26 U.S. Code § 3304 - Approval of State laws

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(a) Requirements
The Secretary of Labor shall approve any State law submitted to him, within 30 days of such submission, which he finds provides that—
(1) all compensation is to be paid through public employment offices or such other agencies as the Secretary of Labor may approve;
(2) no compensation shall be payable with respect to any day of unemployment occurring within 2 years after the first day of the first period with respect to which contributions are required;
(3) all money received in the unemployment fund shall (except for refunds of sums erroneously paid into such fund and except for refunds paid in accordance with the provisions of section 3305 (b)) immediately upon such receipt be paid over to the Secretary of the Treasury to the credit of the Unemployment Trust Fund established by section 904 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1104);
(4) all money withdrawn from the unemployment fund of the State shall be used solely in the payment of unemployment compensation, exclusive of expenses of administration, and for refunds of sums erroneously paid into such fund and refunds paid in accordance with the provisions of section 3305 (b); except that—
(A) an amount equal to the amount of employee payments into the unemployment fund of a State may be used in the payment of cash benefits to individuals with respect to their disability, exclusive of expenses of administration;
(B) the amounts specified by section 903 (c)(2) or 903(d)(4) of the Social Security Act may, subject to the conditions prescribed in such section, be used for expenses incurred by the State for administration of its unemployment compensation law and public employment offices;
(C) nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to prohibit deducting an amount from unemployment compensation otherwise payable to an individual and using the amount so deducted to pay for health insurance, or the withholding of Federal, State, or local individual income tax, if the individual elected to have such deduction made and such deduction was made under a program approved by the Secretary of Labor;
(D) amounts shall be deducted from unemployment benefits and used to repay overpayments as provided in section 303(g) of the Social Security Act;
(E) amounts may be withdrawn for the payment of short-time compensation under a short-time compensation program (as defined under section 3306 (v));
(F) amounts may be withdrawn for the payment of allowances under a self-employment assistance program (as defined in section 3306 (t)); and
(G) with respect to amounts of covered unemployment compensation debt (as defined in section 6402 (f)(4)) collected under section 6402 (f)
(i) amounts may be deducted to pay any fees authorized under such section; and
(ii) the penalties and interest described in section 6402 (f)(4)(B)  [1] may be transferred to the appropriate State fund into which the State would have deposited such amounts had the person owing the debt paid such amounts directly to the State;
(5) compensation shall not be denied in such State to any otherwise eligible individual for refusing to accept new work under any of the following conditions:
(A) if the position offered is vacant due directly to a strike, lockout, or other labor dispute;
(B) if the wages, hours, or other conditions of the work offered are substantially less favorable to the individual than those prevailing for similar work in the locality;
(C) if as a condition of being employed the individual would be required to join a company union or to resign from or refrain from joining any bona fide labor organization;
(6)
(A) compensation is payable on the basis of service to which section 3309 (a)(1) applies, in the same amount, on the same terms, and subject to the same conditions as compensation payable on the basis of other service subject to such law; except that—
(i) with respect to services in an instructional, research, or principal administrative capacity for an educational institution to which section 3309 (a)(1) applies, compensation shall not be payable based on such services for any week commencing during the period between two successive academic years or terms (or, when an agreement provides instead for a similar period between two regular but not successive terms, during such period) to any individual if such individual performs such services in the first of such academic years (or terms) and if there is a contract or reasonable assurance that such individual will perform services in any such capacity for any educational institution in the second of such academic years or terms,
(ii) with respect to services in any other capacity for an educational institution to which section 3309 (a)(1) applies—
(I) compensation payable on the basis of such services may be denied to any individual for any week which commences during a period between 2 successive academic years or terms if such individual performs such services in the first of such academic years or terms and there is a reasonable assurance that such individual will perform such services in the second of such academic years or terms, except that
(II) if compensation is denied to any individual for any week under subclause (I) and such individual was not offered an opportunity to perform such services for the educational institution for the second of such academic years or terms, such individual shall be entitled to a retroactive payment of the compensation for each week for which the individual filed a timely claim for compensation and for which compensation was denied solely by reason of subclause (I),
(iii) with respect to any services described in clause (i) or (ii), compensation payable on the basis of such services shall be denied to any individual for any week which commences during an established and customary vacation period or holiday recess if such individual performs such services in the period immediately before such vacation period or holiday recess, and there is a reasonable assurance that such individual will perform such services in the period immediately following such vacation period or holiday recess,
(iv) with respect to any services described in clause (i) or (ii), compensation payable on the basis of services in any such capacity shall be denied as specified in clauses (i), (ii), and (iii) to any individual who performed such services in an educational institution while in the employ of an educational service agency, and for this purpose the term “educational service agency” means a governmental agency or governmental entity which is established and operated exclusively for the purpose of providing such services to one or more educational institutions,
(v) with respect to services to which section 3309 (a)(1) applies, if such services are provided to or on behalf of an educational institution, compensation may be denied under the same circumstances as described in clauses (i) through (iv), and
(vi) with respect to services described in clause (ii), clauses (iii) and (iv) shall be applied by substituting “may be denied” for “shall be denied”, and
(B) payments (in lieu of contributions) with respect to service to which section 3309 (a)(1) applies may be made into the State unemployment fund on the basis set forth in section 3309 (a)(2);
(7) an individual who has received compensation during his benefit year is required to have had work since the beginning of such year in order to qualify for compensation in his next benefit year;
(8) compensation shall not be denied to an individual for any week because he is in training with the approval of the State agency (or because of the application, to any such week in training, of State law provisions relating to availability for work, active search for work, or refusal to accept work);
(9)
(A) compensation shall not be denied or reduced to an individual solely because he files a claim in another State (or a contiguous country with which the United States has an agreement with respect to unemployment compensation) or because he resides in another State (or such a contiguous country) at the time he files a claim for unemployment compensation;
(B) the State shall participate in any arrangements for the payment of compensation on the basis of combining an individual’s wages and employment covered under the State law with his wages and employment covered under the unemployment compensation law of other States which are approved by the Secretary of Labor in consultation with the State unemployment compensation agencies as reasonably calculated to assure the prompt and full payment of compensation in such situations. Any such arrangement shall include provisions for
(i) applying the base period of a single State law to a claim involving the combining of an individual’s wages and employment covered under two or more State laws, and
(ii) avoiding duplicate use of wages and employment by reason of such combining;
(10) compensation shall not be denied to any individual by reason of cancellation of wage credits or total reduction of his benefit rights for any cause other than discharge for misconduct connected with his work, fraud in connection with a claim for compensation, or receipt of disqualifying income;
(11) extended compensation shall be payable as provided by the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970;
(12) no person shall be denied compensation under such State law solely on the basis of pregnancy or termination of pregnancy;
(13) compensation shall not be payable to any individual on the basis of any services, substantially all of which consist of participating in sports or athletic events or training or preparing to so participate, for any week which commences during the period between two successive sport seasons (or similar periods) if such individual performed such services in the first of such seasons (or similar periods) and there is a reasonable assurance that such individual will perform such services in the later of such seasons (or similar periods);
(14)
(A) compensation shall not be payable on the basis of services performed by an alien unless such alien is an individual who was lawfully admitted for permanent residence at the time such services were performed, was lawfully present for purposes of performing such services, or was permanently residing in the United States under color of law at the time such services were performed (including an alien who was lawfully present in the United States as a result of the application of the provisions of section 212(d)(5) of the Immigration and Nationality Act),
(B) any data or information required of individuals applying for compensation to determine whether compensation is not payable to them because of their alien status shall be uniformly required from all applicants for compensation, and
(C) in the case of an individual whose application for compensation would otherwise be approved, no determination by the State agency that compensation to such individual is not payable because of his alien status shall be made except upon a preponderance of the evidence;
(15)
(A) subject to subparagraph (B), the amount of compensation payable to an individual for any week which begins after March 31, 1980, and which begins in a period with respect to which such individual is receiving a governmental or other pension, retirement or retired pay, annuity, or any other similar periodic payment which is based on the previous work of such individual shall be reduced (but not below zero) by an amount equal to the amount of such pension, retirement or retired pay, annuity, or other payment, which is reasonably attributable to such week except that—
(i) the requirements of this paragraph shall apply to any pension, retirement or retired pay, annuity, or other similar periodic payment only if—
(I) such pension, retirement or retired pay, annuity, or similar payment is under a plan maintained (or contributed to) by a base period employer or chargeable employer (as determined under applicable law), and
(II) in the case of such a payment not made under the Social Security Act or the Railroad Retirement Act of 1974 (or the corresponding provisions of prior law), services performed for such employer by the individual after the beginning of the base period (or remuneration for such services) affect eligibility for, or increase the amount of, such pension, retirement or retired pay, annuity, or similar payment, and
(ii) the State law may provide for limitations on the amount of any such a reduction to take into account contributions made by the individual for the pension, retirement or retired pay, annuity, or other similar periodic payment, and
(B) the amount of compensation shall not be reduced on account of any payments of governmental or other pensions, retirement or retired pay, annuity, or other similar payments which are not includible in the gross income of the individual for the taxable year in which it was paid because it was part of a rollover distribution;
(16)
(A) wage information contained in the records of the agency administering the State law which is necessary (as determined by the Secretary of Health and Human Services in regulations) for purposes of determining an individual’s eligibility for assistance, or the amount of such assistance, under a State program funded under part A of title IV of the Social Security Act, shall be made available to a State or political subdivision thereof when such information is specifically requested by such State or political subdivision for such purposes,
(B) wage and unemployment compensation information contained in the records of such agency shall be furnished to the Secretary of Health and Human Services (in accordance with regulations promulgated by such Secretary) as necessary for the purposes of the National Directory of New Hires established under section 453(i) of the Social Security Act, and
(C) such safeguards are established as are necessary (as determined by the Secretary of Health and Human Services in regulations) to insure that information furnished under subparagraph (A) or (B) is used only for the purposes authorized under such subparagraph;
(17) any interest required to be paid on advances under title XII of the Social Security Act shall be paid in a timely manner and shall not be paid, directly or indirectly (by an equivalent reduction in State unemployment taxes or otherwise) by such State from amounts in such State’s unemployment fund;
(18) Federal individual income tax from unemployment compensation is to be deducted and withheld if an individual receiving such compensation voluntarily requests such deduction and withholding; and
(19) all the rights, privileges, or immunities conferred by such law or by acts done pursuant thereto shall exist subject to the power of the legislature to amend or repeal such law at any time.
(b) Notification
The Secretary of Labor shall, upon approving such law, notify the governor of the State of his approval.
(c) Certification
On October 31 of each taxable year the Secretary of Labor shall certify to the Secretary of the Treasury each State whose law he has previously approved, except that he shall not certify any State which, after reasonable notice and opportunity for hearing to the State agency, the Secretary of Labor finds has amended its law so that it no longer contains the provisions specified in subsection (a) or has with respect to the 12-month period ending on such October 31 failed to comply substantially with any such provision in such subsection. No finding of a failure to comply substantially with any provision in paragraph (5) of subsection (a) shall be based on an application or interpretation of State law
(1) until all administrative review provided for under the laws of the State has been exhausted, or
(2) with respect to which the time for judicial review provided by the laws of the State has not expired, or
(3) with respect to which any judicial review is pending. On October 31 of any taxable year, the Secretary of Labor shall not certify any State which, after reasonable notice and opportunity for hearing to the State agency, the Secretary of Labor finds has failed to amend its law so that it contains each of the provisions required by law to be included therein (including provisions relating to the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 (or any amendments thereto) as required under subsection (a)(11)), or has, with respect to the twelve-month period ending on such October 31, failed to comply substantially with any such provision.
(d) Notice of noncertification
If at any time the Secretary of Labor has reason to believe that a State whose law he has previously approved may not be certified under subsection (c), he shall promptly so notify the governor of such State.
(e) Change of law during 12-month period
Whenever—
(1) any provision of this section, section 3302, orsection 3303 refers to a 12-month period ending on October 31 of a year, and
(2) the law applicable to one portion of such period differs from the law applicable to another portion of such period,
then such provision shall be applied by taking into account for each such portion the law applicable to such portion.
(f) Definition of institution of higher education
For purposes of subsection (a)(6), the term “institution of higher education” means an educational institution in any State which—
(1) admits as regular students only individuals having a certificate of graduation from a high school, or the recognized equivalent of such a certificate;
(2) is legally authorized within such State to provide a program of education beyond high school;
(3) provides an educational program for it which awards a bachelor’s or higher degree, or provides a program which is acceptable for full credit toward such a degree, or offers a program of training to prepare students for gainful employment in a recognized occupation; and
(4) is a public or other nonprofit institution.


[1]  See References in Text note below.

Source

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 443; Pub. L. 91–373, title I, §§ 104(a), 108 (a), 121 (a), 131 (b)(2), 142 (f)–(h), title II, § 206,Aug. 10, 1970, 84 Stat. 697, 701, 704, 707, 708, 712; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §§ 1903(a)(14), 1906(b)(13)(C), (E),Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1809, 1834; Pub. L. 94–566, title I, § 115(c)(1), (5), title III, §§ 312(a), (b), 314(a), title V, § 506(b),Oct. 20, 1976, 90 Stat. 2670, 2671, 2679, 2680, 2687; Pub. L. 95–19, title III, § 302(a), (c), (e),Apr. 12, 1977, 91 Stat. 44, 45; Pub. L. 95–171, § 2(a),Nov. 12, 1977, 91 Stat. 1353; Pub. L. 95–216, title IV, § 403(b),Dec. 20, 1977, 91 Stat. 1561; Pub. L. 96–364, title IV, § 414(a),Sept. 26, 1980, 94 Stat. 1310; Pub. L. 97–35, title XXIV, § 2408(a),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 880; Pub. L. 97–248, title I, § 193(a),Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 408; Pub. L. 98–21, title V, §§ 515(b), 521 (a), 523(a),Apr. 20, 1983, 97 Stat. 147, 148; Pub. L. 99–272, title XII, § 12401(b)(1),Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 297; Pub. L. 99–514, title XVIII, § 1899A(43),Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2960; Pub. L. 101–649, title I, § 162(e)(4),Nov. 29, 1990, 104 Stat. 5011; Pub. L. 102–164, title III, § 302(a),Nov. 15, 1991, 105 Stat. 1059; Pub. L. 102–318, title IV, § 401(a)(1),July 3, 1992, 106 Stat. 298; Pub. L. 103–182, title V, § 507(b)(1),Dec. 8, 1993, 107 Stat. 2154; Pub. L. 103–465, title VII, § 702(b), (c)(1),Dec. 8, 1994, 108 Stat. 4997; Pub. L. 104–193, title I, § 110(l)(1), formerly § 110(l)(2), title III, § 316(g)(2),Aug. 22, 1996, 110 Stat. 2173, 2218, renumbered Pub. L. 105–33, title V, § 5514(a)(2),Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 620; Pub. L. 107–147, title II, § 209(d)(1),Mar. 9, 2002, 116 Stat. 33; Pub. L. 109–280, title XI, § 1105(a),Aug. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 1060; Pub. L. 110–328, § 3(c),Sept. 30, 2008, 122 Stat. 3572; Pub. L. 110–458, title I, § 111(b),Dec. 23, 2008, 122 Stat. 5113; Pub. L. 112–96, title II, §§ 2103(a), 2161(b)(1)(A),Feb. 22, 2012, 126 Stat. 161, 172.)
References in Text

The Social Security Act, referred to in subsec. (a)(4)(B), (D), (15)(A)(i)(II), (16)(A), (B), (17), is act Aug. 14, 1935, ch. 531, 49 Stat. 620, which is classified generally to chapter 7 (§ 301 et seq.) of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare. Part A of title IV and title XII of the Act are classified generally to part A (§ 601 et seq.) of subchapter IV and subchapter XII (§ 1321 et seq.), respectively, of chapter 7 of Title 42. Sections 303(g), 453(i), and 903(c)(2), (d)(4) of the Act are classified to sections 503 (g), 653 (i), and 1103 (c)(2), (d)(4), respectively, of Title 42. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 1305 of Title 42 and Tables.
Section 6402 (f)(4)(B), referred to in subsec. (a)(4)(G)(ii), does not relate to penalties and interest. Provisions relating to penalties and interest are found elsewhere in section 6402 (f).
The Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970, referred to in subsecs. (a)(11) and (c), is Pub. L. 91–373, title II, Aug. 10, 1970, 84 Stat. 708, as amended, which is set out as a note below.
Section 212(d)(5) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, referred to in subsec. (a)(14)(A), is classified to section 1182 (d)(5) of Title 8, Aliens and Nationality.
The Railroad Retirement Act of 1974, referred to in subsec. (a)(15)(A)(i)(II), is act Aug. 29, 1935, ch. 812, as amended generally by Pub. L. 93–445, title I, § 101,Oct. 16, 1974, 88 Stat. 1305, which is classified generally to subchapter IV (§ 231 et seq.) of chapter 9 of Title 45, Railroads. For further details and complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Codification note set out preceding section 231 ofTitle 45, section 231t of Title 45, and Tables.
Amendments

2012—Subsec. (a)(4)(D). Pub. L. 112–96, § 2103(a), substituted “shall” for “may”.
Subsec. (a)(4)(E). Pub. L. 112–96, § 2161(b)(1)(A), amended subpar. (E) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (E) read as follows: “amounts may be withdrawn for the payment of short-time compensation under a plan approved by the Secretary of Labor;”.
2008—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 110–458, § 111(b)(2), struck out concluding provisions which read as follows: “Compensation shall not be reduced under paragraph (15) for any pension, retirement or retired pay, annuity, or similar payment which is not includible in gross income of the individual for the taxable year in which paid because it was part of a rollover distribution.”
Subsec. (a)(4)(G). Pub. L. 110–328added subpar. (G).
Subsec. (a)(15). Pub. L. 110–458, § 111(b)(1), inserted “(A) subject to subparagraph (B),” after par. designation, redesignated former subpars. (A) and (B) as cls. (i) and (ii), respectively, of subpar. (A), redesignated former cls. (i) and (ii) as subcls. (I) and (II), respectively, of cl. (i), substituted “, and” for semicolon at end of cl. (ii), and added subpar. (B).
2006—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109–280added concluding provisions.
2002—Subsec. (a)(4)(B). Pub. L. 107–147inserted “or 903(d)(4)” before “of the Social Security Act”.
1996—Subsec. (a)(16)(A). Pub. L. 104–193, § 316(g)(2)(C), struck out “and” at end.
Pub. L. 104–193, § 316(g)(2)(A), substituted “Secretary of Health and Human Services” for “Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare”.
Pub. L. 104–193, § 110(l)(1), formerly § 110(l)(2), as renumbered by Pub. L. 105–33, substituted “eligibility for assistance, or the amount of such assistance, under a State program funded” for “eligibility for aid or services, or the amount of such aid or services, under a State plan for aid and services to needy families with children approved”.
Subsec. (a)(16)(B). Pub. L. 104–193, § 316(g)(2)(E), added subpar. (B). Former subpar. (B) redesignated (C).
Pub. L. 104–193, § 316(g)(2)(B), substituted “information furnished under subparagraph (A) or (B) is used only for the purposes authorized under such subparagraph;” for “such information is used only for the purposes authorized under subparagraph (A);”.
Pub. L. 104–193, § 316(g)(2)(A), substituted “Secretary of Health and Human Services” for “Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare”.
Subsec. (a)(16)(C). Pub. L. 104–193, § 316(g)(2)(D), redesignated subpar. (B) as (C).
1994—Subsec. (a)(4)(C). Pub. L. 103–465, § 702(c)(1), inserted “, or the withholding of Federal, State, or local individual income tax,” after “health insurance”.
Subsec. (a)(17) to (19). Pub. L. 103–465, § 702(b), struck out “and” at end of par. (17), added par. (18), and redesignated former par. (18) as (19).
1993—Subsec. (a)(4)(F). Pub. L. 103–182added subpar. (F).
1992—Subsec. (a)(4)(E). Pub. L. 102–318added subpar. (E).
1991—Subsec. (a)(6)(A)(ii)(I). Pub. L. 102–164, § 302(a)(1), substituted “may be denied” for “shall be denied”.
Subsec. (a)(6)(A)(iii), (iv). Pub. L. 102–164, § 302(a)(2), which directed that “and” be struck out at end of cls. (iii) and (iv), could be executed only to cl. (iv) because “and” did not appear at end of cl. (iii).
Subsec. (a)(6)(A)(vi). Pub. L. 102–164, § 302(a)(2), added cl. (vi).
1990—Subsec. (a)(14)(A). Pub. L. 101–649struck out reference to section 203(a)(7) of Immigration and Nationality Act.
1986—Subsec. (a)(4)(D). Pub. L. 99–272added subpar. (D).
Subsec. (a)(6)(A)(iii). Pub. L. 99–514struck out “and” at end.
1983—Subsec. (a)(4)(C). Pub. L. 98–21, § 523(a), added subpar. (C).
Subsec. (a)(6)(A)(ii)(I), (iii), (iv). Pub. L. 98–21, § 521(a)(2), substituted “shall be denied” for “may be denied”.
Subsec. (a)(6)(A)(v). Pub. L. 98–21, § 521(a)(1), added cl. (v).
Subsec. (a)(17), (18). Pub. L. 98–21, § 515(b), added par. (17) and redesignated former par. (17) as (18).
1982—Subsec. (a)(6)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 97–248redesignated existing provisions as provisions preceding subcl. (I) and subcl. (I), and in such provisions as so redesignated, struck out “(other than an institution of higher education)” after “capacity for an educational institution”, substituted “2” for “two”, and inserted “except that” at end of subcl. (I), and added subcl. (II).
1981—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 97–35substituted provisions relating to limitations on certification on Oct. 31 of any taxable year, for provisions relating to limitations on certification on Oct. 31 of any taxable year after 1971, and on Oct. 31 of any taxable year after 1977.
1980—Subsec. (a)(15). Pub. L. 96–364inserted provisions relating to applicability to any pension, retirement or retired pay, annuity, or other similar periodic payment.
1977—Subsec. (a)(6)(A)(i). Pub. L. 95–19, § 302(c)(1), (2), inserted a comma between “instructional” and “research”, substituted “two successive academic years or terms” for “two successive academic years”, and struck out “and” after “the second of such academic years or terms,”.
Subsec. (a)(6)(A)(iii). Pub. L. 95–19, § 302(c)(3), added cl. (iii).
Subsec. (a)(6)(A)(iv). Pub. L. 95–171added cl. (iv).
Subsec. (a)(14)(A). Pub. L. 95–19, § 302(a), substituted “who was lawfully admitted for permanent residence at the time such services were performed, was lawfully present for purposes of performing such services, or was permanently residing in the United States under color of law at the time such services were performed (including an alien who was” for “who has been lawfully admitted for permanent residence or otherwise is permanently residing in the United States under color of law (including an alien who is”.
Subsec. (a)(15). Pub. L. 95–19, § 302(e), substituted “March 31, 1980” for “September 30, 1979”.
Subsec. (a)(16), (17). Pub. L. 95–216added par. (16). Former par. (16) redesignated (17).
1976—Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 94–455, §§ 1903(a)(14)(A), 1906(b)(13)(C), inserted “of the Treasury” after “to the Secretary” and struck out “49 Stat. 640; 52 Stat. 1104, 1105;” before “42 U.S.C. 1104”.
Subsec. (a)(6)(A). Pub. L. 94–566, § 115(c)(1), designated existing provisions as cl. (i), added cl. (ii), and in cl. (i) as so designated substituted “educational institution” for “institution of higher education”, “an agreement provides” for “the contract provides”, and “if such individual performs such services in the first of such academic years (or terms) and if there is a contract or reasonable assurance that such individual will perform services in any such capacity for any educational institution in the second of such academic years or terms, and” for “who has a contract to perform services in any such capacity for any institution or institutions of higher education for both of such academic years or both of such terms, and”.
Subsec. (a)(6)(B). Pub. L. 94–566, § 506(b), substituted “section 3309 (a)(1)” for “section 3309 (a)(1)(A)”.
Subsec. (a)(12). Pub. L. 94–566, § 312(a), substituted provisions that no person shall be denied compensation under such State law solely on the basis of pregnancy or termination of pregnancy for provisions that each political subdivision of the State should have the right to elect to have compensation payable to employees thereof (whose services were not otherwise subject to such law) based on service performed by such employees in the hospitals and institutions of higher education (as defined in section 3309 (d)) operated by such political subdivision; and, if any such political subdivision did elect to have compensation payable to such employees thereof (A) the political subdivision elected should pay into the State unemployment fund, with respect to the service of such employees, payments (in lieu of contributions), and (B) such employees would be entitled to receive, on the basis of such service, compensation payable on the same conditions as compensation which was payable on the basis of similar service for the State which was subject to such law.
Subsec. (a)(13) to (16). Pub. L. 94–566, § 314(a), added pars. (13) to (15) and redesignated former par. (13) as (16).
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 94–566, § 312(b), provided that on Oct. 31 of any taxable year after 1977, the Secretary shall not certify any State which, after reasonable notice and opportunity for a hearing to the State agency, the Secretary of Labor finds has failed to amend its law so that it contains each of the provisions required by reason of the enactment of the Unemployment Compensation Amendments of 1976 to be included therein, or has with respect to the 12-month period ending on such Oct. 31, failed to comply substantially with any such provision.
Pub. L. 94–455, §§ 1903(a)(14)(B), 1906(b)(13)(C), (E), inserted “of the Treasury” after “certify to the Secretary”, substituted “the Secretary of Labor shall” for “the Secretary shall” and struck out “(10-month period in the case of October 31, 1972)” after “to the 12-month period”.
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 94–566, § 115(c)(5), added subsec. (f).
1970—Subsec. (a)(6) to (13). Pub. L. 91–373, §§ 104(a), 108 (a), 121 (a), 206, added pars. (6) to (12) and redesignated former par. (6) as (13).
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 91–373, § 131(b)(2), clarified provisions governing procedure to be followed with respect to a finding of the Secretary of Labor that a state has failed to comply substantially with any of the provisions of subsec. (a)(5).
Pub. L. 91–373, § 142(f), substituted “October 31” for “December 31” as certification date and “12-month period ending on such October 31” for “taxable year” and prohibited certifications for failure to amend State laws to contain provisions required by reason of enactment of the Employment Security Amendments of 1970.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 91–373, § 142(g), substituted “If at any time” for “If, at any time during the taxable year,”.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 91–373, § 142(h), added subsec. (e).
Effective Date of 2012 Amendment

