26 U.S. Code § 9707 - Failure to pay premium
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(a) Failures to pay
(1) Premiums for eligible beneficiaries
There is hereby imposed a penalty on the failure of any assigned operator to pay any premium required to be paid under section 9704 with respect to any eligible beneficiary.
(2) Contributions required under the mining laws
There is hereby imposed a penalty on the failure of any person to make a contribution required under section 402(h)(5)(B)(ii) of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 to a plan referred to in section 402(h)(2)(C) of such Act. For purposes of applying this section, each such required monthly contribution for the hours worked of any individual shall be treated as if it were a premium required to be paid under section 9704 with respect to an eligible beneficiary.
(b) Amount of penalty
The amount of the penalty imposed by subsection (a) on any failure with respect to any eligible beneficiary shall be $100 per day in the noncompliance period with respect to any such failure.
(c) Noncompliance period
For purposes of this section, the term “noncompliance period” means, with respect to any failure to pay any premium or installment thereof, the period—
(d) Limitations on amount of penalty
(1) In general
No penalty shall be imposed by subsection (a) on any failure during any period for which it is established to the satisfaction of the Secretary of the Treasury that none of the persons responsible for such failure knew, or exercising reasonable diligence would have known, that such failure existed.
No penalty shall be imposed by subsection (a) on any failure if—
In the case of a failure that is due to reasonable cause and not to willful neglect, the Secretary of the Treasury may waive all or part of the penalty imposed by subsection (a) for failures to the extent that the Secretary determines, in his sole discretion, that the payment of such penalty would be excessive relative to the failure involved.
(e) Liability for penalty
The person failing to meet the requirements of section 9704 shall be liable for the penalty imposed by subsection (a).
For purposes of this title, the penalty imposed by this section shall be treated in the same manner as the tax imposed by section 4980B.
Source(Added Pub. L. 102–486, title XIX, § 19143(a),Oct. 24, 1992, 106 Stat. 3050; amended Pub. L. 104–188, title I, § 1704(t)(65),Aug. 20, 1996, 110 Stat. 1890; Pub. L. 109–432, div. C, title II, § 213(b)(1),Dec. 20, 2006, 120 Stat. 3027.)
References in Text
Section 402 of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, referred to in subsec. (a)(2), is classified to section 1232 of Title 30, Mineral Lands and Mining.
2006—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 109–432amended heading and text of subsec. (a) generally. Prior to amendment, text read as follows: “There is hereby imposed a penalty on the failure of any assigned operator to pay any premium required to be paid under section 9704 with respect to any eligible beneficiary.”
1996—Subsec. (d)(1). Pub. L. 104–188struck out comma after “diligence”.
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