25 U.S. Code § 1653 - Contracts and grants for provision of health care and referral services

(a) Requirements
Under authority of section 13 of this title, the Secretary, through the Service, shall enter into contracts with, or make grants to, urban Indian organizations for the provision of health care and referral services for urban Indians residing in the urban centers in which such organizations are situated. Any such contract or grant shall include requirements that the urban Indian organization successfully undertake to—
(1) estimate the population of urban Indians residing in the urban center in which such organization is situated who are or could be recipients of health care or referral services;
(2) estimate the current health status of urban Indians residing in such urban center;
(3) estimate the current health care needs of urban Indians residing in such urban center;
(4) identify all public and private health services resources within such urban center which are or may be available to urban Indians;
(5) determine the use of public and private health services resources by the urban Indians residing in such urban center;
(6) assist such health services resources in providing services to urban Indians;
(7) assist urban Indians in becoming familiar with and utilizing such health services resources;
(8) provide basic health education, including health promotion and disease prevention education, to urban Indians;
(9) establish and implement training programs to accomplish the referral and education tasks set forth in paragraphs (6) through (8) of this subsection;
(10) identify gaps between unmet health needs of urban Indians and the resources available to meet such needs;
(11) make recommendations to the Secretary and Federal, State, local, and other resource agencies on methods of improving health service programs to meet the needs of urban Indians; and
(12) where necessary, provide, or enter into contracts for the provision of, health care services for urban Indians.
(b) Criteria for selection of organizations to enter into contracts or receive grants
The Secretary, through the Service, shall by regulation prescribe the criteria for selecting urban Indian organizations to enter into contracts or receive grants under this section. Such criteria shall, among other factors, include—
(1) the extent of unmet health care needs of urban Indians in the urban center involved;
(2) the size of the urban Indian population in the urban center involved;
(3) the accessibility to, and utilization of, health care services (other than services provided under this subchapter) by urban Indians in the urban center involved;
(4) the extent, if any, to which the activities set forth in subsection (a) of this section would duplicate—
(A) any previous or current public or private health services project in an urban center that was or is funded in a manner other than pursuant to this subchapter; or
(B) any project funded under this subchapter;
(5) the capability of an urban Indian organization to perform the activities set forth in subsection (a) of this section and to enter into a contract with the Secretary or to meet the requirements for receiving a grant under this section;
(6) the satisfactory performance and successful completion by an urban Indian organization of other contracts with the Secretary under this subchapter;
(7) the appropriateness and likely effectiveness of conducting the activities set forth in subsection (a) of this section in an urban center; and
(8) the extent of existing or likely future participation in the activities set forth in subsection (a) of this section by appropriate health and health-related Federal, State, local, and other agencies.
(c) Grants for health promotion and disease prevention services
The Secretary, acting through the Service, shall facilitate access to, or provide, health promotion and disease prevention services for urban Indians through grants made to urban Indian organizations administering contracts entered into pursuant to this section or receiving grants under subsection (a) of this section.
(d) Grants for immunization services
(1) The Secretary, acting through the Service, shall facilitate access to, or provide, immunization services for urban Indians through grants made to urban Indian organizations administering contracts entered into pursuant to this section or receiving grants under subsection (a) of this section.
(2) In making any grant to carry out this subsection, the Secretary shall take into consideration—
(A) the size of the urban Indian population to be served;
(B) the immunization levels of the urban Indian population, particularly the immunization levels of infants, children, and the elderly;
(C) the utilization by the urban Indians of alternative resources from State and local governments for no-cost or low-cost immunization services to the general population; and
(D) the capability of the urban Indian organization to carry out services pursuant to this subsection.
(3) For purposes of this subsection, the term “immunization services” means services to provide without charge immunizations against vaccine-preventable diseases.
(e) Grants for mental health services
(1) The Secretary, acting through the Service, shall facilitate access to, or provide, mental health services for urban Indians through grants made to urban Indian organizations administering contracts entered into pursuant to this section or receiving grants under subsection (a) of this section.
(2) A grant may not be made under this subsection to an urban Indian organization until that organization has prepared, and the Service has approved, an assessment of the mental health needs of the urban Indian population concerned, the mental health services and other related resources available to that population, the barriers to obtaining those services and resources, and the needs that are unmet by such services and resources.
(3) Grants may be made under this subsection—
(A) to prepare assessments required under paragraph (2);
(B) to provide outreach, educational, and referral services to urban Indians regarding the availability of direct mental health services, to educate urban Indians about mental health issues and services, and effect coordination with existing mental health providers in order to improve services to urban Indians;
(C) to provide outpatient mental health services to urban Indians, including the identification and assessment of illness, therapeutic treatments, case management, support groups, family treatment, and other treatment; and
(D) to develop innovative mental health service delivery models which incorporate Indian cultural support systems and resources.
(f) Grants for prevention and treatment of child abuse
(1) The Secretary, acting through the Service, shall facilitate access to, or provide, services for urban Indians through grants to urban Indian organizations administering contracts entered into pursuant to this section or receiving grants under subsection (a) of this section to prevent and treat child abuse (including sexual abuse) among urban Indians.
(2) A grant may not be made under this subsection to an urban Indian organization until that organization has prepared, and the Service has approved, an assessment that documents the prevalence of child abuse in the urban Indian population concerned and specifies the services and programs (which may not duplicate existing services and programs) for which the grant is requested.
(3) Grants may be made under this subsection—
(A) to prepare assessments required under paragraph (2);
(B) for the development of prevention, training, and education programs for urban Indian populations, including child education, parent education, provider training on identification and intervention, education on reporting requirements, prevention campaigns, and establishing service networks of all those involved in Indian child protection; and
(C) to provide direct outpatient treatment services (including individual treatment, family treatment, group therapy, and support groups) to urban Indians who are child victims of abuse (including sexual abuse) or adult survivors of child sexual abuse, to the families of such child victims, and to urban Indian perpetrators of child abuse (including sexual abuse).
(4) In making grants to carry out this subsection, the Secretary shall take into consideration—
(A) the support for the urban Indian organization demonstrated by the child protection authorities in the area, including committees or other services funded under the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 (25 U.S.C. 1901 et seq.), if any;
(B) the capability and expertise demonstrated by the urban Indian organization to address the complex problem of child sexual abuse in the community; and
(C) the assessment required under paragraph (2).