Pub. L. 112–96, title II, § 2103(c),Feb. 22, 2012, 126 Stat. 161, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 503 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare] shall apply to weeks beginning after the end of the first session of the State legislature which begins after the date of enactment of this Act [Feb. 22, 2012].”
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–458effective as if included in the provisions of Pub. L. 109–280to which the amendment relates, except as otherwise provided, see section 112 ofPub. L. 110–458, set out as a note under section 72 of this title.
Pub. L. 110–328, § 3(e),Sept. 30, 2008, 122 Stat. 3573, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and sections 6103 and 6402 of this title] shall apply to refunds payable under section 6402 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 on or after the date of enactment of this Act [Sept. 30, 2008].”
Effective Date of 2006 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–280, title XI, § 1105(b),Aug. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 1060, provided that: “The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall apply to weeks beginning on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 17, 2006].”
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by section 110(l)(1) ofPub. L. 104–193effective July 1, 1997, with transition rules relating to State options to accelerate such date, rules relating to claims, actions, and proceedings commenced before such date, rules relating to closing out of accounts for terminated or substantially modified programs and continuance in office of Assistant Secretary for Family Support, and provisions relating to termination of entitlement under AFDC program, see section 116 ofPub. L. 104–193, as amended, set out as an Effective Date note under section 601 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.
For effective date of amendment by section 316(g)(2) ofPub. L. 104–193, see section 395 (a)–(c) of Pub. L. 104–193, set out as a note under section 654 of Title 42.
Effective Date of 1994 Amendment

Pub. L. 103–465, title VII, § 702(d),Dec. 8, 1994, 108 Stat. 4997, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section, sections 3306 and 3402 of this title, and section 503 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare] shall apply to payments made after December 31, 1996.”
Effective Date of 1991 Amendment

Pub. L. 102–164, title III, § 302(b),Nov. 15, 1991, 105 Stat. 1059, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section] section shall apply in the case of compensation paid for weeks beginning on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 15, 1991].”
Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 101–649effective Oct. 1, 1991, and applicable beginning with fiscal year 1992, see section 161(a) ofPub. L. 101–649, set out as a note under section 1101 of Title 8, Aliens and Nationality.
Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 99–272applicable to recoveries made on or after Apr. 7, 1986, and applicable with respect to overpayments made before, on, or after such date, see section 12401(c) ofPub. L. 99–272, set out as a note under section 503 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.
Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Pub. L. 98–21, title V, § 521(b),Apr. 20, 1983, 97 Stat. 147, provided that:
“(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply in the case of compensation paid for weeks beginning on or after April 1, 1984.
“(2) In the case of a State with respect to which the Secretary of Labor has determined that State legislation is required in order to comply with the amendment made by this section, the amendment made by this section shall apply in the case of compensation paid for weeks which begin on or after April 1, 1984, and after the end of the first session of the State legislature which begins after the date of the enactment of this Act [Apr. 20, 1983], or which began prior to the date of the enactment of this Act and remained in session for at least twenty-five calendar days after such date of enactment. For purposes of the preceding sentence, the term ‘session’ means a regular, special, budget, or other session of a State legislature.”
Pub. L. 98–21, title V, § 523(c),Apr. 20, 1983, 97 Stat. 149, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 503 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Apr. 20, 1983].”
Effective Date of 1982 Amendment

Pub. L. 97–248, title I, § 193(b),Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 409, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, § 2,Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that:
“(1) The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to weeks of unemployment beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 3, 1982].
“(2) The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section], insofar as it requires retroactive payments of compensation to employees of educational institutions other than institutions of higher education (as defined in section 3304(f) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954]), shall not be a requirement for any State law before January 1, 1984.”
Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Pub. L. 96–364, title IV, § 414(b),Sept. 26, 1980, 94 Stat. 1310, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to certifications of States for 1981 and subsequent years.”
Effective Date of 1977 Amendments

Pub. L. 95–216, title IV, § 403(d),Dec. 20, 1977, 91 Stat. 1562, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [enacting section 611 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, and amending this section and section 602 of Title 42] shall be effective on the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 20, 1977].”
Pub. L. 95–171, § 2(b),Nov. 12, 1977, 91 Stat. 1353, provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to weeks of unemployment which begin after December 31, 1977.”
Pub. L. 95–19, title III, § 302(d)(1),Apr. 12, 1977, 91 Stat. 45, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect as if included in the amendment made by section 314 of the Unemployment Compensation Amendments of 1976.”
Pub. L. 95–19, title III, § 302(d)(3),Apr. 12, 1977, 91 Stat. 45, provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (c) [amending this section] shall take effect as if included in the amendments made by section 115(c) of the Unemployment Compensation Amendments of 1976.”
Effective Date of 1976 Amendments

Pub. L. 94–566, title I, § 115(d),Oct. 20, 1976, 90 Stat. 2671, as amended by Pub. L. 95–19, title III, § 301(a),Apr. 12, 1977, 91 Stat. 43, effective Oct. 20, 1976, provided that:
“(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 3309 of this title] shall apply with respect to certifications of States for 1978 and subsequent years; except that—
“(A) the amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) [amending section 3309 of this title] shall only apply with respect to services performed after December 31, 1977; and
“(B) the amendments made by subsection (c) [amending this section and section 3309 of this title] shall only apply with respect to weeks of unemployment which begin after December 31, 1977.
“(2) In the case of any State the legislature of which does not meet in a regular session which closes during the calendar year 1977, the amendments made by subsection (c) [amending this section and section 3309 of this title] shall only apply with respect to weeks of unemployment which begin after December 31, 1978 (or if earlier, the date provided by State law).”
Pub. L. 94–566, title I, § 116(f),Oct. 20, 1976, 90 Stat. 2673, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, § 2,Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that:
“Effective dates.—
“(1) Subsections (a), (c) and (d).—The amendments made by subsections (a), (c), and (d) [amending sections 202 and 205 ofPub. L. 91–373and section 102 ofPub. L. 93–57set out below, section 49d of Title 29, Labor, and section 1301 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare] shall take effect on the later of October 1, 1976, or the day after the day on which the Secretary of Labor approves under section 3304(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] an unemployment compensation law submitted to him by the Virgin Islands for approval.
“(2) Subsection (b).—The amendments made by subsection (b) [amending section 3306 of this title] shall apply with respect to remuneration paid after December 31 of the year in which the Secretary of Labor approves for the first time an unemployment compensation law submitted to him by the Virgin Islands for approval, for services performed after such December 31.
“(3) Subsection (e).—The amendments made by subsection (e) [amending sections 8501, 8503, 8504, 8521, and 8522 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees] shall apply with respect to benefit years beginning on or after the later of October 1, 1976, or the first day of the first week for which compensation becomes payable under an unemployment compensation law of the Virgin Islands which is approved by the Secretary of Labor under section 3304(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.”
Pub. L. 94–566, title III, § 312(c),Oct. 20, 1976, 90 Stat. 2679, as amended by Pub. L. 95–19, title III, § 301(b),Apr. 12, 1977, 91 Stat. 43, effective Oct. 20, 1976, provided that:
“(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply with respect to certifications of States for 1978 and subsequent years.
“(2) In the case of any State the legislature of which does not meet in a regular session which closes during the calendar year 1977, the amendments made by this section [amending this section] shall apply with respect to the certification of such State for 1979 and subsequent years.”
Pub. L. 94–566, title III, § 314(b),Oct. 20, 1976, 90 Stat. 2680, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to certifications of States for 1978 and subsequent years, or for 1979 and subsequent years in the case of States the legislatures of which do not meet in a regular session which closes in the calendar year 1977.”
Pub. L. 94–566, title V, § 506(c),Oct. 20, 1976, 90 Stat. 2687, as amended by Pub. L. 95–19, title III, § 301(c),Apr. 12, 1977, 91 Stat. 44, effective Oct. 20, 1976, provided that:
“(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 3309 of this title] shall apply with respect to certifications of States for 1978 and subsequent years, but only with respect to services performed after December 31, 1977.
“(2) In the case of any State the legislature of which does not meet in a regular session which closes during the calendar year 1977, the amendments made by this section [amending this section and section 3309 of this title] shall apply with respect to the certification of such State for 1979 and subsequent years, but only with respect to services performed after December 31, 1978.”
[Pub. L. 95–19, title III, § 301(d),Apr. 12, 1977, 91 Stat. 44, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending this Effective Date of 1976 Amendment note in three places] shall take effect on October 20, 1976.”]
Effective Date of 1970 Amendment

Pub. L. 91–373, title I, § 104(d),Aug. 10, 1970, 84 Stat. 699, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, § 2,Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that:
“(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2), the amendments made by subsections (a) and (b) [amending this section and enacting section 3309 of this title] shall apply with respect to certifications of State laws for 1972 and subsequent years, but only with respect to service performed after December 31, 1971. The amendment made by subsection (c) [amending section 3303 of this title] shall take effect January 1, 1970.
“(2) Section 3304(a)(6) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] (as added by subsection (a) of this section) shall not be a requirement for the State law of any State prior to July 1, 1972, if the legislature of such State does not meet in a regular session which closes during the calendar year 1971.”
Pub. L. 91–373, title I, § 108(b),Aug. 10, 1970, 84 Stat. 701, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, § 2,Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply with respect to certification of State laws for 1972 and subsequent years; except that section 3304(a)(12) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] (as added by subsection (a)) shall not be a requirement for the State law of any State prior to July 1, 1972, if the legislature of such State does not meet in a regular session which closes during the calendar year 1971, or prior to January 1, 1975, if compliance with such requirement would necessitate a change in the constitution of such State.”
Pub. L. 91–373, title I, § 121(b),Aug. 10, 1970, 84 Stat. 702, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, § 2,Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that:
“(1) Subject to the provisions of paragraph (2), the amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect January 1, 1972, and shall apply to the taxable year 1972 and taxable years thereafter.
“(2) Paragraphs (7) through (10) of section 3304(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] (as added by subsection (a) of this section) shall not be requirements for the State law of any State prior to July 1, 1972, if the legislature of such State does not meet in a regular session which closes during the calendar year 1971.”
Amendment by section 142 (f)–(h) of Pub. L. 91–373applicable with respect to taxable year 1972 and taxable years thereafter, see section 142(i) ofPub. L. 91–373, set out as a note under section 3302 of this title.
Self-Employment Assistance Programs

Pub. L. 112–96, title II, §§ 2182–2184,Feb. 22, 2012, 126 Stat. 182–184, provided that:
“SEC. 2182. GRANTS FOR SELF-EMPLOYMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS.
“(a) In General.—
“(1) Establishment or improved administration.—Subject to the requirements established under subsection (b), the Secretary shall award grants to States for the purposes of—
“(A) improved administration of self-employment assistance programs that have been established, prior to the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 22, 2012], pursuant to section 3306(t) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 3306 (t)), for individuals who are eligible to receive regular unemployment compensation;
“(B) development, implementation, and administration of self-employment assistance programs that are established, subsequent to the date of the enactment of this Act, pursuant to section 3306(t) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, for individuals who are eligible to receive regular unemployment compensation; and
“(C) development, implementation, and administration of self-employment assistance programs that are established pursuant to section 208 of the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [Pub. L. 91–373, set out below] or section 4001(j) of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008, [Pub. L. 110–252, set out below] for individuals who are eligible to receive extended compensation or emergency unemployment compensation.
“(2) Promotion and enrollment.—Subject to the requirements established under subsection (b), the Secretary shall award additional grants to States that submit approved applications for a grant under paragraph (1) for such States to promote self-employment assistance programs and enroll unemployed individuals in such programs.
“(b) Application and Disbursal.—
“(1) Application.—Any State seeking a grant under paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (a) shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as is determined appropriate by the Secretary. In no case shall the Secretary award a grant under this section with respect to an application that is submitted after December 31, 2013.
“(2) Notice.—Not later than 30 days after receiving an application described in paragraph (1) from a State, the Secretary shall notify the State agency as to whether a grant has been approved for such State for the purposes described in subsection (a).
“(3) Certification.—If the Secretary determines that a State has met the requirements for a grant under subsection (a), the Secretary shall make a certification to that effect to the Secretary of the Treasury, as well as a certification as to the amount of the grant payment to be transferred to the State account in the Unemployment Trust Fund under section 904 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1104). The Secretary of the Treasury shall make the appropriate transfer to the State account not later than 7 days after receiving such certification.
“(c) Allotment Factors.—For purposes of allotting the funds available under subsection (d) to States that have met the requirements for a grant under this section, the amount of the grant provided to each State shall be determined based upon the percentage of unemployed individuals in the State relative to the percentage of unemployed individuals in all States.
“(d) Funding.—There are appropriated, out of moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, $35,000,000 for the period of fiscal year 2012 through fiscal year 2013 for purposes of carrying out the grant program under this section, [sic]
“SEC. 2183. ASSISTANCE AND GUIDANCE IN IMPLEMENTING SELF-EMPLOYMENT ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS.
“(a) Model Language and Guidance.—For purposes of assisting States in establishing, improving, and administering self-employment assistance programs, the Secretary shall—
“(1) develop model language that may be used by States in enacting such programs, as well as periodically review and revise such model language; and
“(2) provide technical assistance and guidance in establishing, improving, and administering such programs.
“(b) Reporting and Evaluation.—
“(1) Reporting.—The Secretary shall establish reporting requirements for States that have established self-employment assistance programs, which shall include reporting on—
“(A) the total number of individuals who received unemployment compensation and—
“(i) were referred to a self-employment assistance program;
“(ii) participated in such program; and
“(iii) received an allowance under such program;
“(B) the total amount of allowances provided to individuals participating in a self-employment assistance program;
“(C) the total income (as determined by survey or other appropriate method) for businesses that have been established by individuals participating in a self-employment assistance program, as well as the total number of individuals employed through such businesses; and
“(D) any additional information, as determined appropriate by the Secretary.
“(2) Evaluation.—Not later than 5 years after the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 22, 2012], the Secretary shall submit to Congress a report that evaluates the effectiveness of self-employment assistance programs established by States, including—
“(A) an analysis of the implementation and operation of self-employment assistance programs by States;
“(B) an evaluation of the economic outcomes for individuals who participated in a self-employment assistance program as compared to individuals who received unemployment compensation and did not participate in a self-employment assistance program, including a comparison as to employment status, income, and duration of receipt of unemployment compensation or self-employment assistance allowances; and
“(C) an evaluation of the state of the businesses started by individuals who participated in a self-employment assistance program, including information regarding—
“(i) the type of businesses established;
“(ii) the sustainability of the businesses;
“(iii) the total income collected by the businesses;
“(iv) the total number of individuals employed through such businesses; and
“(v) the estimated Federal and State tax revenue collected from such businesses and their employees.
“(c) Flexibility and Accountability.—The model language, guidance, and reporting requirements developed by the Secretary under subsections (a) and (b) shall—
“(1) allow sufficient flexibility for States and participating individuals; and
“(2) ensure accountability and program integrity.
“(d) Consultation.—For purposes of developing the model language, guidance, and reporting requirements described under subsections (a) and (b), the Secretary shall consult with employers, labor organizations, State agencies, and other relevant program experts.
“(e) Entrepreneurial Training Programs.—The Secretary shall utilize resources available through the Department of Labor and coordinate with the Administrator of the Small Business Administration to ensure that adequate funding is reserved and made available for the provision of entrepreneurial training to individuals participating in self-employment assistance programs.
“(f) Self-employment Assistance Program.—For purposes of this section, the term ‘self-employment assistance program’ means a program established pursuant to section 3306(t) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (26 U.S.C. 3306 (t)),section 208 of the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [Pub. L. 91–373, set out below], or section 4001(j) of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008, [Pub. L. 110–252, set out below] for individuals who are eligible to receive regular unemployment compensation, extended compensation, or emergency unemployment compensation.
SEC. 2184. DEFINITIONS.
“In this subtitle [subtitle E (§§ 2181–2184) of title II of Pub. L. 112–96, enacting this note and amending provisions set out as notes under this section]:
“(1) Secretary.—The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of Labor.
“(2) State; state agency.—The terms ‘State’ and ‘State agency’ have the meanings given such terms under section 205 of the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [title II of Pub. L. 91–373] (26 U.S.C. 3304 note).”
Treatment of Additional Regular Compensation

Pub. L. 111–92, § 8,Nov. 6, 2009, 123 Stat. 2988, provided that: “The monthly equivalent of any additional compensation paid by reason of section 2002 of the Assistance for Unemployed Workers and Struggling Families Act, as contained in Public Law 111–5 (26 U.S.C. 3304 note; 123 Stat. 438 [437]) shall be disregarded after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 6, 2009] in considering the amount of income and assets of an individual for purposes of determining such individual’s eligibility for, or amount of, benefits under the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP).”
Increase in Unemployment Compensation Benefits

Pub. L. 111–5, div. B, title II, § 2002,Feb. 17, 2009, 123 Stat. 437, as amended by Pub. L. 111–118, div. B, § 1009(a)(2),Dec. 19, 2009, 123 Stat. 3471; Pub. L. 111–144, § 2(a)(2),Mar. 2, 2010, 124 Stat. 42; Pub. L. 111–157, § 2(a)(2),Apr. 15, 2010, 124 Stat. 1116, provided that:
“(a) Federal-State Agreements.—Any State which desires to do so may enter into and participate in an agreement under this section with the Secretary of Labor (hereinafter in this section referred to as the ‘Secretary’). Any State which is a party to an agreement under this section may, upon providing 30 days’ written notice to the Secretary, terminate such agreement.
“(b) Provisions of Agreement.—
“(1) Additional compensation.—Any agreement under this section shall provide that the State agency of the State will make payments of regular compensation to individuals in amounts and to the extent that they would be determined if the State law of the State were applied, with respect to any week for which the individual is (disregarding this section) otherwise entitled under the State law to receive regular compensation, as if such State law had been modified in a manner such that the amount of regular compensation (including dependents’ allowances) payable for any week shall be equal to the amount determined under the State law (before the application of this paragraph) plus an additional $25.
“(2) Allowable methods of payment.—Any additional compensation provided for in accordance with paragraph (1) shall be payable either—
“(A) as an amount which is paid at the same time and in the same manner as any regular compensation otherwise payable for the week involved; or
“(B) at the option of the State, by payments which are made separately from, but on the same weekly basis as, any regular compensation otherwise payable.
“(c) Nonreduction Rule.—An agreement under this section shall not apply (or shall cease to apply) with respect to a State upon a determination by the Secretary that the method governing the computation of regular compensation under the State law of that State has been modified in a manner such that—
“(1) the average weekly benefit amount of regular compensation which will be payable during the period of the agreement (determined disregarding any additional amounts attributable to the modification described in subsection (b)(1)) will be less than
“(2) the average weekly benefit amount of regular compensation which would otherwise have been payable during such period under the State law, as in effect on December 31, 2008.
“(d) Payments to States.—
“(1) In general.—
“(A) Full reimbursement.—There shall be paid to each State which has entered into an agreement under this section an amount equal to 100 percent of—
“(i) the total amount of additional compensation (as described in subsection (b)(1)) paid to individuals by the State pursuant to such agreement; and
“(ii) any additional administrative expenses incurred by the State by reason of such agreement (as determined by the Secretary).
“(B) Terms of payments.—Sums payable to any State by reason of such State’s having an agreement under this section shall be payable, either in advance or by way of reimbursement (as determined by the Secretary), in such amounts as the Secretary estimates the State will be entitled to receive under this section for each calendar month, reduced or increased, as the case may be, by any amount by which the Secretary finds that his estimates for any prior calendar month were greater or less than the amounts which should have been paid to the State. Such estimates may be made on the basis of such statistical, sampling, or other method as may be agreed upon by the Secretary and the State agency of the State involved.
“(2) Certifications.—The Secretary shall from time to time certify to the Secretary of the Treasury for payment to each State the sums payable to such State under this section.
“(3) Appropriation.—There are appropriated from the general fund of the Treasury, without fiscal year limitation, such sums as may be necessary for purposes of this subsection.
“(e) Applicability.—
“(1) In general.—An agreement entered into under this section shall apply to weeks of unemployment—
“(A) beginning after the date on which such agreement is entered into; and
“(B) ending on or before June 2, 2010.
“(2) Transition rule for individuals remaining entitled to regular compensation as of june 2, 2010.—In the case of any individual who, as of the date specified in paragraph (1)(B), has not yet exhausted all rights to regular compensation under the State law of a State with respect to a benefit year that began before such date, additional compensation (as described in subsection (b)(1)) shall continue to be payable to such individual for any week beginning on or after such date for which the individual is otherwise eligible for regular compensation with respect to such benefit year.
“(3) Termination.—Notwithstanding any other provision of this subsection, no additional compensation (as described in subsection (b)(1)) shall be payable for any week beginning after December 7, 2010.
“(f) Fraud and Overpayments.—The provisions of section 4005 of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008 (Public Law 110–252; 122 Stat. 2356) [set out below] shall apply with respect to additional compensation (as described in subsection (b)(1)) to the same extent and in the same manner as in the case of emergency unemployment compensation.
“(g) Application to Other Unemployment Benefits.—
“(1) In general.—Each agreement under this section shall include provisions to provide that the purposes of the preceding provisions of this section shall be applied with respect to unemployment benefits described in subsection (i)(3) to the same extent and in the same manner as if those benefits were regular compensation.
“(2) Eligibility and termination rules.—Additional compensation (as described in subsection (b)(1))—
“(A) shall not be payable, pursuant to this subsection, with respect to any unemployment benefits described in subsection (i)(3) for any week beginning on or after the date specified in subsection (e)(1)(B), except in the case of an individual who was eligible to receive additional compensation (as so described) in connection with any regular compensation or any unemployment benefits described in subsection (i)(3) for any period of unemployment ending before such date; and
“(B) shall in no event be payable for any week beginning after the date specified in subsection (e)(3).
“(h) Disregard of Additional Compensation for Purposes of Medicaid and SCHIP.—The monthly equivalent of any additional compensation paid under this section shall be disregarded in considering the amount of income of an individual for any purposes under title XIX and title XXI of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1396 et seq., 1397aa et seq.].
“(i) Definitions.—For purposes of this section—
“(1) the terms ‘compensation’, ‘regular compensation’, ‘benefit year’, ‘State’, ‘State agency’, ‘State law’, and ‘week’ have the respective meanings given such terms under section 205 of the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [Pub. L. 91–373] (26 U.S.C. 3304 note);
“(2) the term ‘emergency unemployment compensation’ means emergency unemployment compensation under title IV of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008 (Public Law 110–252; 122 Stat. 2353) [set out below]; and
“(3) any reference to unemployment benefits described in this paragraph shall be considered to refer to—
“(A) extended compensation (as defined by section 205 of the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [Pub. L. 91–373, set out below]); and
“(B) unemployment compensation (as defined by section 85(b) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) provided under any program administered by a State under an agreement with the Secretary.”
[Pub. L. 111–157, § 2(c),Apr. 15, 2010, 124 Stat. 1117, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending section 2002 ofPub. L. 111–5, set out above, and section 2005 ofPub. L. 111–5, section 5 of Pub. L. 110–449, and sections 4004 and 4007 ofPub. L. 110–252, set out below] shall take effect as if included in the enactment of the Temporary Extension Act of 2010 (Public Law 111–144).”]
Full Federal Funding of Extended Unemployment Compensation for a Limited Period

