26 U.S. Code § 4271 - Imposition of tax

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(a) In general
There is hereby imposed upon the amount paid within or without the United States for the taxable transportation (as defined in section 4272) of property a tax equal to 6.25 percent of the amount so paid for such transportation. The tax imposed by this subsection shall apply only to amounts paid to a person engaged in the business of transporting property by air for hire.
(b) By whom paid
(1) In general
Except as provided by paragraph (2), the tax imposed by subsection (a) shall be paid by the person making the payment subject to tax.
(2) Payments made outside the United States
If a payment subject to tax under subsection (a) is made outside the United States and the person making such payment does not pay such tax, such tax—
(A) shall be paid by the person to whom the property is delivered in the United States by the person furnishing the last segment of the taxable transportation in respect of which such tax is imposed, and
(B) shall be collected by the person furnishing the last segment of such taxable transportation.
(c) Determination of amounts paid in certain cases
For purposes of this section, in any case in which a person engaged in the business of transporting property by air for hire and one or more other persons not so engaged jointly provide services which include taxable transportation of property, and the person so engaged receives, for the furnishing of such taxable transportation, a portion of the receipts from the joint providing of such services, the amount paid for the taxable transportation shall be treated as being the sum of
(1) the portion of the receipts so received, and
(2) any expenses incurred by any of the persons not so engaged which are properly attributable to such taxable transportation and which are taken into account in determining the portion of the receipts so received.
(d) Application of tax
(1) In general
The tax imposed by subsection (a) shall apply to—
(A) transportation beginning during the period—
(i) beginning on the 7th day after the date of the enactment of the Airport and Airway Trust Fund Tax Reinstatement Act of 1997, and
(ii) ending on September 30, 2015, and
(B) amounts paid during such period for transportation beginning after such period.
(2) Refunds
If, as of the date any transportation begins, the taxes imposed by this section would not have applied to such transportation if paid for on such date, any tax paid under paragraph (1)(B) with respect to such transportation shall be treated as an overpayment.

Source

(Added Pub. L. 91–258, title II, § 204,May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 239; amended Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, § 1904(a)(8),Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1812; Pub. L. 96–298, § 1(b),July 1, 1980, 94 Stat. 829; Pub. L. 97–248, title II, § 280(b),Sept. 3, 1982, 96 Stat. 564; Pub. L. 100–223, title IV, § 402(a)(2),Dec. 30, 1987, 101 Stat. 1532; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, § 11213(a)(2), (d)(1),Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–432, 1388–435; Pub. L. 104–188, title I, § 1609(b),Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1841; Pub. L. 105–2, § 2(b)(2),Feb. 28, 1997, 111 Stat. 5; Pub. L. 105–34, title X, § 1031(b)(2),Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 929; Pub. L. 110–161, div. K, title I, § 116(b)(2),Dec. 26, 2007, 121 Stat. 2381; Pub. L. 110–190, § 2(b)(2),Feb. 28, 2008, 122 Stat. 643; Pub. L. 110–253, § 2(b)(2),June 30, 2008, 122 Stat. 2417; Pub. L. 110–330, § 2(b)(2),Sept. 30, 2008, 122 Stat. 3717; Pub. L. 111–12, § 2(b)(2),Mar. 30, 2009, 123 Stat. 1457; Pub. L. 111–69, § 2(b)(2),Oct. 1, 2009, 123 Stat. 2054; Pub. L. 111–116, § 2(b)(2),Dec. 16, 2009, 123 Stat. 3031; Pub. L. 111–153, § 2(b)(2),Mar. 31, 2010, 124 Stat. 1084; Pub. L. 111–161, § 2(b)(2),Apr. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 1126; Pub. L. 111–197, § 2(b)(2),July 2, 2010, 124 Stat. 1353; Pub. L. 111–216, title I, § 101(b)(2),Aug. 1, 2010, 124 Stat. 2349; Pub. L. 111–249, § 2(b)(2),Sept. 30, 2010, 124 Stat. 2627; Pub. L. 111–329, § 2(b)(2),Dec. 22, 2010, 124 Stat. 3566; Pub. L. 112–7, § 2(b)(2),Mar. 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 31; Pub. L. 112–16, § 2(b)(2),May 31, 2011, 125 Stat. 218; Pub. L. 112–21, § 2(b)(2),June 29, 2011, 125 Stat. 233; Pub. L. 112–27, § 2(b)(2),Aug. 5, 2011, 125 Stat. 270; Pub. L. 112–30, title II, § 202(b)(2),Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 357; Pub. L. 112–91, § 2(b)(2),Jan. 31, 2012, 126 Stat. 3; Pub. L. 112–95, title XI, § 1101(b)(2),Feb. 14, 2012, 126 Stat. 148.)
References in Text

