26 U.S. Code § 545 - Undistributed personal holding company income

(a) Definition
For purposes of this part, the term “undistributed personal holding company income” means the taxable income of a personal holding company adjusted in the manner provided in subsections (b), (c), and (d), minus the dividends paid deduction as defined in section 561. In the case of a personal holding company which is a foreign corporation, not more than 10 percent in value of the outstanding stock of which is owned (within the meaning of section 958 (a)) during the last half of the taxable year by United States persons, the term “undistributed personal holding company income” means the amount determined by multiplying the undistributed personal holding company income (determined without regard to this sentence) by the percentage in value of its outstanding stock which is the greatest percentage in value of its outstanding stock so owned by United States persons on any one day during such period.
(b) Adjustments to taxable income
For the purposes of subsection (a), the taxable income shall be adjusted as follows:
(1) Taxes
There shall be allowed as a deduction Federal income and excess profits taxes and income, war profits and excess profits taxes of foreign countries and possessions of the United States (to the extent not allowable as a deduction under section 275 (a)(4)), accrued during the taxable year or deemed to be paid by a domestic corporation under section 902 (a) or 960 (a)(1) for the taxable year, but not including the accumulated earnings tax imposed by section 531, the personal holding company tax imposed by section 541, or the taxes imposed by corresponding sections of a prior income tax law.
(2) Charitable contributions
The deduction for charitable contributions provided under section 170 shall be allowed, but in computing such deduction the limitations in section 170 (b)(1)(A), (B), (D), and (E) shall apply, and section 170 (b)(2) and (d)(1) shall not apply. For purposes of this paragraph, the term “contribution base” when used in section 170 (b)(1) means the taxable income computed with the adjustments (other than the 10-percent limitation) provided in section 170 (b)(2) and (d)(1) and without deduction of the amount disallowed under paragraph (6) of this subsection.
(3) Special deductions disallowed
The special deductions for corporations provided in part VIII (except section 248) of subchapter B (section 241 and following, relating to the deduction for dividends received by corporations, etc.) shall not be allowed.
(4) Net operating loss
The net operating loss deduction provided in section 172 shall not be allowed, but there shall be allowed as a deduction the amount of the net operating loss (as defined in section 172 (c)) for the preceding taxable year computed without the deductions provided in part VIII (except section 248) of subchapter B.
(5) Net capital gains
There shall be allowed as a deduction the net capital gain for the taxable year, minus the taxes imposed by this subtitle attributable to such net capital gain. The taxes attributable to such net capital gain shall be an amount equal to the difference between—
(A) the taxes imposed by this subtitle (except the tax imposed by this part) for such year, and
(B) such taxes computed for such year without including such excess in taxable income.
(6) Expenses and depreciation applicable to property of the taxpayer
The aggregate of the deductions allowed under section 162 (relating to trade or business expenses) and section 167 (relating to depreciation), which are allocable to the operation and maintenance of property owned or operated by the corporation, shall be allowed only in an amount equal to the rent or other compensation received for the use of, or the right to use, the property, unless it is established (under regulations prescribed by the Secretary) to the satisfaction of the Secretary—
(A) that the rent or other compensation received was the highest obtainable, or, if none was received, that none was obtainable;
(B) that the property was held in the course of a business carried on bona fide for profit; and
(C) either that there was reasonable expectation that the operation of the property would result in a profit, or that the property was necessary to the conduct of the business.
(7) Special rule for capital gains and losses of foreign corporations
In the case of a foreign corporation, paragraph (5) shall be applied by taking into account only gains and losses which are effectively connected with the conduct of a trade or business within the United States and are not exempt from tax under treaty.
(c) Certain foreign corporations
In the case of a foreign corporation all of the outstanding stock of which during the last half of the taxable year is owned by nonresident alien individuals (whether directly or indirectly through foreign estates, foreign trusts, foreign partnerships, or other foreign corporations), the taxable income for purposes of subsection (a) shall be the income which constitutes personal holding company income under section 543 (a)(7), reduced by the deductions attributable to such income, and adjusted, with respect to such income, in the manner provided in subsection (b).

