22 U.S. Code § 4067 - Compatibility between retirement systems

(a) Civil Service and Foreign Service Retirement Systems
In order to maintain existing conformity between the Civil Service Retirement and Disability System under subchapter III of chapter 83 of title 5, and the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability System, whenever a law of general applicability is enacted which—
(1) affects the treatment of current or former participants, annuitants, or survivors under the Civil Service Retirement and Disability System; and
(2) affects treatment which, immediately prior to the enactment of such law, was substantially identical to the treatment accorded to participants, former participants, annuitants, or survivors under the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability System;
such law shall be extended in accordance with subsection (b) of this section to the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability System so that it applies in like manner with respect to participants, former participants, annuitants, or survivors under that System.
(b) Regulations to implement prescribed by Executive order
The President shall by Executive order prescribe regulations to implement this section and may make such extension retroactive to a date no earlier than the effective date of the provision of law applicable to the Civil Service Retirement and Disability System. Any provision of an Executive order issued under this section shall modify, supersede, or render inapplicable, as the case may be, to the extent inconsistent therewith—
(1) all provisions of law enacted prior to the effective date of that provision of the Executive order, and
(2) any prior provision of an Executive order issued under this section.
(c) Federal Employees’ Retirement and Foreign Service Pension Systems
The President shall maintain, under the same conditions and in the same manner as provided in subsections (a) and (b) of this section existing conformity between the Federal Employees’ Retirement System provided in chapter 84 of title 5 and the Foreign Service Pension System provided in part II of this subchapter.

Source

(Pub. L. 96–465, title I, § 827,Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2124; Pub. L. 99–335, title IV, § 411,June 6, 1986, 100 Stat. 614.)
Amendments

1986—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 99–335added subsec. (c).
Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 99–335effective Jan. 1, 1987, see section 702(a) ofPub. L. 99–335, set out as an Effective Date note under section 8401 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees.
Reference to Veterans’ Administration Deemed Reference to Department of Veterans Affairs

Pub. L. 102–54, § 13(h)(2),June 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 275, provided that: “Any reference to the Veterans’ Administration in any regulation prescribed or Executive order issued pursuant to section 827(a) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4067 (a)) shall be deemed to be a reference to the Department of Veterans Affairs.”
Construction of Section With Civil Service Retirement Spouse Equity Act of 1984

This section not applicable with respect to either the amendments made by section 2 ofPub. L. 98–615or the provisions of section 4 ofPub. L. 98–615relating to equitable treatment under the Civil Service Retirement System for former spouses, except that, notwithstanding section 4(h) ofPub. L. 98–615, this section applicable with respect to sections 8339 (j) and 8341 (e) and (h) of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, and section 4 (except subsec. (b)) ofPub. L. 98–615to the extent that those sections apply to a qualified former wife or husband, see section 4069–1 of this title and section 4(h) ofPub. L. 98–615, set out as an Effective Date of 1984 Amendment note under section 8341 of Title 5.
Recommendations by Secretary of State to President

For authority for the Secretary of State to make recommendations to the President through the Director of the Office of Management and Budget whenever action is appropriate under this section to maintain existing conformity between the Civil Service Retirement and Disability System and the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability System, see section 3 of Ex. Ord. No. 12293, Feb. 23, 1981, 46 F.R. 13969, set out as a note under section 3901 of this title.
Ex. Ord. No. 12289. Conforming the Foreign Service and Civil Service Retirement and Disability Systems

Ex. Ord. No. 12289, Feb. 14, 1981, 46 F.R. 12693, as amended by Pub. L. 102–54, § 13(h)(2),June 13, 1991, 105 Stat. 275, provided:
By the authority vested in me as President of the United States of America by Section 827 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4067), and in order to conform further the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability System to the Civil Service Retirement and Disability System, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. (a) Section 826(c) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4066 (c)) is deemed to be amended by striking out the first sentence of paragraph (1) thereof, and inserting in lieu thereof the following sentence:
“(1) The first increase (if any) made under this section to an annuity which is payable from the Fund to a participant or to the surviving spouse of a deceased participant who dies in service shall be equal to the product (adjusted to the nearest 1/10 of 1 percent) of—
“(a) 1/6 of the applicable percent change determined under Subsection (b) of this Section, multiplied by
“(b) the number of full months for which the annuity was payable from the Fund before the effective date of the increase (counting any portion of a month as a full month).”.
Sec. 2. Section 808(a) of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4048 (a)) is deemed to be amended by adding at the end thereof the following:
“However, if a participant retiring under this section is receiving retired pay or retainer pay for military service (except that specified in Section 8332 (c)(1) or (2) of title 5 of the United States Code) or Department of Veterans Affairs pension or compensation in lieu of such retired or retainer pay, the annuity of that participant shall be computed under this chapter excluding extra credit authorized by this subsection and excluding credit for military service from that computation. If the amount of the annuity so computed, plus the retired or retainer pay which is received, or which would be received but for the application of the limitation in Section 5532 of title 5 of the United States Code, or the Department of Veterans Affairs pension or compensation in lieu of such retired pay or retainer pay, is less than the annuity that would be payable under this chapter in the absence of the previous sentence, an amount equal to the difference shall be added to the annuity computed under this chapter.”.
Sec. 3. The amendments to be deemed made by this Order shall take effect as of February 15, 1981.
Ex. Ord. No. 12446. Conforming the Foreign Service and Civil Service Retirement and Disability Systems

