22 U.S. Code § 8543 - Destinations of Diversion Concern

(a) Designation
(1) In general
The President shall designate a country as a Destination of Diversion Concern if the President determines that the government of the country allows substantial diversion of goods, services, or technologies described in section 8542 (b) of this title through the country to Iranian end-users or Iranian intermediaries.
(2) Determination of substantial
For purposes of paragraph (1), the President shall determine whether the government of a country allows substantial diversion of goods, services, or technologies described in section 8542 (b) of this title through the country to Iranian end-users or Iranian intermediaries based on criteria that include—
(A) the volume of such goods, services, and technologies that are diverted through the country to such end-users or intermediaries;
(B) the inadequacy of the export controls of the country;
(C) the unwillingness or demonstrated inability of the government of the country to control the diversion of such goods, services, and technologies to such end-users or intermediaries; and
(D) the unwillingness or inability of the government of the country to cooperate with the United States in efforts to interdict the diversion of such goods, services, or technologies to such end-users or intermediaries.
(b) Report on designation
Upon designating a country as a Destination of Diversion Concern under subsection (a), the President shall submit to the appropriate congressional committees a report—
(1) notifying those committees of the designation of the country; and
(2) containing a list of the goods, services, and technologies described in section 8542 (b) of this title that the President determines are diverted through the country to Iranian end-users or Iranian intermediaries.
(c) Licensing requirement
Not later than 45 days after submitting a report required by subsection (b) with respect to a country designated as a Destination of Diversion Concern under subsection (a), the President shall require a license under the Export Administration Regulations or the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (whichever is applicable) to export to that country a good, service, or technology on the list required under subsection (b)(2), with the presumption that any application for such a license will be denied.
(d) Delay of imposition of licensing requirement
(1) In general
The President may delay the imposition of the licensing requirement under subsection (c) with respect to a country designated as a Destination of Diversion Concern under subsection (a) for a 12-month period if the President—
(A) determines that the government of the country is taking steps—
(i) to institute an export control system or strengthen the export control system of the country;
(ii) to interdict the diversion of goods, services, or technologies described in section 8542 (b) of this title through the country to Iranian end-users or Iranian intermediaries; and
(iii) to comply with and enforce United Nations Security Council Resolutions 1696 (2006), 1737 (2006), 1747 (2007), 1803 (2008), and 1929 (2010), and any other resolution that is agreed to by the Security Council and imposes sanctions with respect to Iran;
(B) determines that it is appropriate to carry out government-to-government activities to strengthen the export control system of the country; and
(C) submits to the appropriate congressional committees a report describing the steps specified in subparagraph (A) being taken by the government of the country.
(2) Additional 12-month periods
The President may delay the imposition of the licensing requirement under subsection (c) with respect to a country designated as a Destination of Diversion Concern under subsection (a) for additional 12-month periods after the 12-month period referred to in paragraph (1) if the President, for each such 12-month period—
(A) makes the determinations described in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of paragraph (1) with respect to the country; and
(B) submits to the appropriate congressional committees an updated version of the report required by subparagraph (C) of paragraph (1).
(3) Strengthening export control systems
If the President determines under paragraph (1)(B) that is it appropriate to carry out government-to-government activities to strengthen the export control system of a country designated as a Destination of Diversion Concern under subsection (a), the United States shall initiate government-to-government activities that may include—
(A) cooperation by agencies and departments of the United States with counterpart agencies and departments in the country—
(i) to develop or strengthen the export control system of the country;
(ii) to strengthen cooperation among agencies of the country and with the United States and facilitate enforcement of the export control system of the country; and
(iii) to promote information and data exchanges among agencies of the country and with the United States;
(B) training officials of the country to strengthen the export control systems of the country—
(i) to facilitate legitimate trade in goods, services, and technologies; and
(ii) to prevent terrorists and state sponsors of terrorism, including Iran, from obtaining nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons, defense technologies, components for improvised explosive devices, and other defense articles; and
(C) encouraging the government of the country to participate in the Proliferation Security Initiative, such as by entering into a ship boarding agreement pursuant to the Initiative.
(e) Termination of designation
The designation of a country as a Destination of Diversion Concern under subsection (a) shall terminate on the date on which the President determines, and certifies to the appropriate congressional committees, that the country has adequately strengthened the export control system of the country to prevent the diversion of goods, services, and technologies described in section 8542 (b) of this title to Iranian end-users or Iranian intermediaries.
(f) Form of reports
A report required by subsection (b) or (d) may be submitted in classified form.

Source

(Pub. L. 111–195, title III, § 303,July 1, 2010, 124 Stat. 1347.)
Termination of Section

For termination of section, see section 8551 (a) of this title.
Delegation of Functions

For delegation of functions of President under this section, see Memorandum of President of the United States, Sept. 23, 2010, 75 F.R. 67025, set out as a note under section 8501 of this title.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

22 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


31 CFR - Money and Finance: Treasury

31 CFR Part 560 - IRANIAN TRANSACTIONS REGULATIONS

31 CFR Part 561 - IRANIAN FINANCIAL SANCTIONS REGULATIONS

31 CFR Part 562 - IRANIAN HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES SANCTIONS REGULATIONS

 

LII has no control over and does not endorse any external Internet site that contains links to or references LII.