Source

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 189; Pub. L. 85–866, title I, § 32(a), (b),Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1631; Pub. L. 87–403, § 3(d),Feb. 2, 1962, 76 Stat. 7; Pub. L. 87–834, § 9(d)(2),Oct. 16, 1962, 76 Stat. 1001; Pub. L. 88–272, title II, §§ 207(b)(5), 209(c)(2), 225(i)(1), (2),Feb. 26, 1964, 78 Stat. 42, 46, 90; Pub. L. 89–719, title I, § 101(b)(2),Nov. 2, 1966, 80 Stat. 1132; Pub. L. 89–809, title I, § 104(h)(3),Nov. 13, 1966, 80 Stat. 1560; Pub. L. 91–172, title II, § 201(a)(2)(B),Dec. 30, 1969, 83 Stat. 558; Pub. L. 94–455, title X, § 1033(b)(4), title XIX, §§ 1901(a)(77), (b)(20)(B), (32)(E), (33)(D), 1906(b)(13)(A), 1951(b)(9)(A),Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1628, 1777, 1797, 1800, 1801, 1834, 1839; Pub. L. 97–448, title I, § 102(m)(2),Jan. 12, 1983, 96 Stat. 2374; Pub. L. 99–514, title XII, § 1225(b),Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2559; Pub. L. 101–508, title XI, § 11801(a)(24), (c)(10)(B),Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–521, 1388–527; Pub. L. 109–280, title XII, § 1206(b)(2),Aug. 17, 2006, 120 Stat. 1070.)
Amendments

