(a)A “foreign state”, except as used in section
1608 of this title, includes a political subdivision of a foreign state or an agency or instrumentality of a foreign state as defined in subsection (b).
(b)An “agency or instrumentality of a foreign state” means any entity—
(1)which is a separate legal person, corporate or otherwise, and
(2)which is an organ of a foreign state or political subdivision thereof, or a majority of whose shares or other ownership interest is owned by a foreign state or political subdivision thereof, and
(3)which is neither a citizen of a State of the United States as defined in section
1332 (c) and (e) of this title, nor created under the laws of any third country.
(c)The “United States” includes all territory and waters, continental or insular, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States.
(d)A “commercial activity” means either a regular course of commercial conduct or a particular commercial transaction or act. The commercial character of an activity shall be determined by reference to the nature of the course of conduct or particular transaction or act, rather than by reference to its purpose.
(e)A “commercial activity carried on in the United States by a foreign state” means commercial activity carried on by such state and having substantial contact with the United States.
Amendment by Pub. L. 109–2applicable to any civil action commenced on or after Feb. 18, 2005, see section 9 ofPub. L. 109–2, set out as a note under section
1332 of this title.
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.
Description of Change
Statutes at Large
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