Any person who is engaged in the business of preparing, or providing services in connection with the preparation of, returns of the tax imposed by chapter 1, or any person who for compensation prepares any such return for any other person, and who knowingly or recklessly—
(1)discloses any information furnished to him for, or in connection with, the preparation of any such return, or
(2)uses any such information for any purpose other than to prepare, or assist in preparing, any such return,
shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not more than $1,000, or imprisoned not more than 1 year, or both, together with the costs of prosecution.
Subsection (a) shall not apply to a disclosure of information if such disclosure is made—
(A)pursuant to any other provision of this title, or
(B)pursuant to an order of a court.
Subsection (a) shall not apply to the use of information in the preparation of, or in connection with the preparation of, State and local tax returns and declarations of estimated tax of the person to whom the information relates.
Subsection (a) shall not apply to a disclosure or use of information which is permitted by regulations prescribed by the Secretary under this section. Such regulations shall permit (subject to such conditions as such regulations shall provide) the disclosure or use of information for quality or peer reviews.
1989—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 101–239inserted at end “Such regulations shall permit (subject to such conditions as such regulations shall provide) the disclosure or use of information for quality or peer reviews.”
1988—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 100–647substituted “and who knowingly or recklessly” for “and who”.
1984—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 98–369struck out from introductory text “or declarations or amended declarations of estimated tax under section
6015,” after “chapter 1,” and struck out “or declaration” after “such return” in three places.
1976—Subsec. (b)(3). Pub. L. 94–455struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary”.
Effective Date of 1989 Amendment
Pub. L. 101–239, title VII, § 7739(b),Dec. 19, 1989, 103 Stat. 2404, provided that: “The amendment made by subsection (a) [amending this section] shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 19, 1989].”
Effective Date of 1988 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 100–647applicable to disclosures or uses after Dec. 31, 1988, see section 6242(d) ofPub. L. 100–647, set out as an Effective Date note under section
6712 of this title.
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 98–369applicable with respect to taxable years beginning after Dec. 31, 1984, see section 414(a)(1) ofPub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section
6654 of this title.
Pub. L. 92–178, title III, § 316(c),Dec. 10, 1971, 85 Stat. 530, provided that: “The amendments made by this section [enacting this section] shall take effect on the first day of the first month which begins after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 10, 1971].”
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
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Description of Change
Statutes at Large
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