26 U.S. Code § 4947 - Application of taxes to certain nonexempt trusts

(a) Application of tax
(1) Charitable trusts
For purposes of part II of subchapter F of chapter 1 (other than section 508 (a), (b), and (c)) and for purposes of this chapter, a trust which is not exempt from taxation under section 501 (a), all of the unexpired interests in which are devoted to one or more of the purposes described in section 170 (c)(2)(B), and for which a deduction was allowed under section 170, 545 (b)(2), 642 (c), 2055, 2106 (a)(2), or 2522 (or the corresponding provisions of prior law), shall be treated as an organization described in section 501 (c)(3). For purposes of section 509 (a)(3)(A), such a trust shall be treated as if organized on the day on which it first becomes subject to this paragraph.
(2) Split-interest trusts
In the case of a trust which is not exempt from tax under section 501 (a), not all of the unexpired interests in which are devoted to one or more of the purposes described in section 170 (c)(2)(B), and which has amounts in trust for which a deduction was allowed under section 170, 545 (b)(2), 642 (c), 2055, 2106 (a)(2), or 2522, section 507 (relating to termination of private foundation status), section 508 (e) (relating to governing instruments) to the extent applicable to a trust described in this paragraph, section 4941 (relating to taxes on self-dealing), section 4943 (relating to taxes on excess business holdings) except as provided in subsection (b)(3),section 4944 (relating to investments which jeopardize charitable purpose) except as provided in subsection (b)(3), andsection 4945 (relating to taxes on taxable expenditures) shall apply as if such trust were a private foundation. This paragraph shall not apply with respect to—
(A) any amounts payable under the terms of such trust to income beneficiaries, unless a deduction was allowed under section 170 (f)(2)(B), 2055 (e)(2)(B), or 2522 (c)(2)(B),
(B) any amounts in trust other than amounts for which a deduction was allowed under section 170, 545 (b)(2), 642 (c), 2055, 2106 (a)(2), or 2522, if such other amounts are segregated from amounts for which no deduction was allowable, or
(C) any amounts transferred in trust before May 27, 1969.
(3) Segregated amounts
For purposes of paragraph (2)(B), a trust with respect to which amounts are segregated shall separately account for the various income, deduction, and other items properly attributable to each of such segregated amounts.
(b) Special rules
(1) Regulations
The Secretary shall prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this section.
(2) Limit to segregated amounts
If any amounts in the trust are segregated within the meaning of subsection (a)(2)(B) of this section, the value of the net assets for purposes of subsections (c)(2) and (g) ofsection 507 shall be limited to such segregated amounts.
(3) Sections 4943 and 4944
Sections 4943 and 4944 shall not apply to a trust which is described in subsection (a)(2) if—
(A) all the income interest (and none of the remainder interest) of such trust is devoted solely to one or more of the purposes described in section 170 (c)(2)(B), and all amounts in such trust for which a deduction was allowed under section 170, 545 (b)(2), 642 (c), 2055, 2106 (a)(2), or 2522 have an aggregate value not more than 60 percent of the aggregate fair market value of all amounts in such trusts, or
(B) a deduction was allowed under section 170, 545 (b)(2), 642 (c), 2055, 2106 (a)(2), or 2522 for amounts payable under the terms of such trust to every remainder beneficiary but not to any income beneficiary.
(4) Section 507
The provisions of section 507 (a) shall not apply to a trust which is described in subsection (a)(2) by reason of a distribution of qualified employer securities (as defined in section 664 (g)(4)) to an employee stock ownership plan (as defined in section 4975 (e)(7)) in a qualified gratuitous transfer (as defined by section 664 (g)).

Source

(Added Pub. L. 91–172, title I, § 101(b),Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 517; amended Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, § 1906(b)(13)(A),Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 105–34, title XV, § 1530(c)(9),Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1079; Pub. L. 107–16, title V, § 542(e)(4),June 7, 2001, 115 Stat. 85; Pub. L. 108–357, title IV, § 413(c)(30),Oct. 22, 2004, 118 Stat. 1509; Pub. L. 111–312, title III, § 301(a),Dec. 17, 2010, 124 Stat. 3300.)
Amendments

2010—Subsec. (a)(2)(A). Pub. L. 111–312amended subsec. (a)(2)(A) to read as if amendment by Pub. L. 107–16, § 542(e)(4), had never been enacted. See 2001 Amendment note below.
2004—Subsecs. (a)(1), (2), (b)(3). Pub. L. 108–357struck out “556(b)(2),” after “545(b)(2),” wherever appearing.
2001—Subsec. (a)(2)(A). Pub. L. 107–16, § 542(e)(4), inserted “642(c),” after “170(f)(2)(B),”.
1997—Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 105–34added par. (4).
1976—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 94–455struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary”.
Effective Date of 2010 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 111–312applicable to estates of decedents dying, and transfers made after Dec. 31, 2009, except as otherwise provided, see section 301(e) ofPub. L. 111–312, set out as an Effective and Termination Dates of 2010 Amendment note under section 121 of this title.
Effective Date of 2004 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 108–357applicable to taxable years of foreign corporations beginning after Dec. 31, 2004, and to taxable years of United States shareholders with or within which such taxable years of foreign corporations end, see section 413(d)(1) ofPub. L. 108–357, set out as an Effective and Termination Dates of 2004 Amendments note under section 1 of this title.
Effective Date of 2001 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 107–16applicable to deductions for taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2009, see section 542(f)(3) ofPub. L. 107–16, set out as a note under section 121 of this title.
Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–34applicable to transfers made by trusts to, or for the use of, an employee stock ownership plan after Aug. 5, 1997, see section 1530(d) ofPub. L. 105–34, set out as a note under section 401 of this title.

 

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