The date of the enactment of the Airport and Airway Trust Fund Tax Reinstatement Act of 1997, referred to in subsec. (d)(1)(A)(i), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 105–2, which was approved Feb. 28, 1997.
Prior Provisions

A prior section 4271, act Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 507, 508, related to tax for the transportation of property, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 85–475, § 4(a),June 30, 1958, 72 Stat. 260. For effective date of repeal, see section 4(c) ofPub. L. 85–475, set out as an Effective Date of 1958 Amendment note under section 6415 of this title.
Amendments

2012—Subsec. (d)(1)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 112–95substituted “September 30, 2015” for “February 17, 2012”.
Pub. L. 112–91substituted “February 17, 2012” for “January 31, 2012”.
2011—Subsec. (d)(1)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 112–30substituted “January 31, 2012” for “September 16, 2011”.
Pub. L. 112–27substituted “September 16, 2011” for “July 22, 2011”.
Pub. L. 112–21substituted “July 22, 2011” for “June 30, 2011”.
Pub. L. 112–16substituted “June 30, 2011” for “May 31, 2011”.
Pub. L. 112–7substituted “May 31, 2011” for “March 31, 2011”.
2010—Subsec. (d)(1)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 111–329substituted “March 31, 2011” for “December 31, 2010”.
Pub. L. 111–249substituted “December 31, 2010” for “September 30, 2010”.
Pub. L. 111–216substituted “September 30, 2010” for “August 1, 2010”.
Pub. L. 111–197substituted “August 1, 2010” for “July 3, 2010”.
Pub. L. 111–161substituted “July 3, 2010” for “April 30, 2010”.
Pub. L. 111–153substituted “April 30, 2010” for “March 31, 2010”.
2009—Subsec. (d)(1)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 111–116substituted “March 31, 2010” for “December 31, 2009”.
Pub. L. 111–69substituted “December 31, 2009” for “September 30, 2009”.
Pub. L. 111–12substituted “September 30, 2009” for “March 31, 2009”.
2008—Subsec. (d)(1)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 110–330substituted “March 31, 2009” for “September 30, 2008”.
Pub. L. 110–253substituted “September 30, 2008” for “June 30, 2008”.
Pub. L. 110–190substituted “June 30, 2008” for “February 29, 2008”.
2007—Subsec. (d)(1)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 110–161substituted “February 29, 2008” for “September 30, 2007”.
1997—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 105–2amended heading and text of subsec. (d) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “The tax imposed by subsection (a) shall apply with respect to transportation beginning after August 31, 1982, and before January 1, 1996, and to transportation beginning on or after the date which is 7 calendar days after the date of the enactment of the Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996 and before January 1, 1997.”
Subsec. (d)(1)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 105–34substituted “September 30, 2007” for “September 30, 1997”.
1996—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 104–188substituted “January 1, 1996, and to transportation beginning on or after the date which is 7 calendar days after the date of the enactment of the Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996 and before January 1, 1997” for “January 1, 1996”.
1990—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 101–508, § 11213(a)(2), substituted “6.25 percent” for “5 percent”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 101–508, § 11213(d)(1), substituted “January 1, 1996” for “January 1, 1991”.
1987—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 100–223substituted “1991” for “1988”.
1982—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 97–248substituted provision that the tax imposed by subsec. (a) shall apply with respect to transportation beginning after Aug. 31, 1982, and before Jan. 1, 1988, for provision that effective with respect to transportation beginning after Sept. 30, 1980, the tax imposed by subsec. (a) would not apply.
1980—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 96–298substituted “September 30, 1980” for “June 30, 1980”.
1976—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 94–455struck out “which begins after June 30, 1970” after “of property”.
Effective Date of 2012 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–95effective Feb. 18, 2012, see section 1101(c) ofPub. L. 112–95, set out as an Effective and Termination Dates of 2012 Amendment note under section 4081 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 112–91effective Feb. 1, 2012, see section 2(c) ofPub. L. 112–91, set out as an Effective and Termination Dates of 2012 Amendment note under section 4081 of this title.
Effective Date of 2011 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–30effective Sept. 17, 2011, see section 202(c) ofPub. L. 112–30, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 112–27effective July 23, 2011, see section 2(c) ofPub. L. 112–27, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 112–21effective July 1, 2011, see section 2(c) ofPub. L. 112–21, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 112–16effective June 1, 2011, see section 2(c) ofPub. L. 112–16, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 112–7effective Apr. 1, 2011, see section 2(c) ofPub. L. 112–7, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.
Effective Date of 2010 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–329effective Jan. 1, 2011, see section 2(c) ofPub. L. 111–329, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 111–249effective Oct. 1, 2010, see section 2(c) ofPub. L. 111–249, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 111–216effective Aug. 2, 2010, see section 101(c) ofPub. L. 111–216, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 111–197effective July 4, 2010, see section 2(c) ofPub. L. 111–197, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 111–161effective May 1, 2010, see section 2(c) ofPub. L. 111–161, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 111–153effective Apr. 1, 2010, see section 2(c) ofPub. L. 111–153, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.
Effective Date of 2009 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–116effective Jan. 1, 2010, see section 2(c) ofPub. L. 111–116, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 111–69effective Oct. 1, 2009, see section 2(c) ofPub. L. 111–69, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 111–12effective Apr. 1, 2009, see section 2(c) ofPub. L. 111–12, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–330effective Oct. 1, 2008, see section 2(c) ofPub. L. 110–330, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 110–253effective July 1, 2008, see section 2(c) ofPub. L. 110–253, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 110–190effective Mar. 1, 2008, see section 2(c) ofPub. L. 110–190, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.
Effective Date of 2007 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 110–161effective Oct. 1, 2007, see section 116(d) of div. K of Pub. L. 110–161, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.
Effective Date of 1997 Amendments