Pub. L. 111–5, div. B, title II, § 2005,Feb. 17, 2009, 123 Stat. 444, as amended by Pub. L. 111–118, div. B, § 1009(a)(3),Dec. 19, 2009, 123 Stat. 3471; Pub. L. 111–144, § 2(a)(3),Mar. 2, 2010, 124 Stat. 42; Pub. L. 111–157, § 2(a)(3),Apr. 15, 2010, 124 Stat. 1116; Pub. L. 111–205, § 2(a)(2),July 22, 2010, 124 Stat. 2236; Pub. L. 111–312, title V, § 501(a)(2),Dec. 17, 2010, 124 Stat. 3307; Pub. L. 112–78, title II, § 201(a)(2),Dec. 23, 2011, 125 Stat. 1282; Pub. L. 112–96, title II, § 2123(a),Feb. 22, 2012, 126 Stat. 166; Pub. L. 112–240, title V, § 502(a),Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2344, provided that:
“(a) In General.—In the case of sharable extended compensation and sharable regular compensation paid for weeks of unemployment beginning after the date of the enactment of this section [Feb. 17, 2009] and before December 31, 2013, section 204(a)(1) of the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [Pub. L. 91–373] (26 U.S.C. 3304 note) shall be applied by substituting ‘100 percent of’ for ‘one-half of’.
“(b) Special Rule.—At the option of a State, for any weeks of unemployment beginning after the date of the enactment of this section [Feb. 17, 2009] and before December 31, 2013, an individual’s eligibility period (as described in section 203(c) of the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [Pub. L. 91–373, set out below]) shall, for purposes of any determination of eligibility for extended compensation under the State law of such State, be considered to include any week which begins—
“(1) after the date as of which such individual exhausts all rights to emergency unemployment compensation; and
“(2) during an extended benefit period that began on or before the date described in paragraph (1).
“(c) Limited Extension.—In the case of an individual who receives extended compensation with respect to 1 or more weeks of unemployment beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 17, 2009] and before December 31, 2013, the provisions of subsections (a) and (b) shall, at the option of a State, be applied by substituting ‘ending before June 30, 2014’ for ‘before December 31, 2013’.
“(d) Extension of Temporary Federal Matching for the First Week of Extended Benefits for States With No Waiting Week.—
“(1) In general.—[Amended section 5 ofPub. L. 110–449, set out below.]
“(2) Effective date.—The amendment made by paragraph (1) shall take effect as if included in the enactment of the Unemployment Compensation Extension Act of 2008 (Public Law 110–449).
“(e) Definitions.—For purposes of this section—
“(1) the terms ‘sharable extended compensation’ and ‘sharable regular compensation’ have the respective meanings given such terms under section 204 of the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [Pub. L. 91–373, set out below];
“(2) the terms ‘extended compensation’, ‘State’, ‘State law’, and ‘week’ have the respective meanings given such terms under section 205 of the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [Pub. L. 91–373, set out below];
“(3) the term ‘emergency unemployment compensation’ means benefits payable to individuals under title IV of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008 [Pub. L. 110–252, set out below] with respect to their unemployment; and
“(4) the term ‘extended benefit period’ means an extended benefit period as determined in accordance with applicable provisions of the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [title II of Pub. L. 91–373, set out below].
“(f) Regulations.—The Secretary of Labor may prescribe any operating instructions or regulations necessary to carry out this section.”
[Pub. L. 112–240, title V, § 502(d),Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2344, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending section 2005 ofPub. L. 111–5, set out above, and section 5 ofPub. L. 110–449and section 203 ofPub. L. 91–373, set out below] shall take effect as if included in the enactment of the Unemployment Benefits Extension Act of 2012 ([subtitle B of title II of] Public Law 112–96).”]
[Pub. L. 112–96, title II, § 2123(d),Feb. 22, 2012, 126 Stat. 167, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending section 2005 ofPub. L. 111–5, set out above, and section 5 ofPub. L. 110–449and section 203 ofPub. L. 91–373, set out below] shall take effect as if included in the enactment of the Temporary Payroll Tax Cut Continuation Act of 2011 (Public Law 112–78).”]
[Pub. L. 112–78, title II, § 201(c),Dec. 23, 2011, 125 Stat. 1283, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending section 2005 ofPub. L. 111–5, set out above, section 5 ofPub. L. 110–449, sections 4004 and 4007 of Pub. L. 110–252, and section 203 ofPub. L. 91–373, set out below] shall take effect as if included in the enactment of the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010 (Public Law 111–312).”]
[Pub. L. 111–312, title V, § 501(c),Dec. 17, 2010, 124 Stat. 3307, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending section 2005 ofPub. L. 111–5, set out above, and section 5 ofPub. L. 110–449and sections 4004 and 4007 ofPub. L. 110–252, set out below] shall take effect as if included in the enactment of the Unemployment Compensation Extension Act of 2010 (Public Law 111–205).”]
[Pub. L. 111–205, § 2(d),July 22, 2010, 124 Stat. 2237, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending section 2005 ofPub. L. 111–5, set out above, and section 5 ofPub. L. 110–449and sections 4001, 4004, and 4007 ofPub. L. 110–252, set out below] shall take effect as if included in the enactment of the Continuing Extension Act of 2010 (Public Law 111–157).”]
[Amendment by Pub. L. 111–157to section 2005 ofPub. L. 111–5, set out above, effective as if included in the enactment of Pub. L. 111–144, see section 2(c) ofPub. L. 111–157, set out following section 2002 ofPub. L. 111–5above.]
Temporary Federal Matching for the First Week of Extended Benefits for States With No Waiting Week

Pub. L. 110–449, § 5,Nov. 21, 2008, 122 Stat. 5015; as amended by Pub. L. 111–5, div. B, title II, § 2005(d)(1),Feb. 17, 2009, 123 Stat. 444; Pub. L. 111–118, div. B, § 1009(a)(4),Dec. 19, 2009, 123 Stat. 3471; Pub. L. 111–144, § 2(a)(4),Mar. 2, 2010, 124 Stat. 42; Pub. L. 111–157, § 2(a)(4),Apr. 15, 2010, 124 Stat. 1116; Pub. L. 111–205, § 2(a)(3),July 22, 2010, 124 Stat. 2236; Pub. L. 111–312, title V, § 501(a)(3),Dec. 17, 2010, 124 Stat. 3307; Pub. L. 112–78, title II, § 201(a)(3),Dec. 23, 2011, 125 Stat. 1282; Pub. L. 112–96, title II, § 2123(b),Feb. 22, 2012, 126 Stat. 167; Pub. L. 112–240, title V, § 502(b),Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2344, provided that: “With respect to weeks of unemployment beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 21, 2008] and ending on or before June 30, 2014, subparagraph (B) of section 204(a)(2) of the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [title II of Pub. L. 91–373] (26 U.S.C. 3304 note) shall not apply.”
[Amendment by section 502(b) ofPub. L. 112–240to section 5 ofPub. L. 110–449, set out above, effective as if included in the enactment of subtitle B of title II of Pub. L. 112–96, see section 502(d) ofPub. L. 112–240, set out following section 2005 ofPub. L. 111–5above.]
[Amendment by section 2123(b) ofPub. L. 112–96to section 5 ofPub. L. 110–449, set out above, effective as if included in the enactment of Pub. L. 112–78, see section 2123(d) ofPub. L. 112–96, set out following section 2005 ofPub. L. 111–5above.]
[Amendment by section 201(a)(3) ofPub. L. 112–78to section 5 ofPub. L. 110–449, set out above, effective as if included in the enactment of Pub. L. 111–312, see section 201(c) ofPub. L. 112–78, set out following section 2005 ofPub. L. 111–5above.]
[Amendment by section 501(a)(3) ofPub. L. 111–312to section 5 ofPub. L. 110–449, set out above, effective as if included in the enactment of Pub. L. 111–205, see section 501(c) ofPub. L. 111–312, set out following section 2005 ofPub. L. 111–5above.]
[Amendment by section 2(a)(3) ofPub. L. 111–205to section 5 ofPub. L. 110–449, set out above, effective as if included in the enactment of Pub. L. 111–157, see section 2(d) ofPub. L. 111–205, set out following section 2005 ofPub. L. 111–5above.]
[Amendment by section 2(a)(4) ofPub. L. 111–157to section 5 ofPub. L. 110–449, set out above, effective as if included in the enactment of Pub. L. 111–144, see section 2(c) ofPub. L. 111–157, set out following section 2002 ofPub. L. 111–5above.]
Emergency Unemployment Compensation, 2008

