(Added Pub. L. 102–240, title I, § 1034(a),Dec. 18, 1991, 105 Stat. 1977; amended Pub. L. 103–429, § 3(8), (9),Oct. 31, 1994, 108 Stat. 4378; Pub. L. 104–59, title II, § 205(a),Nov. 28, 1995, 109 Stat. 576.)
References in Text
The date of the enactment of this section, referred to in subsecs. (a) and (b), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 102–240
, which was approved Dec. 18, 1991.
A prior section
,Pub. L. 85–767
, Aug. 27, 1958, 72 Stat. 912
; Pub. L. 87–392
, § 1,Oct. 4, 1961, 75 Stat. 822
; Pub. L. 88–426
, title III, § 305(24),Aug. 14, 1964, 78 Stat. 425
; Pub. L. 91–605
, title I, § 114(a),Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1722
; Pub. L. 93–87
, title I, § 152(4),Aug. 13, 1973, 87 Stat. 276
, provided for administrative organization of the Federal Highway Administration, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 97–449
, § 7(b),Jan. 12, 1983, 96 Stat. 2445
. See section
1995—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 104–59
, § 205(a)(1), added subsec. (c) and struck out former subsec. (c) which read as follows:
“(c) State Requirements.—The Secretary may withhold up to 10 percent of the funds apportioned under this title and under chapter
for any fiscal year beginning after September 30, 1995, to any State and any recipient of assistance under such Act in the State unless, in the preceding fiscal year, the State was implementing each of the management systems described in subsection (a) and, before January 1 of the preceding fiscal year, the State certified, in writing, to the Secretary, that the State was implementing each of such management systems in the preceding fiscal year.”
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 104–59
, § 205(a)(2), inserted subsec. heading, designated existing provisions as par. (1), inserted par. heading and realigned margins, and added par. (2).
1994—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 103–429
, § 3(8), substituted “chapter
” for “the Federal Transit Act”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 103–429
, § 3(9), substituted “chapter
” for “the Federal Transit Act” and “chapter 53” for “such Act”.
Section effective Dec. 18, 1991, and applicable to funds authorized to be appropriated or made available after Sept. 30, 1991, and, with certain exceptions, not applicable to funds appropriated or made available on or before Sept. 30, 1991, see section 1100 ofPub. L. 102–240
, set out as an Effective Date of 1991 Amendment note under section
of this title.
Termination of Reporting Requirements
For termination, effective May 15, 2000, of reporting provisions in subsec. (f)(1) of this section, see section 3003 ofPub. L. 104–66
, as amended, set out as a note under section
, Money and Finance, and page 137
of House Document No. 103–7
Real-time System Management Information Program
Pub. L. 109–59
, title I, § 1201,Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1196
, provided that:
“(1) In general.—The Secretary [of Transportation] shall establish a real-time system management information program to provide, in all States, the capability to monitor, in real-time, the traffic and travel conditions of the major highways of the United States and to share that information to improve the security of the surface transportation system, to address congestion problems, to support improved response to weather events and surface transportation incidents, and to facilitate national and regional highway traveler information.
“(2) Purposes.—The purposes of the real-time system management information program are to—
“(A) establish, in all States, a system of basic real-time information for managing and operating the surface transportation system;
“(B) identify longer range real-time highway and transit monitoring needs and develop plans and strategies for meeting such needs; and
“(C) provide the capability and means to share that data with State and local governments and the traveling public.
“(b) Data Exchange Formats.—Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act [Aug. 10, 2005], the Secretary [of Transportation] shall establish data exchange formats to ensure that the data provided by highway and transit monitoring systems, including statewide incident reporting systems, can readily be exchanged across jurisdictional boundaries, facilitating nationwide availability of information.
“(c) Regional Intelligent Transportation System Architecture.—
“(1) Addressing information needs.—As State and local governments develop or update regional intelligent transportation system architectures, described in section
940.9 of title 23, Code of Federal Regulations, such governments shall explicitly address real-time highway and transit information needs and the systems needed to meet such needs, including addressing coverage, monitoring systems, data fusion and archiving, and methods of exchanging or sharing highway and transit information.
“(2) Data exchange.—States shall incorporate the data exchange formats established by the Secretary [of Transportation] under subsection (b) to ensure that the data provided by highway and transit monitoring systems may readily be exchanged with State and local governments and may be made available to the traveling public.
“(d) Eligibility.—Subject to project approval by the Secretary [of Transportation], a State may obligate funds apportioned to the State under sections
, United States Code, for activities relating to the planning and deployment of real-time monitoring elements that advance the goals and purposes described in subsection (a).
“(e) Limitation on Statutory Construction.—Nothing in this section shall be construed as altering or otherwise affecting the applicability of the requirements of chapter
, United States Code (including requirements relating to the eligibility of a project for assistance under the program, the location of the project, and the Federal-share payable on account of the project), to amounts apportioned to a State for a program under section
that are obligated by the State for activities and projects under this section.
“(f) Statewide Incident Reporting System Defined.—In this section, the term ‘statewide incident reporting system’ means a statewide system for facilitating the real-time electronic reporting of surface transportation incidents to a central location for use in monitoring the event, providing accurate traveler information, and responding to the incident as appropriate.”