2006—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 109–280, which directed the substitution of “(D), and (E)” for “and (D)” in section 545 (b)(2), without specifying the act to be amended, was executed by making the substitution in subsec. (b)(2) of this section, which is section 545 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.
1990—Subsecs. (c), (d). Pub. L. 101–508redesignated subsec. (d) as (c) and struck out former subsec. (c) which related to a special adjustment to taxable income for amounts used or set aside to pay or retire qualified indebtedness.
1986—Subsec. (b)(7). Pub. L. 99–514added par. (7).
1983—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 97–448substituted “10-percent” for “5-percent”.
1976—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 94–455, §§ 1033(b)(4), 1901(a)(77)(A), struck out “(other than excess profits tax imposed by subchapter E of chapter 2 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1939 for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1940)” after “Federal income and excess profits taxes”; substituted “902(a) or 960(a)(1)” for “902(a)(1) or 960(a)(1)(C)” after “corporation under section”; and struck out provisions after “prior income tax law” relating to election by taxpayer who paid Federal income and excess profits taxes to deduct payments, when made, for purposes of computing subchapter A net income or, for a taxable year ending after June 30, 1954, to deduct such taxes when accrued, such election being irrevocable and applied to taxable year for which election was made and to all subsequent taxable years.
Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 94–455, § 1901(b)(20)(B)(ii), substituted “paragraph (6)” for “paragraph (8)” after “amount disallowed under”.
Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 94–455, § 1901(b)(33)(D), substituted “Net” for “Long-term” after “(5)”.
Subsec. (b)(6). Pub. L. 94–455, §§ 1901(b)(20)(B)(i), 1906(b)(13)(A), struck out par. (6) relating to deduction allowed to bank affiliates, redesignated former par. (8) as (6) and, as redesignated, struck out “or his delegate” in two places after “Secretary”.
Subsec. (b)(7). Pub. L. 94–455, § 1901(a)(77)(B), struck out par. (7) relating to payment of indebtedness incurred prior to January 1, 1934.
Subsec. (b)(8). Pub. L. 94–455, § 1901(b)(20)(B)(i), redesignated par. (8) as (6).
Subsec. (b)(9). Pub. L. 94–455, § 1951(b)(9)(A), struck out par. (9) relating to the deduction of the amount of a lien in favor of the United States.
Subsec. (b)(10), (11). Pub. L. 94–455, § 1901(b)(32)(E), struck out par. (10) relating to deduction for distributions of divested stock, and struck out par. (11) relating to special adjustment on the disposition of antitrust stock received as a dividend.
Subsec. (c)(2)(A). Pub. L. 94–455, § 1901(a)(77)(C), substituted “February 26, 1964” for “the date of enactment of this subsection” after “years ending before”.
Subsec. (c)(4). Pub. L. 94–455, § 1906(b)(13)(A), struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary”.
Subsec. (c)(5). Pub. L. 94–455, § 1901(b)(20)(B)(iii), substituted “subsection (b)(6)” for “subsection (b)(8)” after “company income under”.
1969—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 91–172substituted “section 170 (b)(1)(A), (B), and (D)”, “section 170 (b)(2) and (d)(1)” for “section 170 (b)(1)(A) and (B)” and “section 170 (b)(2) and (5)”, respectively, in provisions of first sentence setting out the sections appropriate to the computation of the deduction, and in provisions of second sentence describing applicability of terms for purposes of this paragraph, substituted “contribution base” and “section 170 (b)(2) and (d)(1)” for “adjusted gross income” and “the first sentence of section 170 (b)(2) and (5),” respectively.
1966—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 89–809, § 104(h)(3)(A), substituted “in the manner provided in subsections (b), (c), and (d)” for “in the manner provided in subsection (b) and (c)” and inserted provisions governing the case of a personal holding company which is a foreign corporation, not more than 10 percent in value of the outstanding stock of which is owned (within the meaning of section 958 (a)) during the last half of the taxable year by United States persons.
Subsec. (b)(9). Pub. L. 89–719substituted “section 6323 (f)” for “section 6323 (a)(1), (2), or (3)”.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 89–809, § 104(h)(3)(B), added subsec. (d).
1964—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 88–272, § 225(i)(1), inserted reference to subsection (c).
Subsec. (b)(1), (2). Pub. L. 88–272, §§ 207(b)(5), 209(c)(2), substituted “section 275 (a)(4)” for “section 164 (b)(6)” in par. (1), and inserted reference to section 170 (b)(5) in par. (2).
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 88–272, § 225(i)(2), added subsec. (c).
1962—Subsec. (b)(1). Pub. L. 87–834substituted “accrued during the taxable year or deemed to be paid by a domestic corporation under section 902 (a)(1) or 960 (a)(1)(C) for the taxable year” for “accrued during the taxable year”.
Subsec. (b)(10), (11). Pub. L. 87–403added pars. (10) and (11).
1958—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 85–866, § 32(a), substituted in first sentence “, but in computing such deduction the limitations in section 170 (b)(1)(A) and (B) shall apply, and section 170 (b) shall not apply” for “but with the limitations in section 170 (b)(1)(A) and (B) (in lieu of the limitation in section 170 (b)(2)”, and inserted in second sentence “(other than the 5-percent limitation)” and “the first sentence” after “with the adjustments” and “provided in”, respectively.
Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 85–866, § 32(b), inserted “computed without the deductions provided in part VIII (except section 248) of subchapter B”.
Effective Date of 2006 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 109–280applicable to contributions made in taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 2005, see section 1206(c) ofPub. L. 109–280, set out as a note under section 170 of this title.
Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 99–514applicable to gains and losses realized on or after Jan. 1, 1986, see section 1225(c) ofPub. L. 99–514, as amended, set out as a note under section 535 of this title.
Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–448effective, except as otherwise provided, as if it had been included in the provision of the Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981, Pub. L. 97–34, to which such amendment relates, see section 109 ofPub. L. 97–448, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.
Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