Pub. L. 110–252, title IV, June 30, 2008, 122 Stat. 2353, as amended by Pub. L. 110–449, §§ 2–4,Nov. 21, 2008, 122 Stat. 5014, 5015; Pub. L. 111–5, div. B, title II, § 2001,Feb. 17, 2009, 123 Stat. 436; Pub. L. 111–92, §§ 2(a), 3 (a), (b), 4 (a), (b), 5, 6,Nov. 6, 2009, 123 Stat. 2984–2987; Pub. L. 111–118, div. B, § 1009(a)(1), (b),Dec. 19, 2009, 123 Stat. 3471; Pub. L. 111–144, § 2(a)(1), (b),Mar. 2, 2010, 124 Stat. 42; Pub. L. 111–157, § 2(a)(1), (b),Apr. 15, 2010, 124 Stat. 1116; Pub. L. 111–205, §§ 2(a)(1), (b), (c), 3 (a), 4,July 22, 2010, 124 Stat. 2236–2238; Pub. L. 111–312, title V, § 501(a)(1), (b),Dec. 17, 2010, 124 Stat. 3307; Pub. L. 112–78, title II, § 201(a)(1), (b),Dec. 23, 2011, 125 Stat. 1282, 1283; Pub. L. 112–96, title II, §§ 2122(a)–(e), 2141, 2142(a), (c), 2143, 2181(b), Feb. 22, 2012, 126 Stat. 163–166, 168–170, 180; Pub. L. 112–240, title V, §§ 501(a), (b), 503 (a),Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2343, 2344, provided that:
“federal-state agreements
“Sec. 4001. (a) In General.—Any State which desires to do so may enter into and participate in an agreement under this title with the Secretary of Labor (in this title referred to as the ‘Secretary’). Any State which is a party to an agreement under this title may, upon providing 30 days’ written notice to the Secretary, terminate such agreement.
“(b) Provisions of Agreement.—Any agreement under subsection (a) shall provide that the State agency of the State will make payments of emergency unemployment compensation to individuals who—
“(1) have exhausted all rights to regular compensation under the State law or under Federal law with respect to a benefit year (excluding any benefit year that ended before May 1, 2007);
“(2) have no rights to regular compensation with respect to a week under such law or any other State unemployment compensation law or to compensation under any other Federal law;
“(3) are not receiving compensation with respect to such week under the unemployment compensation law of Canada; and
“(4) are able to work, available to work, and actively seeking work.
“(c) Exhaustion of Benefits.—For purposes of subsection (b)(1), an individual shall be deemed to have exhausted such individual’s rights to regular compensation under a State law when—
“(1) no payments of regular compensation can be made under such law because such individual has received all regular compensation available to such individual based on employment or wages during such individual’s base period; or
“(2) such individual’s rights to such compensation have been terminated by reason of the expiration of the benefit year with respect to which such rights existed.
“(d) Weekly Benefit Amount, Etc.—For purposes of any agreement under this title—
“(1) the amount of emergency unemployment compensation which shall be payable to any individual for any week of total unemployment shall be equal to the amount of the regular compensation (including dependents’ allowances) payable to such individual during such individual’s benefit year under the State law for a week of total unemployment;
“(2) the terms and conditions of the State law which apply to claims for regular compensation and to the payment thereof (including terms and conditions relating to availability for work, active search for work, and refusal to accept work) shall apply to claims for emergency unemployment compensation and the payment thereof, except—
“(A) that an individual shall not be eligible for emergency unemployment compensation under this title unless, in the base period with respect to which the individual exhausted all rights to regular compensation under the State law, the individual had 20 weeks of full-time insured employment or the equivalent in insured wages, as determined under the provisions of the State law implementing section 202(a)(5) of the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [Pub. L. 91–373] (26 U.S.C. 3304 note); and
“(B) where otherwise inconsistent with the provisions of this title or with the regulations or operating instructions of the Secretary promulgated to carry out this title; and
“(3) the maximum amount of emergency unemployment compensation payable to any individual for whom an emergency unemployment compensation account is established under section 4002 shall not exceed the amount established in such account for such individual.
“(e) Coordination Rule.—An agreement under this section shall apply with respect to a State only upon a determination by the Secretary that, under the State law or other applicable rules of such State, the payment of extended compensation for which an individual is otherwise eligible must be deferred until after the payment of any emergency unemployment compensation under section 4002, as amended by the Unemployment Benefits Extension Act of 2012 [subtitle B of title II of Pub. L. 112–96], for which the individual is concurrently eligible.
“(f) Unauthorized Aliens Ineligible.—A State shall require as a condition of eligibility for emergency unemployment compensation under this Act [probably means “this title”] that each alien who receives such compensation must be legally authorized to work in the United States, as defined for purposes of the Federal Unemployment Tax Act (26 U.S.C. 3301 et seq.). In determining whether an alien meets the requirements of this subsection, a State must follow the procedures provided in section 1137(d) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1320b–7 (d)).
“(g) Nonreduction Rule.—An agreement under this section shall not apply (or shall cease to apply) with respect to a State upon a determination by the Secretary that the method governing the computation of regular compensation under the State law of that State has been modified in a manner such that—
“(1) the average weekly benefit amount of regular compensation which will be payable during the period of the agreement occurring on or after June 2, 2010 (determined disregarding any additional amounts attributable to the modification described in section 2002(b)(1) of the Assistance for Unemployed Workers and Struggling Families Act, as contained in Public Law 111–5 (26 U.S.C. 3304 note; 123 Stat. 438)), will be less than
“(2) the average weekly benefit amount of regular compensation which would otherwise have been payable during such period under the State law, as in effect on June 2, 2010.
“(h) Actively Seeking Work.—
“(1) In general.—For purposes of subsection (b)(4), the term ‘actively seeking work’ means, with respect to any individual, that such individual—
“(A) is registered for employment services in such a manner and to such extent as prescribed by the State agency;
“(B) has engaged in an active search for employment that is appropriate in light of the employment available in the labor market, the individual’s skills and capabilities, and includes a number of employer contacts that is consistent with the standards communicated to the individual by the State;
“(C) has maintained a record of such work search, including employers contacted, method of contact, and date contacted; and
“(D) when requested, has provided such work search record to the State agency.
“(2) Random auditing.—The Secretary shall establish for each State a minimum number of claims for which work search records must be audited on a random basis in any given week.
“(i) Provision of Services and Activities.—
“(1) In general.—An agreement under this section shall require the following:
“(A) The State which is party to such agreement shall provide reemployment services and reemployment and eligibility assessment activities to each individual—
“(i) who, on or after the 30th day after the date of enactment of the Extended Benefits, Reemployment, and Program Integrity Improvement Act [Feb. 22, 2012], begins receiving amounts described in subsections (b) and (c); and
“(ii) while such individual continues to receive emergency unemployment compensation under this title.
“(B) As a condition of eligibility for emergency unemployment compensation for any week—
“(i) a claimant who has been duly referred to reemployment services shall participate in such services; and
“(ii) a claimant shall be actively seeking work (determined applying subsection (i) [probably means subsection (h)]).
“(2) Description of services and activities.—The reemployment services and in-person reemployment and eligibility assessment activities provided to individuals receiving emergency unemployment compensation described in paragraph (1)—
“(A) shall include—
“(i) the provision of labor market and career information;
“(ii) an assessment of the skills of the individual;
“(iii) orientation to the services available through the one-stop centers established under title I of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 [29 U.S.C. 2801 et seq.]; and
“(iv) review of the eligibility of the individual for emergency unemployment compensation relating to the job search activities of the individual; and
“(B) may include the provision of—
“(i) comprehensive and specialized assessments;
“(ii) individual and group career counseling;
“(iii) training services;
“(iv) additional reemployment services; and
“(v) job search counseling and the development or review of an individual reemployment plan that includes participation in job search activities and appropriate workshops.
“(3) Participation requirement.—As a condition of continuing eligibility for emergency unemployment compensation for any week, an individual who has been referred to reemployment services or reemployment and eligibility assessment activities under this subsection shall participate in such services or activities, unless the State agency responsible for the administration of State unemployment compensation law determines that—
“(A) such individual has completed participating in such services or activities; or
“(B) there is justifiable cause for failure to participate or to complete participating in such services or activities, as determined in accordance with guidance to be issued by the Secretary.
“(j) Authority to Conduct Self-employment Assistance Program.—
“(1) In general.—
“(A) Establishment.—Any agreement under subsection (a) may provide that the State agency of the State shall establish a self-employment assistance program, as described in paragraph (2), to provide for the payment of emergency unemployment compensation as self-employment assistance allowances to individuals who would otherwise satisfy the eligibility criteria specified in subsection (b).
“(B) Payment of allowances.—Subject to subparagraph (C), the self-employment assistance allowance described in subparagraph (A) shall be paid to an eligible individual from such individual’s emergency unemployment compensation account, as described in section 4002, and the amount in such account shall be reduced accordingly.
“(C) Limitation on self-employment assistance for individuals receiving extended compensation and emergency unemployment compensation.—
“(i) Combined eligibility limit.—Subject to clause (ii), for purposes of self-employment assistance programs established under this subsection and section 208 of the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [Pub. L. 91–373, set out below], an individual shall be provided with self-employment assistance allowances under such programs for a total of not greater than 26 weeks (referred to in this subsection as the ‘combined eligibility limit’).
“(ii) Carryover rule.—For purposes of an individual who is participating in a self-employment assistance program established under this subsection and has not reached the combined eligibility limit as of the date on which such individual exhausts all rights to extended compensation under this title, the individual shall be eligible to receive self-employment assistance allowances under a self-employment assistance program established under section 208 of the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 until such individual has reached the combined eligibility limit, provided that the individual otherwise satisfies the eligibility criteria described under title II of such Act [probably means title II of Pub. L. 91–373, set out below].
“(2) Definition of ‘self-employment assistance program’.—For the purposes of this section, the term ‘self-employment assistance program’ means a program as defined under section 3306(t) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, except as follows:
“(A) all references to ‘regular unemployment compensation under the State law’ shall be deemed to refer instead to ‘emergency unemployment compensation under title IV of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008’ [this note];
“(B) paragraph (3)(B) shall not apply;
“(C) clause (i) of paragraph (3)(C) shall be deemed to state as follows:
“ ‘(i) include any entrepreneurial training that the State or non-profit organizations may provide in coordination with programs of training offered by the Small Business Administration, which may include business counseling, mentorship for participants, access to small business development resources, and technical assistance; and’;
“(D) the reference to ‘5 percent’ in paragraph (4) shall be deemed to refer instead to ‘1 percent’; and
“(E) paragraph (5) shall not apply.
“(3) Availability of self-employment assistance allowances.—In the case of an individual who is eligible to receive emergency unemployment compensation payment under this title, such individual shall not receive self-employment assistance allowances under this subsection unless the State agency has a reasonable expectation that such individual will be entitled to at least 13 times the individual’s average weekly benefit amount of extended compensation and emergency unemployment compensation.
“(4) Participant option to terminate participation in self-employment assistance program.—
“(A) Termination.—An individual who is participating in a self-employment assistance program established under this subsection may elect to discontinue participation in such program at any time.
“(B) Continued eligibility for emergency unemployment compensation.—For purposes of an individual whose participation in the self-employment assistance program established under this subsection is terminated pursuant to paragraph (1)(C) or who has discontinued participation in such program, if the individual continues to satisfy the eligibility requirements for emergency unemployment compensation under this title, the individual shall receive emergency unemployment compensation payments with respect to subsequent weeks of unemployment, to the extent that amounts remain in the account established for such individual under section 4002 (b) or to the extent that such individual commences receiving the amounts described in subsections (c), (d), or (e) of such section, respectively.
“emergency unemployment compensation account
“Sec. 4002. (a) In General.—Any agreement under this title shall provide that the State will establish, for each eligible individual who files an application for emergency unemployment compensation, an emergency unemployment compensation account with respect to such individual’s benefit year.
“(b) Amount in Account.—
“(1) In general.—The amount established in an account under subsection (a) shall be equal to the lesser of—
“(A) 80 percent of the total amount of regular compensation (including dependents’ allowances) payable to the individual during the individual’s benefit year under such law, or
“(B) 20 times the individual’s average weekly benefit amount for the benefit year.
“(2) Special rule relating to amounts established in an account as of a week ending after september 2, 2012.—Notwithstanding any provision of paragraph (1), in the case of any account established as of a week ending after September 2, 2012—
“(A) paragraph (1)(A) shall be applied by substituting ‘54 percent’ for ‘80 percent’; and
“(B) paragraph (1)(B) shall be applied by substituting ‘14 weeks’ for ‘20 weeks’ [probably should be “ ‘14 times’ for ‘20 times’ ”].
“(3) Weekly benefit amount.—For purposes of this subsection, an individual’s weekly benefit amount for any week is the amount of regular compensation (including dependents’ allowances) under the State law payable to such individual for such week for total unemployment.
“(c) Second-tier Emergency Unemployment Compensation.—
“(1) In general.—If, at the time that the amount established in an individual’s account under subsection (b) is exhausted or at any time thereafter, such individual’s State is in an extended benefit period (as determined under paragraph (2)), such account shall be augmented by an amount (hereinafter ‘second-tier emergency unemployment compensation’) equal to the lesser of—
“(A) 54 percent of the total amount of regular compensation (including dependents’ allowances) payable to the individual during the individual’s benefit year under the State law, or
“(B) 14 times the individual’s average weekly benefit amount (as determined under subsection (b)(2)) for the benefit year.
“(2) Extended benefit period.—For purposes of paragraph (1), a State shall be considered to be in an extended benefit period, as of any given time, if such a period would then be in effect for such State under such Act [probably means title II of Pub. L. 91–373] if—
“(A) section 203(f) of the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [Pub. L. 91–373, set out below] were applied to such State (regardless of whether the State by law had provided for such application); and
“(B) such section 203(f)—
“(i) were applied by substituting the applicable percentage under paragraph (3) for ‘6.5 percent’ in paragraph (1)(A)(i) thereof; and
“(ii) did not include the requirement under paragraph (1)(A)(ii) thereof.
“(3) Applicable percentage.—The applicable percentage under this paragraph is, for purposes of determining if a State is in an extended benefit period as of a date occurring in a week ending—
“(A) before June 1, 2012, 0 percent; and
“(B) after the last week under subparagraph (A), 6 percent.
“(4) Limitation.—The account of an individual may be augmented not more than once under this subsection.
“(d) Third-tier Emergency Unemployment Compensation.—
“(1) In general.—If, at the time that the amount added to an individual’s account under subsection (c)(1) (hereinafter ‘second-tier emergency unemployment compensation’) is exhausted or at any time thereafter, such individual’s State is in an extended benefit period (as determined under paragraph (2)), such account shall be further augmented by an amount (hereinafter ‘third-tier emergency unemployment compensation’) equal to the lesser of—
“(A) 50 percent of the total amount of regular compensation (including dependents’ allowances) payable to the individual during the individual’s benefit year under the State law; or
“(B) 13 times the individual’s average weekly benefit amount (as determined under subsection (b)(2) [probably should be “(b)(3)”]) for the benefit year.
“(2) Extended benefit period.—For purposes of paragraph (1), a State shall be considered to be in an extended benefit period, as of any given time, if—
“(A) such a period would then be in effect for such State under the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [title II of Pub. L. 91–373, set out below] if section 203(d) of such Act—
“(i) were applied by substituting ‘4’ for ‘5’ each place it appears; and
“(ii) did not include the requirement under paragraph (1)(A) thereof; or
“(B) such a period would then be in effect for such State under such Act if—
“(i) section 203(f) of such Act were applied to such State (regardless of whether the State by law had provided for such application); and
“(ii) such section 203(f)—
     “(I) were applied by substituting the applicable percentage under paragraph (3) for ‘6.5 percent’ in paragraph (1)(A)(i) thereof; and      “(II) did not include the requirement under paragraph (1)(A)(ii) thereof.
“(3) Applicable percentage.—The applicable percentage under this paragraph is, for purposes of determining if a State is in an extended benefit period as of a date occurring in a week ending—
“(A) before June 1, 2012, 6 percent; and
“(B) after the last week under subparagraph (A), 7 percent.
“(4) Limitation.—The account of an individual may be augmented not more than once under this subsection.
“(5) Special rule relating to amounts added to an account as of a week ending after september 2, 2012.—Notwithstanding any provision of paragraph (1), if augmentation under this subsection occurs as of a week ending after September 2, 2012—
“(A) paragraph (1)(A) shall be applied by substituting ‘35 percent’ for ‘50 percent’; and
“(B) paragraph (1)(B) shall be applied by substituting ‘9 times’ for ‘13 times’.
“(e) Fourth-tier Emergency Unemployment Compensation.—
“(1) In general.—If, at the time that the amount added to an individual’s account under subsection (d)(1) (third-tier emergency unemployment compensation) is exhausted or at any time thereafter, such individual’s State is in an extended benefit period (as determined under paragraph (2)), such account shall be further augmented by an amount (hereinafter ‘fourth-tier emergency unemployment compensation’) equal to the lesser of—
“(A) 24 percent of the total amount of regular compensation (including dependents’ allowances) payable to the individual during the individual’s benefit year under the State law; or
“(B) 6 times the individual’s average weekly benefit amount (as determined under subsection (b)(2) [probably should be “(b)(3)”]) for the benefit year.
“(2) Extended benefit period.—For purposes of paragraph (1), a State shall be considered to be in an extended benefit period, as of any given time, if—
“(A) such a period would then be in effect for such State under the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [title II of Pub. L. 91–373, set out below] if section 203(d) of such Act—
“(i) were applied by substituting ‘6’ for ‘5’ each place it appears; and
“(ii) did not include the requirement under paragraph (1)(A) thereof; or
“(B) such a period would then be in effect for such State under such Act if—
“(i) section 203(f) of such Act were applied to such State (regardless of whether the State by law had provided for such application); and
“(ii) such section 203(f)—
     “(I) were applied by substituting the applicable percentage under paragraph (3) for ‘6.5 percent’ in paragraph (1)(A)(i) thereof; and      “(II) did not include the requirement under paragraph (1)(A)(ii) thereof.
“(3) Applicable percentage.—The applicable percentage under this paragraph is, for purposes of determining if a State is in an extended benefit period as of a date occurring in a week ending—
“(A) before June 1, 2012, 8.5 percent; and
“(B) after the last week under subparagraph (A), 9 percent.
“(4) Limitation.—The account of an individual may be augmented not more than once under this subsection.
“(5) Special rules relating to amounts added to an account.—
“(A) March to may of 2012.—
“(i) Special rule.—Notwithstanding any provision of paragraph (1) but subject to the following 2 sentences, if augmentation under this subsection occurs as of a week ending after the date of enactment of this paragraph [Feb. 22, 2012] and before June 1, 2012 (or if, as of such date of enactment, any fourth-tier amounts remain in the individual’s account)—
     “(I) paragraph (1)(A) shall be applied by substituting ‘62 percent’ for ‘24 percent’; and      “(II) paragraph (1)(B) shall be applied by substituting ‘16 times’ for ‘6 times’.  The preceding sentence shall apply only if, at the time that the account would be augmented under this subparagraph, such individual’s State is not in an extended benefit period as determined under the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [title II of Pub. L. 91–373, set out below]. In no event shall the total amount added to the account of an individual under this subparagraph cause, in the case of an individual described in the parenthetical matter in the first sentence of this clause, the sum of the total amount previously added to such individual’s account under this subsection (as in effect before the date of enactment of this paragraph) and any further amounts added as a result of the enactment of this clause, to exceed the total amount allowable under subclause (I) or (II), as the case may be.
“(ii) Limitation.—Notwithstanding any other provision of this title, the amounts added to the account of an individual under this subparagraph may not cause the sum of the amounts previously established in or added to such account, plus any weeks of extended benefits provided to such individual under the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [title II of Pub. L. 91–373, set out below] (based on the same exhaustion of regular compensation under section 4001 (b)(1)), to in the aggregate exceed the lesser of—
     “(I) 282 percent of the total amount of regular compensation (including dependents’ allowances) payable to the individual during the individual’s benefit year under the State law; or      “(II) 73 times the individual’s average weekly benefit amount (as determined under subsection (b)(3)) for the benefit year.
“(B) After august of 2012.—Notwithstanding any provision of paragraph (1), if augmentation under this subsection occurs as of a week ending after September 2, 2012—
“(i) paragraph (1)(A) shall be applied by substituting ‘39 percent’ for ‘24 percent’; and
“(ii) paragraph (1)(B) shall be applied by substituting ‘10 times’ for ‘6 times’.
“(f) Coordination Rules.—
“(1) Coordination with extended compensation.—Notwithstanding an election under section 4001 (e) by a State to provide for the payment of emergency unemployment compensation prior to extended compensation, such State may pay extended compensation to an otherwise eligible individual prior to any emergency unemployment compensation under subsection (c), (d), or (e) (by reason of the amendments made by sections 2, 3, and 4 of the Worker, Homeownership, and Business Assistance Act of 2009 [Pub. L. 111–92]), if such individual claimed extended compensation for at least 1 week of unemployment after the exhaustion of emergency unemployment compensation under subsection (b) (as such subsection was in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of this subsection [Nov. 6, 2009]).
“(2) Coordination with tiers ii, iii, and iv.—If a State determines that implementation of the increased entitlement to second-tier emergency unemployment compensation by reason of the amendments made by section 2 of the Worker, Homeownership, and Business Assistance Act of 2009 [Pub. L. 111–92] would unduly delay the prompt payment of emergency unemployment compensation under this title by reason of the amendments made by such Act, such State may elect to pay third-tier emergency unemployment compensation prior to the payment of such increased second-tier emergency unemployment compensation until such time as such State determines that such increased second-tier emergency unemployment compensation may be paid without such undue delay. If a State makes the election under the preceding sentence, then, for purposes of determining whether an account may be augmented for fourth-tier emergency unemployment compensation under subsection (e), such State shall treat the date of exhaustion of such increased second-tier emergency unemployment compensation as the date of exhaustion of third-tier emergency unemployment compensation, if such date is later than the date of exhaustion of the third-tier emergency unemployment compensation.
“(g) Coordination of Emergency Unemployment Compensation With Regular Compensation.—
“(1) If—
“(A) an individual has been determined to be entitled to emergency unemployment compensation with respect to a benefit year,
“(B) that benefit year has expired,
“(C) that individual has remaining entitlement to emergency unemployment compensation with respect to that benefit year, and
“(D) that individual would qualify for a new benefit year in which the weekly benefit amount of regular compensation is at least either $100 or 25 percent less than the individual’s weekly benefit amount in the benefit year referred to in subparagraph (A),
then the State shall determine eligibility for compensation as provided in paragraph (2).
“(2) For individuals described in paragraph (1), the State shall determine whether the individual is to be paid emergency unemployment compensation or regular compensation for a week of unemployment using one of the following methods:
“(A) The State shall, if permitted by State law, establish a new benefit year, but defer the payment of regular compensation with respect to that new benefit year until exhaustion of all emergency unemployment compensation payable with respect to the benefit year referred to in paragraph (1)(A);
“(B) The State shall, if permitted by State law, defer the establishment of a new benefit year (which uses all the wages and employment which would have been used to establish a benefit year but for the application of this paragraph), until exhaustion of all emergency unemployment compensation payable with respect to the benefit year referred to in paragraph(1)(A);
“(C) The State shall pay, if permitted by State law—
“(i) regular compensation equal to the weekly benefit amount established under the new benefit year, and
“(ii) emergency unemployment compensation equal to the difference between that weekly benefit amount and the weekly benefit amount for the expired benefit year; or
“(D) The State shall determine rights to emergency unemployment compensation without regard to any rights to regular compensation if the individual elects to not file a claim for regular compensation under the new benefit year.
“payments to states having agreements for the payment of emergency unemployment compensation
“Sec. 4003. (a) General Rule.—There shall be paid to each State that has entered into an agreement under this title an amount equal to 100 percent of the emergency unemployment compensation paid to individuals by the State pursuant to such agreement.
“(b) Treatment of Reimbursable Compensation.—No payment shall be made to any State under this section in respect of any compensation to the extent the State is entitled to reimbursement in respect of such compensation under the provisions of any Federal law other than this title or chapter 85 of title 5, United States Code. A State shall not be entitled to any reimbursement under such chapter 85 in respect of any compensation to the extent the State is entitled to reimbursement under this title in respect of such compensation.
“(c) Determination of Amount.—Sums payable to any State by reason of such State having an agreement under this title shall be payable, either in advance or by way of reimbursement (as may be determined by the Secretary), in such amounts as the Secretary estimates the State will be entitled to receive under this title for each calendar month, reduced or increased, as the case may be, by any amount by which the Secretary finds that the Secretary’s estimates for any prior calendar month were greater or less than the amounts which should have been paid to the State. Such estimates may be made on the basis of such statistical, sampling, or other method as may be agreed upon by the Secretary and the State agency of the State involved.
“financing provisions
“Sec. 4004. (a) In General.—Funds in the extended unemployment compensation account (as established by section 905(a) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1105 (a))[)] of the Unemployment Trust Fund (as established by section 904(a) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1104 (a))[)] shall be used for the making of payments to States having agreements entered into under this title.
“(b) Certification.—The Secretary shall from time to time certify to the Secretary of the Treasury for payment to each State the sums payable to such State under this title. The Secretary of the Treasury, prior to audit or settlement by the Government Accountability Office, shall make payments to the State in accordance with such certification, by transfers from the extended unemployment compensation account (as so established) to the account of such State in the Unemployment Trust Fund (as so established).
“(c) Assistance to States.—
“(1) Administration.—There are appropriated out of the employment security administration account (as established by section 901(a) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1101 (a))[)] of the Unemployment Trust Fund, without fiscal year limitation, such funds as may be necessary for purposes of assisting States (as provided in title III of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 501 et seq.)) in meeting the costs of administration of agreements under this title.
“(2) Reemployment services and reemployment and eligibility assessment activities.—
“(A) Appropriation.—There are appropriated from the general fund of the Treasury, for the period of fiscal year 2012 through fiscal year 2014, out of the employment security administration account (as established by section 901(a) of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1101 (a)]), such sums as determined by the Secretary of Labor in accordance with subparagraph (B) to assist States in providing reemployment services and reemployment and eligibility assessment activities described in section 4001 (h)(2).
“(B) Determination of total amount.—The amount referred to in subparagraph (A) is the amount the Secretary of Labor estimates is equal to—
“(i) the number of individuals who will receive reemployment services and reemployment eligibility and assessment activities described in section 4001 (h)(2) in all States through the date specified in [former] section 4007(b)(3); multiplied by
“(ii) $85.
“(C) Distribution among states.—Of the amounts appropriated under subparagraph (A), the Secretary of Labor shall distribute amounts to each State, in accordance with section 4003 (c), that the Secretary estimates is equal to—
“(i) the number of individuals who will receive reemployment services and reemployment and eligibility assessment activities described in section 4001 (h)(2) in such State through the date specified in section [former] 4007(b)(3); multiplied by
“(ii) $85.
“(d) Appropriations for Certain Payments.—There are appropriated from the general fund of the Treasury, without fiscal year limitation, to the extended unemployment compensation account (as so established) of the Unemployment Trust Fund (as so established) such sums as the Secretary estimates to be necessary to make the payments under this section in respect of—
“(1) compensation payable under chapter 85 of title 5, United States Code; and
“(2) compensation payable on the basis of services to which section 3309(a)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 applies.
Amounts appropriated pursuant to the preceding sentence shall not be required to be repaid.
“(e) Transfer of Funds.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of the Treasury shall transfer from the general fund of the Treasury (from funds not otherwise appropriated)—
“(1) to the extended unemployment compensation account (as established by section 905 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1105]) such sums as the Secretary of Labor estimates to be necessary to make payments to States under this title by reason of—
“(A) the amendments made by section 2001(a) of the Assistance for Unemployed Workers and Struggling Families Act [title II of div. B of Pub. L. 111–5];
“(B) the amendments made by sections 2 through 4 of the Worker, Homeownership, and Business Assistance Act of 2009 [Pub. L. 111–92];
“(C) the amendments made by section 1009(a)(1) of the Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2010 [Pub. L. 111–118];
“(D) the amendments made by section 2(a)(1) of the Temporary Extension Act of 2010 [Pub. L. 111–144];
“(E) the amendments made by section 2(a)(1) of the Continuing Extension Act of 2010 [Pub. L. 111–157];
“(F) the amendments made by section 2(a)(1) of the Unemployment Compensation Extension Act of 2010 [Pub. L. 111–205];
“(G) the amendments made by section 501(a)(1) of the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010 [Pub. L. 111–312];
“(H) the amendments made by section 201(a)(1) of the Temporary Payroll Tax Cut Continuation Act of 2011 [Pub. L. 112–78];
“(I) the amendments made by section 2122 of the Unemployment Benefits Extension Act of 2012 [Pub. L. 112–96]; and
“(J) the amendments made by section 501(a) of the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 [Pub. L. 112–240];
“(2) to the employment security administration account (as established by section 901 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1101]) such sums as the Secretary of Labor estimates to be necessary for purposes of assisting States in meeting administrative costs by reason of the amendments referred to in paragraph (1); and
“(3) to the Employment Security Administration account (as established by section 901(a) of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1101 (a)]) such sums as the Secretary of Labor determines to be necessary in accordance with subsection (c)(2) to assist States in providing reemployment services and reemployment eligibility and assessment activities described in section 4001 (h)(2).
There are appropriated from the general fund of the Treasury, without fiscal year limitation, the sums referred to in the preceding sentence and such sums shall not be required to be repaid. “fraud and overpayments
“Sec. 4005. (a) In General.—If an individual knowingly has made, or caused to be made by another, a false statement or representation of a material fact, or knowingly has failed, or caused another to fail, to disclose a material fact, and as a result of such false statement or representation or of such nondisclosure such individual has received an amount of emergency unemployment compensation under this title to which such individual was not entitled, such individual—
“(1) shall be ineligible for further emergency unemployment compensation under this title in accordance with the provisions of the applicable State unemployment compensation law relating to fraud in connection with a claim for unemployment compensation; and
“(2) shall be subject to prosecution under section 1001 of title 18, United States Code.
“(b) Repayment.—In the case of individuals who have received amounts of emergency unemployment compensation under this title to which they were not entitled, the State shall require such individuals to repay the amounts of such emergency unemployment compensation to the State agency, except that the State agency may waive such repayment if it determines that—
“(1) the payment of such emergency unemployment compensation was without fault on the part of any such individual; and
“(2) such repayment would be contrary to equity and good conscience.
“(c) Recovery by State Agency.—
“(1) In general.—The State agency shall recover the amount to be repaid, or any part thereof, by deductions from any emergency unemployment compensation payable to such individual under this title or from any unemployment compensation payable to such individual under any State or Federal unemployment compensation law administered by the State agency or under any other State or Federal law administered by the State agency which provides for the payment of any assistance or allowance with respect to any week of unemployment, during the 3-year period after the date such individuals received the payment of the emergency unemployment compensation to which they were not entitled, in accordance with the same procedures as apply to the recovery of overpayments of regular unemployment benefits paid by the State.
“(2) Opportunity for hearing.—No repayment shall be required, and no deduction shall be made, until a determination has been made, notice thereof and an opportunity for a fair hearing has been given to the individual, and the determination has become final.
“(d) Review.—Any determination by a State agency under this section shall be subject to review in the same manner and to the same extent as determinations under the State unemployment compensation law, and only in that manner and to that extent.
“definitions
“Sec. 4006. In this title, the terms ‘compensation’, ‘regular compensation’, ‘extended compensation’, ‘benefit year’, ‘base period’, ‘State’, ‘State agency’, ‘State law’, and ‘week’ have the respective meanings given such terms under section 205 of the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [Pub. L. 91–373] (26 U.S.C. 3304 note).
“applicability
“Sec. 4007. (a) In General.—An agreement entered into under this title shall apply to weeks of unemployment—
“(1) beginning after the date on which such agreement is entered into; and
“(2) ending on or before January 1, 2014.
“(b) Termination.—No compensation under this title shall be payable for any week subsequent to the last week described in subsection (a).”
[Pub. L. 112–240, title V, § 501(c),Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2344, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending sections 4004 and 4007 ofPub. L. 110–252, set out above] shall take effect as if included in the enactment of the Unemployment Benefits Extension Act of 2012 ([subtitle B of title II of] Public Law 112–96)”.]
[Pub. L. 112–240, title V, § 503(b),Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2344, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending section 4004 ofPub. L. 110–252, set out above] shall take effect as if included in the enactment of the Unemployment Benefits Extension Act of 2012 ([subtitle B of title II of] Public Law 112–96).”]
[Pub. L. 112–96, title II, § 2122(f),Feb. 22, 2012, 126 Stat. 166, provided that:
[“(1) In general.—The amendments made by subsections (b), (c), and (d) [amending sections 4001 and 4002 ofPub. L. 110–252, set out above] shall take effect as of February 28, 2012, and shall apply with respect to weeks of unemployment beginning after that date.
[“(2) Week defined.—For purposes of this subsection, the term ‘week’ has the meaning given such term under section 4006 of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008 [Pub. L. 110–252, set out above].”]
[Pub. L. 112–96, title II, § 2142(b),Feb. 22, 2012, 126 Stat. 169, provided that: “Not later than 30 days after the date of enactment of this Act [Feb. 22, 2012], the Secretary shall issue guidance on the implementation of the reemployment services and reemployment and eligibility assessment activities required to be provided under the amendment made by subsection (a) [amending section 4001 ofPub. L. 110–252, set out above].”]
[Pub. L. 112–96, § 2142(c)(2)(A), which directed amendment of section 4004(e)(1)(G) ofPub. L. 110–252, set out above, by striking out “and” at the end, could not be executed because of the prior identical amendment by Pub. L. 112–96, § 2122(e)(1).]
[Pub. L. 112–96, § 2142(c)(2)(C), which directed amendment of section 4004(e) ofPub. L. 110–252, set out above, by adding par. (3) “at the end”, was executed by adding par. (3) after par. (2), to reflect the probable intent of Congress.]
[Pub. L. 112–96, title II, § 2144,Feb. 22, 2012, 126 Stat. 171, provided that: “Subsection (g) ofsection 4001 of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008 (Public Law 110–252; 26 U.S.C. 3304 note) shall not apply with respect to a State that has enacted a law before March 1, 2012, that, upon taking effect, would violate such subsection.”]
[Amendment by section 201(a)(1), (b) ofPub. L. 112–78to sections 4004 and 4007 ofPub. L. 110–252, set out above, effective as if included in the enactment of Pub. L. 111–312, see section 201(c) ofPub. L. 112–78, set out following section 2005 ofPub. L. 111–5above.]
[Amendment by section 501(a)(1), (b) ofPub. L. 111–312to sections 4004 and 4007 ofPub. L. 110–252, set out above, effective as if included in the enactment of Pub. L. 111–205, see section 501(c) ofPub. L. 111–312, set out following section 2005 ofPub. L. 111–5above.]
[Amendment by section 2(a)(1), (b), (c) ofPub. L. 111–205to sections 4001, 4004, and 4007 ofPub. L. 110–252, set out above, effective as if included in Pub. L. 111–157, see section 2(d) ofPub. L. 111–205, set out following section 2005 ofPub. L. 111–5above.]
[Pub. L. 111–205, § 3(b),July 22, 2010, 124 Stat. 2238, provided that: “The amendment made by this section [amending section 4002 ofPub. L. 110–252, set out above] shall apply to individuals whose benefit years, as described in section 4002 (g)(1)(B) [of] the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008 (Public Law 110–252; 26 U.S.C. 3304 note), as amended by this section, expire after the date of enactment of this Act [July 22, 2010].”]
[Amendment by section 2(a)(1), (b) ofPub. L. 111–157to sections 4004 and 4007 ofPub. L. 110–252, set out above, effective as if included in the enactment of Pub. L. 111–144, see section 2(c) ofPub. L. 111–157, set out following section 2002 ofPub. L. 111–5above.]
[Pub. L. 111–92, § 2(b),Nov. 6, 2009, 123 Stat. 2984, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending section 4002 ofPub. L. 110–252, set out above] shall apply as if included in the enactment of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008 [Pub. L. 110–252], except that no amount shall be payable by virtue of such amendments with respect to any week of unemployment commencing before the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 6, 2009].”]
[Pub. L. 111–92, § 3(c),Nov. 6, 2009, 123 Stat. 2985, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending sections 4002 and 4007 ofPub. L. 110–252, set out above] shall apply as if included in the enactment of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008 [Pub. L. 110–252], except that no amount shall be payable by virtue of such amendments with respect to any week of unemployment commencing before the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 6, 2009].”]
[Pub. L. 111–92, § 4(c),Nov. 6, 2009, 123 Stat. 2986, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending sections 4002 and 4007 ofPub. L. 110–252, set out above] shall apply as if included in the enactment of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008 [Pub. L. 110–252], except that no amount shall be payable by virtue of such amendments with respect to any week of unemployment commencing before the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 6, 2009].”]
[Pub. L. 110–449, § 6,Nov. 21, 2008, 122 Stat. 5015, provided that:
[“(a) In General.—The amendments made by sections 2, 3, and 4 [amending title IV of Pub. L. 110–252, set out as a note above] shall apply as if included in the enactment of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008 [Pub. L. 110–252], subject to subsection (b).
[“(b) Additional Benefits.—In applying the amendments made by sections 2 and 3, any additional emergency unemployment compensation made payable by such amendments (which would not otherwise have been payable if such amendments had not been enacted) shall be payable only with respect to any week of unemployment beginning on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 21, 2008].”]
Additional Temporary Extended Unemployment Compensation for Displaced Airline Related Workers

Pub. L. 108–11, title IV, § 4002,Apr. 16, 2003, 117 Stat. 607, provided that:
“(a) Definitions.—For purposes of this section—
“(1) the term ‘eligible individual’ means an individual whose eligibility for temporary extended unemployment compensation under the Temporary Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 2002 (Public Law 107–147; 116 Stat. 21) [title II of Pub. L. 107–147, set out as a note below], as amended by Public Law 108–1 (117 Stat. 3), is or would be based on the exhaustion of regular compensation under State law, entitlement to which was based in whole or in part on qualifying employment performed during such individual’s base period;
“(2) the term ‘qualifying employment’, with respect to an eligible individual, means employment—
“(A) with an air carrier, employment at a facility at an airport, or with an upstream producer or supplier for an air carrier; and
“(B) as determined by the Secretary, separation from which was due, in whole or in part, to—
“(i) reductions in service by an air carrier as a result of a terrorist action or security measure;
“(ii) a closure of an airport in the United States as a result of a terrorist action or security measure; or
“(iii) a military conflict with Iraq that has been authorized by Congress;
“(3) the term ‘air carrier’ means an air carrier that holds a certificate issued under chapter 411 of title 49, United States Code;
“(4) the term ‘upstream producer’ means a firm that performs additional, value-added, production processes, including firms that perform final assembly, finishing, or packaging of articles, for another firm;
“(5) the term ‘supplier’ means a firm that produces component parts for, or articles and contract services considered to be a part of the production process or services for, another firm;
“(6) the term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of Labor; and
“(7) the term ‘terrorist action or security measure’ means a terrorist attack on the United States on September 11, 2001, or a security measure taken in response to such attack.
“(b) Additional Temporary Extended Unemployment Compensation for Eligible Individual.—In the case of an eligible individual, the Temporary Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 2002 (Public Law 107–147; 116 Stat. 21), as amended by Public Law 108–1 (117 Stat. 3), shall be applied as if it had been amended in accordance with subsection (c).
“(c) Modifications.—
“(1) In general.—For purposes of subsection (b), the Temporary Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 2002 (Public Law 107–147; 116 Stat. 21), as amended by Public Law 108–1 (117 Stat. 3), shall be treated as if it had been amended as provided in this subsection.
“(2) Program extension.—Deem section 208 of the Temporary Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 2002, as amended by Public Law 108–1 (117 Stat. 3), to be amended to read as follows:
“ ‘SEC. 208. APPLICABILITY.
“ ‘(a) In General.—Subject to subsection (b), an agreement entered into under this title shall apply to weeks of unemployment—
“ ‘(1) beginning after the date on which such agreement is entered into; and
“ ‘(2) ending before December 29, 2003.
“ ‘(b) Transition for Amount Remaining in Account.—
“ ‘(1) In general.—Subject to paragraph (2), in the case of an individual who has amounts remaining in an account established under section 203 as of December 28, 2003, temporary extended unemployment compensation shall continue to be payable to such individual from such amounts for any week beginning after such date for which the individual meets the eligibility requirements of this title, including such compensation payable by reason of amounts deposited in such account after such date pursuant to the application of subsection (c) of such section.
“ ‘(2) Limitation.—No compensation shall be payable by reason of paragraph (1) for any week beginning after December 26, 2004.’.
“(3) Additional weeks of benefits.—Deem section 203 of the Temporary Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 2002, as amended by Public Law 108–1 (117 Stat. 3), to be amended—
“(A) in subsection (b)(1)—
“(i) in subparagraph (A), by striking ‘50’ and inserting ‘150’; and
“(ii) by striking ‘13’ and inserting ‘39’; and
“(B) in subsection (c)(1), by inserting ‘1/3 of’ after ‘equal to’.
“(4) Effective date of modifications described in paragraph (3).—
“(A) In general.—The amendments described in paragraph (3)—
“(i) shall be deemed to have taken effect as if included in the enactment of the Temporary Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 2002; but
“(ii) shall be treated as applying only with respect to weeks of unemployment beginning on or after the date of enactment of this Act [Apr. 16, 2003], subject to subparagraph (B).
“(B) Special rules.—In the case of an eligible individual for whom a temporary extended unemployment account was established before the date of enactment of this Act [Apr. 16, 2003], the Temporary Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 2002 (as amended by this section) shall be applied subject to the following:
“(i) Any amounts deposited in the individual’s temporary extended unemployment compensation account by reason of section 203(c) of such Act (commonly known as ‘TEUC–X amounts’) before the date of enactment of this Act [Apr. 16, 2003] shall be treated as amounts deposited by reason of section 203(b) of such Act (commonly known as ‘TEUC amounts’), as deemed to have been amended by paragraph (3)(A).
“(ii) For purposes of determining whether the individual is eligible for any TEUC–X amounts under such Act, as deemed to be amended by this subsection—
     “(I) any determination made under section 203(c) of such Act before the application of the amendment described in paragraph (3)(B) shall be disregarded; and      “(II) any such determination shall instead be made by applying section 203(c) of such Act, as deemed to be amended by paragraph (3)(B), as of the time that all amounts established in such account in accordance with section 203(b) of such Act (as deemed to be amended under this subsection, and including any amounts described in clause (i)) are in fact exhausted.”
Temporary Extended Unemployment Compensation

