26 U.S. Code § 483 - Interest on certain deferred payments

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(a) Amount constituting interest
For purposes of this title, in the case of any payment—
(1) under any contract for the sale or exchange of any property, and
(2) to which this section applies,
there shall be treated as interest that portion of the total unstated interest under such contract which, as determined in a manner consistent with the method of computing interest under section 1272 (a), is properly allocable to such payment.
(b) Total unstated interest
For purposes of this section, the term “total unstated interest” means, with respect to a contract for the sale or exchange of property, an amount equal to the excess of—
(1) the sum of the payments to which this section applies which are due under the contract, over
(2) the sum of the present values of such payments and the present values of any interest payments due under the contract.
For purposes of the preceding sentence, the present value of a payment shall be determined under the rules of section 1274 (b)(2) using a discount rate equal to the applicable Federal rate determined under section 1274 (d).
(c) Payments to which subsection (a) applies
(1) In general
Except as provided in subsection (d), this section shall apply to any payment on account of the sale or exchange of property which constitutes part or all of the sales price and which is due more than 6 months after the date of such sale or exchange under a contract—
(A) under which some or all of the payments are due more than 1 year after the date of such sale or exchange, and
(B) under which there is total unstated interest.
(2) Treatment of other debt instruments
For purposes of this section, a debt instrument of the purchaser which is given in consideration for the sale or exchange of property shall not be treated as a payment, and any payment due under such debt instrument shall be treated as due under the contract for the sale or exchange.
(3) Debt instrument defined
For purposes of this subsection, the term “debt instrument” has the meaning given such term by section 1275 (a)(1).
(d) Exceptions and limitations
(1) Coordination with original issue discount rules
This section shall not apply to any debt instrument for which an issue price is determined under section 1273 (b) (other than paragraph (4) thereof) or section 1274.
(2) Sales prices of $3,000 or less
This section shall not apply to any payment on account of the sale or exchange of property if it can be determined at the time of such sale or exchange that the sales price cannot exceed $3,000.
(3) Carrying charges
In the case of the purchaser, the tax treatment of amounts paid on account of the sale or exchange of property shall be made without regard to this section if any such amounts are treated under section 163 (b) as if they included interest.
(4) Certain sales of patents
In the case of any transfer described in section 1235 (a) (relating to sale or exchange of patents), this section shall not apply to any amount contingent on the productivity, use, or disposition of the property transferred.
(e) Maximum rate of interest on certain transfers of land between related parties
(1) In general
In the case of any qualified sale, the discount rate used in determining the total unstated interest rate under subsection (b) shall not exceed 6 percent, compounded semiannually.
(2) Qualified sale
For purposes of this subsection, the term “qualified sale” means any sale or exchange of land by an individual to a member of such individual’s family (within the meaning of section 267 (c)(4)).
(3) $500,000 limitation
Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any qualified sale between individuals made during any calendar year to the extent that the sales price for such sale (when added to the aggregate sales price for prior qualified sales between such individuals during the calendar year) exceeds $500,000.
(4) Nonresident alien individuals
Paragraph (1) shall not apply to any sale or exchange if any party to such sale or exchange is a nonresident alien individual.
(f) Regulations
The Secretary shall prescribe such regulations as may be necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of this section including regulations providing for the application of this section in the case of—
(1) any contract for the sale or exchange of property under which the liability for, or the amount or due date of, a payment cannot be determined at the time of the sale or exchange, or
(2) any change in the liability for, or the amount or due date of, any payment (including interest) under a contract for the sale or exchange of property.
(g) Cross references
(1) For treatment of assumptions, see section l274(c)(4).
(2) For special rules for certain transactions where stated principal amount does not exceed $2,800,000, see section 1274A.
(3) For special rules in case of the borrower under certain loans for personal use, see section 1275 (b).

