereby delegated to the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, hereinafter referred to as the Director. The Director may, from time to time, designate other officers or agencies of the Federal Government to perform any or all of the functions hereby delegated to the Director, subject to such instructions, limitations, and directions as the Director deems appropriate.
Sec. 2. Subject to the provisions of section 1 of this order, and in the absence of any contrary delegation or direction by the Director, the Secretary of the Treasury, with respect to portfolio investment, shall perform the functions set forth in sections 4(a)(1), (2), (5) and 4(c) of the Act [22 U.S.C. 3103 (a)(1), (2), (5) and (c)].
Sec. 3. Subject to the provisions of section 1 of this order, and in the absence of any contrary delegation or direction by the Director, the Secretary of Commerce, with respect to direct investment and trade in services, shall perform the functions set forth in sections 4(a)(1), (2), (4), (5) and 4(b) of the Act [22 U.S.C. 3103 (a)(1), (2), (4), (5) and (b)].
Sec. 4. Subject to the provisions of section 1 of this order, and in the absence of any contrary delegation or direction by the Director, the Secretary of Commerce shall perform the function of making periodic reports to the Committees of the Congress as set forth in Section 4(a)(3) of the Act [22 U.S.C. 3103 (a)(3)].

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22 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

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15 CFR - Commerce and Foreign Trade

15 CFR Part 801 - SURVEY OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES BETWEEN U.S. AND FOREIGN PERSONS AND SURVEYS OF DIRECT INVESTMENT

31 CFR - Money and Finance: Treasury

31 CFR Part 128 - REPORTING OF INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL AND FOREIGN-CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS AND POSITIONS

31 CFR Part 129 - PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT SURVEY REPORTING

 

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