26 U.S. Code § 4483 - Exemptions

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(a) State and local governmental exemption
Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, no tax shall be imposed by section 4481 on the use of any highway motor vehicle by any State or any political subdivision of a State.
(b) Exemption for United States
The Secretary of the Treasury may authorize exemption from the tax imposed by section 4481 as to the use by the United States of any particular highway motor vehicle, or class of highway motor vehicles, if he determines that the imposition of such tax with respect to such use will cause substantial burden or expense which can be avoided by granting tax exemption and that full benefit of such exemption, if granted, will accrue to the United States.
(c) Certain transit-type buses
Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, no tax shall be imposed by section 4481 on the use of any bus which is of the transit type (rather than of the intercity type) by a person who, for the last 3 months of the preceding year (or for such other period as the Secretary may by regulations prescribe for purposes of this subsection), met the 60-percent passenger fare revenue test set forth in section 6421 (b)(2) (as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of the Energy Tax Act of 1978) as applied to the period prescribed for purposes of this subsection.
(d) Exemption for trucks used for less than 5,000 miles on public highways
(1) Suspension of tax
(A) In general
If—
(i) it is reasonable to expect that the use of any highway motor vehicle on public highways during any taxable period will be less than 5,000 miles, and
(ii) the owner of such vehicle furnishes such information as the Secretary may by forms or regulations require with respect to the expected use of such vehicle,
then the collection of the tax imposed by section 4481 with respect to the use of such vehicle shall be suspended during the taxable period.
(B) Suspension ceases to apply where use exceeds 5,000 miles
Subparagraph (A) shall cease to apply with respect to any highway motor vehicle whenever the use of such vehicle on public highways during the taxable period exceeds 5,000 miles.
(2) Exemption
If—
(A) the collection of the tax imposed by section 4481 with respect to any highway motor vehicle is suspended under paragraph (1),
(B) such vehicle is not used during the taxable period on public highways for more than 5,000 miles, and
(C) except as otherwise provided in regulations, the owner of such vehicle furnishes such information as the Secretary may require with respect to the use of such vehicle during the taxable period,
then no tax shall be imposed by section 4481 on the use of such vehicle for the taxable period.
(3) Refund where tax paid and vehicle not used for more than 5,000 miles
If—
(A) the tax imposed by section 4481 is paid with respect to any highway motor vehicle for any taxable period, and
(B) the requirements of subparagraphs (B) and (C) of paragraph (2) are met with respect to such taxable period,
the amount of such tax shall be credited or refunded (without interest) to the person who paid such tax.
(4) Relief from liability for tax under certain circumstances where truck is transferred
Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, the owner of a highway motor vehicle with respect to which the collection of the tax imposed by section 4481 is suspended under paragraph (1) shall not be liable for the tax imposed by section 4481 (and the new owner shall be liable for such tax) with respect to such vehicle if—
(A) such vehicle is transferred to a new owner,
(B) such suspension is in effect at the time of such transfer, and
(C) the old owner furnishes such information as the Secretary by forms and regulations requires with respect to the transfer of such vehicle.
(5) 7,500-miles exemption for agricultural vehicles
(A) In general
In the case of an agricultural vehicle, paragraphs (1) and (2) shall be applied by substituting “7,500” for “5,000” each place it appears.
(B) Definitions
For purposes of this paragraph—
(i) Agricultural vehicle The term “agricultural vehicle” means any highway motor vehicle—
(I) used primarily for farming purposes, and
(II) registered (under the laws of the State in which such vehicle is required to be registered) as a highway motor vehicle used for farming purposes.
(ii) Farming purposes The term “farming purposes” means the transporting of any farm commodity to or from a farm or the use directly in agricultural production.
(iii) Farm commodity The term “farm commodity” means any agricultural or horticultural commodity, feed, seed, fertilizer, livestock, bees, poultry, fur-bearing animals, or wildlife.
(6) Owner defined
For purposes of this subsection, the term “owner” means, with respect to any highway motor vehicle, the person described in section 4481 (b).
(e) Reduction in tax for trucks used in logging
The tax imposed by section 4481 shall be reduced by 25 percent with respect to any highway motor vehicle if—
(1) the exclusive use of such vehicle during any taxable period is the transportation, to and from a point located on a forested site, of products harvested from such forested site, and
(2) such vehicle is registered (under the laws of the State in which such vehicle is required to be registered) as a highway motor vehicle used in the transportation of harvested forest products.
[(f) Repealed. Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, § 867(d),Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1622]
(g) Exemption for mobile machinery
No tax shall be imposed by section 4481 on the use of any vehicle described in section 4053 (8).
(h) Exemption for vehicles used in blood collection
(1) In general
No tax shall be imposed by section 4481 on the use of any qualified blood collector vehicle by a qualified blood collector organization.
(2) Qualified blood collector vehicle
For purposes of this subsection, the term “qualified blood collector vehicle” means a vehicle at least 80 percent of the use of which during the prior taxable period was by a qualified blood collector organization in the collection, storage, or transportation of blood.
(3) Special rule for vehicles first placed in service in a taxable period
In the case of a vehicle first placed in service in a taxable period, a vehicle shall be treated as a qualified blood collector vehicle for such taxable period if such qualified blood collector organization certifies to the Secretary that the organization reasonably expects at least 80 percent of the use of such vehicle by the organization during such taxable period will be in the collection, storage, or transportation of blood.
(4) Qualified blood collector organization
The term “qualified blood collector organization” has the meaning given such term by section 7701 (a)(49).
(i) Termination of exemptions
Subsections (a) and (c) shall not apply on and after October 1, 2017.