Ex. Ord. No. 12446, Oct. 17, 1983, 48 F.R. 48443, provided:
By the authority vested in me as President of the United States of America by Section 827 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4067) (hereafter referred to as “the Act” [this chapter]), and in order to conform further the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability System to the Civil Service Retirement and Disability System, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Interest Rates, Deposits, Refunds, and Redeposits. (a) The second sentence of Section 805(d)(3) of the Act (22 U.S.C. 4045 (d)(3)), the first sentence of Section 815 (h) (22 U.S.C. 4055 (h)), and the first sentence of Section 825(a) (22 U.S.C. 4065 (a)), are deemed to be amended to provide that interest shall be compounded at at the annual rate of 3 percent per annum through December 31, 1984, and thereafter at a rate equal to the overall average yield to the Fund during the preceding fiscal year from all obligations purchased by the Secretary of the Treasury during such fiscal year under section 819 [22 U.S.C. 4059], as determined by the Secretary of the Treasury.
(b) Sections 806(a) and 816(d) of the Act (22 U.S.C. 4046 (a) and 4056 (d)) are deemed to be amended to exclude from the computation of creditable civilian service under section 816(a) of the Act any period of civilian service for which retirement deductions or contributions have not been made under section 805 (d) [22 U.S.C. 4045] of the Act unless—
(1) the participant makes a contribution for such period as provided in such section 805 (d); or
(2) no contribution is required for such service as provided under section 805(f) of the Act as deemed to be amended by this Order, or under any other statute.
(c) The amendments deemed to be made by section 1 of this Order shall apply (i) to contributions for civilian service performed on or after the first day of the month following issuance of this Order [Oct. 17, 1983], (ii) to contributions for prior refunds to participants for which application is received by the employing agency on and after such first day of the month, and (iii) to excess contributions under section 815 (h) [22 U.S.C. 4055 (h)] and voluntary contributions under section 825(a) [22 U.S.C. 4065 (a)] from the first day of the month following issuance of this Order.
Sec. 2. Rounding Down of Annuities. (a) Section 826(e) of the Act (22 U.S.C. 4066 (e)) is deemed to be amended by striking out “fixed at the nearest” and inserting in lieu thereof “rounded to the next lowest”.
(b) The amendment deemed to be made by section 2(a) of this Order shall be effective with respect to any adjustment or redetermination of any annuity made on or after the date of this Order [Oct. 17, 1983].
Sec. 3. Later Commencement Date For Certain Annuities.
(a) Section 807(a) of the Act (22 U.S.C. 4047 (a)) is deemed to be amended to read as follows:
“(a)(1) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (2), the annuity of a participant who has met the eligibility requirements for an annuity shall commence on the first day of the month after—
“(A) separation from the Service occurs; or
“(B) pay ceases and the service and age requirements for entitlement to annuity are met.
“(2) The annuity of—
“(A) a participant who is retired and is eligible for benefits under section 609(a) [22 U.S.C. 4009 (a)] or a participant who is retired under section 813 [22 U.S.C. 4053] or is otherwise involuntarily separated from the Service, except by removal for cause on charges of misconducted or delinquency.
“(B) a participant retiring under section 808 [22 U.S.C. 4048] due to a disability, and
“(C) a participant who serves 3 days or less in the month of retirement—
shall commence on the day after separation from the Service or the day after pay ceases and the requirements for entitlement to annuity are met.”.
(b) The amendment deemed to be made by paragraph 3(a) of this Order shall become effective thirty days after the effective date of this Order [Oct. 17, 1983].
Sec. 4. Credit For Military Service. (a) Section 805 of the Act (22 U.S.C. 4045) is deemed to be amended—
(i) by striking out subsection (e) and substituting the following subsection in lieu thereof:
“(e)(1) Each participant who has performed military or naval service before the date of separation on which the entitlement to any annuity under this chapter is based may pay to the Secretary a special contribution equal to 7 percent of the amount of the basic pay paid under section 204 of title 37 of the United States Code, to the participant for each period of military or naval service after December 1956. The amount of such payments shall be based on such evidence of basic pay for military service as the participant may provide or if the Secretary determines sufficient evidence has not been so provided to adequately determine basic pay for military or naval service, such payment shall be based upon estimates of such basic pay provided to the Department under paragraph (4).
“(2) Any deposit made under paragraph (1) of this subsection more than two years after the later of—
“(A) the effective date of this Order, or
“(B) the date on which the participant making the deposit first became a participant in a Federal staff retirement system for civilian employees,—
