28 U.S. Code § 1351 - Consuls, vice consuls, and members of a diplomatic mission as defendant

The district courts shall have original jurisdiction, exclusive of the courts of the States, of all civil actions and proceedings against—
(1) consuls or vice consuls of foreign states; or
(2) members of a mission or members of their families (as such terms are defined in section 2 of the Diplomatic Relations Act).


(June 25, 1948, ch. 646, 62 Stat. 934; May 24, 1949, ch. 139, § 80(c),63 Stat. 101; Pub. L. 95–393, § 8(a)(1),Sept. 30, 1978, 92 Stat. 810.)
Historical and Revision Notes

Based on title 28, U.S.C., 1940 ed., §§ 41(18), 371 (8) (Mar. 3, 1911, ch. 231, §§ 24, par. 18, 256, par. 8, 36 Stat. 1093, 1160).
Words “civil action” were substituted for “suits,” and “all suits and proceedings” in view of Rule 2 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
Changes were made in phraseology.
References in Text

Section 2 of the Diplomatic Relations Act, referred to in par. (2), is classified to section 254a of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse.

1978—Pub. L. 95–393substituted “Consuls, vice consuls, and members of a diplomatic mission as defendant” for “Consuls and vice consuls as defendants” in section catchline, designated existing provisions as introductory provision preceding par. (1), and in such introductory provision as so designated, substituted “civil actions and proceedings against—” for “actions and proceedings against consuls or vice consuls of foreign states”, and added pars. (1) and (2).
1949—Act May 24, 1949, substituted “of all actions and proceedings” for “of any civil action”.
Effective Date of 1978 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 95–393effective at end of ninety-day period beginning on Sept. 30, 1978, see section 9 ofPub. L. 95–393, set out as an Effective Date note under section 254a of Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

28 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large


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