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–34applicable to transportation beginning on or after Oct. 1, 1997, see section 1031(e)(2) ofPub. L. 105–34, set out as a note under section 4261 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 105–2applicable to transportation beginning on or after the 7th day after Feb. 28, 1997, with special rule for applicability to amounts paid before such 7th day, see section 2(e)(2) ofPub. L. 105–2, set out as a note under section 4261 of this title.
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–188effective on 7th calendar day after Aug. 20, 1996, but not applicable to any amount paid before such date, see section 1609(i) ofPub. L. 104–188, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.
Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Amendment by section 11213(a)(2) ofPub. L. 101–508applicable to transportation beginning after Nov. 30, 1990, but inapplicable to amounts paid on or before such date, see section 11213(a)(3) ofPub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 4261 of this title.
Effective Date of 1982 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–248applicable with respect to transportation beginning after Aug. 31, 1982, but inapplicable to amounts paid on or before such date, see section 280(d) ofPub. L. 97–248, set out as a note under section 4261 of this title.
Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 94–455effective on first day of first month which begins more than 90 days after Oct. 4, 1976, see section 1904(d) ofPub. L. 94–455, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.
Effective Date

Section applicable to transportation beginning after June 30, 1970, see section 211(b) ofPub. L. 91–258, set out as an Effective Date of 1970 Amendment note under section 4041 of this title.
Delayed Deposits of Airport Trust Fund Tax Revenues

Due date for deposits of taxes imposed by this section which would be required to be made after July 31, 1998, and before Oct. 1, 1998, to be Oct. 5, 1998, see section 1031(g) ofPub. L. 105–34, set out as a note under section 6302 of this title.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

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26 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large
§ 42712012112-95 [Sec.] 1101(b)(2)126 Stat. 148
§ 42712012112-91 [Sec.] 2(b)(2)126 Stat. 3

 

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