(Added Pub. L. 93–87, title I, § 124(a),Aug. 13, 1973, 87 Stat. 262; amended Pub. L. 94–280, title I, § 134,May 5, 1976, 90 Stat. 441; Pub. L. 95–599, title I, § 141(h),Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2712; Pub. L. 97–424, title I, § 126A, formerly § 126,Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2116, renumbered § 126A,Pub. L. 100–17, title I, § 133(a)(2),Apr. 2, 1987, 101 Stat. 170; Pub. L. 100–17, title I, § 127,Apr. 2, 1987, 101 Stat. 167; Pub. L. 102–240, title I, § 1033,Dec. 18, 1991, 105 Stat. 1975; Pub. L. 104–59, title III, § 310(b),Nov. 28, 1995, 109 Stat. 582; Pub. L. 105–178, title I, § 1202(a),June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 168; Pub. L. 109–59, title I, § 1954,Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1515; Pub. L. 112–141, div. A, title I, § 1104(c)(4),July 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 427.)
References in Text
of this title, referred to in subsecs. (a), (b), and (d), was amended generally by Pub. L. 112–141
, div. A, title I, § 1105(a),July 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 427
2012—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 112–141
substituted “National Highway Performance Program” for “National Highway System” in heading.
2005—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 109–59
struck out “in conjunction with such trails, roads, highways, and parkways” before period at end.
1998—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105–178
, § 1202(a)(1), inserted “pedestrian walkways and” after “construction of” and struck out “(other than the Interstate System)” after “on the National Highway System”.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 105–178
, § 1202(a)(2), struck out “, other than a highway access to which is fully controlled,” after “located on a highway”.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 105–178
, § 1202(a)(3), added subsec. (g) and struck out heading and text of former subsec. (g). Text read as follows: “Pedestrian walkways and bicycle transportation facilities to be constructed under this section shall be located and designed pursuant to an overall plan to be developed by each metropolitan planning organization and State and incorporated into their comprehensive annual long-range plans in accordance with sections
of this title, respectively. Such plans shall provide due consideration for safety and contiguous routes.”
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 105–178
, § 1202(a)(4), substituted “Motorized vehicles may not” for “No motorized vehicles shall” in introductory provisions.
Subsec. (h)(3). Pub. L. 105–178
, § 1202(a)(5), substituted “motorized wheelchairs;” for “when State and local regulations permit, motorized wheelchairs; and”.
Subsec. (h)(4), (5). Pub. L. 105–178
, § 1202(a)(6), added par. (4) and redesignated former par. (4) as (5).
Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 105–178
, § 1202(a)(7), added subsec. (j) and struck out heading and text of former subsec. (j). Text read as follows: “For purposes of this section, a ‘bicycle transportation facility’ means new or improved lanes, paths, or shoulders for use by bicyclists, traffic control devices, shelters, and parking facilities for bicycles.”
1995—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 104–59
substituted “determined in accordance with section
” for “80 percent”.
1991—Pub. L. 102–240
substituted “walkways” for “walkway” in section catchline and amended text generally, substituting present provisions for provisions authorizing States to construct pedestrian walkways and bicycle lanes, paths, etc., as Federal-aid highway projects, relating to safe accommodation of bicycles on bridge with deck replaced or rehabilitated with Federal participation, prohibiting bicycle project under this section unless principally for transportation purposes, deeming walkway and bicycle projects as highway projects and setting Federal share at 100 per centum, allowing use of funds authorized for forest highways, forest development roads and trails, etc., for construction of walkways and bicycle routes, prohibiting use of motor vehicles on trails and walkways, and relating to obligation of funds.
1987—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 100–17
inserted “and sums apportioned or allocated for highway substitute projects in accordance with section
of this title” after “title” in second sentence.
1983—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–424
designated as subsec. (a) that portion of former subsec. (a) relating to pedestrian walkways. Remainder of former subsec. (a) relating to bicycles was redesignated (b)(1).
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97–424
redesignated as par. (1) that portion of former subsec. (a) relating to bicycles and added pars. (2) and (3). Provisions of former subsec. (b) relating to pedestrian walkways and bicycles projects were redesignated (c) and (d), respectively.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 97–424
redesignated as subsec. (c) that portion of former subsec. (b) relating to pedestrian walkways. Provisions of former subsec. (c) relating to pedestrian walkways and to bicycle routes were redesignated (e) and (f), respectively.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 97–424
redesignated as subsec. (d) that portion of former subsec. (b) relating to bicycle projects. Former subsec. (d) redesignated (g).
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 97–424
redesignated as subsec. (e) that portion of former subsec. (c) relating to pedestrian walkways. Former subsec. (e) redesignated (h) and amended.
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 97–424
redesignated as subsec. (f) that portion of former subsec. (c) relating to bicycle routes.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 97–424
redesignated former subsec. (d) as (g).