Pub. L. 107–147, title II, Mar. 9, 2002, 116 Stat. 26, as amended by Pub. L. 108–1, § 1(a),Jan. 8, 2003, 117 Stat. 3; Pub. L. 108–26, § 2(a),May 28, 2003, 117 Stat. 751; Pub. L. 108–271, § 8(b),July 7, 2004, 118 Stat. 814, provided that:
“SEC. 201. SHORT TITLE.
“This title may be cited as the ‘Temporary Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 2002’.
“SEC. 202. FEDERAL-STATE AGREEMENTS.
“(a) In General.—Any State which desires to do so may enter into and participate in an agreement under this title with the Secretary of Labor (in this title referred to as the ‘Secretary’). Any State which is a party to an agreement under this title may, upon providing 30 days’ written notice to the Secretary, terminate such agreement.
“(b) Provisions of Agreement.—Any agreement under subsection (a) shall provide that the State agency of the State will make payments of temporary extended unemployment compensation to individuals who—
“(1) have exhausted all rights to regular compensation under the State law or under Federal law with respect to a benefit year (excluding any benefit year that ended before March 15, 2001);
“(2) have no rights to regular compensation or extended compensation with respect to a week under such law or any other State unemployment compensation law or to compensation under any other Federal law;
“(3) are not receiving compensation with respect to such week under the unemployment compensation law of Canada; and
“(4) filed an initial claim for regular compensation on or after March 15, 2001.
“(c) Exhaustion of Benefits.—For purposes of subsection (b)(1), an individual shall be deemed to have exhausted such individual’s rights to regular compensation under a State law when—
“(1) no payments of regular compensation can be made under such law because such individual has received all regular compensation available to such individual based on employment or wages during such individual’s base period; or
“(2) such individual’s rights to such compensation have been terminated by reason of the expiration of the benefit year with respect to which such rights existed.
“(d) Weekly Benefit Amount, Etc.—For purposes of any agreement under this title—
“(1) the amount of temporary extended unemployment compensation which shall be payable to any individual for any week of total unemployment shall be equal to the amount of the regular compensation (including dependents’ allowances) payable to such individual during such individual’s benefit year under the State law for a week of total unemployment;
“(2) the terms and conditions of the State law which apply to claims for regular compensation and to the payment thereof shall apply to claims for temporary extended unemployment compensation and the payment thereof, except—
“(A) that an individual shall not be eligible for temporary extended unemployment compensation under this title unless, in the base period with respect to which the individual exhausted all rights to regular compensation under the State law, the individual had 20 weeks of full-time insured employment or the equivalent in insured wages, as determined under the provisions of the State law implementing section 202(a)(5) of the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [Pub. L. 91–373] (26 U.S.C. 3304 note); and
“(B) where otherwise inconsistent with the provisions of this title or with the regulations or operating instructions of the Secretary promulgated to carry out this title; and
“(3) the maximum amount of temporary extended unemployment compensation payable to any individual for whom a temporary extended unemployment compensation account is established under section 203 shall not exceed the amount established in such account for such individual.
“(e) Election by States.—Notwithstanding any other provision of Federal law (and if State law permits), the Governor of a State that is in an extended benefit period may provide for the payment of temporary extended unemployment compensation in lieu of extended compensation to individuals who otherwise meet the requirements of this section. Such an election shall not require a State to trigger off an extended benefit period.
“SEC. 203. TEMPORARY EXTENDED UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION ACCOUNT.
“(a) In General.—Any agreement under this title shall provide that the State will establish, for each eligible individual who files an application for temporary extended unemployment compensation, a temporary extended unemployment compensation account with respect to such individual’s benefit year.
“(b) Amount in Account.—
“(1) In general.—The amount established in an account under subsection (a) shall be equal to the lesser of—
“(A) 50 percent of the total amount of regular compensation (including dependents’ allowances) payable to the individual during the individual’s benefit year under such law, or
“(B) 13 times the individual’s average weekly benefit amount for the benefit year.
“(2) Weekly benefit amount.—For purposes of this subsection, an individual’s weekly benefit amount for any week is the amount of regular compensation (including dependents’ allowances) under the State law payable to such individual for such week for total unemployment.
“(c) Special Rule.—
“(1) In general.—Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, if, at the time that the individual’s account is exhausted, such individual’s State is in an extended benefit period (as determined under paragraph (2)), then, such account shall be augmented by an amount equal to the amount originally established in such account (as determined under subsection (b)(1)).
“(2) Extended benefit period.—For purposes of paragraph (1), a State shall be considered to be in an extended benefit period if, at the time of exhaustion (as described in paragraph (1))—
“(A) such a period is then in effect for such State under the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [title II of Pub. L. 91–373]; or
“(B) such a period would then be in effect for such State under such Act if section 203(d) of such Act were applied as if it had been amended by striking ‘5’ each place it appears and inserting ‘4’.
“SEC. 204. PAYMENTS TO STATES HAVING AGREEMENTS FOR THE PAYMENT OF TEMPORARY EXTENDED UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION.
“(a) General Rule.—There shall be paid to each State that has entered into an agreement under this title an amount equal to 100 percent of the temporary extended unemployment compensation paid to individuals by the State pursuant to such agreement.
“(b) Treatment of Reimbursable Compensation.—No payment shall be made to any State under this section in respect of any compensation to the extent the State is entitled to reimbursement in respect of such compensation under the provisions of any Federal law other than this title or chapter 85 of title 5, United States Code. A State shall not be entitled to any reimbursement under such chapter 85 in respect of any compensation to the extent the State is entitled to reimbursement under this title in respect of such compensation.
“(c) Determination of Amount.—Sums payable to any State by reason of such State having an agreement under this title shall be payable, either in advance or by way of reimbursement (as may be determined by the Secretary), in such amounts as the Secretary estimates the State will be entitled to receive under this title for each calendar month, reduced or increased, as the case may be, by any amount by which the Secretary finds that the Secretary’s estimates for any prior calendar month were greater or less than the amounts which should have been paid to the State. Such estimates may be made on the basis of such statistical, sampling, or other method as may be agreed upon by the Secretary and the State agency of the State involved.
“SEC. 205. FINANCING PROVISIONS.
“(a) In General.—Funds in the extended unemployment compensation account (as established by section 905(a) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1105 (a)) of the Unemployment Trust Fund (as established by section 904(a) of such Act (42 U.S.C. 1104 (a)) shall be used for the making of payments to States having agreements entered into under this title.
“(b) Certification.—The Secretary shall from time to time certify to the Secretary of the Treasury for payment to each State the sums payable to such State under this title. The Secretary of the Treasury, prior to audit or settlement by the Government Accountability Office, shall make payments to the State in accordance with such certification, by transfers from the extended unemployment compensation account (as so established) to the account of such State in the Unemployment Trust Fund (as so established).
“(c) Assistance to States.—There are appropriated out of the employment security administration account (as established by section 901(a) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1101 (a)) of the Unemployment Trust Fund, without fiscal year limitation, such funds as may be necessary for purposes of assisting States (as provided in title III of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 501 et seq.)) in meeting the costs of administration of agreements under this title.
“(d) Appropriations for Certain Payments.—There are appropriated from the general fund of the Treasury, without fiscal year limitation, to the extended unemployment compensation account (as so established) of the Unemployment Trust Fund (as so established) such sums as the Secretary estimates to be necessary to make the payments under this section in respect of—
“(1) compensation payable under chapter 85 of title 5, United States Code; and
“(2) compensation payable on the basis of services to which section 3309(a)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 applies.
Amounts appropriated pursuant to the preceding sentence shall not be required to be repaid. “SEC. 206. FRAUD AND OVERPAYMENTS.
“(a) In General.—If an individual knowingly has made, or caused to be made by another, a false statement or representation of a material fact, or knowingly has failed, or caused another to fail, to disclose a material fact, and as a result of such false statement or representation or of such nondisclosure such individual has received an amount of temporary extended unemployment compensation under this title to which he was not entitled, such individual—
“(1) shall be ineligible for further temporary extended unemployment compensation under this title in accordance with the provisions of the applicable State unemployment compensation law relating to fraud in connection with a claim for unemployment compensation; and
“(2) shall be subject to prosecution under section 1001 of title 18, United States Code.
“(b) Repayment.—In the case of individuals who have received amounts of temporary extended unemployment compensation under this title to which they were not entitled, the State shall require such individuals to repay the amounts of such temporary extended unemployment compensation to the State agency, except that the State agency may waive such repayment if it determines that—
“(1) the payment of such temporary extended unemployment compensation was without fault on the part of any such individual; and
“(2) such repayment would be contrary to equity and good conscience.
“(c) Recovery by State Agency.—
“(1) In general.—The State agency may recover the amount to be repaid, or any part thereof, by deductions from any temporary extended unemployment compensation payable to such individual under this title or from any unemployment compensation payable to such individual under any Federal unemployment compensation law administered by the State agency or under any other Federal law administered by the State agency which provides for the payment of any assistance or allowance with respect to any week of unemployment, during the 3-year period after the date such individuals received the payment of the temporary extended unemployment compensation to which they were not entitled, except that no single deduction may exceed 50 percent of the weekly benefit amount from which such deduction is made.
“(2) Opportunity for hearing.—No repayment shall be required, and no deduction shall be made, until a determination has been made, notice thereof and an opportunity for a fair hearing has been given to the individual, and the determination has become final.
“(d) Review.—Any determination by a State agency under this section shall be subject to review in the same manner and to the same extent as determinations under the State unemployment compensation law, and only in that manner and to that extent.
“SEC. 207. DEFINITIONS.
“In this title, the terms ‘compensation’, ‘regular compensation’, ‘extended compensation’, ‘additional compensation’, ‘benefit year’, ‘base period’, ‘State’, ‘State agency’, ‘State law’, and ‘week’ have the respective meanings given such terms under section 205 of the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [Pub. L. 91–373] (26 U.S.C. 3304 note).
“SEC. 208. APPLICABILITY.
“(a) In General.—Except as provided in subsection (b), an agreement entered into under this title shall apply to weeks of unemployment—
“(1) beginning after the date on which such agreement is entered into; and
“(2) ending on or before December 31, 2003.
“(b) Transition for Amount Remaining in Account.—
“(1) In general.—Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3), in the case of an individual who has amounts remaining in an account established under section 203 as of December 31, 2003, temporary extended unemployment compensation shall continue to be payable to such individual from such amounts for any week beginning after such date for which the individual meets the eligibility requirements of this title.
“(2) No augmentation after december 31, 2003.—If the account of an individual is exhausted after December 31, 2003, then section 203(c) shall not apply and such account shall not be augmented under such section, regardless of whether such individual’s State is in an extended benefit period (as determined under paragraph (2) of such section).
“(3) Limitation.—No compensation shall be payable by reason of paragraph (1) for any week beginning after March 31, 2004.
“SEC. 209. SPECIAL REED ACT TRANSFER IN FISCAL YEAR 2002.
“(a) Repeal of Certain Provisions Added by the Balanced Budget Act of 1997.—
“(1) In general.—[Amended section 1103 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare.]
“(2) Savings provision.—Any amounts transferred before the date of enactment of this Act [Mar. 9, 2002] under the provision repealed by paragraph (1)(A) [amending section 1103 of Title 42] shall remain subject to section 903 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1103], as last in effect before such date of enactment.
“(b) Special Transfer in Fiscal Year 2002.—[Amended section 1103 of Title 42.]
“(c) Limitations on Transfers.—Section 903(b) of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1103 (b)] shall apply to transfers under section 903(d) of such Act (as amended by this section). For purposes of the preceding sentence, such section 903 (b) shall be deemed to be amended as follows:
“(1) By substituting ‘the transfer date described in subsection (d)(5)’ for ‘October 1 of any fiscal year’.
“(2) By substituting ‘remain in the Federal unemployment account’ for ‘be transferred to the Federal unemployment account as of the beginning of such October 1’.
“(3) By substituting ‘fiscal year 2002 (after the transfer date described in subsection (d)(5))’ for ‘the fiscal year beginning on such October 1’.
“(4) By substituting ‘under subsection (d)’ for ‘as of October 1 of such fiscal year’.
“(5) By substituting ‘(as of the close of fiscal year 2002)’ for ‘(as of the close of such fiscal year)’.
“(d) Technical Amendments.—
“(1) [Amended sections 3304 and 3306 of this title.]
“(2) [Amended section 503 of Title 42.]
“(e) Regulations.—The Secretary of Labor may prescribe any operating instructions or regulations necessary to carry out this section and the amendments made by this section.”
[Pub. L. 108–26, § 2(b),May 28, 2003, 117 Stat. 751, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending section 208 ofPub. L. 107–147, set out above] shall take effect as if included in the enactment of the Temporary Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 2002 (Public Law 107–147 [title II]; 116 Stat. 21 [26]).”]
[Pub. L. 108–1, § 1(b),Jan. 8, 2003, 117 Stat. 4, provided that: “The amendment made by this section [amending section 208 ofPub. L. 107–147, set out above] shall take effect as if included in the enactment of the Temporary Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 2002 (Public Law 107–147 [title II]; 116 Stat. 21 [26]).”]
Profiling of New Claimants for Regular Unemployment Compensation

Pub. L. 103–6, § 4,Mar. 4, 1993, 107 Stat. 34, directed Secretary of Labor to establish program for encouraging adoption and implementation by all States of system of profiling all new claimants for regular unemployment compensation to determine which claimants might be likely to exhaust regular unemployment compensation and might need reemployment assistance services, directed Secretary to provide technical assistance and advice to States in development of model profiling systems and procedures for such systems and to provide to each State, from funds available for this purpose, such funds as determined necessary, and directed Secretary to report to Congress on operation and effectiveness of profiling systems adopted by States along with continuation and legislative recommendations, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 103–152, § 4(e),Nov. 24, 1993, 107 Stat. 1518.
Treatment of Persian Gulf Crisis Reservists

Pub. L. 102–318, title I, § 104,July 3, 1992, 106 Stat. 293, provided that: “If—
“(1) an individual who was a member of a reserve component of the Armed Forces was called for active duty after August 2, 1990, and before March 1, 1991,
“(2) such individual was receiving regular compensation, extended compensation, or a trade readjustment allowance for the week in which he was so called,
“(3) such individual served on such active duty for at least 90 consecutive days, and
“(4) such individual was entitled to regular compensation on the basis of his services on such active duty, but the weekly benefit amount was less than the benefit amount he received for the week referred to in paragraph (2),
such individual’s weekly benefit amount under the Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1991 [see section 101(d) ofPub. L. 102–164, formerly set out below] for any week beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [July 3, 1992] shall be not less than the benefit amount he received for the week referred to in paragraph (2).”
Study and Report by Federal Advisory Council on Suspension of Eligibility Requirements for Unemployment Benefits

Pub. L. 102–318, title II, § 202(b)(2),July 3, 1992, 106 Stat. 297, directed Federal Advisory Council established under 42 U.S.C. 1108 to conduct a study of the provisions suspended by the amendment made by section 202(b)(1) ofPub. L. 102–318, enacting section 202(a)(7) ofPub. L. 91–373, set out below, and to submit, not later than Feb. 1, 1994, to Committee on Ways and Means of House of Representatives and Committee on Finance of Senate, a report of its recommendations on such suspended provisions.
Information Required With Respect to Taxation of Unemployment Benefits

Pub. L. 102–318, title III, § 301,July 3, 1992, 106 Stat. 297, provided that:
“(a) Information on Unemployment Benefits.—
“(1) General rule.—The State agency in each State shall provide to an individual filing a claim for compensation under the State unemployment compensation law a written explanation of the Federal and State income taxation of unemployment benefits and of the requirements to make payments of estimated Federal and State income taxes.
“(2) State agency.—For purposes of this subsection, the term ‘State agency’ has the meaning given such term by section 3306(e) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
“(b) Effective Date.—The amendment made by subsection (a) shall take effect on October 1, 1992.”
Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1991

Pub. L. 102–164, § 1, titles I, II, Nov. 15, 1991, 105 Stat. 1049, 1056, as amended by Pub. L. 102–182, § 3(a)(1)–(6), Dec. 4, 1991, 105 Stat. 1234; Pub. L. 102–244, §§ 1(a), (b), 2,Feb. 7, 1992, 106 Stat. 3, 4; Pub. L. 102–318, title I, §§ 101(a)–(d), 102(a), 103(a), 107, July 3, 1992, 106 Stat. 290–293, 295; Pub. L. 103–6, § 2(a)–(c), Mar. 4, 1993, 107 Stat. 33; Pub. L. 103–152, §§ 2(a)–(d), 3(a), Nov. 24, 1993, 107 Stat. 1516, 1517, known as the “Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1991”, established an emergency unemployment compensation program for individuals eligible during the period of Nov. 17, 1991, to Feb. 5, 1994, and directed the Secretary of Labor to carry out a job search assistance demonstration program with a final report to Congress on the effectiveness of the demonstration program due not later than 5 years after the commencement of the program.
Determination of Amount of Federal Share With Respect to Certain Extended Benefits Payments

Pub. L. 100–203, title IX, § 9151,Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–322, provided that: “For the purpose of determining the amount of the Federal payment to any State under section 204(a)(1) of the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [Pub. L. 91–373, set out below] with respect to the implementation of paragraph (3) of section 202(a) of such Act [section 202(a) ofPub. L. 91–373, set out below] (as added by section 1024(a) of the Omnibus Reconciliation Act of 1980 [Pub. L. 96–499]), such paragraph shall be considered to apply only with respect to weeks of unemployment beginning after October 31, 1981, except that for any State in which the State legislature did not meet in 1981, it shall be considered to apply for such purpose only with respect to weeks of unemployment beginning after October 31, 1982.”
Demonstration Program To Provide Self-Employment Allowances for Eligible Individuals

Pub. L. 100–203, title IX, § 9152,Dec. 22, 1987, 101 Stat. 1330–322, as amended by Pub. L. 100–647, title VIII, § 8301,Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3798, provided that:
“(a) In General.—The Secretary of Labor (hereinafter in this section referred to as the ‘Secretary’) shall carry out a demonstration program under this section for the purpose of making available self-employment allowances to eligible individuals. To carry out such program, the Secretary shall enter into agreements with three States that—
“(1) apply to participate in such program, and
“(2) demonstrate to the Secretary that they are capable of implementing the provisions of the agreement.
“(b) Selection of States.—(1) In determining whether to enter into an agreement with a State under this section, the Secretary shall take into consideration at least—
“(A) the availability and quality of technical assistance currently provided by agencies of the State to the self-employed;
“(B) existing local market conditions and the business climate for new, small business enterprises in the State;
“(C) the adequacy of State resources to carry out a regular unemployment compensation program and a program under this section;
“(D) the range and extent of specialized services to be provided by the State to individuals covered by such an agreement;
“(E) the design of the evaluation to be applied by the State to the program; and
“(F) the standards which are to be utilized by the State for the purpose of assuring that individuals who will receive self-employment assistance under this section will have sufficient experience (or training) and ability to be self employed.
“(2) The Secretary may not enter into an agreement with any State under this section unless the Secretary makes a determination that the State’s unemployment compensation program has adequate reserves.
“(c) Provisions of Agreements.—Any agreement entered into with a State under this section shall provide that—
“(1) each individual who is an eligible individual with respect to any benefit year beginning during the three-year period commencing on the date on which such agreement is entered into shall receive a self-employment allowance;
“(2) self-employment allowances made to any individual under this section shall be made in the same amount, on the same terms, and subject to the same conditions as regular or extended unemployment compensation, as the case may be, paid by such State; except that—
“(A) State and Federal requirements relating to availability for work, active search for work, or refusal to accept suitable work shall not apply to such individual; and
“(B) such individual shall be considered to be unemployed for purposes of the State and Federal laws applicable to unemployment compensation, as long as the individual meets the requirements applicable under this section to such individual;
“(3) to the extent that such allowances are made to an individual under this section, an amount equal to the amount of such allowances shall be charged against the amount that may be paid to such individual under State law for regular or extended unemployment compensation, as the case may be;
“(4) the total amount paid to an individual with respect to any benefit year under this section may not exceed the total amount that could be paid to such individual for regular or extended unemployment compensation, as the case may be, with respect to such benefit year under State law;
“(5) the State shall implement a program that—
“(A) is approved by the Secretary;
“(B) will not result in any cost to the Unemployment Trust Fund established by section 904(a) of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1104 (a)] in excess of the cost which would have been incurred by such State and charged to such Fund if the State had not participated in the demonstration program under this section;
“(C) is designed to select and assist individuals for self-employment allowances, monitor the individual’s self-employment, and provide, as described in subsection (d), to the Secretary a complete evaluation of the use of such allowances; and
“(D) otherwise meets the requirements of this section; and
“(6) the State, from its general revenue funds, shall—
“(A) repay to the Unemployment Trust Fund any cost incurred by the State and charged to the Fund which exceeds the cost which would have been incurred by such State and charged to such Fund if the State had not participated in the demonstration program under this section; and
“(B) in any case in which any excess cost described in subparagraph (A) is not repaid in the fiscal year in which it was charged to the Fund, pay to the Fund an amount of interest, on the outstanding balance of such excess cost, which is sufficient (when combined with any repayment by the State described in subparagraph (A)) to reimburse the Fund for any loss which would not have been incurred if such excess cost had not been incurred.
“(d) Evaluation.—(1) Each State that enters into an agreement under this section shall carry out an evaluation of its activities under this section. Such evaluation shall be based on an experimental design with random assignment between a treatment group and a control group with not more than one-half of the individuals receiving assistance at any one time being assigned to the treatment group.
“(2) The Secretary shall use the data provided from such evaluation to analyze the benefits and the costs of the program carried out under this section, to formulate the reports under subsection (g), and to estimate any excess costs described in subsection (c)(6)(A).
“(e) Financing.—(1) Notwithstanding section 303(a)(5) of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 503 (a)(5)] and section 3304(a)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, amounts in the unemployment fund of a State may be used by a State to make payments (exclusive of expenses of administration) for self-employment allowances made under this section to an individual who is receiving them in lieu of regular unemployment compensation.
“(2) In any case in which a self-employment allowance is made under this section to an individual in lieu of extended unemployment compensation under the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [title II of Pub. L. 91–373, set out below], payments made under this section for self-employment allowances shall be considered to be compensation described in section 204(a)(1) of such Act and paid under State law.
“(f) Limitation.—No funds made available to a State under title III of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 501 et seq.] or any other Federal law may be used for the purpose of administering the program carried out by such State under this section.
“(g) Report to Congress.—(1) Not later than three years after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 22, 1987], the Secretary shall submit an interim report to the Congress on the effectiveness of the demonstration program carried out under this section. Such report shall include—
“(A) information on the extent to which this section has been utilized;
“(B) an analysis of any barriers to such utilization; and
“(C) an analysis of the feasibility of extending the provisions of this section to individuals not covered by State unemployment compensation laws.
“(2) Not later than six years after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 22, 1987], the Secretary shall submit a final report to the Congress on such program.
“(h) Fraud and Overpayments.—(1) If an individual knowingly has made, or caused to be made by another, a false statement or representation of a material fact, or knowingly has failed, or caused another to fail, to disclose a material fact, and as a result of such false statement or representation or of such nondisclosure such individual has received payment under this section to which he was not entitled, such individual shall be—
“(A) ineligible for further assistance under this section; and
“(B) subject to prosecution under section 1001 of title 18, United States Code.
“(2)(A) If any person received any payment under this section to which such person was not entitled, the State is authorized to require such person to repay such assistance; except that the State agency may waive such repayment if it determines that—
“(i) the providing of such assistance or making of such payment was without fault on the part of such person; and
“(ii) such repayment would be contrary to equity and good conscience.
“(B) No repayment shall be required under subparagraph (A) until a determination has been made, notice thereof and an opportunity for a fair hearing has been given to the person, and the determination has become final. Any determination under such subparagraph shall be subject to review in the same manner and to the same extent as determinations under the State unemployment compensation law, and only in that manner and to that extent.
“(i) Definitions.—For purposes of this section—
“(1) the term ‘eligible individual’ means, with respect to any benefit year, an individual who—
“(A) is eligible to receive regular or extended compensation under the State law during such benefit year;
“(B) is likely to receive unemployment compensation for the maximum number of weeks that such compensation is made available under the State law during such benefit year;
“(C) submits an application to the State agency for a self-employment allowance under this section; and
“(D) meets applicable State requirements,
except that not more than (i) 3 percent of the number of individuals eligible to receive regular compensation in a State at the beginning of a fiscal year, or (ii) the number of persons who exhausted their unemployment compensation benefits in the fiscal year ending before such fiscal year, whichever is lesser, may be considered as eligible individuals for such State for purposes of this section during such fiscal year;
“(2) the term ‘self-employment allowance’ means compensation paid under this section for the purpose of assisting an eligible individual with such individual’s self-employment; and
“(3) the terms ‘compensation’, ‘extended compensation’, ‘regular compensation’, ‘benefit year’, ‘State’, and ‘State law’, have the respective meanings given to such terms by section 205 of the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [Pub. L. 91–373, set out below].”
Supplemental Unemployment Compensation for Certain Individuals