For effective date of amendment by section 1033(b)(4) ofPub. L. 94–455, see section 1033(c) ofPub. L. 94–455, set out as a note under section 902 of this title.
Amendment by section 1901(a)(77), (b)(20)(B), (32)(E), (33)(D) ofPub. L. 94–455applicable with respect to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1976, see section 1901(d) ofPub. L. 94–455, set out as a note under section 2 of this title.
Amendment by section 1951(b)(9)(A) ofPub. L. 94–455applicable with respect to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1976, see section 1951(d) ofPub. L. 94–455set out as a note under section 72 of this title.
Effective Date of 1969 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 91–172applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1969, see section 201(g) ofPub. L. 91–172, set out as a note under section 170 of this title.
Effective Date of 1966 Amendments

Amendment by Pub. L. 89–809applicable with respect to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1966, see section 104(n) ofPub. L. 89–809, set out as a note under section 11 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 89–719applicable after Nov. 2, 1966, regardless of when the title or lien of the United States arose or when the lien or interest of another person was acquired, except in a case in which a lien or title derived from enforcement of a lien held by the United States has been enforced by a civil action or suit which has become final by judgment, sale, or agreement before Nov. 2, 1966, or in a case in which the amendment would impair a priority held by any person other than the United States holding a lien or interest prior to Nov. 2, 1966, operate to increase the liability of such person, or shorten the time for bringing suit with respect to transactions occurring before Nov. 2, 1966, see section 114 (a)–(e) of Pub. L. 89–719, set out as a note under section 6323 of this title.
Effective Date of 1964 Amendment

Amendment by section 207(b)(5) ofPub. L. 88–272applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1963, see section 207(c) ofPub. L. 88–272, set out as a note under section 164 of this title.
Amendment by section 209(c)(2) ofPub. L. 88–272applicable to contributions paid in taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1963, see section 209(f)(1) ofPub. L. 88–272, set out as a note under section 170 of this title.
Amendment by section 225(i)(1), (2) ofPub. L. 88–272applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1963, see section 225(l)(1) ofPub. L. 88–272set out as a note under section 316 of this title.
Effective Date of 1962 Amendments

Amendment by Pub. L. 87–834applicable in respect of any distribution received by a domestic corporation after Dec. 31, 1964, and in respect of any distribution received by a domestic corporation before Jan. 1, 1965, in a taxable year of such corporation beginning after Dec. 31, 1962, but only to the extent that such distribution is made out of the accumulated profits of a foreign corporation for a taxable year (of such foreign corporation) beginning after Dec. 31, 1962, see section 9(e) ofPub. L. 87–834, set out as a note under section 902 of this title.
Amendment by Pub. L. 87–403applicable only with respect to distributions made after Feb. 2, 1962, see section 3(g) ofPub. L. 87–403, set out as a note under section 312 of this title.
Effective Date of 1958 Amendment

Amendment by section 32(a) ofPub. L. 85–866applicable to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1953, and ending after Aug. 16, 1954, see section 1(c)(1) ofPub. L. 85–866, set out as a note under section 165 of this title.
Pub. L. 85–866, title I, § 32(c),Sept. 2, 1958, 72 Stat. 1632, as amended by Pub. L. 99–514, § 2,Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2095, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (b) of this section [amending this section] shall apply with respect to adjustments under section 545(b)(4) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [formerly I.R.C. 1954] for taxable years beginning after December 31, 1957.”
Savings Provision

For provisions that nothing in amendment by Pub. L. 101–508be construed to affect treatment of certain transactions occurring, property acquired, or items of income, loss, deduction, or credit taken into account prior to Nov. 5, 1990, for purposes of determining liability for tax for periods ending after Nov. 5, 1990, see section 11821(b) ofPub. L. 101–508, set out as a note under section 45K of this title.
Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, § 1951(b)(9)(B),Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1839, provided that: “Notwithstanding subparagraph (A) [amending this section], if any amount was deducted under paragraph (9) of section 545 (b) in a taxable year beginning before January 1, 1977, on account of a lien which is satisfied or released in a taxable year beginning on or after such date, the amount so deducted shall be included in income, for purposes of section 545, as provided in the second sentence of such paragraph. Shareholders of any corporation which has amounts included in its income by reason of the preceding sentence may elect to compute the income tax on dividends attributable to amounts so included as provided in the third sentence of such paragraph.”

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