(a)The district courts shall have original jurisdiction of any civil action authorized by law to be commenced by any person:
(1)To recover damages for injury to his person or property, or because of the deprivation of any right or privilege of a citizen of the United States, by any act done in furtherance of any conspiracy mentioned in section
1985 of Title
(2)To recover damages from any person who fails to prevent or to aid in preventing any wrongs mentioned in section
1985 of Title
42 which he had knowledge were about to occur and power to prevent;
(3)To redress the deprivation, under color of any State law, statute, ordinance, regulation, custom or usage, of any right, privilege or immunity secured by the Constitution of the United States or by any Act of Congress providing for equal rights of citizens or of all persons within the jurisdiction of the United States;
(4)To recover damages or to secure equitable or other relief under any Act of Congress providing for the protection of civil rights, including the right to vote.
(b)For purposes of this section—
(1)the District of Columbia shall be considered to be a State; and
(2)any Act of Congress applicable exclusively to the District of Columbia shall be considered to be a statute of the District of Columbia.
Based on title 28, U.S.C., 1940 ed., § 41(12), (13), and (14) (Mar. 3, 1911, ch. 231, § 24, pars. 12, 13, 14, 36 Stat. 1092).
Words “civil action” were substituted for “suits,” “suits at law or in equity” in view of Rule 2 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
Numerous changes were made in arrangement and phraseology.
1979—Pub. L. 96–170designated existing provisions as subsec. (a) and added subsec. (b).
1957—Pub. L. 85–315inserted “and elective franchise” in section catchline and added par. (4).
1954—Act Sept. 3, 1954, substituted “section
1985 of Title
42” for “section
47 of Title
8” wherever appearing.
Effective Date of 1979 Amendment
Section 3 ofPub. L. 96–170provided that: “The amendments made by this Act [amending this section and section
1983 of Title
42, The Public Health and Welfare] shall apply with respect to any deprivation of rights, privileges, or immunities secured by the Constitution and laws occurring after the date of the enactment of this Act [Dec. 29, 1979].”
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.
Description of Change
Statutes at Large
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