26 U.S. Code § 2503 - Taxable gifts

(a) General definition
The term “taxable gifts” means the total amount of gifts made during the calendar year, less the deductions provided in subchapter C (section 2522 and following).
(b) Exclusions from gifts
(1) In general
In the case of gifts (other than gifts of future interests in property) made to any person by the donor during the calendar year, the first $10,000 of such gifts to such person shall not, for purposes of subsection (a), be included in the total amount of gifts made during such year. Where there has been a transfer to any person of a present interest in property, the possibility that such interest may be diminished by the exercise of a power shall be disregarded in applying this subsection, if no part of such interest will at any time pass to any other person.
(2) Inflation adjustment
In the case of gifts made in a calendar year after 1998, the $10,000 amount contained in paragraph (1) shall be increased by an amount equal to—
(A) $10,000, multiplied by
(B) the cost-of-living adjustment determined under section 1 (f)(3) for such calendar year by substituting “calendar year 1997” for “calendar year 1992” in subparagraph (B) thereof.
If any amount as adjusted under the preceding sentence is not a multiple of $1,000, such amount shall be rounded to the next lowest multiple of $1,000.
(c) Transfer for the benefit of minor
No part of a gift to an individual who has not attained the age of 21 years on the date of such transfer shall be considered a gift of a future interest in property for purposes of subsection (b) if the property and the income therefrom—
(1) may be expended by, or for the benefit of, the donee before his attaining the age of 21 years, and
(2) will to the extent not so expended—
(A) pass to the donee on his attaining the age of 21 years, and
(B) in the event the donee dies before attaining the age of 21 years, be payable to the estate of the donee or as he may appoint under a general power of appointment as defined in section 2514 (c).
[(d) Repealed. Pub. L. 97–34, title III, § 311(h)(5),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 282]
(e) Exclusion for certain transfers for educational expenses or medical expenses
(1) In general
Any qualified transfer shall not be treated as a transfer of property by gift for purposes of this chapter.
(2) Qualified transfer
For purposes of this subsection, the term “qualified transfer” means any amount paid on behalf of an individual—
(A) as tuition to an educational organization described in section 170 (b)(1)(A)(ii) for the education or training of such individual, or
(B) to any person who provides medical care (as defined in section 213 (d)) with respect to such individual as payment for such medical care.
(f) Waiver of certain pension rights
If any individual waives, before the death of a participant, any survivor benefit, or right to such benefit, under section 401 (a)(11) or 417, such waiver shall not be treated as a transfer of property by gift for purposes of this chapter.
(g) Treatment of certain loans of artworks
(1) In general
For purposes of this subtitle, any loan of a qualified work of art shall not be treated as a transfer (and the value of such qualified work of art shall be determined as if such loan had not been made) if—
(A) such loan is to an organization described in section 501 (c)(3) and exempt from tax under section 501 (c) (other than a private foundation), and
(B) the use of such work by such organization is related to the purpose or function constituting the basis for its exemption under section 501.
(2) Definitions
For purposes of this section—
(A) Qualified work of art
The term “qualified work of art” means any archaeological, historic, or creative tangible personal property.
(B) Private foundation
The term “private foundation” has the meaning given such term by section 509, except that such term shall not include any private operating foundation (as defined in section 4942 (j)(3)).

Source

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 404; Pub. L. 91–614, title I, § 102(a)(3),Dec. 31, 1970, 84 Stat. 1839; Pub. L. 95–600, title VII, § 702(j)(2),Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2931; Pub. L. 97–34, title III, § 311(h)(5), title IV, §§ 441(a), (b), 442 (a)(3),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 282, 319, 320; Pub. L. 99–514, title XVIII, § 1898(h)(1)(B),Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2957; Pub. L. 100–647, title I, § 1018(s)(2)(A), (u)(52),Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3586, 3593; Pub. L. 101–239, title VII, § 7811(m)(1),Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2412; Pub. L. 105–34, title V, § 501(c),Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 846.)
Inflation Adjusted Items for Certain Years

For inflation adjustment of certain items in this section, see Revenue Procedures listed in a table under section 1 of this title.
Amendments