Pub. L. 99–272, title XII, § 12402,Apr. 7, 1986, 100 Stat. 298, provided that:
“(a) In General.—If—
“(1) an individual was receiving Federal supplemental compensation for the week which includes March 31, 1985, or a series of consecutive weeks which began with such week, and
“(2) such individual did not meet the consecutive-week eligibility requirements of the Federal Supplemental Compensation Act of 1982 [subtitle A (§§ 601–606) of title VI of Pub. L. 97–248, set out below] during any period of 1 or more subsequent weeks by reason of performing temporary disaster services described in subsection (e),
weeks in such period shall be disregarded for purposes of the consecutive-week requirement of section 602(f)(2)(B) of such Act [section 602(f)(2)(B) ofPub. L. 97–248, set out below], and, notwithstanding the requirements of State law relating to the availability for work, the active search for work, or the refusal to accept work, such individual shall be entitled to payment of Federal supplemental compensation for each week of unemployment which is described in subsection (b) and for which a certification of unemployment is made by such individual in accordance with subsection (c).
“(b) Weeks for Which Payment Shall Be Made.—A week of unemployment for which payment shall be made under subsection (a) is a week which occurred during the period which commences with the first week beginning after the close of the period described in subsection (a)(2) and ends with the beginning of the first week in which the individual was employed after the close of such period.
“(c) Certification.—The certification of unemployment referred to in subsection (a) shall be a certification—
“(1) that is made on a form provided by the State agency concerned and signed by the individual; and
“(2) that identifies the weeks of unemployment for which the individual is making the certification.
“(d) Limitation on Amount of Payment.—In no case may the total amount paid to an individual under subsection (a) exceed the amount remaining in the account established for such individual under section 602(e) of the Federal Supplemental Compensation Act of 1982 [section 602(e) ofPub. L. 97–248, set out below] after payments were made from such account for weeks of unemployment beginning before the period described in subsection (a)(2).
“(e) Definition.—For purposes of subsection (a), the term ‘temporary disaster services’ means services performed as a member of the National Guard after being called up by the Governor of a State to perform services related to a major disaster that was declared on June 3, 1985, by the President of the United States under the Disaster Relief Act of 1974 [42 U.S.C. 5121 et seq.].
“(f) Modification of Agreement.—(1) The Secretary of Labor shall, at the earliest possible date after the date of the enactment of this Act [Apr. 7, 1986], propose to any State concerned a modification of the agreement that the Secretary has with such State under section 602 of the Federal Supplemental Compensation Act of 1982 [section 602 ofPub. L. 97–248, set out below] in order to carry out this section.
“(2) Pending modification of the agreement, the State may make payment in accordance with the provisions of this section and shall be reimbursed in accordance with the provisions of section 604(a) of the Federal Supplemental Compensation Act of 1982 [section 604(a) ofPub. L. 97–248, set out below]. For purposes of carrying out this paragraph, the term ‘this subtitle’ in such section 604(a) shall include this section.
“(g) Effective Date.—The provisions of this section shall apply to weeks beginning after March 31, 1985.”
Amortization Payments for States With Independent Retirement Plans From Funds for Increased Costs of Administration of Unemployment Compensation Laws; Changes in State Laws; Increased Claims; Salary Costs

Pub. L. 99–88, title I, § 100,Aug. 15, 1985, 99 Stat. 344, provided that: “Whenever funds are made available, now or hereafter, in this or any other Act for the administration of unemployment compensation laws to meet increased costs of administration resulting from changes in a State law or increases in the number of unemployment insurance claims filed and claims paid or increased salary costs resulting from changes in State salary compensation plans embracing employees of the State generally over those upon which the State’s basic allocation was based, which cannot be provided for by normal budgetary adjustment, amortization payments for States which had independent retirement plans prior to 1980 in their State Employment Security Agencies and States agencies administering the State’s unemployment compensation law may be paid from such funds.”
Arrangements To Prevent Payments of Unemployment Compensation to Retirees and Prisoners

Pub. L. 98–135, title II, § 206,Oct. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 861, provided that:
“(a) The Secretary of Labor, the Director of the Office of Personnel Management, and the Attorney General are directed to enter into arrangements to make available to the States, computer or other data regarding current and retired Federal employees and Federal prisoners so that States may review the eligibility of these individuals for unemployment compensation, and take action where appropriate.
“(b) The Secretary of Labor shall report to the Congress, prior to January 31, 1984, on arrangements which have been entered into under subsection (a), and any arrangements which could be entered into with other appropriate State agencies, for the purpose of ensuring that unemployment compensation is not paid to retired individuals or prisoners in violation of law. The report shall include any recommendations for further legislation which might be necessary to aid in preventing such payments.”
Short-Time Compensation

Pub. L. 112–96, title II, §§ 2162–2165,Feb. 22, 2012, 126 Stat. 173–178, provided that:
“SEC. 2162. TEMPORARY FINANCING OF SHORT-TIME COMPENSATION PAYMENTS IN STATES WITH PROGRAMS IN LAW.
“(a) Payments to States.—
“(1) In general.—Subject to paragraph (3), there shall be paid to a State an amount equal to 100 percent of the amount of short-time compensation paid under a short-time compensation program (as defined in section 3306(v) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as added by section 2161(a)) under the provisions of the State law.
“(2) Terms of payments.—Payments made to a State under paragraph (1) shall be payable by way of reimbursement in such amounts as the Secretary estimates the State will be entitled to receive under this section for each calendar month, reduced or increased, as the case may be, by any amount by which the Secretary finds that the Secretary’s estimates for any prior calendar month were greater or less than the amounts which should have been paid to the State. Such estimates may be made on the basis of such statistical, sampling, or other method as may be agreed upon by the Secretary and the State agency of the State involved.
“(3) Limitations on payments.—
“(A) General payment limitations.—No payments shall be made to a State under this section for short-time compensation paid to an individual by the State during a benefit year in excess of 26 times the amount of regular compensation (including dependents’ allowances) under the State law payable to such individual for a week of total unemployment.
“(B) Employer limitations.—No payments shall be made to a State under this section for benefits paid to an individual by the State under a short-time compensation program if such individual is employed by the participating employer on a seasonal, temporary, or intermittent basis.
“(b) Applicability.—
“(1) In general.—Payments to a State under subsection (a) shall be available for weeks of unemployment—
“(A) beginning on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 22, 2012]; and
“(B) ending on or before the date that is 3 years and 6 months after the date of the enactment of this Act.
“(2) Three-year funding limitation for combined payments under this section and section 2163.—States may receive payments under this section and section 2163 with respect to a total of not more than 156 weeks.
“(c) Two-Year Transition Period for Existing Programs.—During any period that the transition provision under section 2161(a)(3) [of Pub. L. 112–96, set out as a note under section 3306 of this title] is applicable to a State with respect to a short-time compensation program, such State shall be eligible for payments under this section. Subject to paragraphs (1)(B) and (2) of subsection (b), if at any point after the date of the enactment of this Act the State enacts a State law providing for the payment of short-time compensation under a short-time compensation program that meets the definition of such a program under section 3306(v) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as added by section 2161(a), the State shall be eligible for payments under this section after the effective date of such enactment.
“(d) Funding and Certifications.—
“(1) Funding.—There are appropriated, out of moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such sums as may be necessary for purposes of carrying out this section.
“(2) Certifications.—The Secretary shall from time to time certify to the Secretary of the Treasury for payment to each State the sums payable to such State under this section.
“(e) Definitions.—In this section:
“(1) Secretary.—The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of Labor.
“(2) State; state agency; state law.—The terms ‘State’, ‘State agency’, and ‘State law’ have the meanings given those terms in section 205 of the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [Pub. L. 91–373] (26 U.S.C. 3304 note).
“SEC. 2163. TEMPORARY FINANCING OF SHORT-TIME COMPENSATION AGREEMENTS.
“(a) Federal-State Agreements.—
“(1) In general.—Any State which desires to do so may enter into, and participate in, an agreement under this section with the Secretary provided that such State’s law does not provide for the payment of short-time compensation under a short-time compensation program (as defined in section 3306(v) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as added by section 2161(a)).
“(2) Ability to terminate.—Any State which is a party to an agreement under this section may, upon providing 30 days’ written notice to the Secretary, terminate such agreement.
“(b) Provisions of Federal-State Agreement.—
“(1) In general.—Any agreement under this section shall provide that the State agency of the State will make payments of short-time compensation under a plan approved by the State. Such plan shall provide that payments are made in accordance with the requirements under section 3306(v) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as added by section 2161(a).
“(2) Limitations on plans.—
“(A) General payment limitations.—A short-time compensation plan approved by a State shall not permit the payment of short-time compensation to an individual by the State during a benefit year in excess of 26 times the amount of regular compensation (including dependents’ allowances) under the State law payable to such individual for a week of total unemployment.
“(B) Employer limitations.—A short-time compensation plan approved by a State shall not provide payments to an individual if such individual is employed by the participating employer on a seasonal, temporary, or intermittent basis.
“(3) Employer payment of costs.—Any short-time compensation plan entered into by an employer must provide that the employer will pay the State an amount equal to one-half of the amount of short-time compensation paid under such plan. Such amount shall be deposited in the State’s unemployment fund and shall not be used for purposes of calculating an employer’s contribution rate under section 3303(a)(1) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
“(c) Payments to States.—
“(1) In general.—There shall be paid to each State with an agreement under this section an amount equal to—
“(A) one-half of the amount of short-time compensation paid to individuals by the State pursuant to such agreement; and
“(B) any additional administrative expenses incurred by the State by reason of such agreement (as determined by the Secretary).
“(2) Terms of payments.—Payments made to a State under paragraph (1) shall be payable by way of reimbursement in such amounts as the Secretary estimates the State will be entitled to receive under this section for each calendar month, reduced or increased, as the case may be, by any amount by which the Secretary finds that the Secretary’s estimates for any prior calendar month were greater or less than the amounts which should have been paid to the State. Such estimates may be made on the basis of such statistical, sampling, or other method as may be agreed upon by the Secretary and the State agency of the State involved.
“(3) Funding.—There are appropriated, out of moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, such sums as may be necessary for purposes of carrying out this section.
“(4) Certifications.—The Secretary shall from time to time certify to the Secretary of the Treasury for payment to each State the sums payable to such State under this section.
“(d) Applicability.—
“(1) In general.—An agreement entered into under this section shall apply to weeks of unemployment—
“(A) beginning on or after the date on which such agreement is entered into; and
“(B) ending on or before the date that is 2 years and 13 weeks after the date of the enactment of this Act [Feb. 22, 2012].
“(2) Two-year funding limitation.—States may receive payments under this section with respect to a total of not more than 104 weeks.
“(e) Special Rule.—If a State has entered into an agreement under this section and subsequently enacts a State law providing for the payment of short-time compensation under a short-time compensation program that meets the definition of such a program under section 3306(v) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as added by section 2161(a), the State—
“(1) shall not be eligible for payments under this section for weeks of unemployment beginning after the effective date of such State law; and
“(2) subject to paragraphs (1)(B) and (2) of section 2162(b), shall be eligible to receive payments under section 2162 after the effective date of such State law.
“(f) Definitions.—In this section:
“(1) Secretary.—The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of Labor.
“(2) State; state agency; state law.—The terms ‘State’, ‘State agency’, and ‘State law’ have the meanings given those terms in section 205 of the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [Pub. L. 91–373] (26 U.S.C. 3304 note).
“SEC. 2164. GRANTS FOR SHORT-TIME COMPENSATION PROGRAMS.
“(a) Grants.—
“(1) For implementation or improved administration.—The Secretary shall award grants to States that enact short-time compensation programs (as defined in subsection (i)(2)) for the purpose of implementation or improved administration of such programs.
“(2) For promotion and enrollment.—The Secretary shall award grants to States that are eligible and submit plans for a grant under paragraph (1) for such States to promote and enroll employers in short-time compensation programs (as so defined).
“(3) Eligibility.—
“(A) In general.—The Secretary shall determine eligibility criteria for the grants under paragraphs (1) and (2).
“(B) Clarification.—A State administering a short-time compensation program, including a program being administered by a State that is participating in the transition under the provisions of sections 301 (a)(3) and 302 (c) [probably means sections “2161(a)(3)” (26 U.S.C. 3306 note) and “2162(c)” of Pub. L. 112–96], that does not meet the definition of a short-time compensation program under section 3306(v) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (as added by 211(a) [probably means “section 2161(a)”]), and a State with an agreement under section 2163, shall not be eligible to receive a grant under this section until such time as the State law of the State provides for payments under a short-time compensation program that meets such definition and such law.
“(b) Amount of Grants.—
“(1) In general.—The maximum amount available for making grants to a State under paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be equal to the amount obtained by multiplying $100,000,000 (less the amount used by the Secretary under subsection (e)) by the same ratio as would apply under subsection (a)(2)(B) ofsection 903 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1103) for purposes of determining such State’s share of any excess amount (as described in subsection (a)(1) of such section) that would have been subject to transfer to State accounts, as of October 1, 2010, under the provisions of subsection (a) of such section.
“(2) Amount available for different grants.—Of the maximum incentive payment determined under paragraph (1) with respect to a State—
“(A) one-third shall be available for a grant under subsection (a)(1); and
“(B) two-thirds shall be available for a grant under subsection (a)(2).
“(c) Grant Application and Disbursal.—
“(1) Application.—Any State seeking a grant under paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (a) shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such manner, and complete with such information as the Secretary may require. In no case may the Secretary award a grant under this section with respect to an application that is submitted after December 31, 2014.
“(2) Notice.—The Secretary shall, within 30 days after receiving a complete application, notify the State agency of the State of the Secretary’s findings with respect to the requirements for a grant under paragraph (1) or (2) (or both) of subsection (a).
“(3) Certification.—If the Secretary finds that the State law provisions meet the requirements for a grant under subsection (a), the Secretary shall thereupon make a certification to that effect to the Secretary of the Treasury, together with a certification as to the amount of the grant payment to be transferred to the State account in the Unemployment Trust Fund (as established in section 904(a) of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 1104 (a))) pursuant to that finding. The Secretary of the Treasury shall make the appropriate transfer to the State account within 7 days after receiving such certification.
“(4) Requirement.—No certification of compliance with the requirements for a grant under paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (a) may be made with respect to any State whose—
“(A) State law is not otherwise eligible for certification under section 303 of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 503) or approvable under section 3304 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986; or
“(B) short-time compensation program is subject to discontinuation or is not scheduled to take effect within 12 months of the certification.
“(d) Use of Funds.—The amount of any grant awarded under this section shall be used for the implementation of short-time compensation programs and the overall administration of such programs and the promotion and enrollment efforts associated with such programs, such as through—
“(1) the creation or support of rapid response teams to advise employers about alternatives to layoffs;
“(2) the provision of education or assistance to employers to enable them to assess the feasibility of participating in short-time compensation programs; and
“(3) the development or enhancement of systems to automate—
“(A) the submission and approval of plans; and
“(B) the filing and approval of new and ongoing short-time compensation claims.
“(e) Administration.—The Secretary is authorized to use 0.25 percent of the funds available under subsection (g) to provide for outreach and to share best practices with respect to this section and short-time compensation programs.
“(f) Recoupment.—The Secretary shall establish a process under which the Secretary shall recoup the amount of any grant awarded under paragraph (1) or (2) of subsection (a) if the Secretary determines that, during the 5-year period beginning on the first date that any such grant is awarded to the State, the State—
“(1) terminated the State’s short-time compensation program; or
“(2) failed to meet appropriate requirements with respect to such program (as established by the Secretary).
“(g) Funding.—There are appropriated, out of moneys in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated, to the Secretary, $100,000,000 to carry out this section, to remain available without fiscal year limitation.
“(h) Reporting.—The Secretary may establish reporting requirements for States receiving a grant under this section in order to provide oversight of grant funds.
“(i) Definitions.—In this section:
“(1) Secretary.—The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of Labor.
“(2) Short-time compensation program.—The term ‘short-time compensation program’ has the meaning given such term in section 3306(v) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as added by section 2161(a).
“(3) State; state agency; state law.—The terms ‘State’, ‘State agency’, and ‘State law’ have the meanings given those terms in section 205 of the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970 [Pub. L. 91–373] (26 U.S.C. 3304 note).
“SEC. 2165. ASSISTANCE AND GUIDANCE IN IMPLEMENTING PROGRAMS.
“(a) In General.—In order to assist States in establishing, qualifying, and implementing short-time compensation programs (as defined in section 3306(v) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as added by section 2161(a)), the Secretary of Labor (in this section referred to as the ‘Secretary’) shall—
“(1) develop model legislative language which may be used by States in developing and enacting such programs and periodically review and revise such model legislative language;
“(2) provide technical assistance and guidance in developing, enacting, and implementing such programs;
“(3) establish reporting requirements for States, including reporting on—
“(A) the number of estimated averted layoffs;
“(B) the number of participating employers and workers; and
“(C) such other items as the Secretary of Labor determines are appropriate.
“(b) Model Language and Guidance.—The model language and guidance developed under subsection (a) shall allow sufficient flexibility by States and participating employers while ensuring accountability and program integrity.
“(c) Consultation.—In developing the model legislative language and guidance under subsection (a), and in order to meet the requirements of subsection (b), the Secretary shall consult with employers, labor organizations, State workforce agencies, and other program experts.”
Pub. L. 102–318, title IV, § 401(b)–(d), July 3, 1992, 106 Stat. 299, which related to assistance in implementing short-time compensation programs, was repealed by Pub. L. 112–96, title II, § 2161(b)(3),Feb. 22, 2012, 126 Stat. 172.
Pub. L. 97–248, title I, § 194,Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 409, provided that:
“(a) It is the purpose of this section to assist States which provide partial unemployment benefits to individuals whose workweeks are reduced pursuant to an employer plan under which such reductions are made in lieu of temporary layoffs.
“(b)(1) The Secretary of Labor (hereinafter in this section referred to as the ‘Secretary’) shall develop model legislative language which may be used by States in developing and enacting short-time compensation programs, and shall provide technical assistance to States to assist in developing, enacting, and implementing such short-time compensation program.
“(2) The Secretary shall conduct a study or studies for purposes of evaluating the operation, costs, effect on the State insured rate of unemployment, and other effects of State short-time compensation programs developed pursuant to this section.
“(3) This section shall be a three-year experimental provision, and the provisions of this section regarding guidelines shall terminate 3 years following the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 3, 1982].
“(4) States are encouraged to experiment in carrying out the purpose and intent of this section. However, to assure minimum uniformity, States are encouraged to consider requiring the provisions contained in subsections (c) and (d).
“(c) For purposes of this section, the term ‘short-time compensation program’ means a program under which—
“(1) individuals whose workweeks have been reduced pursuant to a qualified employer plan by at least 10 per centum will be eligible for unemployment compensation;
“(2) the amount of unemployment compensation payable to any such individual shall be a pro rata portion of the unemployment compensation which would be payable to the individual if the individual were totally unemployed;
“(3) eligible employees may be eligible for short-time compensation or regular unemployment compensation, as needed; except that no employee shall be eligible for more than the maximum entitlement during any benefit year to which he or she would have been entitled for total unemployment, and no employee shall be eligible for short-time compensation for more than twenty-six weeks in any twelve-month period; and
“(4) eligible employees will not be expected to meet the availability for work or work search test requirements while collecting short-time compensation benefits, but shall be available for their normal workweek.
“(d) For purposes of subsection (c), the term ‘qualified employer plan’ means a plan of an employer or of an employers’ association which association is party to a collective bargaining agreement (hereinafter referred to as ‘employers’ association’) under which there is a reduction in the number of hours worked by employees rather than temporary layoffs if—
“(1) the employer’s or employers’ association’s short-time compensation plan is approved by the State agency;
“(2) the employer or employers’ association certifies to the State agency that the aggregate reduction in work hours pursuant to such plan is in lieu of temporary layoffs which would have affected at least 10 per centum of the employees in the unit or units to which the plan would apply and which would have resulted in an equivalent reduction of work hours;
“(3) during the previous four months the work force in the affected unit or units has not been reduced by temporary layoffs of more than 10 per centum;
“(4) the employer continues to provide health benefits, and retirement benefits under defined benefit pension plans (as defined in section 3(35) of the Employee Requirement Income Security Act of 1974 [29 U.S.C. 1002 (35)], to employees whose workweek is reduced under such plan as though their workweek had not been reduced; and
“(5) in the case of employees represented by an exclusive bargaining representative, that representative has consented to the plan.
The State agency shall review at least annually any qualified employer plan put into effect to assure that it continues to meet the requirements of this subsection and of any applicable State law.
“(e) Short-time compensation shall be charged in a manner consistent with the State law.
“(f) For purposes of this section, the term ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands.
“(g)(1) The Secretary shall conduct a study or studies of State short-time compensation programs consulting with employee and employer representatives in developing criteria and guidelines to measure the following factors:
“(A) the impact of the program upon the unemployment trust fund, and a comparison with the estimated impact on the fund of layoffs which would have occurred but for the existence of the program;
“(B) the extent to which the program has protected and preserved the jobs of workers, with special emphasis on newly hired employees, minorities, and women;
“(C) the extent to which layoffs occur in the unit subsequent to initiation of the program and the impact of the program upon the entitlement to unemployment compensation of the employees;
“(D) where feasible, the effect of varying methods of administration;
“(E) the effect of short-time compensation on employers’ State unemployment tax rates, including both users and nonusers of short-time compensation, on a State-by-State basis;
“(F) the effect of various State laws and practices under those laws on the retirement and health benefits of employees who are on short-time compensation programs;
“(G) a comparison of costs and benefits to employees, employers, and communities from use of short-time compensation and layoffs;
“(H) the cost of administration of the short-time compensation program; and
“(I) such other factors as may be appropriate.
“(2) Not later than October 1, 1985, the Secretary shall submit to the Congress and to the President a final report on the implementation of this section. Such report shall contain an evaluation of short-time compensation programs and shall contain such recommendations as the Secretary deems advisable, including recommendations as to necessary changes in the Statistical practices of the Department of Labor.”
Federal Supplemental Compensation Act of 1982

Pub. L. 97–248, title VI, subtitle A (§§ 601–606), Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 702, as amended by Pub. L. 97–424, title V, § 544(a), (d),Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2196; Pub. L. 97–448, title III, § 310(a),Jan. 12, 1983, 96 Stat. 2411; Pub. L. 98–21, title V, §§ 501, 502, 504, 505,Apr. 20, 1983, 97 Stat. 141, 144; Pub. L. 98–92, § 1(a),Sept. 2, 1983, 97 Stat. 608; Pub. L. 98–118, § 1,Oct. 11, 1983, 97 Stat. 803; Pub. L. 98–135, title I, §§ 101, 102,Oct. 24, 1983, 97 Stat. 857; Pub. L. 99–15, § 1(a), (b),Apr. 4, 1985, 99 Stat. 37, known as the “Federal Supplemental Compensation Act of 1982”, authorized States to enter into and participate in an agreement with the Secretary of Labor providing for States to make payments of Federal supplemental compensation for weeks beginning before Apr. 1, 1985, to eligible individuals who had exhausted their rights or had no right to regular compensation under State law.
Modification of Agreements Under Federal Supplemental Compensation Act of 1982

Pub. L. 99–15, § 1(c),Apr. 4, 1985, 99 Stat. 37, provided that: “The Secretary of Labor shall, at the earliest practicable date after the date of the enactment of this Act [Apr. 4, 1985], propose to each State with which he has in effect an agreement under section 602 of the Federal Supplemental Compensation Act of 1982 [section 602 ofPub. L. 97–248, set out above] a modification of such agreement designed to provide for the payment of Federal supplemental compensation under such Act [subtitle A of title VI of Pub. L. 97–248, set out above] in accordance with the amendments made by this Act [amending the Federal Supplemental Compensation Act of 1982]. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if any State fails or refuses within the three-week period beginning on the date the Secretary of Labor proposes such modification to such State, to enter into such modification of such agreement, the Secretary of Labor shall terminate such agreement effective with the end of the last week which ends on or before the close of such three-week period. Pending modification (or termination) of the agreement, States may pay Federal supplemental compensation in accordance with the amendments made by this Act for weeks beginning after March 31, 1985, and shall be reimbursed in accordance with the provisions of the Federal Supplemental Compensation Act of 1982.”
Application of Federal Supplemental Compensation Act of 1982 With Respect to Weeks Beginning After March 31, 1983

Pub. L. 98–13, Mar. 29, 1983, 97 Stat. 54, provided: “That, with respect to weeks beginning after March 31, 1983, the Federal Supplemental Compensation Act of 1982 [subtitle A of title VI of Pub. L. 97–248, set out above] shall be applied as if the provisions contained in part A of title V of the conference report [H. Rept. No. 98–47] on the bill H.R. 1900 [part A (§§ 501–505) of title V of Pub. L. 98–21, Apr. 20, 1983, 97 Stat. 141–144, amending subtitle A of title VI of Pub. L. 97–248, set out above] were enacted into law on the date of the enactment of this Act [Mar. 29, 1983].”
Termination of Federal-State Supplemental Unemployment Compensation Agreements With States Failing To Renegotiate

