22 U.S. Code § 5852 - Eligibility

Funds may be obligated for a fiscal year for assistance or other programs or activities for an independent state of the former Soviet Union under sections 5853 and 5854 of this title only if the President has certified to the Congress, during that fiscal year, that such independent state is committed to—
(1) making a substantial investment of its resources for dismantling or destroying such weapons of mass destruction, if that independent state has an obligation under a treaty or other agreement to destroy or dismantle any such weapons;
(2) forgoing any military modernization program that exceeds legitimate defense requirements and forgoing the replacement of destroyed weapons of mass destruction;
(3) forgoing any use in new nuclear weapons of fissionable or other components of destroyed nuclear weapons; and
(4) facilitating United States verification of any weapons destruction carried out under section 5853 (a) or 5854 (a) of this title or section 212 of the Soviet Nuclear Threat Reduction Act of 1991 (title II of Public Law 102–228; 22 U.S.C. 2551 note).

Source

(Pub. L. 102–511, title V, § 502,Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat. 3338.)
Delegation of Authority

Memorandum of President of the United States, Dec. 30, 1992, 58 F.R. 3193, provided:
Memorandum for the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense [and] the Director, Office of Management & Budget
By the authority vested in me by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including section 301 of title 3 of the United States Code, I hereby delegate:
1. to the Secretary of State the authority and duty vested in the President under section 1412(d) of the Former Soviet Union Demilitarization Act of 1992 (title XIV of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1993, Public Law 102–484) [22 U.S.C. 5902 (d)] and section 502 of the Freedom Support Act (Public Law 102–511 [22 U.S.C. 5852].
2. to the Secretary of Defense the authorities and duties vested in the President under sections 1412(a), 1431, and 1432 ofPublic Law 102–484 [22 U.S.C. 5902 (a), 5921, 5922] and sections 503 and 508 ofPublic Law 102–511 [22 U.S.C. 5853, 5858].
The Secretary of Defense shall not exercise authority delegated by paragraph 2 hereof with respect to any former Soviet republic unless the Secretary of State has exercised his authority and performed the duty delegated by paragraph 1 hereof with respect to that former Soviet Republic. The Secretary of Defense shall not obligate funds in the exercise of authority delegated by paragraph 2 hereof unless the Director of the Office of Management and Budget has determined that expenditures during fiscal year 1993 pursuant to such obligation shall be counted against the defense category of discretionary spending limits for that fiscal year (as defined in section 601(a)(2) of the Congressional Budget Act of 1974 [2 U.S.C. 665 (a)(2)]) for purposes of Part C of the Balanced Budget and Emergency Deficit Control Act of 1985 [2 U.S.C. 900 et seq.].
The Secretary of State is directed to publish this memorandum in the Federal Register.
George Bush.
Inapplicability to Cooperative Threat Reduction Programs

Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title XIII, § 1304(b),Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 413, provided that: “Section 502 of the Freedom for Russia and Emerging Eurasian Democracies and Open Markets Support Act of 1992 (22 U.S.C. 5852) shall not apply to any Cooperative Threat Reduction program.”
Definition of Cooperative Threat Reduction Programs for Purposes of Pub. L. 110–181

Pub. L. 110–181, div. A, title XIII, § 1301(a),Jan. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 410, provided that: “For purposes of section 301 [122 Stat. 53] and other provisions of this Act [see Tables for classification], Cooperative Threat Reduction programs are the programs specified in section 1501(b) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 [Pub. L. 104–201] (50 U.S.C. 2362 note), as amended by section 1303 of this Act.”

 

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