shall include interest on such amount computed and compounded annually beginning on the date of the expiration of the two-year period. The interest rate that is applicable in computing interest in any year under this paragraph shall be equal to the interest rate that is applicable for such year under subsection (d) of this section.
“(3) Any payment received by the Secretary under this section shall be remitted to the Fund.
“(4) The Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Transportation, the Secretary of Commerce, or the Secretary of Health and Human Services, as appropriate, shall furnish such information to the Secretary as the Secretary may determine to be necessary for the administration of this subsection.
“(f) Contributions shall only be required to obtain credit for periods of military or naval service to the extent provided under section 805 (e) [22 U.S.C. 4045 (e)] and section 816 (a) [22 U.S.C. 4056 (a)], except that credit shall be allowed in the absence of contributions to individuals of Japanese ancestry under section 816 [22 U.S.C. 4056] for periods of internment during World War II.”; and—
(ii) by redesignating subsection (f) assubsection (g).
(b) Section 816(a) of the Act (22 U.S.C. 4056 (a)) is deemed to be amended by adding “(1)” after “(a)” and by adding the following new paragraphs at the end thereof:
“(2) The service of an individual who first becomes a participant on or after the date of this Order without any credit under section 816 for civilian service performed prior to October 1, 1982, shall include credit for:
“(A) each period of military or naval service performed before January 1, 1957, and
“(B) each period of military or naval service performed after December 31, 1956, and before the separation on which the entitlement to annuity under this chapter is based, only if a deposit (with interest if any is required) is made with respect to that period, as provided in section 805 (e) [22 U.S.C. 4045 (e)].
“(3) The service of an individual who first became a participant on or after the date of this Order with credit under section 816 [22 U.S.C. 4056] for civilian service performed prior to October 1982, shall include credit for each period of military or naval service performed before the date of the separation on which the entitlement to an annuity under this chapter is based, subject, in the case of military or naval service performed after December 1956, to section 816 (j) [22 U.S.C. 4056 (j)], as deemed to be added by this Order.
“(4) The service of an individual who first became a participant before the date of this Order shall include credit for each period of military or naval service performed before the date of the separation on which the entitlement to an annuity under this chapter is based, subject, in the case of military or naval service performed after December 1976, to section 816 (j) [22 U.S.C. 4056 (j)], as deemed to be added by this Order”;
(c) Section 816 of the Act (22 U.S.C. 4056) is deemed to be further amended by adding a new subsection (j) at the end thereof to read as follows:
“(1) Except as otherwise provided by statute or Executive Order, Section 8332 (j) of Title 5, United States Code, relating to redetermination of credit for military and naval service, shall be applied to annuities payable under this chapter. The Secretary of State shall redetermine service, and may request and obtain information from the Secretary of Health and Human Services, as the Office of Personnel Management is directed or authorized to do in Section 8332(j).
“(2) Section 8332 (j) of Title 5, United States Code, shall not apply with respect to:
“(A) the service of any individual who first became a participant on or after the date of this Order without any credit under section 816 [22 U.S.C. 4056] for civilian service performed prior to October 1982; or
“(B) any military or naval service performed prior to 1957 by an individual who first became a participant on or after the date of this Order with credit under section 816 [22 U.S.C. 4056] for civilian service performed prior to October 1982, or any period of military or naval service performed after 1956 with respect to which the participant has made a contribution (with interest if any is required) under section 805 (e) [22 U.S.C. 4045 (e)]; or
“(C) any military or naval service performed prior to 1977 by any individual who first became a participant before the date of this Order or any period of military or naval service performed after 1976 with respect to which the participant has made a contribution (with interest if any is required) under section 805 (e) [22 U.S.C. 4045 (e)].”
(d) Section 822(a) of the Act (22 U.S.C. 4062 (a)) is deemed to be amended by striking out the period at the end thereof and inserting in lieu thereof: “, less an amount determined by the Secretary of State to be appropriate to reflect the value of the deposits made to the credit of the Fund under section 805 (e).”.
(e) The amendments deemed to be made by Section 4 of this Order shall be effective on the date of this Order [Oct. 17, 1983].
Sec. 5. Recomputation at Age 62 of Credit for Military Service of Current Annuitants. (a) Section 816(a) of the Act (22 U.S.C. 4056 (a)) is deemed to be further amended so that the provisions of section 8332 (j) of Title 5 of the United States Code, relating to credit for military service, shall not apply with respect to any individual who is entitled to an annuity under such Act [this chapter] on or before the date of approval of this order [Oct. 17, 1983], or who is entitled to an annuity based on a separation from service occurring on or before such date.