Source

(Added June 29, 1956, ch. 462, title II, § 206(a),70 Stat. 391; amended Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, § 1906(b)(13)(A), (B),Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 95–618, title II, § 233(a)(3)(C),Nov. 9, 1978, 92 Stat. 3191; Pub. L. 97–424, title V, §§ 513(b), 516(b)(3),Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2177, 2183; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title IX, §§ 902(a), 903 (a),July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1004; Pub. L. 100–17, title V, §§ 502(b)(5), 507 (b),Apr. 2, 1987, 101 Stat. 257, 260; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, § 11211(d)(4),Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–427; Pub. L. 102–240, title VIII, § 8002(b)(4),Dec. 18, 1991, 105 Stat. 2203; Pub. L. 105–178, title IX, § 9002(b)(2),June 9, 1998, 112 Stat. 500; Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, §§ 851(b)(1), 867(d),Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1607, 1622; Pub. L. 109–14, § 9(c)(4),May 31, 2005, 119 Stat. 336; Pub. L. 109–59, title XI, § 11101(b)(2),Aug. 10, 2005, 119 Stat. 1944; Pub. L. 109–280, title XII, § 1207(d),Aug. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 1070; Pub. L. 112–30, title I, § 142(d),Sept. 16, 2011, 125 Stat. 356; Pub. L. 112–102, title IV, § 402(d),Mar. 30, 2012, 126 Stat. 282; Pub. L. 112–140, title IV, § 402(c),June 29, 2012, 126 Stat. 403; Pub. L. 112–141, div. D, title I, § 40102(d)(2),July 6, 2012, 126 Stat. 845.)
References in Text

The date of the enactment of the Energy Tax Act of 1978, referred to in subsec. (c), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 95–618, which was approved Nov. 9, 1978.
Amendments