Pub. L. 97–424, title V, § 544(c),Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2197, provided that: “The Secretary of Labor shall, at the earliest practicable date after the date of the enactment of this Act [Jan. 6, 1983], propose to each State with which he has in effect an agreement under section 602 of the Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982 [section 602 ofPub. L. 97–248, set out above] a modification of such agreement designed to provide for the payment of Federal supplemental compensation under such Act [sections 601 to 606 ofPub. L. 97–248, set out above] in accordance with the amendments made by this Act [amending section 602(e) ofPub. L. 97–248, set out above]. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if any State fails or refuses, within the three-week period beginning on the date the Secretary of Labor proposes such a modification to such State, to enter into such a modification of such agreement, the Secretary of Labor shall terminate such agreement effective with the end of the last week which ends on or before such three-week period.”
Certification of State Unemployment Laws; Effective Dates

Pub. L. 97–35, title XXIV, § 2408(b),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 880, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, § 2,Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that:
“(1) Except as otherwise provided in paragraph (2)—
“(A) The amendments made by sections 2401 and 2402 [amending Pub. L. 91–373, set out below] shall be required to be included in State unemployment compensation laws for purposes of certifications under section 3304(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] on October 31 of any taxable year after 1980; and
“(B) the amendments made by sections 2403 and 2404 [amending Pub. L. 91–373, set out below] shall be required to be included in such laws for purposes of such certifications on October 31 of any taxable year after 1981.
“(2)(A) In the case of any State the legislature of which—
“(i) does not meet in a session which begins after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 13, 1981] and prior to September 1, 1981, and
“(ii) if in session on the date of the enactment of this Act, does not remain in session for a period of at least 25 calendar days,
the date ‘1980’ in paragraph (1)(A) shall be deemed to be ‘1981’.
“(B) In the case of any State the legislature of which—
“(i) does not meet in a session which begins after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 13, 1981] and prior to September 1, 1982, and
“(ii) if in session on the date of the enactment of this Act, does not remain in session for a period of at least 25 calendar days,
the date ‘1981’ in paragraph (1)(B) shall be deemed to be ‘1982’.”
Pub. L. 96–499, title X, § 1025,Dec. 5, 1980, 94 Stat. 2660, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, § 2,Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that: “On October 31 of any taxable year after 1980, the Secretary of Labor shall not certify any State, as provided in section 3304(c) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954], which, after reasonable notice and opportunity for a hearing to the State agency, the Secretary of Labor finds has failed to amend its law so that it contains each of the provisions required by reason of the enactment of the preceding provisions of this subtitle [subtitle C of title X of Pub. L. 96–499, Dec. 5, 1980, 94 Stat. 2656, which enacted section 8509 of Title 5, Government Organization and Employees, and section 1109 of Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, enacted provisions set out as notes under this section and section 8509 of Title 5, and amended provisions set out as notes under this section] to be included therein, or has with respect to the 12-month period ending on such October 31, failed to comply substantially with any such provision.”
Transfer of Funds to Federal Unemployment Trust Fund as Prerequisite to Approval of Virgin Islands Unemployment Compensation Law

Pub. L. 94–566, title I, § 116(g),Oct. 20, 1976, 90 Stat. 2673, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, § 2,Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that: “The Secretary of Labor shall not approve an unemployment compensation law of the Virgin Islands under section 3304(a) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] until the Governor of the Virgin Islands has approved the transfer to the Federal Unemployment Trust Fund established by section 904 of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1104] of an amount equal to the dollar balance credited to the unemployment subfund of the Virgin Islands established under section 310 of title 24 of the Virgin Islands Code.”
Federal Reimbursement for Benefits Paid to Newly Covered Workers During Transition Period

Pub. L. 94–566, title I, § 121,Oct. 20, 1976, 90 Stat. 2673, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, § 2,Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided for payment of compensation for any week of unemployment beginning on or after Jan. 1, 1978, for services not covered by State unemployment compensation law during 1-year period ending Dec. 31, 1975, with the Secretary of Labor to pay to the unemployment fund of such State an amount equal to the Federal reimbursement.
Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1974

Pub. L. 93–572, §§ 101–105,Dec. 31, 1974, 88 Stat. 1869–1872, as amended by Pub. L. 94–12, title VII, § 701(a),Mar. 29, 1975, 89 Stat. 65; Pub. L. 94–45, title I, §§ 101(a)–(f), 102(a), 103(a), 106, June 30, 1975, 89 Stat. 236–239; Pub. L. 94–566, title I, § 116(d)(3),Oct. 20, 1976, 90 Stat. 2672; Pub. L. 95–19, title I, §§ 101(a), 102 (a)–(c), 103(a), 104(a), 105(a), 107(a), Apr. 12, 1977, 91 Stat. 39–42; Pub. L. 99–514, § 2,Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, known as the “Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1974”, provided that, for weeks ending before Jan. 31, 1978, qualified States could enter into agreements with the Secretary of Labor for the payment of emergency unemployment compensation to eligible individuals who had exhausted their rights to regular compensation under State law.
Modification of Agreements With States To Reflect Amendments Under Emergency Unemployment Compensation Extension Act of 1977

Pub. L. 95–19, title I, § 106,Apr. 12, 1977, 91 Stat. 42, provided that: “The Secretary of Labor shall, at the earliest practicable date after the date of the enactment of this Act [Apr. 12, 1977], propose to each State with which he has in effect an agreement under section 102 of the Emergency Compensation Act of 1974 [Pub. L. 93–572, set out above] a modification of such agreement designed to provide for the payment of emergency compensation under such Act in accordance with the amendments made by this title [enacting sections 102(h) and 105(b) of the Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1974, amending sections 102(b)(2), (c)(3)(A)(ii), (e), (f)(2), 104(b), and 105(a) of that Act, and enacting provisions set out as notes under this section]. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if any State fails or refuses, within the 3-week period beginning on the date the Secretary of Labor proposes such a modification of such State, to enter into such a modification of such agreement, the Secretary of Labor shall terminate such agreement effective with the end of the last week which ends on or before the last day of such 3-week period.”
Modification of Agreements With States To Reflect Amendments Under Unemployment Compensation Amendments of 1976

Pub. L. 94–566, title VI, § 604,Oct. 20, 1976, 90 Stat. 2691, provided that: “The Secretary of Labor shall, at the earliest practicable date after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 20, 1976], propose to each State with which he has in effect an agreement under section 202 of the Emergency Jobs and Unemployment Assistance Act of 1974 [Pub. L. 93–567, title II, § 202, set out below] a modification of such agreement designed to provide for the payment of special unemployment assistance under such Act in accordance with the amendments made by sections 601, 602, and 603 of this title [set out as a Special Unemployment Assistance Programs note below]. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if any State fails or refuses, within the three-week period beginning on the date the Secretary of Labor proposes such a modification to such State, to enter into such a modification of such agreement, the Secretary of Labor shall terminate such agreement effective with the end of the last week which ends on or before the last day of such three-week period.”
Agreements Under Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1974 To Be Modified To Reflect Amendment of the Act by Emergency Compensation and Special Unemployment Assistance Extension Act of 1975

Pub. L. 94–45, title I, § 105,June 30, 1975, 89 Stat. 239, provided that: “The Secretary of Labor shall, at the earliest practicable date after the date of the enactment of this Act [June 30, 1975], propose to each State with which he has in effect an agreement under section 102 of the Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1974 [Pub. L. 93–567, set out below] a modification of such agreement designed to provide for the payment of the emergency compensation benefits allowable under such Act by reason of the amendments made by this part [part A (§§ 101–106) of title I of Pub. L. 94–45, enacting and amending provisions set out as notes under this section]. Notwithstanding any provision of the Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1974, if any State fails or refuses, within the three-week period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act, to enter into such a modification of such agreement, the Secretary of Labor shall terminate such agreement.”
Agreements Under Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1974 To Be Modified To Reflect Amendment of the Act by Tax Reduction Act of 1975

Pub. L. 94–12, title VII, § 701(b),Mar. 29, 1975, 89 Stat. 66, provided that: “The Secretary of Labor shall, at the earliest practicable date after the enactment of this Act [Mar. 29, 1975], propose to each State with which he has in effect an agreement entered into pursuant to section 102 of the Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1974 [Pub. L. 93–572, set out above] a modification of such agreement designed to cause payments of emergency compensation thereunder to be made in the manner prescribed by such Act, as amended by subsection (a) of this section [amending section 102(e) of the Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1974]. Notwithstanding any provision of the Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1974, if any such State shall fail or refuse, within a reasonable time after the date of the enactment of this Act, to enter into such a modification of such agreement, the Secretary of Labor shall terminate such agreement.”
National Commission on Unemployment Compensation

Pub. L. 94–566, title IV, § 411,Oct. 20, 1976, 90 Stat. 2681, as amended by Pub. L. 95–19, title III, § 303,Apr. 12, 1977, 91 Stat. 45; Pub. L. 96–84, §§ 1(a), (b), 2, 3 (a),Oct. 10, 1979, 93 Stat. 653, 654, related to establishment, membership, powers, duties, etc., of the National Commission on Unemployment Compensation, and required a final report not later than July 1, 1980, respecting findings, conclusions, and recommendations, with termination of the Commission on the ninetieth day after the date of submission of the final report to the President.
Special Unemployment Assistance Programs

Pub. L. 93–567, title II, §§ 201–224,Dec. 31, 1974, 88 Stat. 1850–1853, as amended by Pub. L. 94–45, title II, §§ 201–203,June 30, 1975, 89 Stat. 240–242; Pub. L. 94–444, § 6(a), (b),Oct. 1, 1976, 90 Stat. 1481; Pub. L. 94–566, title VI, §§ 601(a), 602(a)–(d), 603(a), Oct. 20, 1976, 90 Stat. 2689–2691; Pub. L. 96–499, title X, § 1021,Dec. 5, 1980, 94 Stat. 2656; Pub. L. 99–514, § 2,Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095; Pub. L. 105–277, div. A, § 101(f) [title VIII, § 405(d)(21), (f)(15)], Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681–337, 2681–422, 2681–431, established, with respect to weeks of unemployment ending before June 30, 1978, temporary Federal program of special unemployment assistance for workers who were unemployed during period of aggravated unemployment and who were not otherwise eligible for unemployment allowances under any other law, and provided for Federal reimbursement for unemployment benefits paid on basis of public service employment for services performed in weeks before Dec. 5, 1980.
Agreements Under Special Unemployment Assistance Program To Be Modified To Reflect Amendment of Program by Emergency Compensation and Special Unemployment Assistance Extension Act of 1975

Pub. L. 94–45, title II, § 204(a),June 30, 1975, 89 Stat. 242, provided that: “The Secretary of Labor shall, at the earliest practicable date after the date of the enactment of this Act [June 30, 1975], propose to each State with which he has in effect an agreement under section 202 of the Emergency Jobs and Unemployment Assistance Act of 1974 [Pub. L. 93–567, title II, set out above] a modification of such agreement designed to provide for the payment of the special unemployment assistance allowable under such Act by reason of the amendments made by section 201 [amending sections 206 and 208 of the Emergency Jobs and Unemployment Assistance Act of 1974]. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, if any State fails or refuses, within the three-week period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act [June 30, 1975], to enter into such a modification of any such agreement, the Secretary of Labor shall terminate such agreement.”
Special Unemployment Assistance Programs; Individuals Performing Services for Educational Institutions or Agencies

Pub. L. 94–32, title I, § 101,June 12, 1975, 89 Stat. 178, provided in part that: “Funds appropriated by this Act [Second Supplemental Appropriations Act, 1975], or any other Act, for the payments of special unemployment assistance under title II of the Emergency Jobs and Unemployment Assistance Act of 1974 [Pub. L. 93–567, title II, set out above] shall not be used for making such payments of assistance or waiting period credit, beginning after the date of enactment of this Act [June 12, 1975], to any individual who performs services in an instructional, research, or principal administrative capacity for an educational institution or agency with respect to any week commencing during the period between two successive academic years (or, when the contract provides instead for a similar period between two regular but not successive terms, during such similar period) if—
“(1) such individual performed services in any such capacity for any educational institution or agency for the first of such academic years or terms; and
“(2) such individual has a contract to perform services in any such capacity for any educational institution or agency for the latter of such academic years or terms.”
Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1971

Pub. L. 92–224, title II, §§ 201–206,Dec. 29, 1971, 85 Stat. 811–814, as amended by Pub. L. 92–329, §§ 1, 2 (e),June 30, 1972, 86 Stat. 398; Pub. L. 93–368, § 4(a),Aug. 7, 1974, 88 Stat. 420; Pub. L. 99–514, § 2,Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, known as the “Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1971”, provided that, for weeks ending before Mar. 31, 1973, qualified States could enter into agreements with the Secretary of Labor for the payment of emergency unemployment compensation to eligible individuals who had exhausted their rights to regular compensation under State law.
Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970

