26 U.S. Code § 7604 - Enforcement of summons

(a) Jurisdiction of district court
If any person is summoned under the internal revenue laws to appear, to testify, or to produce books, papers, records, or other data, the United States district court for the district in which such person resides or is found shall have jurisdiction by appropriate process to compel such attendance, testimony, or production of books, papers, records, or other data.
(b) Enforcement
Whenever any person summoned under section 6420 (e)(2), 6421 (g)(2), 6427 (j)(2), or 7602 neglects or refuses to obey such summons, or to produce books, papers, records, or other data, or to give testimony, as required, the Secretary may apply to the judge of the district court or to a United States magistrate judge for the district within which the person so summoned resides or is found for an attachment against him as for a contempt. It shall be the duty of the judge or magistrate judge to hear the application, and, if satisfactory proof is made, to issue an attachment, directed to some proper officer, for the arrest of such person, and upon his being brought before him to proceed to a hearing of the case; and upon such hearing the judge or the United States magistrate judge shall have power to make such order as he shall deem proper, not inconsistent with the law for the punishment of contempts, to enforce obedience to the requirements of the summons and to punish such person for his default or disobedience.
(c) Cross references
(1) Authority to issue orders, processes, and judgments
For authority of district courts generally to enforce the provisions of this title, see section 7402.
(2) Penalties
For penalties applicable to violation of section 6420 (e)(2), 6421 (g)(2), 6427 (j)(2), or 7602, see section 7210.

Source

(Aug. 16, 1954, ch. 736, 68A Stat. 902; Apr. 2, 1956, ch. 160, § 4(i),70 Stat. 91; June 29, 1956, ch. 462, title II, § 208(d)(4),70 Stat. 396; Pub. L. 89–44, title II, § 202(c)(4),June 21, 1965, 79 Stat. 139; Pub. L. 90–578, title IV, § 402(b)(2),Oct. 17, 1968, 82 Stat. 1118; Pub. L. 91–258, title II, § 207(d)(9),May 21, 1970, 84 Stat. 249; Pub. L. 94–455, title XIX, § 1906(b)(13)(A),Oct. 4, 1976, 90 Stat. 1834; Pub. L. 94–530, § 1(c)(6),Oct. 17, 1976, 90 Stat. 2488; Pub. L. 95–599, title V, § 505(c)(5), (6),Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2760; Pub. L. 96–223, title II, § 232(d)(4)(E),Apr. 2, 1980, 94 Stat. 278; Pub. L. 97–424, title V, § 515(b)(12),Jan. 6, 1983, 96 Stat. 2182; Pub. L. 98–369, div. A, title IX, § 911(d)(2)(G),July 18, 1984, 98 Stat. 1007; Pub. L. 99–514, title XVII, § 1703(e)(2)(G),Oct. 22, 1986, 100 Stat. 2778; Pub. L. 100–647, title I, § 1017(c)(9), (12),Nov. 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 3576, 3577; Pub. L. 101–650, title III, § 321,Dec. 1, 1990, 104 Stat. 5117.)
Amendments

1988—Subsecs. (b), (c)(2). Pub. L. 100–647, § 1017(c)(12), made technical correction to language of Pub. L. 99–514, § 1703(e)(2)(G), see 1986 Amendment note below.
Pub. L. 100–647, § 1017(c)(9), substituted “6421(g)(2)” for “6421(f)(2)”.
1986—Subsecs. (b), (c)(2). Pub. L. 99–514, as amended by Pub. L. 100–647, § 1017(c)(12), substituted “6427(j)(2)” for “6427(i)(2)”.
1984—Subsecs. (b), (c)(2). Pub. L. 98–369substituted “6427(i)(2)” for “6427(h)(2)”.
1983—Subsecs. (b), (c)(2). Pub. L. 97–424struck out “6424(d)(2),” after “6421(f)(2),”.
1980—Subsecs. (b), (c)(2). Pub. L. 96–223substituted “6427(h)(2)” for “6427(g)(2)”.
1978—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 95–599, § 505(c)(5), substituted “6427(g)(2)” for “6427(f)(2)”.
Subsec. (c)(2). Pub. L. 95–599, § 505(c)(6), substituted “6427(g)(2)” for “6427(e)(2)”.
1976—Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 94–530substituted “6427(f)(2)” for “6427(e)(2)”.
Pub. L. 94–455struck out “or his delegate” after “Secretary”.
1970—Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 91–258inserted references to section 6427 (e)(2).
1965—Subsecs. (b), (c). Pub. L. 89–44inserted references to section 6424 (d)(2).
1956—Subsecs. (b), (c). Act Apr. 2, 1956, inserted references to section 6420 (e)(2).
Act June 29, 1956, inserted references to section 6421 (f)(2).
Change of Name

“United States magistrate judge” and “magistrate judge” substituted for “United States magistrate” and “magistrate”, respectively, wherever appearing in subsec. (b) pursuant to section 321 ofPub. L. 101–650, set out as a note under section 631 of Title 28, Judiciary and Judicial Procedure. Previously, “United States magistrate” and “magistrate” substituted for “United States commissioner” and “commissioner”, respectively, pursuant to Pub. L. 90–578. See chapter 43 (§ 631 et seq.) of Title 28.
Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–647effective, except as otherwise provided, as if included in the provision of the Tax Reform Act of 1986, Pub. L. 99–514, to which such amendment relates, see section 1019(a) ofPub. L. 100–647, set out as a note under section 1 of this title.
Effective Date of 1986 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 99–514applicable to gasoline removed (as defined in section 4082 of this title as amended by section 1703 ofPub. L. 99–514) after Dec. 31, 1987, see section 1703(h) ofPub. L. 99–514, set out as a note under section 4081 of this title.
Effective Date of 1984 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 98–369effective Aug. 1, 1984, see section 911(e) ofPub. L. 98–369, set out as a note under section 6427 of this title.
Effective Date of 1983 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 97–424applicable with respect to articles sold after Jan. 6, 1983, see section 515(c) ofPub. L. 97–424, set out as a note under section 34 of this title.
Effective Date of 1980 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 96–223effective Jan. 1, 1979, see section 232(h)(2) ofPub. L. 96–223, set out as a note under section 6427 of this title.
Effective Date of 1978 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–599effective Jan. 1, 1979, see section 505(d) ofPub. L. 95–599, set out as a note under section 6427 of this title.
Effective Date of 1976 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 94–530effective Oct. 1, 1976, see section 1(d) ofPub. L. 94–530, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.
Effective Date of 1970 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 91–258effective July 1, 1970, see section 211(a) ofPub. L. 91–258, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.
Effective Date of 1965 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 89–44effective Jan. 1, 1966, see section 701(a)(1), (2), ofPub. L. 89–44, set out as a note under section 4161 of this title.
Effective Date of 1956 Amendment

Amendment by act June 29, 1956, effective June 29, 1956, see section 211 of act June 29, 1956, set out as a note under section 4041 of this title.

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