2012—Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 112–141substituted “October 1, 2017” for “July 1, 2012”.
Pub. L. 112–140, §§ 1(c), 402 (c), temporarily substituted “July 7, 2012” for “July 1, 2012”. See Effective and Termination Dates of 2012 Amendment note below.
Pub. L. 112–102substituted “July 1, 2012” for “April 1, 2012”.
2011—Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 112–30substituted “April 1, 2012” for “October 1, 2011”.
2006—Subsecs. (h), (i). Pub. L. 109–280, which directed the amendment of section 4483 by adding subsec. (h) and redesignating former subsec. (h) as (i), without specifying the act to be amended, was executed by making the amendments to this section, which is section 4483 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.
2005—Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 109–59substituted “2011” for “2006”.
Pub. L. 109–14substituted “2006” for “2005”.
2004—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 108–357, § 867(d), struck out heading and text of subsec. (f). Text read as follows: “If the base for registration purposes of any highway motor vehicle is in a contiguous foreign country for any taxable period, the tax imposed by section 4481 for such period shall be 75 percent of the tax which would (but for this subsection) be imposed by section 4481 for such period.”
Subsecs. (g), (h). Pub. L. 108–357, § 851(b)(1), added subsec. (g) and redesignated former subsec. (g) as (h).
1998—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 105–178substituted “2005” for “1999”.
1991—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 102–240substituted “1999” for “1995”.
1990—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 101–508substituted “1995” for “1993”.
1987—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 100–17, § 507(b), added subsec. (f). Former subsec. (f) redesignated (g).
Pub. L. 100–17, § 502(b)(5), substituted “1993” for “1988”.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 100–17, § 507(b), redesignated former subsec. (f) as (g).
1984—Subsec. (d)(5), (6). Pub. L. 98–369, § 903(a), added par. (5) and redesignated former par. (5) as (6).
Subsecs. (e), (f). Pub. L. 98–369, § 902(a), added subsec. (e) and redesignated former subsec. (e) as (f).
1983—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 97–424, § 513(b), added subsec. (d).
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 97–424, § 516(b)(3), added subsec. (e).
1978—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 95–618inserted “(as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of the Energy Tax Act of 1978)” after “section 6421 (b)(2)”.
1976—Subsecs. (a), (c). Pub. L. 94–455, § 1906(b)(13)(A), struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary” wherever appearing.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 94–455, § 1906(b)(13)(B), inserted “of the Treasury” after “Secretary”.
Effective and Termination Dates of 2012 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–141effective July 1, 2012, see section 40102(f) ofPub. L. 112–141, set out as a note under section 460l–11 of Title 16, Conservation.
Amendment by Pub. L. 112–140to cease to be effective on July 6, 2012, with text as amended by Pub. L. 112–140to revert back to read as it did on the day before June 29, 2012, and amendments by Pub. L. 112–141to be executed as if Pub. L. 112–140had not been enacted, see section 1(c) ofPub. L. 112–140, set out as a note under section 101 of Title 23, Highways.
Amendment by Pub. L. 112–140effective July 1, 2012, see section 402(f)(1) ofPub. L. 112–140, set out as a note under section 460l–11 of Title 16, Conservation.
Amendment by Pub. L. 112–102effective Apr. 1, 2012, see section 402(f) ofPub. L. 112–102, set out as a note under section 460l–11 of Title 16, Conservation.
Effective Date of 2011 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–30effective Oct. 1, 2011, see section 142(f) ofPub. L. 112–30, set out as a note under section 460l–11 of Title 16, Conservation.
Effective Date of 2006 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 109–280effective Jan. 1, 2007, and applicable to taxable periods beginning on or after July 1, 2007, see section 1207(g) ofPub. L. 109–280, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.
Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Pub. L. 108–357, title VIII, § 851(b)(2),Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1608, provided that: “The amendments made by this subsection [amending this section] shall take effect on the day after the date of the enactment of this Act [Oct. 22, 2004].”
Amendment by section 867(d) ofPub. L. 108–357applicable to taxable periods beginning after Oct. 22, 2004, see section 867(e) ofPub. L. 108–357, set out as a note under section 4481 of this title.
Effective Date of 1987 Amendment

Amendment by section 507(b) ofPub. L. 100–17effective July 1, 1987, see section 507(d) ofPub. L. 100–17, set out as a note under section 4481 of this title.
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title IX, § 902(b),July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1004, provided that: “The amendment made by this section [amending this section] shall take effect on July 1, 1984.”
Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title IX, § 903(b),July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1004, provided that: “The amendments made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect as if included in the amendments made by section 513 of the Highway Revenue Act of 1982 [Pub. L. 97–424, see section 513(f) ofPub. L. 97–424, set out as an Effective Date of 1983 Amendment note under section 4481 of this title].”
Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Amendment by section 513(b) ofPub. L. 97–424effective July 1, 1984, see section 513(f) ofPub. L. 97–424, set out as a note under section 4481 of this title.
Effective Date of 1978 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–618effective on first day of first calendar month which begins more than 10 days after Nov. 9, 1978, see section 233(d) ofPub. L. 95–618, set out as a note under section 34 of this title.
Special Rules in the Case of Small Owner-Operators

Amendment by section 513(b) ofPub. L. 97–424effective July 1, 1984, in the case of a small owner-operator, notwithstanding section 513(f)(2) ofPub. L. 97–424, see section 901(b)(2) ofPub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 4481 of this title.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

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26 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large
§ 44832012112-141 [Sec.] 40102(d)(2)126 Stat. 845
§ 44832012112-140 [Sec.] 402(c)126 Stat. 403
§ 44832012112-102 [Sec.] 402(d)126 Stat. 282

 

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