Pub. L. 91–373, title II, Aug. 10, 1970, 84 Stat. 708, as amended by Pub. L. 92–599, title V, § 501,Oct. 27, 1972, 86 Stat. 1326; Pub. L. 93–53, § 5,July 1, 1973, 87 Stat. 137; Pub. L. 93–233, § 20,Dec. 31, 1973, 87 Stat. 974; Pub. L. 93–256, § 2,Mar. 28, 1974, 88 Stat. 53; Pub. L. 93–329, § 2,June 30, 1974, 88 Stat. 288; Pub. L. 93–368, § 3,Aug. 7, 1974, 88 Stat. 420; Pub. L. 93–572, §§ 106–108,Dec. 31, 1974, 88 Stat. 1872; Pub. L. 94–45, title I, § 102(b),June 30, 1975, 89 Stat. 238; Pub. L. 94–566, title I, § 116(d)(1), (2), title II, § 212(a), title III, § 311(a), (b),Oct. 20, 1976, 90 Stat. 2672, 2677, 2678; Pub. L. 96–364, title IV, § 416(a),Sept. 26, 1980, 94 Stat. 1310; Pub. L. 96–499, title X, §§ 1022(a), 1024 (a),Dec. 5, 1980, 94 Stat. 2656, 2658; Pub. L. 97–35, title XXIV, §§ 2401(a), (b), 2402(a), 2403(a), 2404(a), (b), title XXV, § 2505(b),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 874, 875, 876, 884; Pub. L. 97–248, title I, § 191(a),Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 407; Pub. L. 97–258, § 5(b),Sept. 13, 1982, 96 Stat. 1068, 1081; Pub. L. 98–21, title V, § 522(a),Apr. 20, 1983, 97 Stat. 148; Pub. L. 99–514, § 2,Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095; Pub. L. 102–318, title II, §§ 201, 202(a)(1), (b)(1),July 3, 1992, 106 Stat. 295, 296; Pub. L. 108–271, § 8(b),July 7, 2004, 118 Stat. 814; Pub. L. 111–312, title V, § 502,Dec. 17, 2010, 124 Stat. 3307; Pub. L. 112–78, title II, § 201(a)(4),Dec. 23, 2011, 125 Stat. 1282; Pub. L. 112–96, title II, §§ 2123(c), 2181(a),Feb. 22, 2012, 126 Stat. 167, 179; Pub. L. 112–240, title V, § 502(c),Jan. 2, 2013, 126 Stat. 2344, provided:
“Sec. 201. [Short Title] This title may be cited as the ‘Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970’.
“Sec. 202. [Payment of Extended Compensation]
“(a) [State Law Requirements] (1) For purposes of section 3304(a)(11) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954], a State law shall provide the payment of extended compensation shall be made, for any week of unemployment which begins in the individual’s eligibility period, to individuals who have exhausted all rights to regular compensation under the State law and who have no rights to regular compensation with respect to such week under such law or any other State unemployment compensation law or to compensation under any other Federal law and are not receiving compensation with respect to such week under the unemployment compensation law of Canada. For purposes of the preceding sentence, an individual shall have exhausted his rights to regular compensation under a State law (A) when no payments of regular compensation can be made under such law because such individual has received all regular compensation available to him based on employment or wages during his base period, or (B) when his rights to such compensation have terminated by reason of the expiration of the benefit year with respect to which such rights existed.
“(2) Except where inconsistent with the provisions of this title, the terms and conditions of the State law which apply to claims for regular compensation and to the payment thereof shall apply to claims for extended compensation and to the payment thereof.
“(3)(A) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (2), payment of extended compensation under this Act [see Short Title of 1970 Amendment note set out under section 3311 of this title] shall not be made to any individual for any week of unemployment in his eligibility period—
“(i) during which he fails to accept any offer of suitable work (as defined in subparagraph (c) [probably means subpar. (C)]) or fails to apply for any suitable work to which he was referred by the State agency; or
“(ii) during which he fails to actively engage in seeking work, unless such individual is not actively engaged in seeking work because such individual is, as determined in accordance with State law—
“(I) before any court of the United States or any State pursuant to a lawfully issued summons to appear for jury duty (as such term may be defined by the Secretary of Labor), or
“(II) hospitalized for treatment of an emergency or a life-threatening condition (as such term may be defined by such Secretary),
if such exemptions in clauses (I) and (II) apply to recipients of regular benefits, and the State chooses to apply such exemptions for recipients of extended benefits.
“(B) If any individual is ineligible for extended compensation for any week by reason of a failure described in clause (i) or (ii) of subparagraph (A), the individual shall be ineligible to receive extended compensation for any week which begins during a period which—
“(i) begins with the week following the week in which such failure occurs, and
“(ii) does not end until such individual has been employed during at least 4 weeks which begin after such failure and the total of the remuneration earned by the individual for being so employed is not less than the product of 4 multiplied by the individual’s average weekly benefit amount (as determined for purposes of subsection (b)(1)(c) [probably means subsec. (b)(1)(C)]) for his benefit year.
“(C) For purposes of this paragraph, the term ‘suitable work’ means, with respect to any individual, any work which is within such individual’s capabilities; except that, if the individual furnishes evidence satisfactory to the State agency that such individual’s prospects for obtaining work in his customary occupation within a reasonably short period are good, the determination of whether any work is suitable work with respect to such individual shall be made in accordance with the applicable State law.
“(D) Extended compensation shall not be denied under clause (i) of subparagraph (A) to any individual for any week by reason of a failure to accept an offer of, or apply for, suitable work—
“(i) if the gross average weekly remuneration payable to such individual for the position does not exceed the sum of—
“(I) the individual’s average weekly benefit amount (as determined for purposes of subsection (b)(1)(C)) for his benefit year, plus
“(II) the amount (if any) of supplemental unemployment compensation benefits (as defined in section 501(c)(17)(D) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) payable to such individual for such week;
“(ii) if the position was not offered to such individual in writing and was not listed with the State employment service;
“(iii) if such failure would not result in a denial of compensation under the provisions of the applicable State law to the extent that such provisions are not inconsistent with the provisions of subparagraphs (C) and (E); or
“(iv) if the position pays wages less than the higher of—
“(I) the minimum wage provided by section 6(a)(1) of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 [29 U.S.C. 206 (a)(1)], without regard to any exemption; or
“(II) any applicable State or local minimum wage.
“(E) For purposes of this paragraph, an individual shall be treated as actively engaged in seeking work during any week if—
“(i) the individual has engaged in a systematic and sustained effort to obtain work during such week, and
“(ii) the individual provides tangible evidence to the State agency that he has engaged in such an effort during such week.
“(F) For purposes of section 3304(a)(11) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, a State law shall provide for referring applicants for benefits under this Act [see Short Title of 1970 Amendment note set out under section 3311 of this title] to any suitable work to which clauses (i), (ii), (iii), and (iv) of subparagraph (D) would not apply.
“(4) No provision of State law which terminates a disqualification for voluntarily leaving employment, being discharged for misconduct, or refusing suitable employment shall apply for purposes of determining eligibility for extended compensation unless such termination is based upon employment subsequent to the date of such disqualification.
“(5) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (2), an individual shall not be eligible for extended compensation unless, in the base period with respect to which the individual exhausted all rights to regular compensation under the State law, the individual had 20 weeks of full-time insured employment, or the equivalent in insured wages. For purposes of this paragraph, the equivalent in insured wages shall be earnings covered by the State law for compensation purposes which exceed 40 times the individual’s most recent weekly benefit amount or 11/2 times the individual’s insured wages in that calendar quarter of the base period in which the individual’s insured wages were the highest (or one such quarter if his wages were the same for more than one such quarter). The State shall by law provide which one or more of the foregoing methods of measuring employment and earnings shall be used in that State.
“(6) No payment shall be made under this Act [see Short Title of 1970 Amendment note set out under section 3311 of this title] to any State in respect of any extended compensation or sharable regular compensation paid to any individual for any week if, under the rules of paragraphs (3), (4), and (5), extended compensation would not have been payable to such individual for such week.
“(7) Paragraphs (3) and (4) shall not apply to weeks of unemployment beginning after March 6, 1993, and before January 1, 1995, and no provision of State law in conformity with such paragraphs shall apply during such period.
“(b) [Individual’s Compensation Accounts] (1) The State law shall provide that the State will establish, for each eligible individual who files an application therefor, an extended compensation account with respect to such individual’s benefit year. The amount established in such account shall be not less than whichever of the following is the least:
“(A) 50 per centum of the total amount of regular compensation (including dependents’ allowances) payable to him during such benefit year under such law,
“(B) thirteen times his average weekly benefit amount, or
“(C) thirty-nine times his average weekly benefit amount, reduced by the regular compensation paid (or deemed paid) to him during such benefit year under such law;
except that the amount so determined shall (if the State law so provides) be reduced by the aggregate amount of additional compensation paid (or deemed paid) to him under such law for prior weeks of unemployment in such benefit year which did not begin in an extended benefit period.
“(2) For purposes of paragraph (1), an individual’s weekly benefit amount for a week is the amount of regular compensation (including dependents’ allowances) under the State law payable to such individual for such week for total unemployment.
“(3)(A) Effective with respect to weeks beginning in a high unemployment period, paragraph (1) shall be applied by substituting—
“(i) ‘80 per centum’ for ‘50 per centum’ in subparagraph (A),
“(ii) ‘twenty’ for ‘thirteen’ in subparagraph (B), and
“(iii) ‘forty-six’ for ‘thirty-nine’ in subparagraph (C).
“(B) For purposes of subparagraph (A), the term ‘high unemployment period’ means any period during which an extended benefit period would be in effect if section 203(f)(1)(A)(i) were applied by substituting ‘8 percent’ for ‘6.5 percent’.
“(c) [Cessation of Extended Benefits When Paid Under an Interstate Claim in a State Where Extended Benefit Period Is Not in Effect] (1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), payment of extended compensation shall not be made to any individual for any week if—
“(A) extended compensation would (but for this subsection) have been payable for such week pursuant to an interstate claim filed in any State under the interstate benefit payment plan, and
“(B) an extended benefit period is not in effect for such week in such State.
“(2) Paragraph (1) shall not apply with respect to the first 2 weeks for which extended compensation is payable (determined without regard to this subsection) pursuant to an interstate claim filed under the interstate benefit payment plan to the individual from the extended compensation account established for the benefit year.
“(3) Section 3304(a)(9)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 shall not apply to any denial of compensation required under this subsection.
“Sec. 203. [Extended Benefit Period]
“(a) [Beginning and Ending] For purposes of this title, in the case of any State, an extended benefit period—
“(1) shall begin with the third week after the first week for which there is a State ‘on’ indicator; and
“(2) shall end with the third week after the first week for which there is a State ‘off’ indicator.
“(b) [Special Rules] (1) In the case of any State—
“(A) no extended benefit period shall last for a period of less than thirteen consecutive weeks, and
“(B) no extended benefit period may begin before the fourteenth week after the close of a prior extended benefit period with respect to such State.
“(2) When a determination has been made that an extended benefit period is beginning or ending with respect to a State, the Secretary shall cause notice of such determination to be published in the Federal Register.
“(c) [Eligibility Period] For purposes of this title, an individual’s eligibility period under the State law shall consist of the weeks in his benefit year which begin in an extended benefit period and, if his benefit year ends within such extended benefit period, any weeks thereafter which begin in such extended benefit period.
“(d) [State ‘On’ and ‘Off’ Indicators] For purposes of this section—
“(1) There is a State ‘on’ indicator for a week if the rate of insured unemployment under the State law for the period consisting of such week and the immediately preceding twelve weeks—
“(A) equaled or exceeded 120 per centum of the average of such rates for the corresponding thirteen-week period ending in each of the preceding two calendar years, and
“(B) equaled or exceeded 5 per centum.
“(2) There is a State ‘off’ indicator for a week if, for the period consisting of such week and the immediately preceding twelve weeks, either subparagraph (A) or subparagraph (B) of paragraph (1) is not satisfied.
Effective with respect to compensation for weeks of unemployment beginning after March 30, 1977 (or, if later, the date established pursuant to State law), the State may by law provide that the determination of whether there has been a State ‘on’ or ‘off’ indicator beginning or ending any extended benefit period shall be made under this subsection as if (i) paragraph (1) did not contain subparagraph (A) thereof, and (ii) the figure ‘5’ contained in subparagraph (B) thereof were ‘6’; except that, notwithstanding any such provision of State law, any week for which there would otherwise be a State ‘on’ indicator shall continue to be such a week and shall not be determined to be a week for which there is a State ‘off’ indicator. Effective with respect to compensation for weeks of unemployment beginning after the date of enactment of the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010 [Dec. 17, 2010] (or, if later, the date established pursuant to State law), and ending on or before December 31, 2013, the State may by law provide that the determination of whether there has been a state [State] ‘on’ or ‘off’ indicator beginning or ending any extended benefit period shall be made under this subsection as if the word ‘two’ were ‘three’ in subparagraph (1)(A). For purposes of this subsection, the rate of insured unemployment for any thirteen-week period shall be determined by reference to the average monthly covered employment under the State law for the first four of the most recent six calendar quarters ending before the close of such period.
“(e) [Rate of Insured Unemployment; Covered Employment] (1) For purposes of subsection (d), the term ‘rate of insured unemployment’ means the percentage arrived at by dividing—
“(A) the average weekly number of individuals filing claims for regular compensation for weeks of unemployment with respect to the specified period, as determined on the basis of the reports made by the State agency to the Secretary, by
“(B) the average monthly covered employment for the specified period.
“(2) Determinations under subsection (d) shall be made by the State agency in accordance with regulations prescribed by the Secretary.
“(f) [Alternative Trigger] (1) Effective with respect to compensation for weeks of unemployment beginning after March 6, 1993, the State may by law provide that for purposes of beginning or ending any extended benefit period under this section—
“(A) there is a State ‘on’ indicator for a week if—
“(i) the average rate of total unemployment in such State (seasonally adjusted) for the period consisting of the most recent 3 months for which data for all States are published before the close of such week equals or exceeds 6.5 percent, and
“(ii) the average rate of total unemployment in such State (seasonally adjusted) for the 3-month period referred to in clause (i) equals or exceeds 110 percent of such average rate for either (or both) of the corresponding 3-month periods ending in the 2 preceding calendar years; and
“(B) there is a State ‘off’ indicator for a week if either the requirements of clause (i) or clause (ii) of subparagraph (A) are not satisfied.
Notwithstanding the provision of any State law described in this paragraph, any week for which there would otherwise be a State ‘on’ indicator shall continue to be such a week and shall not be determined to be a week for which there is a State ‘off’ indicator.
“(2) Effective with respect to compensation for weeks of unemployment beginning after the date of enactment of the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010 [Dec. 17, 2010] (or, if later, the date established pursuant to State law), and ending on or before December 31, 2013, the State may by law provide that the determination of whether there has been a state [State] ‘on’ or ‘off’ indicator beginning or ending any extended benefit period shall be made under this subsection as if the word ‘either’ were ‘any’, the word ‘both’ were ‘all’, and the figure ‘2’ were ‘3’ in clause (1)(A)(ii).
“(3) For purposes of this subsection, determinations of the rate of total unemployment in any State for any period (and of any seasonal adjustment) shall be made by the Secretary.
“Sec. 204. [Payments to States]
“(a) [Amount Payable] (1) There shall be paid to each State an amount equal to one-half of the sum of—
“(A) the sharable extended compensation, and
“(B) the sharable regular compensation,
paid to individuals under the State law.
“(2) No payment shall be made to any State under this subsection in respect of compensation (A) for which the State is entitled to reimbursement under the provisions of any Federal law other than this Act, (B) paid for the first week in an individual’s eligibility period for which extended compensation or sharable regular compensation is paid, if the State law of such State provides for payment (at any time or under any circumstances) of regular compensation to an individual for his first week of otherwise compensable unemployment, (C) paid for any week with respect to which such benefits are not payable by reason of section 233(d) [now 233(c)] of the Trade Act of 1974 [19 U.S.C. 2293 (c)], or (D) paid to an individual with respect to a week of unemployment to the extent that such amount exceeds the amount of such compensation which would be paid to such individual if such State had a benefit structure which provided that the amount of compensation otherwise payable to any individual for any week shall be rounded (if not a full dollar amount) to the nearest lower full dollar amount.
“(3) The amount which, but for this paragraph, would be payable under this subsection to any State in respect of any compensation paid to an individual whose base period wages include wages for services to which section 3306(c)(7) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 applies shall be reduced by an amount which bears the same ratio to the amount which, but for this paragraph, would be payable under this subsection to such State in respect of such compensation as the amount of the base period wages attributable to such services bears to the total amount of the base period wages.
“(b) [Sharable Extended Compensation] For purposes of subsection (a)(1)(A), extended compensation paid to an individual for weeks of unemployment in such individual’s eligibility period is sharable extended compensation to the extent that the aggregate extended compensation paid to such individual with respect to any benefit year does not exceed the smallest of the amounts referred to in subparagraphs (A), (B), and (C) of section 202(b)(1).
“(c) [Sharable Regular Compensation] For purposes of subsection (a)(1)(B), regular compensation paid to an individual for a week of unemployment is sharable regular compensation—
“(1) if such week is in such individual’s eligibility period (determined under section 203(c)), and
“(2) to the extent that the sum of such compensation, plus the regular compensation paid (or deemed paid) to him with respect to prior weeks of unemployment in the benefit year, exceeds twenty-six times (and does not exceed thirty-nine, forty-six in any case where section 202(b)(3)(A) applies[,] times) the average weekly benefit amount (including allowances for dependents) for weeks of total unemployment payable to such individual under the State law in such benefit year.
“(d) [Payment on Calendar Month Basis] There shall be paid to each State either in advance or by way of reimbursement, as may be determined by the Secretary, such sum as the Secretary estimates the State will be entitled to receive under this title for each calendar month, reduced or increased, as the case may be, by any sum by which the Secretary finds that his estimates for any prior calendar month were greater or less than the amounts which should have been paid to the State. Such estimates may be made upon the basis of such statistical, sampling, or other method as may be agreed upon by the Secretary and the State agency.
“(e) [Certification] The Secretary shall from time to time certify to the Secretary of the Treasury for payment to each State the sums payable to such State under this section. The Secretary of the Treasury, prior to audit or settlement by the Government Accountability Office, shall make payment to the State in accordance with such certification, by transfers from the extended unemployment compensation account to the account of such State in the Unemployment Trust Fund.
“Sec. 205. [Definitions] For purposes of this title—
“(1) The term ‘compensation’ means cash benefits payable to individuals with respect to their unemployment.
“(2) The term ‘regular compensation’ means compensation payable to an individual under any State unemployment compensation law (including compensation payable pursuant to 5 U.S.C. chapter 85), other than extended compensation and additional compensation.
“(3) The term ‘extended compensation’ means compensation (including additional compensation and compensation payable pursuant to 5 U.S.C. chapter 85) payable for weeks of unemployment beginning in an extended benefit period to an individual under those provisions of the State law which satisfy the requirements of this title with respect to the payment of extended compensation.
“(4) The term ‘additional compensation’ means compensation payable to exhaustees by reason of conditions of high unemployment or by reason of other special factors.
“(5) The term ‘benefit year’ means the benefit year as defined in the applicable State law.
“(6) The term ‘base period’ means the base period as determined under applicable State law for the benefit year.
“(7) The term ‘Secretary’ means the Secretary of Labor of the United States.
“(8) The term ‘State’ includes the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands.
“(9) The term ‘State agency’ means the agency of the State which administers its State law.
“(10) The term ‘State law’ means the unemployment compensation law of the State, approved by the Secretary under section 3304 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
“(11) The term ‘week’ means a week as defined in the applicable State law.
“Sec. 206. [Approval of State Laws] [This section amended section 3304(a) of the Internal Revenue Code by adding par. (11) thereof.]
“Sec. 207. [Effective Dates] (a) Except as provided in subsection (b)—
“(1) in applying section 203, no extended benefit period may begin with a week beginning before January 1, 1972; and
“(2) section 204 shall apply only with respect to weeks of unemployment beginning after December 31, 1971.
“(b)(1) In the case of a State law approved under section 3304(a)(11) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, such State law may also provide that an extended benefit period may begin with a week established pursuant to such law which begins earlier than January 1, 1972, but not earlier than 60 days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 10, 1970].
“(2) For purposes of paragraph (1) with respect to weeks beginning before January 1, 1972, the extended benefit period for the State shall be determined under section 203(a) solely by reference to the State ‘on’ indicator and the State ‘off’ indicator.
“(3) In the case of a State law containing a provision described in paragraph (1), section 204 shall also apply with respect to weeks of unemployment in extended benefit periods determined pursuant to paragraph (1).
“(c) Section 3304(a)(11) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (as added by section 206) shall not be a requirement for the State law of any State—
“(1) in the case of any State the legislature of which does not meet in a regular session which closes during the calendar year 1971, with respect to any week of unemployment which begins prior to July 1, 1972; or
“(2) in the case of any other State, with respect to any week of unemployment which begins prior to January 1, 1972.
“Sec. 208. [Authority to Conduct Self-Employment Assistance Programs] (a)(1) At the option of a State, for any weeks of unemployment beginning after the date of enactment of this section [Feb. 22, 2012], the State agency of the State may establish a self-employment assistance program, as described in subsection (b), to provide for the payment of extended compensation as self-employment assistance allowances to individuals who would otherwise satisfy the eligibility criteria under this title.
“(2) Subject to paragraph (3), the self-employment assistance allowance described in paragraph (1) shall be paid to an eligible individual from such individual’s extended compensation account, as described in section 202(b), and the amount in such account shall be reduced accordingly.
“(3)(A) Subject to subparagraph (B), for purposes of self-employment assistance programs established under this section and section 4001(j) of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008 [Pub. L. 110–252, set out above], an individual shall be provided with self-employment assistance allowances under such programs for a total of not greater than 26 weeks (referred to in this section as the ‘combined eligibility limit’).
“(B) For purposes of an individual who is participating in a self-employment assistance program established under this section and has not reached the combined eligibility limit as of the date on which such individual exhausts all rights to extended compensation under this title, the individual shall be eligible to receive self-employment assistance allowances under a self-employment assistance program established under section 4001(j) of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2008 [Pub. L. 110–252, set out above], until such individual has reached the combined eligibility limit, provided that the individual otherwise satisfies the eligibility criteria described under title IV of such Act [set out above].
“(b) For the purposes of this section, the term ‘self-employment assistance program’ means a program as defined under section 3306(t) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, except as follows:
“(1) all references to ‘regular unemployment compensation under the State law’ shall be deemed to refer instead to ‘extended compensation under title II of the Federal-State Extended Unemployment Compensation Act of 1970’ [this note];
“(2) paragraph (3)(B) shall not apply;
“(3) clause (i) of paragraph (3)(C) shall be deemed to state as follows:
“ ‘(i) include any entrepreneurial training that the State or non-profit organizations may provide in coordination with programs of training offered by the Small Business Administration, which may include business counseling, mentorship for participants, access to small business development resources, and technical assistance; and’;
“(4) the reference to ‘5 percent’ in paragraph (4) shall be deemed to refer instead to ‘1 percent’; and
“(5) paragraph (5) shall not apply.
“(c) In the case of an individual who is eligible to receive extended compensation under this title, such individual shall not receive self-employment assistance allowances under this section unless the State agency has a reasonable expectation that such individual will be entitled to at least 13 times the individual’s average weekly benefit amount of extended compensation and emergency unemployment compensation.
“(d)(1) An individual who is participating in a self-employment assistance program established under this section may elect to discontinue participation in such program at any time.
“(2) For purposes of an individual whose participation in a self-employment assistance program established under this section is terminated pursuant to subsection (a)(3) or who has discontinued participation in such program, if the individual continues to satisfy the eligibility requirements for extended compensation under this title, the individual shall receive extended compensation payments with respect to subsequent weeks of unemployment, to the extent that amounts remain in the account established for such individual under section 202(b).”
[Amendment by section 502(c) ofPub. L. 112–240to section 203 ofPub. L. 91–373, set out above, effective as if included in the enactment of subtitle B of title II of Pub. L. 112–96, see section 502(d) ofPub. L. 112–240, set out following section 2005 ofPub. L. 111–5above.]
[Amendment by section 2123(c) ofPub. L. 112–96to section 203 ofPub. L. 91–373, set out above, effective as if included in the enactment of Pub. L. 112–78, see section 2123(d) ofPub. L. 112–96, set out following section 2005 ofPub. L. 111–5above.]
[Amendment by section 201(a)(4) ofPub. L. 112–78to section 203 ofPub. L. 91–373, set out above, effective as if included in the enactment of Pub. L. 111–312, see section 201(c) ofPub. L. 112–78, set out following section 2005 ofPub. L. 111–5above.]
[Pub. L. 102–318, title II, § 202(a)(2),July 3, 1992, 106 Stat. 296, provided that:
[“(A) In general.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the amendment made by paragraph (1) [amending section 202(a)(5) ofPub. L. 91–373, set out above] shall apply for purposes of extended unemployment compensation and emergency unemployment compensation to weeks of unemployment beginning on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [July 3, 1992].
[“(B) Waiver of recovery of certain overpayments.—On and after the date of the enactment of this Act, no repayment of any emergency unemployment compensation shall be required under section 105 of the Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1991 (Public Law 102–164, as amended [formerly set out above]) if the individual would have been entitled to receive such compensation had the amendment made by paragraph (1) applied to all weeks beginning before the date of the enactment of this Act.”]
[Pub. L. 98–21, title V, § 522(b),Apr. 20, 1983, 97 Stat. 148, provided that: “The amendment made by this section [amending section 202(a)(3)(A)(ii) ofPub. L. 91–373, set out above] shall become effective on the date of the enactment of this Act [Apr. 20, 1983].”]
[Pub. L. 97–248, title I, § 191(b),Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 407, provided that:
[“(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments made by this section [amending section 204(a)(2) ofPub. L. 91–373, set out above] shall apply in the case of compensation paid to individuals during eligibility periods beginning on or after October 1, 1983.
[“(2) In the case of a State with respect to which the Secretary of Labor has determined that State legislation is required in order to provide for rounding down of unemployment compensation amounts, the amendment made by this section [amending section 204(a)(2) ofPub. L. 91–373, set out above] shall apply in the case of compensation paid to individuals during eligibility periods which begin on or after October 1, 1983, and after the end of the first session of the State legislature which begins after the date of the enactment of this Act [Sept. 3, 1982], or which began prior to the date of the enactment of this Act and remained in session for at least twenty-five calendar days after such date of enactment. For purposes of the preceding sentence, the term ‘session’ means a regular, special, budget, or other session of a State legislature.”]
[Pub. L. 97–35, title XXIV, § 2401(c),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 875, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending sections 203 and 204(a)(3), (4) ofPub. L. 91–373, set out above] shall apply to weeks beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 13, 1981].”]
[Pub. L. 97–35, title XXIV, § 2402(b),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 875, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending section 203(e)(1)(A) ofPub. L. 91–373, set out above] shall apply for purposes of determining whether there are State ‘on’ or ‘off’ indicators for weeks beginning after the date of the enactment of this Act [Aug. 13, 1981]. For purposes of making such determinations for such weeks, such amendment shall be deemed to be in effect for all weeks whether beginning before, on, or after such date of enactment.”]
[Pub. L. 97–35, title XXIV, § 2403(b),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 875, provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending section 203(d) ofPub. L. 91–373, set out above] shall apply to weeks beginning after September 25, 1982.”]
[Pub. L. 97–35, title XXIV, § 2404(c),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 876, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [amending section 202(a)(5), (6) ofPub. L. 91–373, set out above] shall apply with respect to extended compensation and sharable regular compensation payable for weeks which begin after September 25, 1982.”]
[Amendment by sections 2401–2404 ofPub. L. 97–35(amending Pub. L. 91–373, set out above) required to be included in State unemployment compensation laws for purposes of certifications, see section 2408(b) ofPub. L. 97–35, set out above.]
[Amendment by section 2505(b) ofPub. L. 97–35(amending section 204(a)(2)(C) ofPub. L. 91–373, set out above) applicable to allowances payable for weeks of unemployment which begin after Sept. 30, 1981, and transitional provisions applicable, see section 2514 ofPub. L. 97–35, set out as an Effective Date of 1981 Amendment and Transitional Provisions note under section 2291 of Title 19, Customs Duties.]
[Pub. L. 96–499, title X, § 1022(b),Dec. 5, 1980, 94 Stat. 2656, provided that:
[“(1) Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments made by this section [amending section 204(a)(2) ofPub. L. 91–373, set out above] shall apply in the case of compensation paid to individuals during eligibility periods beginning on or after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 5, 1980].
[“(2) In the case of a State with respect to which the Secretary of Labor has determined that State legislation is required in order to eliminate its current policy of paying regular compensation to an individual for his first week of otherwise compensable unemployment, the amendments made by this section [amending section 204(a)(2) ofPub. L. 91–373, set out above] shall apply in the case of compensation paid to individuals during eligibility periods beginning after the end of the first regularly scheduled session of the State legislature ending more than thirty days after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 5, 1980].”]
[Pub. L. 96–499, title X, § 1024(b),Dec. 5, 1980, 94 Stat. 2660, provided that: “The amendment made by this section [amending section 202(a) ofPub. L. 91–373, set out above] shall apply with respect to weeks of unemployment beginning after March 31, 1981.”]
[Pub. L. 96–364, title IV, § 416(b),Sept. 26, 1980, 94 Stat. 1311, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, § 2,Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that:
[“(1) In general.—The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending subsec. 202(c) ofPub. L. 91–373, set out above] shall apply to weeks of unemployment beginning after October 1, 1980; except that such amendment shall not be a requirement of any State law under section 3304(a)(11) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] for any week which begins before June 1, 1981.
[“(2) Special rule for certain states.—In the case of any State the legislature of which does not meet in a regular session which begins during calendar year 1981 and before April 1, 1981, paragraph (1) shall be applied by substituting ‘June 1, 1982’ for ‘June 1, 1981’.”]
[Section 116(f)(1) ofPub. L. 94–566, set out as an Effective Date of 1976 Amendment note above, provided in part that the deletion of “the Virgin Islands or” from section 202(a)(1) ofPub. L. 91–373, set out above, and the insertion of “and the Virgin Islands” in section 205(8) thereof shall take effect on the later of Oct. 1, 1976, or the day after the day on which the Secretary of Labor approves under section 3304 (a) of this title an unemployment compensation law submitted to him by the Virgin Islands for approval.]
[Pub. L. 94–566, title II, § 212(b),Oct. 20, 1976, 90 Stat. 2677, provided that: “The amendment made by this section [enacting section 204(a)(4) ofPub. L. 91–373, set out above] shall apply with respect to compensation paid for weeks of unemployment beginning on or after January 1, 1979.”]
[Pub. L. 94–566, title III, § 311(c),Oct. 20, 1976, 90 Stat. 2679, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) of this section [amending section 203(d) ofPub. L. 91–373, set out above] shall apply to weeks beginning after December 31, 1976, and the amendments made by subsection (b) of this section [amending section 203(e) ofPub. L. 91–373, set out above] shall apply to weeks beginning after March 30, 1977.”]
Study and Report by Secretary of Labor Covering Emergency Unemployment Compensation Program and Special Unemployment Assistance Program; Report On or Before Jan. 1, 1977

Pub. L. 94–45, title I, § 104,June 30, 1975, 89 Stat. 238, provided that: “The Secretary of Labor shall conduct a study and review of the program established by the Emergency Unemployment Compensation Act of 1974 [Pub. L. 93–572, set out above] and the program established under title II of the Emergency Jobs and Unemployment Assistance Act of 1974 [Pub. L. 93–567, title II, set out above] and shall submit to the Congress not later than January 1, 1977, a report on such study and review. Such study and review shall include—
“(1) the employment, economic, and demographic characteristics of individuals receiving benefits under either such program,
“(2) the needs of the long-term unemployed for job counseling, testing, referral and placement services, skill and apprenticeship training, career-related education programs, and public service employment opportunities, and
“(3) an examination of all other benefits to which individuals receiving benefits under either such program are eligible together with an investigation of important factors affecting unemployment, a comparison of the aggregate value of such other benefits plus benefits received under either such program with the amount of compensation received by such individuals in their most recent position of employment.”
Loans to Unemployment Fund of Virgin Islands

Pub. L. 94–45, title III, § 301,June 30, 1975, 89 Stat. 243, as amended by Pub. L. 94–354, July 12, 1976, 90 Stat. 888; Pub. L. 99–514, § 2,Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that:
“(a) The Secretary of Labor (hereinafter in this section referred to as the ‘Secretary’) may make loans to the Virgin Islands in such amounts as he determines to be necessary for the payment in any month of compensation under the unemployment compensation law of the Virgin Islands. A loan may be made under this subsection for the payment of compensation in any month only if—
“(1) the Governor of the Virgin Islands submits an application therefor no earlier than the first day of the preceding month; and
“(2) such application contains an estimate of the amount of the loan which will be required by the Virgin Islands for the payment of compensation in such month.
“(b) For purposes of this section—
“(1) an application for loan under subsection (a) shall be made on such forms and shall contain such information and data (fiscal and otherwise) concerning the operation and administration of the unemployment compensation law of the Virgin Islands as the Secretary deems necessary or relevant to the performance of his duties under this section;
“(2) the amount required by the Virgin Islands for the payment of compensation in any month shall be determined with due allowance for contingencies and taking into account all other amounts that will be available in the unemployment fund of the Virgin Islands for the payment of compensation in such month; and
“(3) the term ‘compensation’ means cash benefits payable to individuals with respect to their unemployment, exclusive of expenses of administration.
“(c) Any loan made under subsection (a) shall be repayable (without interest) not later than January 1, 1979. If after January 1, 1979, any portion of any such loan remains unpaid, the Virgin Islands shall pay interest thereon, until the loan is paid in full, at a rate equal to the rate of interest in effect under section 6621 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954]. If at some future date the Federal Unemployment Tax Act [section 3301 et seq. of this title] shall be made applicable to the Virgin Islands, then, any amount of principal or interest due on any such loan remaining unpaid on such date shall be treated, for purposes of section 3302(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as an advance made to the Virgin Islands under title XII of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 1321 et seq.].
“(d) No loan may be made under subsection (a) for any month beginning after September 30, 1977. The aggregate of the loans which may be made under subsection (a) shall not exceed $15,000,000.
“(e) There are authorized to be appropriated from the general fund of the Treasury such sums as may be necessary to carry out this section.”
Unemployment Compensation Law of Commonwealth of Puerto Rico

Pub. L. 86–778, title V, § 543(b),Sept. 13, 1960, 74 Stat. 986, provided that: “The unemployment compensation law of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico shall be considered as meeting the requirements of—
“(1) Section 3304(a)(2) of the Federal Unemployment Tax Act [26 U.S.C. 3304 (a)(2)], if such law provides that no compensation is payable with respect to any day of unemployment occurring before January 1, 1959.
“(2) Section 3304(a)(3) of the Federal Unemployment Tax Act [26 U.S.C. 3304 (a)(3)] and section 303(a)(4) of the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 503 (a)(4)], if such law contains the provisions required by those sections and if it requires that, on or before February 1, 1961, there be paid over to the Secretary of the Treasury, for credit to the Puerto Rico account in the Unemployment Trust Fund, an amount equal to the excess of—
“(A) the aggregate of the moneys received in the Puerto Rico unemployment fund before January 1, 1961, over
“(B) the aggregate of the moneys paid from such fund before January 1, 1961, as unemployment compensation or as refunds of contributions erroneously paid.”

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

26 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large
§ 3304nt2012112-240 [Sec.] 501(a), (b)126 Stat. 2343, 2344
§ 3304nt new2012112-96 [Sec.] 2182-2184126 Stat. 182-184
§ 3304nt new2012112-96 [Sec.] 2162-2165126 Stat. 173-178
§ 3304nt2012112-96 [Sec.] 2142(c), 2143126 Stat. 169, 170
§ 3304nt2012112-96 [Sec.] 2122(a)-(e)126 Stat. 163-166
§ 3304nt2012112-240 [Sec.] 503(a)126 Stat. 2344
§ 3304nt new2012112-240 [Sec.] 502(d)126 Stat. 2344
§ 3304nt2012112-240 [Sec.] 502(a)126 Stat. 2344
§ 3304nt2012112-240 [Sec.] 502(c)126 Stat. 2344
§ 3304nt new2012112-240 [Sec.] 501(c)126 Stat. 2344
§ 3304nt new2012112-240 [Sec.] 503(b)126 Stat. 2344
§ 3304nt2012112-240 [Sec.] 502(b)126 Stat. 2344
§ 3304nt2012112-96 [Sec.] 2181(b)126 Stat. 180
§ 3304nt2012112-96 [Sec.] 2181(a)126 Stat. 179
§ 3304nt repealed2012112-96 [Sec.] 2161(b)(3)126 Stat. 172
§ 33042012112-96 [Sec.] 2161(b)(1)(A)126 Stat. 172
§ 3304nt new2012112-96 [Sec.] 2144126 Stat. 171
§ 3304nt new2012112-96 [Sec.] 2142(b)126 Stat. 169
§ 3304nt2012112-96 [Sec.] 2141, 2142(a)126 Stat. 168
§ 3304nt new2012112-96 [Sec.] 2123(d)126 Stat. 167
§ 3304nt2012112-96 [Sec.] 2123(b)126 Stat. 167
§ 3304nt2012112-96 [Sec.] 2123(c)126 Stat. 167
§ 3304nt new2012112-96 [Sec.] 2122(f)126 Stat. 166
§ 3304nt2012112-96 [Sec.] 2123(a)126 Stat. 166
§ 33042012112-96 [Sec.] 2103(a)126 Stat. 161
§ 3304nt new2012112-96 [Sec.] 2103(c)126 Stat. 161

 

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