(Added Pub. L. 105–178, title V, § 5108,June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 435; amended Pub. L. 109–59, title V, § 5208(a),Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1798; Pub. L. 112–141, div. E, title II, § 52013,July 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 897.)
References in Text
The date of enactment of the Transportation Research and Innovative Technology Act of 2012, referred to in subsec. (a)(1), is the date of enactment of div. E of Pub. L. 112–141
, which was approved July 6, 2012.
A prior section
, added Pub. L. 90–495
, § 30,Aug. 23, 1968, 82 Stat. 833
, related to highway relocation services, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 91–646
, title II, § 220(a)(10),Jan. 2, 1971, 84 Stat. 1903
2012—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 112–141
, § 52013(1), substituted “Transportation Research and Innovative Technology Act of 2012” for “SAFETEA–LU”.
Subsec. (a)(2)(A). Pub. L. 112–141
, § 52013(2), added subpar. (A) and struck out former subpar. (A) which read as follows: “describe the primary purposes of the transportation research and development program, which shall include, at a minimum—
“(i) reducing congestion and improving mobility;
“(ii) promoting safety;
“(iii) promoting security;
“(iv) protecting and enhancing the environment;
“(v) preserving the existing transportation system; and
“(vi) improving the durability and extending the life of transportation infrastructure;”.
2005—Pub. L. 109–59
amended section catchline and text generally, substituting provisions relating to development of a 5-year transportation research and development strategic plan, annual report, and review by the National Research Council, consisting of subsecs. (a) to (c), for provisions relating to establishment of a strategic planning process to determine transportation research and technology development priorities, implementation of programs, development of a strategic plan, merit review and performance measurement, procurement procedures, and requirement of consistency with section
, consisting of subsecs. (a) to (f).
Effective Date of 2012 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 112–141
effective Oct. 1, 2012, see section 3(a) ofPub. L. 112–141
, set out as an Effective and Termination Dates of 2012 Amendment note under section
of this title.
Surface Transportation Research and Development Planning
Pub. L. 102–240
, title VI, § 6009,Dec. 18, 1991, 105 Stat. 2175
, as amended by Pub. L. 104–59
, title III, § 338(c)(1),Nov. 28, 1995, 109 Stat. 604
, provided that:
“(a) Findings.—Congress finds that—
“(1) despite an annual expenditure in excess of $10,000,000,000 on surface transportation and its infrastructure, the Federal Government has not developed a clear vision of—
“(A) how the surface transportation systems of the 21st century will differ from the present;
“(B) how they will interface with each other and with other forms of transportation;
“(C) how such systems will adjust to changing American population patterns and lifestyles; and
“(D) the role of federally funded research and development in ensuring that appropriate transportation systems are developed and implemented;
“(2) the population of the United States is projected to increase by over 30,000,000 people within the next 20 years, mostly in existing major metropolitan areas, which will result in increased traffic congestion within and between urban areas, more accidents, loss of productive time, and increased cost of transportation unless new technologies are developed to improve public transportation within cities and to move people and goods between cities;
“(3) 18,000,000 crashes, 4,000,000 injuries, and 45,000 fatalities each year on the Nation’s highways are intolerable and substantial research is required in order to develop safer technologies in their most useful and economic forms;
“(4) current research and development funding for surface transportation is insufficient to provide the United States with the technologies essential to providing its own advanced transportation systems in the future and, as a result, the United States is becoming increasingly dependent on foreign surface transportation technologies and equipment to meet its expanding surface transportation needs;
“(5) a more active, focused surface transportation research and development program involving cooperation among the Federal Government, United States based industry, and United States universities should be organized on a priority basis;
“(6) intelligent transportation systems represent the best near-term technology for improving surface transportation for public benefit by providing equipment which can improve traffic flow and provide for enhanced safety;
“(7) research and development programs related to surface transportation are fragmented and dispersed throughout government and need to be strengthened and incorporated in an integrated framework within which a consensus on the goals of a national surface transportation research and development program must be developed;
“(8) the inability of government agencies to cooperate effectively, the difficulty of obtaining public support for new systems and rights-of-way, and the high cost of capital financing discourage private firms from investing in the development of new transportation equipment and systems; therefore, the Federal Government should sponsor and coordinate research and development of new technologies to provide safer, more convenient, and affordable transportation systems for use in the future; and
“(9) an effective high technology applied research and development program should be implemented quickly by strengthening the Department of Transportation research and development staff and by contracting with private industry for specific development projects.
“(b) Surface Transportation Research and Development Plan.—
“(1) Development.—The Secretary shall develop an integrated national surface transportation research and development plan (hereinafter in this subsection referred to as the ‘plan’).
“(2) Focus.—The plan shall focus on surface transportation systems needed for urban, suburban, and rural areas in the next decade.
“(3) Contents.—The plan shall include the following:
“(A) Details of the Department’s surface transportation research and development programs, including appropriate funding levels and a schedule with milestones, preliminary cost estimates, appropriate work scopes, personnel requirements, and estimated costs and goals for the next 3 years for each area of research and development.
“(B) A 10-year projection of long-term programs in surface transportation research and development and recommendations for the appropriate source or mechanism for surface transportation research and development funding, taking into account recommendations of the Research and Development Coordinating Council of the Department of Transportation and the plan of the National Council on Surface Transportation Research.
“(C) Recommendations on changes needed to assure that Federal, State, and local contracting procedures encourage the adoption of advanced technologies developed as a consequence of the research programs in this Act [Pub. L. 102–240
, see Tables for classification].
“(4) Objectives.—The plan shall provide for the following:
“(A) The development, within the shortest period of time possible, of a range of technologies needed to produce convenient, safe, and affordable modes of surface transportation to be available for public use beginning in the mid-1990’s.
“(B) Maintenance of a long-term advanced research and development program to provide for next generation surface transportation systems.
“(5) Cooperation with industry.—A primary component of the plan shall be cooperation with industry in carrying out this part [part A (§§ 6001–6024) of title VI of Pub. L. 102–240
, enacting sections
of this title, sections
, Commerce and Trade, section
, Transportation, and section 1625 of former Title 49, Transportation, amending sections
of this title, section
, Government Organization and Employees, sections 3708 and 3712 to 3715 ofTitle
301 of Title 49, and sections 1607c and 1608 of former Title 49, enacting provisions set out as notes under sections
of this title and sections
, and amending provisions set out as notes under section 1608 of former Title 49] and strengthening the manufacturing capabilities of United States firms in order to produce products for surface transportation systems.
“(6) Conformance with plan.—All surface transportation research and development within the Department of Transportation shall be included in the plan and shall be evaluated in accordance with the plan.
“(7) Coordination.—In developing the plan and carrying out this part, the Secretary shall consult with and, where appropriate, use the expertise of other Federal agencies and their laboratories.
“(8) Transmittal.—On or before January 15, 1993, and annually thereafter, the Secretary shall transmit the plan to Congress, together with the Secretary’s comments and recommendations. The Secretary shall review and update the plan before each transmittal under this paragraph.
“(9) Recommendations for alternatives.—In the event a different technology or alternative program can be identified that would accomplish the same or better results than those described in this part, the Secretary may make recommendations for an alternative, and shall promptly report such alternative recommendations to Congress.”