Source

(Pub. L. 94–437, title V, § 503, as added Pub. L. 100–713, title V, § 501,Nov. 23, 1988, 102 Stat. 4821; amended Pub. L. 101–630, title V, § 505,Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4564; Pub. L. 102–573, title V, §§ 501(b)(1), 505 (b)(1),Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4567, 4570.)
References in Text

The Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978, referred to in subsec. (f)(4)(A), is Pub. L. 95–608, Nov. 8, 1978, 92 Stat. 3069, as amended, which is classified principally to chapter 21 (§ 1901 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1901 of this title and Tables.
Prior Provisions

A prior section 1653,Pub. L. 94–437, title V, § 503,Sept. 30, 1976, 90 Stat. 1410; Pub. L. 96–537, § 7,Dec. 17, 1980, 94 Stat. 3177, related to contract eligibility, prior to the general revision of this subchapter by Pub. L. 100–713.
Amendments

1992—Pub. L. 102–573, § 501(b)(1)(G), inserted “and grants” in section catchline.
Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 102–573, § 501(b)(1)(A), inserted “, or make grants to,” after “contracts with” and “or grant” after “such contract”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 102–573, § 501(b)(1)(B), inserted “or receive grants” after “enter into contracts” in introductory provisions and “or to meet the requirements for receiving a grant” after “Secretary” in par. (5).
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 102–573, § 505(b)(1)(A), struck out par. (1) designation before “The Secretary, acting” and struck out par. (2) which authorized appropriation of $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1992 to carry out this subsec.
Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 102–573, § 501(b)(1)(C), inserted before period at end “or receiving grants under subsection (a) of this section”.
Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 102–573, § 501(b)(1)(D), inserted before period at end “or receiving grants under subsection (a) of this section”.
Subsec. (d)(4). Pub. L. 102–573, § 505(b)(1)(B), struck out par. (4) which authorized appropriation of $1,000,000 for fiscal year 1992 to carry out this subsec.
Subsec. (e)(1). Pub. L. 102–573, § 501(b)(1)(E), inserted before period at end “or receiving grants under subsection (a) of this section”.
Subsec. (e)(4). Pub. L. 102–573, § 505(b)(1)(C), struck out par. (4) which authorized appropriations of $500,000 for fiscal year 1991 and $2,000,000 for fiscal year 1992 to carry out this subsec.
Subsec. (f)(1). Pub. L. 102–573, § 501(b)(1)(F), inserted “or receiving grants under subsection (a) of this section” after “pursuant to this section”.
Subsec. (f)(5). Pub. L. 102–573, § 505(b)(1)(D), struck out par. (5) which authorized appropriations of $500,000 for fiscal year 1991 and $2,000,000 for fiscal year 1992 to carry out this subsec.
1990—Subsecs. (c) to (f). Pub. L. 101–630added subsecs. (c) to (f).
Facilities Assessment

Pub. L. 101–630, title V, § 506(a), (b),Nov. 28, 1990, 104 Stat. 4566, provided that:
“(a) Survey.—The Secretary shall conduct a survey of all facilities used by contractors under title V of the Indian Health Care Improvement Act [25 U.S.C. 1651 et seq.] and shall submit a report to the Congress on such survey not later than one year after the date of enactment of this Act [Nov. 28, 1990]. The report shall, at a minimum, contain the following information for each location:
“(1) The extent to which the facility meets safety and building codes and, if direct care is provided, the extent of compliance with Joint Commission for Accreditation of Health Care Organizations (JCAHO) standards.
“(2) The extent to which improvements, expansion, or relocation is necessary to meet program requirements, provide adequate services, or achieve building code compliance.
“(3) Any lease restriction that would hamper accomplishment of needed improvement, expansion, or relocation.
“(4) The term of the lease, if appropriate, the age of the structure, and the structure’s life expectancy with and without improvement.
“(5) An assessment of the deficiencies of the facility.
“(b) Report.—The report shall contain general recommendations for addressing the deficiencies of facilities in which programs funded under title V of the Indian Health Care Improvement Act [25 U.S.C. 1651 et seq.] are located and shall propose specific policies for accomplishing those recommendations.”

 

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