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 97–424
redesignated former subsec. (e) as (h), substituted reference to subsecs. (a), (b), (e), and (f) of this section for reference to former subsecs. (a) and (c), and substituted provision that no State shall obligate more than $4,500,000 for such projects in any fiscal year, except that the Secretary may, upon application, waive this limitation for a State for any fiscal year for provision that no State was to obligate more than $2,500,000 for such projects for any fiscal year.
1978—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 95–599
inserted provision relating to energy conservation and struck out requirement that such construction be in conjunction with Federal-aid highways.
1976—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 94–280
substituted “$45,000,000” for “$40,000,000” and “$2,500,000” for “$2,000,000”.
Effective Date of 2012 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 112–141
effective Oct. 1, 2012, see section 3(a) ofPub. L. 112–141
, set out as an Effective and Termination Dates of 2012 Amendment note under section
of this title.
Effective Date of 1991 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 102–240
effective Dec. 18, 1991, and applicable to funds authorized to be appropriated or made available after Sept. 30, 1991, and, with certain exceptions, not applicable to funds appropriated or made available on or before Sept. 30, 1991, see section 1100 ofPub. L. 102–240
, set out as a note under section
of this title.
Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program
Pub. L. 109–59
, title I, § 1807,Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1460
, as amended by Pub. L. 110–244
, title I, § 106,June 6, 2008, 122 Stat. 1602
, provided that:
“(a) Establishment.—The Secretary [of Transportation] shall establish and carry out a nonmotorized transportation pilot program to construct, in the following 4 communities selected by the Secretary, a network of nonmotorized transportation infrastructure facilities, including sidewalks, bicycle lanes, and pedestrian and bicycle trails, that connect directly with transit stations, schools, residences, businesses, recreation areas, and other community activity centers:
“(1) Columbia, Missouri.
“(2) Marin County, California.
“(3) Minneapolis, Minnesota.
“(4) Sheboygan County, Wisconsin.
“(b) Purpose.—The purpose of the program shall be to demonstrate the extent to which bicycling and walking can carry a significant part of the transportation load, and represent a major portion of the transportation solution, within selected communities.
“(c) Grants.—In carrying out the program, the Secretary [of Transportation] may make a grant of $6,250,000 per fiscal year for each of the communities set forth in subsection (a) to State, local, and regional agencies that the Secretary determines are suitably equipped and organized to carry out the objectives and requirements of this section. An agency that receives a grant under this section may suballocate grant funds to a nonprofit organization to carry out the program under this section.
“(d) Statistical Information.—In carrying out the program, the Secretary [of Transportation] shall develop statistical information on changes in motor vehicle, nonmotorized transportation, and public transportation usage in communities participating in the program and assess how such changes decrease congestion and energy usage, increase the frequency of bicycling and walking, and promote better health and a cleaner environment.
“(e) Reports.—The Secretary [of Transportation] shall submit to Congress an interim report not later than September 30, 2007, and a final report not later than September 30, 2010, on the results of the program.
“(1) Authorization of appropriations.—There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this section, out of the Highway Trust Fund (other than the Mass Transit Account), $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 2006 through 2009.
“(2) Contract authority.—Funds authorized to be appropriated by this section shall be available for obligation in the same manner and to the same extent as if the funds were apportioned under chapter
, United States Code; except that the Federal share of the cost of the project shall be 100 percent, and the funds shall remain available until expended and shall not be transferable.
“(g) Treatment of Projects.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, projects assisted under this subsection shall be treated as projects on a Federal-aid system under chapter
, United States Code.”
Pub. L. 105–178
, title I, § 1202(b),June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 169
, provided that:
“(1) In general.—In implementing section
, United States Code, the Secretary, in cooperation with the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, the Institute of Transportation Engineers, and other interested organizations, shall develop guidance on the various approaches to accommodating bicycles and pedestrian travel.
“(2) Issues to be addressed.—The guidance shall address issues such as the level and nature of the demand, volume, and speed of motor vehicle traffic, safety, terrain, cost, and sight distance.
“(3) Recommendations.—The guidance shall include recommendations on amending and updating the policies of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials relating to highway and street design standards to accommodate bicyclists and pedestrians.
“(4) Time period for development.—The guidance shall be developed within 18 months after the date of enactment of this Act [June 9, 1998].”
Energy Conservation Bicycle Transportation Program; Report
Pub. L. 95–619
, title VI, § 682,Nov. 9, 1978, 92 Stat. 3287
, set forth findings respecting an energy conservation bicycle transportation program and required a study and report not more than one year after Nov. 9, 1978, by the Secretary of Transportation for bicycle use potential, etc.
Bikeway Construction Projects
Pub. L. 95–599
, title I, § 141(a)–(e), (i), Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2711
, 2712, related to establishment by Secretary of design and construction standards for bikeway construction projects and to grants to States for bikeway construction projects, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 100–17
, title I, § 133(e)(2),Apr. 2, 1987, 101 Stat. 173
Bikeway Demonstration Program
Pub. L. 93–643
, § 119,Jan. 4, 1975, 88 Stat. 2288
, authorized grants to States for demonstration projects for construction of bikeways, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 100–17
, title I, § 133(e)(2),Apr. 2, 1987, 101 Stat. 173