22 U.S. Code § 4140 - Judicial review

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(a) Any aggrieved party may obtain judicial review of a final action of the Secretary or the Board on any grievance in the district courts of the United States in accordance with the standards set forth in chapter 7 of title 5, if the request for judicial review is filed not later than 180 days after the final action of the Secretary or the Board (or in the case of an aggrieved party who is posted abroad at the time of the final action of the Secretary or the Board, if the request for judicial review is filed not later than 180 days after the aggrieved party’s return to the United States). Section 706 of title 5 shall apply without limitation or exception. This subsection shall not apply to any grievance with respect to which subsection (b) of this section applies.
(b)
(1) For purposes of this subsection, the term “aggrieved party” means a grievant.
(2) With respect to a grievance based on an alleged violation of a law, rule, regulation, or policy directive referred to in section 4131 (a)(1)(H) of this title, judicial review of whether the act, omission, or condition that is the basis of the grievance violates such law, rule, regulation, or policy directive may be obtained by an aggrieved party only if such party commences a civil action, not later than 90 days after such party receives notice of the final action of the Secretary or the Board, in an appropriate district court of the United States for de novo review.

Source

(Pub. L. 96–465, title I, § 1110,Oct. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 2148; Pub. L. 102–138, title I, § 153(e),Oct. 28, 1991, 105 Stat. 674; Pub. L. 103–236, title I, § 177(b),Apr. 30, 1994, 108 Stat. 414.)
Amendments

1994—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 103–236inserted before period at end of first sentence “, if the request for judicial review is filed not later than 180 days after the final action of the Secretary or the Board (or in the case of an aggrieved party who is posted abroad at the time of the final action of the Secretary or the Board, if the request for judicial review is filed not later than 180 days after the aggrieved party’s return to the United States)”.
1991—Pub. L. 102–138designated existing provisions as subsec. (a), inserted provision that subsec. (a) not apply to any grievance with respect to which subsec. (b) applies, and added subsec. (b).
Effective Date of 1991 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 102–138not applicable with respect to any grievance, within the meaning of section 4131 of this title, arising before Oct. 28, 1991, see section 153(f) ofPub. L. 102–138, set out as a note under section 4115 of this title.
Judicial Review of Certain Foreign Service Grievances

Pub. L. 101–246, title I, § 152,Feb. 16, 1990, 104 Stat. 42, provided that: “For the purposes of judicial review under section 1110 of the Foreign Service Act of 1980 [22 U.S.C. 4140], any recommendation made by the Foreign Service Grievance Board with respect to the tenure of a grievant which was reviewed by the Secretary of State before the date of enactment of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act, Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989 [Dec. 22, 1987], shall be considered to be a final action of the Department of State, and any such recommendation shall be considered to have been made within the authority of the Foreign Service Grievance Board.”

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22 CFR - Foreign Relations

22 CFR Part 910 - MISCELLANEOUS

 

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