22 U.S. Code § 3104 - Rules and regulations

(a) Authorization
The authorities and responsibilities under this chapter may be exercised through such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this chapter.
(b) Recordkeeping and reports
Rules or regulations issued pursuant to this chapter may require any person subject to the jurisdiction of the United States—
(1) to maintain a complete record of any information (including journals or other books of original entry, minute books, stock transfer records, lists of shareholders, or financial statements) which is essential to carrying out the surveys and studies to be conducted under this chapter; and
(2) to furnish, under oath, any report containing information which is determined to be necessary to carry out the surveys and studies conducted under this chapter.
When a report under paragraph (2) is furnished under oath, such oath shall be by the officer of such person who is directly responsible for the maintenance and compilation of such information, and shall certify that the report was prepared in accordance with this chapter, is complete, and is to such officer’s best knowledge and belief, substantially accurate, except in a case in which, in accordance with rules and regulations issued under this chapter, estimates have been provided because data are not available from customary accounting records or precise data could not be obtained without undue burden, and the data subject to such estimates has been noted in the report.
(c) Access to information; limitation
Access to information obtained under subsection (b)(2) of this section shall be available only to officials or employees designated to perform functions under this chapter, including consultants and persons working on contracts awarded pursuant to this chapter. Subject to the limitation of paragraph (1) of this subsection, the President may authorize the exchange between agencies or officials designated by him of information furnished by any person under this chapter as he deems necessary to carry out the purposes of this chapter. Nothing in this section shall be construed to require any Federal agency to disclose to any official exercising authority under this chapter any information or report collected under legal authority other than this chapter where disclosure is prohibited by law. Information collected pursuant to subsection (b)(2) of this section may be used only—
(1) for analytical or statistical purposes within the United States Government; or
(2) for the purpose of a proceeding under subsection (e) of this section or under section 3105 (b) or (c) of this title.
No official or employee designated to perform functions under this chapter, including consultants and persons working on contracts awarded pursuant to this chapter, may publish or make available to any other person any information collected pursuant to subsection (b)(2) of this section in a manner that the person who furnished the information can be specifically identified except as provided in this section. No person can compel the submission or disclosure of any report or constituent part thereof collected pursuant to this chapter, or any copy of such report or constituent part thereof, without the prior written consent of the person who maintained or furnished such report under subsection (b) of this section and without prior written consent of the customer, where the person who maintained or furnished such report included information identifiable as being derived from the records of such customer.
(d) Access to Bureau of Economic Analysis information
The Bureau of the Census of the Department of Commerce is authorized, for purposes of augmenting and improving the quality of data collected by the Bureau of the Census, to have, upon written request, access to data relating to business enterprises that is collected directly by the Bureau of Economic Analysis for purposes of this chapter. The Bureau of Labor Statistics of the Department of Labor is authorized, for purposes of augmenting and improving the data collected by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, to have access, upon written request, to selected identification information on business enterprises and data on international services transactions, that is collected directly by the Bureau of Economic Analysis for purposes of this chapter. Officers and employees of the Bureau of the Census and the Bureau of Labor Statistics shall, for purposes of subsection (c) of this section, be deemed to be officials or employees designated to perform functions under this chapter.
(e) Penalty
Any person who willfully violates subsection (c) or (d) of this section shall, upon conviction, be fined not more than $10,000, in addition to any other penalty imposed by law.

Source

(Pub. L. 94–472, § 5,Oct. 11, 1976, 90 Stat. 2062; Pub. L. 98–573, title III, § 306(b)(5),Oct. 30, 1984, 98 Stat. 3010; Pub. L. 101–533, §§ 6(d), (e), 7 (a),Nov. 7, 1990, 104 Stat. 2349.)
Amendments

1990—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 101–533, § 7(a), inserted at end “When a report under paragraph (2) is furnished under oath, such oath shall be by the officer of such person who is directly responsible for the maintenance and compilation of such information, and shall certify that the report was prepared in accordance with this chapter, is complete, and is to such officer’s best knowledge and belief, substantially accurate, except in a case in which, in accordance with rules and regulations issued under this chapter, estimates have been provided because data are not available from customary accounting records or precise data could not be obtained without undue burden, and the data subject to such estimates has been noted in the report.”
Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 101–533, § 6(e)(1), substituted “subsection (e)” for “subsection (d)”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101–533, § 6(d)(2), added subsec. (d). Former subsec. (d) redesignated (e).
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 101–533, § 6(d)(1), (e)(2), redesignatedsubsec. (d) as (e) and inserted “or (d)” after “subsection (c)”.
1984—Subsec. (b)(1), (2). Pub. L. 98–573struck out “international investment” before “surveys”.

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22 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

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15 CFR - Commerce and Foreign Trade

15 CFR Part 801 - SURVEY OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN SERVICES BETWEEN U.S. AND FOREIGN PERSONS AND SURVEYS OF DIRECT INVESTMENT

31 CFR - Money and Finance: Treasury

31 CFR Part 128 - REPORTING OF INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL AND FOREIGN-CURRENCY TRANSACTIONS AND POSITIONS

31 CFR Part 129 - PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT SURVEY REPORTING

 

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