Source

(Added Pub. L. 88–272, title II, § 224(a),Feb. 26, 1964, 78 Stat. 77; amended Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, §§ 1901(b)(3)(B), 1906(b)(13)(A),Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1792, 1834; Pub. L. 97–34, title I, § 126(a),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 202; Pub. L. 97–448, title I, § 101(g),Jan. 12, 1983, 96 Stat. 2367; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title I, § 41(b),July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 553; Pub. L. 99–121, title I, §§ 101(a)(2), 102 (c)(1)–(3), Oct. 11, 1985, 99 Stat. 505, 508; Pub. L. 99–514, title XVIII, § 1803(a)(14)(B),Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2797.)
Amendments

1986—Subsec. (d)(3). Pub. L. 99–514substituted “for which an issue price is determined under section 1273 (b) (other than paragraph (4) thereof) or section 1274” for “to which section 1272 applies”.
1985—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 99–121, § 101(a)(2)(A), struck out “120 percent of” after “discount rate equal to” in closing provisions.
Subsec. (c)(1)(B). Pub. L. 99–121, § 101(a)(2)(B), amended subpar. (B) generally. Prior to amendment, subpar. (B) read as follows: “under which, using a discount rate equal to 110 percent of the applicable Federal rate determined under section 1274 (d), there is total unstated interest.”
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 99–121, § 102(c)(1), (2), redesignatedsubsec. (f) as (e), and as so redesignated substituted “6 percent” for “7 percent” in par. (1). Former subsec. (e), which related to the interest rates in the case of the sales of principal residences or farm lands, was struck out.
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 99–121, § 102(c)(1), redesignatedsubsec. (g) as (f). Former subsec. (f) redesignated (e).
Subsecs. (g), (h). Pub. L. 99–121, § 102(c)(1), (3), redesignatedsubsec. (h) as (g) and amended it generally, designating existing undesignated cross reference as par. (3), and adding pars. (1) and (2). Former subsec. (g) redesignated (f).
1984—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98–369amended subsec. (a) generally, substituting “For purposes of this title, in the case of any payment (1) under any contract for the sale or exchange of any property, and (2) to which this section applies, there shall be treated as interest that portion of the total unstated interest under such contract which, as determined in a manner consistent with the method of computing interest under section 1272 (a), is properly allocable to such payment” for “For purposes of this title, in the case of any contract for the sale or exchange of property there shall be treated as interest that part of a payment to which this section applies which bears the same ratio to the amount of such payment as the total unstated interest under such contract bears to the total of the payments to which this section applies which are due under such contract”.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 98–369amended subsec. (b) generally, substituting provisions directing that the present value of a payment be determined under the rules of section 1274 (b)(2) using a discount rate equal to 120 percent of the applicable Federal rate determined under section 1274 (d) for provisions which had directed that the present value of a payment be determined, as of the date of the sale or exchange, by discounting such payment at the rate, and in the manner, provided in regulations prescribed by the Secretary and that such regulations provide for discounting on the basis of 6-month brackets and provide that the present value of any interest payment due not more than 6 months after the date of the sale or exchange was to have been an amount equal to 100 percent of such payment.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 98–369substituted “subsection (a) applies” for “section applies” in heading.
Subsec. (c)(1). Pub. L. 98–369substituted “under which, using a discount rate equal to 110 percent of the applicable Federal rate determined under section 1274 (d), there is total unstated interest” for “under which, using a rate provided by regulations prescribed by the Secretary for purposes of this subparagraph, there is total unstated interest”, in subpar. (B), and struck out provision formerly set out following subpar. (B) which had directed that any rate prescribed for determining whether there was total unstated interest for purposes of subpar. (B) be at least one percentage point lower than the rate prescribed for purposes of subsec. (b)(2).
Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 98–369substituted “Treatment of other debt instruments” for “Treatment of other evidence of indebtedness” in heading and, in text, substituted “a debt instrument of the purchaser which is given in consideration for the sale or exchange of property shall not be treated as a payment, and any payment due under such debt instrument” for “an evidence of indebtedness of the purchaser given in consideration for the sale or exchange of property shall not be considered a payment, and any payment due under such evidence of indebtedness”.
Subsec. (c)(3). Pub. L. 98–369added par. (3).
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 98–369amended subsec. (d) generally, substituting provisions relating to exceptions and limitations for provisions which related to payments indefinite as to time, liability, or amount.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 98–369amended subsec. (e) generally, substituting provisions relating to interest rates in case of sale of principal residence or farm land for provision relating to changes in terms of contract.
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 98–369amended subsec. (f) generally, substituting provisions relating to maximum rate of interest on certain transfers of land between related parties for provisions which related to exceptions and limitations now covered in subsec. (d) of this section.
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 98–369amended subsec. (g) generally, substituting provisions which related to calling for the promulgation of regulations by the Secretary for provisions which related to the maximum rate of interest on certain transfers of land between related parties now covered in subsec. (f) of this section.
Subsec. (h). Pub. L. 98–369added subsec. (h).
1983—Subsec. (g)(4). Pub. L. 97–448substituted “Paragraph (1)” for “This section”.
1981—Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 97–34added subsec. (g).
1976—Subsecs. (b), (c)(1)(B), (e). Pub. L. 94–455, § 1906(b)(13)(A), struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary”.
Subsec. (f)(3). Pub. L. 94–455, § 1901(b)(3)(B), substituted “all of the gain, if any, on such” for “no part of any gain on such” and “ordinary income” for gain from the sale or exchange of property other than a capital asset”.
Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 99–514effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provisions of the Tax Reform Act of 1984, Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, to which such amendment relates, see section 1881 ofPub. L. 99–514, set out as a note under section 48 of this title.
Effective Date of 1985 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 99–121applicable to sales and exchanges after June 30, 1985, in taxable years ending after such date, see section 105(a)(1) ofPub. L. 99–121, set out as a note under section 1274 of this title.
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–369applicable to taxable years ending after July 18, 1984, and applicable to sales or exchanges after Dec. 31, 1984, but not applicable to any sale or exchange pursuant to a written contract which was binding on Mar. 1, 1984, and at all times thereafter before the sale or exchange, see section 44 ofPub. L. 98–369, set out as an Effective Date note under section 1271 of this title.
Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–448effective, except as otherwise provided, as if it had been included in the provision of the Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981, Pub. L. 97–34, to which such amendment relates, see section 109 ofPub. L. 97–448, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.
Effective Date of 1981 Amendment

