26 U.S. Code § 52 - Special rules

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(a) Controlled group of corporations
For purposes of this subpart, all employees of all corporations which are members of the same controlled group of corporations shall be treated as employed by a single employer. In any such case, the credit (if any) determined under section 51 (a) with respect to each such member shall be its proportionate share of the wages giving rise to such credit. For purposes of this subsection, the term “controlled group of corporations” has the meaning given to such term by section 1563 (a), except that—
(1) “more than 50 percent” shall be substituted for “at least 80 percent” each place it appears in section 1563 (a)(1), and
(2) the determination shall be made without regard to subsections (a)(4) and (e)(3)(C) ofsection 1563.
(b) Employees of partnerships, proprietorships, etc., which are under common control
For purposes of this subpart, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary—
(1) all employees of trades or business (whether or not incorporated) which are under common control shall be treated as employed by a single employer, and
(2) the credit (if any) determined under section 51 (a) with respect to each trade or business shall be its proportionate share of the wages giving rise to such credit.
The regulations prescribed under this subsection shall be based on principles similar to the principles which apply in the case of subsection (a).
(c) Tax-exempt organizations
(1) In general
No credit shall be allowed under section 38 for any work opportunity credit determined under this subpart to any organization (other than a cooperative described in section 521) which is exempt from income tax under this chapter.
(2) Credit made available to qualified tax-exempt organizations employing qualified veterans
For credit against payroll taxes for employment of qualified veterans by qualified tax-exempt organizations, see section 3111 (e).
(d) Estates and trusts
In the case of an estate or trust—
(1) the amount of the credit determined under this subpart for any taxable year shall be apportioned between the estate or trust and the beneficiaries on the basis of the income of the estate or trust allocable to each, and
(2) any beneficiary to whom any amount has been apportioned under paragraph (1) shall be allowed, subject to section 38 (c), a credit under section 38 (a) for such amount.
(e) Limitations with respect to certain persons
Under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, in the case of—
(1) a regulated investment company or a real estate investment trust subject to taxation under subchapter M (section 851 and following), and
(2) a cooperative organization described in section 1381 (a),
rules similar to the rules provided in subsections (e) and (h) ofsection 46 (as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of the Revenue Reconciliation Act of 1990) shall apply in determining the amount of the credit under this subpart.

Source

(Added Pub. L. 95–30, title II, § 202(b),May 23, 1977, 91 Stat. 143; amended Pub. L. 95–600, title III, § 321(c)(1),Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2835; Pub. L. 96–222, title I, § 103(a)(5),Apr. 1, 1980, 94 Stat. 209; Pub. L. 97–354, § 5(a)(11),Oct. 19, 1982, 96 Stat. 1693; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title IV, § 474(p)(4)–(7), July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 838; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, § 11813(b)(4),Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–551; Pub. L. 104–188, title I, § 1616(b)(2),Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1856; Pub. L. 105–34, title XVI, § 1601(b),Aug. 5, 1997, 111 Stat. 1087; Pub. L. 112–56, title II, § 261(e)(1),Nov. 21, 2011, 125 Stat. 730.)
References in Text

The date of the enactment of the Revenue Reconciliation Act of 1990, referred to in subsec. (e), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 101–508, which was approved Nov. 5, 1990.
Amendments