(b) Subject to subsection (c), in any case in which an individual described in subsection (a) is also entitled to old-age or survivors insurance benefits under section 202 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 402] (or would be entitled to such benefits upon filing application therefor), the amount of the annuity to which such individual is entitled under chapter 8 of the Act [this subchapter] (after taking into account subsection (a)) which is payable for any month shall be reduced by an amount determined by multiplying the amount of such old-age or survivors insurance benefit for the determination month by a fraction—
(1) the numerator of which is the total of the wages (within the meaning of section 209 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 409]) for service referred to in section 210(1) of such Act [42 U.S.C. 410] (relating to service in the uniformed services) and deemed additional wages (within the meaning of section 229 of such Act [42 U.S.C. 429]) of such individual credited for years after 1956 and before the calendar year in which the determination month occurs, up to the contribution and benefit base determined under section 230 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 415 (e)(1)]) (or other applicable maximum annual amount referred to in section 215(e)(1) of such Act [42 U.S.C. 409]) for each such year, and
(2) the denominator of which is the total of all wages deemed additional wages described in paragraph (1) of this subsection plus all other wages (within the meaning of section 209 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 409]) and all self-employment income (within the meaning of section 211(b) of such Act [42 U.S.C. 411 (b)]) of such individual credited for years after 1936 and before the calendar year in which the determination month occurs, up to the contribution and benefit base (or such other amount referred to in such section 215(e)(1) of such Act [42 U.S.C. 415 (e)(1)]) for each such year.
(c) Subsection (b) shall not reduce the annuity of any individual below the amount of the annuity which would be payable under chapter 8 of the Act [this subchapter] to the individual for the determination month if section 8332 (j) of Title 5 of the United States Code applied to the individual for such month.
(d) For purposes of this section, the term “determination month” means—
(1) the first month the individual described in subsection (a) is entitled to old-age or survivors insurance benefits under section 202 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 402] (or would be entitled to such benefits upon filing application therefor); or
(2) the first day of the month following the month in which this Order is issued [Oct. 17, 1983] in the case of any individual so entitled to such benefits for such month.
(e) The preceding provisions of this section shall take effect with respect to any annuity payment payable under chapter 8 of the Act [this subchapter] for calendar months beginning after the date of this Order [Oct. 17, 1983].
(f) The Secretary of Health and Human Services shall furnish such information to the Secretary of State as may be necessary to carry out the preceding provisions of this section.
Sec. 6. General Limitation on Cost-of-Living Adjustment for Annuities. (a) Section 826 of the Act (22 U.S.C. 4066) is deemed to be amended to add at the end thereof the following new subsection:
“(g)(1) An annuity shall not be increased by reason of any adjustment under this section to an amount which exceeds the greater of—
“(A) the maximum pay rate payable for class FS–1 under section 403, 30 days before the effective date of the adjustment under this section; or
“(B) the final pay (or average pay, if higher) of the former participant with respect to whom the annuity is paid, increased by the overall annual average percentage adjustments (compounded) in rates of pay of the Foreign Service Schedule under such section 403 during the period—
“(i) beginning on the date the annuity commenced (or, in the case of a survivor of the retired participant, the date the participant’s annuity commenced), and
“(ii) ending on the effective date of the adjustment under this section.
“(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1) of this subsection, ‘pay’ means the rate of salary or basic pay as payable under any provision of law, including any provision of law limiting the expenditure of appropriated funds.”.
(b) The amendment made by subsection (a) of this Section shall not cause any annuity to be reduced below the rate that is payable on the date of approval of this Order [Oct. 17, 1983], but shall apply to any adjustment occurring on or after April 1, 1983 under Section 826 of the Act [22 U.S.C. 4066] to any annuity payable from the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability Fund, whether such annuity has a commencing date before, on, or after the date of this Order.
Ronald Reagan.
Ex. Ord. No. 13105. Open Enrollment Season for Participants in the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability System and the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability System