Pub. L. 97–34, title I, § 126(b),Aug. 13, 1981, 95 Stat. 202, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall apply to payments made after June 30, 1981, pursuant to sales or exchanges after such date.”
Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by section 1901(b)(3)(B) ofPub. L. 94–455effective for taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1976, see section 1901(d) ofPub. L. 94–455, set out as a note under section 2 of this title.
Effective Date

Section applicable to payments made after Dec. 31, 1963, on account of sales or exchanges of property after June 30, 1963, other than a sale or exchange pursuant to written contract, including an irrevocable written option, entered into before July 1, 1963, see section 224(d) ofPub. L. 88–272, set out as an Effective Date of 1964 Amendment note under section 163 of this title.
Plan Amendments Not Required Until January 1, 1989

For provisions directing that if any amendments made by subtitle A or subtitle C of title XI [§§ 1101–1147 and 1171–1177] or title XVIII [§§ 1800–1899A] of Pub. L. 99–514require an amendment to any plan, such plan amendment shall not be required to be made before the first plan year beginning on or after Jan. 1, 1989, see section 1140 ofPub. L. 99–514, as amended, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.
Treatment of Transfers of Land Between Related Parties

Pub. L. 99–514, title XVIII, § 1803(a)(9),Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2794, provided that: “In the case of any sale or exchange before July 1, 1985, to which section 483(f) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 [now 1986] (as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of Public Law 99–121 [Oct. 11, 1985]) applies, such section shall be treated as providing that the discount rate to be used for purposes of section 483(c)(1) of such Code shall be 6 percent, compounded semiannually.”
Transitional Rule for Purposes of Imputed Interest Rules

Provisions, respecting treatment of debt instruments received in exchange for property, relating to special rules for sales after Dec. 31, 1984, and before July 1, 1985, general rule for assumptions of loans, exception for assumptions of loans made on or before Oct. 15, 1984, and exception for assumptions of loans with respect to certain property, see section 44 (b)(4)–(7) of Pub. L. 98–369, as amended, set out as an Effective Date note under section 1271 of this title.

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