2011—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 112–56designated existing provisions as par. (1), inserted heading, and added par. (2).
1997—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 105–34substituted “work opportunity credit” for “targeted jobs credit”.
1996—Subsec. (e)(1) to (3). Pub. L. 104–188redesignated pars. (2) and (3) as (1) and (2), respectively, and struck out former par. (1) which read as follows: “an organization to which section 593 (relating to reserves for losses on loans) applies,”.
1990—Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 101–508substituted “section 46 (as in effect on the day before the date of the enactment of the Revenue Reconciliation Act of 1990)” for “section 46” in concluding provisions.
1984—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98–369, § 474(p)(4), substituted “the credit (if any) determined under section 51 (a) with respect to each such member” for “the credit (if any) allowable by section 44B to each such member”.
Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 98–369, § 474(p)(5), substituted “the credit (if any) determined under section 51 (a)” for “the credit (if any) allowable by section 44B”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 98–369, § 474(p)(6), substituted “credit shall be allowed under section 38 for any targeted jobs credit determined under this subpart” for “credit shall be allowed under section 44B”.
Subsec. (d)(2). Pub. L. 98–369, § 474(p)(7), substituted “, subject to section 38 (c), a credit under section 38 (a)” for “, subject to section 53 a credit under section 44B”.
1982—Subsecs. (d) to (f). Pub. L. 97–354struck out subsec. (d) relating to apportionment of credit among shareholders, and redesignated subsecs. (e) and (f) as (d) and (e), respectively.
1980—Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 96–222substituted “subsections (e) and (h) ofsection 46” for “section 46 (e)”.
1978—Subsecs. (a), (b). Pub. L. 95–600, § 321(c)(1)(B), substituted “proportionate share of the wages” for “proportionate contribution to the increase in unemployment insurance wages”.
Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 95–600, § 321(c)(1)(A), struck out subsec. (c) which related to dispositions by an employer, and redesignated subsecs. (d) and (f) as (c) and (d), respectively.
Subsec. (e). Pub. L. 95–600, § 321(c)(1)(A), (C), redesignatedsubsec. (g) as (e) and struck out par. (3) which provided that the $100,000 amount specified in section 51 (d) applicable to such estate or trust be reduced to an amount which bears the same ratio to $100,000 as the portion of the credit allocable to the estate or trust under paragraph (1) bears to the entire amount of such credit. Former subsec. (e), which related to a change in status from self-employed to employee, was struck out.
Subsecs. (f) to (h). Pub. L. 95–600, § 321(c)(1)(A), redesignatedsubsecs. (f) to (h) as (d) to (f), respectively.
Subsec. (i). Pub. L. 95–600, § 321(c)(1)(A)(i), struck out subsec. (i) which related to a $50,000 limitation in the case of married individuals filing separate returns.
Subsec. (j). Pub. L. 95–600, § 321(c)(1)(A)(i), struck out subsec. (j) which related to certain short taxable years.
Effective Date of 2011 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 112–56applicable to individuals who begin work for the employer after Nov. 21, 2011, see section 261(g) ofPub. L. 112–56, set out as a note under section 51 of this title.
Effective Date of 1997 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 105–34effective as if included in the provisions of the Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996, Pub. L. 104–188, to which it relates, see section 1601(j) ofPub. L. 105–34, set out as a note under section 23 of this title.
Effective Date of 1996 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 104–188applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1995, see section 1616(c) ofPub. L. 104–188, set out as a note under section 593 of this title.
Effective Date of 1990 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 101–508applicable to property placed in service after Dec. 31, 1990, but not applicable to any transition property (as defined in section 49 (e) of this title), any property with respect to which qualified progress expenditures were previously taken into account under section 46 (d) of this title, and any property described in section 46 (b)(2)(C) of this title, as such sections were in effect on Nov. 4, 1990, see section 11813(c) ofPub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 45K of this title.
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–369applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1983, and to carrybacks from such years, see section 475(a) ofPub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 21 of this title.
Effective Date of 1982 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–354applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1982, see section 6(a) ofPub. L. 97–354, set out as an Effective Date note under section 1361 of this title.
Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–222effective, except as otherwise provided, as if it had been included in the provisions of the Revenue Act of 1978, Pub. L. 95–600, to which such amendment relates, see section 201 ofPub. L. 96–222, set out as a note under section 32 of this title.
Effective Date of 1978 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–600applicable to amounts paid or incurred after Dec. 31, 1978, in taxable years ending after such date, see section 321(d)(1) ofPub. L. 95–600, set out as a note under section 51 of this title.
Effective Date

Section applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1976, and to credit carrybacks from such years, see section 202(e) ofPub. L. 95–30, set out as a note under section 51 of this title.
Savings Provision

For provisions that nothing in amendment by Pub. L. 101–508be construed to affect treatment of certain transactions occurring, property acquired, or items of income, loss, deduction, or credit taken into account prior to Nov. 5, 1990, for purposes of determining liability for tax for periods ending after Nov. 5, 1990, see section 11821(b) ofPub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 45K of this title.

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26 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

 

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