1997—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 105–34designated existing provisions as par. (1), inserted par. heading, realigned margins, and added par. (2).
1989—Subsecs. (f), (g). Pub. L. 101–239redesignated subsec. (f), relating to treatment of certain loans of artworks, as (g).
1988—Subsec. (e)(2)(B). Pub. L. 100–647, § 1018(u)(52), substituted “section 213 (d)” for “section 213 (e)”.
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 100–647, § 1018(s)(2)(A), added subsec. (f) relating to treatment of certain loans of artworks.
1986—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 99–514added subsec. (f).
1981—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 97–34, § 442(a)(3)(A), substituted “the total amount of gifts made during the calendar year, less the deductions provided in subchapter C (section 2522 and following)” for “, in the case of gifts made after December 31, 1970, the total amount of gifts made during calendar quarter, less the deductions provided in subchapter C (sec. 2521 and following” and struck out provision that in the case of gifts made before Jan. 1, 1971, “taxable gifts” means the total amount of gifts made during the calendar year, less the deductions provided in subchapter C.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 97–34, § 442(a)(3)(B), substituted provision that in the case of gifts, other than gifts of future interests in property, made to any person by the donor during the calendar year, the first $10,000 of such gifts to such person shall not, for purposes of subsec. (a), be included in the total amount of gifts made during such year for provision that in computing taxable gifts for the calendar quarter, in the case of gifts, other than gifts of future interests in property, made to any person by the donor during the calendar year 1971 and subsequent calendar years, $10,000 of such gifts to such person less the aggregate of the amounts of such gifts to such person during all preceding calendar quarters of the calendar year shall not, for purposes of subsec. (a), be included in the total amount of gifts made during such quarter.
Pub. L. 97–34, § 441(a), substituted “$10,000” for “$3,000”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 97–34, § 311(h)(5), repealed subsec. (d) which related to individual retirement accounts, etc., for spouse.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 97–34, § 441(b), added subsec. (e).
1978—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 95–600added subsec. (d).
1970—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 91–614, § 102(a)(3)(A), divided definition of “taxable gifts” into gifts made after Dec. 31, 1970, where taxable gifts are based on the total amount of gifts made during the calendar quarter, less the applicable deductions, and gifts made before Jan. 1, 1971, where taxable gifts are based on the total amount of gifts made during the calendar year, less the applicable deductions.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 91–614, § 102(a)(3)(B), substituted provisions with regard to computing taxable gifts for the calendar quarter, in the case of gifts made to any persons by the donor during the calendar year 1971 and subsequent calendar years, $3,000 of such gifts to such person less the aggregate of the amounts of such gifts to such person during all preceding calendar quarters of the calendar year shall not be included in the total amount of gifts made during such quarter for provisions requiring in the case of gifts made to any person by the donor during the calendar year 1955 and subsequent calendar years, the first $3,000 of such gifts to such person shall not be included in the total amount of gifts made during such year.
Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–34applicable to estates of decedents dying, and gifts made, after Dec. 31, 1997, see section 501(f) ofPub. L. 105–34, set out as a note under section 2001 of this title.
Effective Date of 1989 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 101–239effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provision of the Technical and Miscellaneous Revenue Act of 1988, Pub. L. 100–647, to which such amendment relates, see section 7817 ofPub. L. 101–239, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.
Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Pub. L. 100–647, title I, § 1018(s)(2)(B),Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3587, provided that: “The amendment made by subparagraph (A) [amending this section] shall apply to loans after July 31, 1969.”
Amendment by section 1018(u)(52) ofPub. L. 100–647effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provision of the Tax Reform Act of 1986, Pub. L. 99–514, to which such amendment relates, see section 1019(a) ofPub. L. 100–647, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.
Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 99–514effective as if included in the provision of the Retirement Equity Act of 1984, Pub. L. 98–397, to which such amendment relates, except as otherwise provided, see section 1898(j) ofPub. L. 99–514, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.
Effective Date of 1981 Amendment

Amendment by section 311(h)(5) ofPub. L. 97–34applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1981, see section 311(i)(1) ofPub. L. 97–34, set out as a note under section 219 of this title.
Pub. L. 97–34, title IV, § 441(c),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 319, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, § 2,Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that:
“(1) In general.—Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to transfers after December 31, 1981.
“(2) Transitional rule.—If—
“(A) an instrument executed before the date which is 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 13, 1981] provides for a power of appointment which may be exercised during any period after December 31, 1981,
“(B) such power of appointment is expressly defined in terms of, or by reference to, the amount of the gift tax exclusion under section 2503(b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] (or the corresponding provision of prior law),
“(C) the instrument described in subparagraph (A) has not been amended on or after the date which is 30 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 13, 1981], and
“(D) the State has not enacted a statute applicable to such gift under which such power of appointment is to be construed as being defined in terms of, or by reference to, the amount of the exclusion under such section 2503 (b) after its amendment by subsection (a),
then the amendment made by subsection (a) shall not apply to such gift.”
Amendment by section 442(a)(3) ofPub. L. 97–34applicable with respect to gifts made after Dec. 31, 1981, see section 442(e) ofPub. L. 97–34, set out as a note under section 2501 of this title.
Effective Date of 1978 Amendment

Pub. L. 95–600, title VII, § 702(j)(3)(B),Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2932, provided that: “The amendment made by paragraph (2) [amending this section] shall apply to transfers made after December 31, 1976.”
Effective Date of 1970 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 91–614applicable with respect to gifts made after Dec. 31, 1970, see section 102(e) ofPub. L. 91–614, set out as a note under section 2501 of this title.
Plan Amendments Not Required Until January 1, 1989

For provisions directing that if any amendments made by subtitle A or subtitle C of title XI [§§ 1101–1147 and 1171–1177] or title XVIII [§§ 1800–1899A] of Pub. L. 99–514require an amendment to any plan, such plan amendment shall not be required to be made before the first plan year beginning on or after Jan. 1, 1989, see section 1140 ofPub. L. 99–514, as amended, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.

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