Ex. Ord. No. 13105, Nov. 2, 1998, 63 F.R. 60201, provided:
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including section 827 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4067) and section 292 of the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement Act of 1964 (50 U.S.C. 2141), and in order to conform further the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability System and the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability System to the Civil Service Retirement and Disability System, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. In conjunction with section 860 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4071i), the Secretary of State shall issue regulations providing for an open enrollment period from November 1, 1998, to April 30, 1999, during which employee participants in the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability System may elect to become subject to the Foreign Service Pension System.
Sec. 2. In conjunction with section 307(a) of the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement Act of 1964 (50 U.S.C. 2157 (a)), the Director shall provide for an open enrollment period from November 1, 1998, to April 30, 1999, during which employee participants in the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability System may elect to become subject to the Federal Employees’ Retirement System, comparable to the election for civil service employees provided for by the Federal Employees’ Retirement System Open Enrollment Act of 1997, Public Law 105–61 [5 U.S.C. 8331 note].
William J. Clinton.
Ex. Ord. No. 13297. Applying the Federal Physicians Comparability Allowance Amendments of 2000 to Participants in the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability System, the Foreign Service Pension System, and the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability System

Ex. Ord. No. 13297, Apr. 23, 2003, 68 F.R. 22565, provided:
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including section 827 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 (22 U.S.C. 4067), section 292 of the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement Act of 1964 (50 U.S.C. 2141), and section 301 of title 3, United States Code, and in order to conform the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability System, the Foreign Service Pension System, and the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability System to the Civil Service Retirement System, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Foreign Service Retirement and Disability System. (a) The following provisions of the Federal Physicians Comparability Allowance Amendments of 2000 (Public Law 106–571) [see Tables for classification] shall apply to the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability System, subchapter I of chapter 8 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 [22 U.S.C. 4041 et seq.], as amended:
(i) Section 3(a) ofPublic Law 106–571 [amending section 8331 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees] to provide that any amount received under section 5948 of title 5, United States Code (physicians comparability allowance), be included in the definition of basic pay; and
(ii) Section 3(b) ofPublic Law 106–571 [amending sections 8331 and 8339 of Title 5] to provide for the inclusion of the physicians comparability allowance in the computation of an annuity under the same rules that apply with respect to the Civil Service Retirement System.
(b) The Secretary of State shall issue regulations that reflect the application of sections 3(a) and 3(b) ofPublic Law 106–571 to the Foreign Service Retirement and Disability System. Such regulations shall provide that the foregoing provisions be retroactive to December 28, 2000.
Sec. 2. Foreign Service Pension System. (a) The following provisions of the Federal Physicians Comparability Allowance Amendments of 2000 (Public Law 106–571) shall apply to the Foreign Service Pension System, subchapter II of chapter 8 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 [22 U.S.C. 4071 et seq.], as amended:
(i) Section 3(a) ofPublic Law 106–571 to provide that any amount received under section 5948 of title 5, United States Code (physicians comparability allowance), be included in the definition of basic pay; and
(ii) Section 3(c) ofPublic Law 106–571 [amending sections 8401 and 8415 of Title 5] to provide for the inclusion of the physicians comparability allowance in the computation of an annuity under the same rules that apply with respect to the Federal Employees Retirement System.
(b) The Secretary of State shall issue regulations that reflect the application of sections 3(a) and 3(c) ofPublic Law 106–571 to the Foreign Service Pension System. Such regulations shall provide that the foregoing provisions be retroactive to December 28, 2000.
Sec. 3. Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability System.
(a) The following provisions of the Federal Physicians Comparability Allowance Amendments of 2000 (Public Law 106–571) shall apply to the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability System, title II of the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement Act of 1964 [50 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.], as amended:
(i) Section 3(a) ofPublic Law 106–571 to provide that any amount received under section 5948 of title 5, United States Code (physicians comparability allowance), be included in the definition of basic pay; and
(ii) Section 3(b) ofPublic Law 106–571 to provide for the inclusion of the physicians comparability allowance in the computation of an annuity under the same rules that apply with respect to the Civil Service Retirement System.
(b) The Director of Central Intelligence shall issue regulations to reflect the application of sections 3(a) and 3(b) ofPublic Law 106–571 to the Central Intelligence Agency Retirement and Disability System. Such regulations shall provide that the foregoing provisions be retroactive to December 28, 2000.
Sec. 4. Judicial Review. This order is not intended to create, nor does it create any right, benefit, or privilege, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law by a party against the United States, its agencies, its officers, employees, or any other person.
George W. Bush.

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