(Added Pub. L. 109–2, § 3(a),Feb. 18, 2005, 119 Stat. 5.)
References in Text
Rule 23 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, referred to in par. (2), is set out in the Appendix to this title.
Chapter applicable to any civil action commenced on or after Feb. 18, 2005, see section 9 ofPub. L. 109–2
, set out as an Effective Date of 2005 Amendment note under section
of this title.
Findings and Purposes
Pub. L. 109–2
, § 2,Feb. 18, 2005, 119 Stat. 4
, provided that:
“(a) Findings.—Congress finds the following:
“(1) Class action lawsuits are an important and valuable part of the legal system when they permit the fair and efficient resolution of legitimate claims of numerous parties by allowing the claims to be aggregated into a single action against a defendant that has allegedly caused harm.
“(2) Over the past decade, there have been abuses of the class action device that have—
“(A) harmed class members with legitimate claims and defendants that have acted responsibly;
“(B) adversely affected interstate commerce; and
“(C) undermined public respect for our judicial system.
“(3) Class members often receive little or no benefit from class actions, and are sometimes harmed, such as where—
“(A) counsel are awarded large fees, while leaving class members with coupons or other awards of little or no value;
“(B) unjustified awards are made to certain plaintiffs at the expense of other class members; and
“(C) confusing notices are published that prevent class members from being able to fully understand and effectively exercise their rights.
“(4) Abuses in class actions undermine the national judicial system, the free flow of interstate commerce, and the concept of diversity jurisdiction as intended by the framers of the United States Constitution, in that State and local courts are—
“(A) keeping cases of national importance out of Federal court;
“(B) sometimes acting in ways that demonstrate bias against out-of-State defendants; and
“(C) making judgments that impose their view of the law on other States and bind the rights of the residents of those States.
“(b) Purposes.—The purposes of this Act [see Short Title of 2005 Amendments note set out under section
of this title] are to—
“(1) assure fair and prompt recoveries for class members with legitimate claims;
“(2) restore the intent of the framers of the United States Constitution by providing for Federal court consideration of interstate cases of national importance under diversity jurisdiction; and
“(3) benefit society by encouraging innovation and lowering consumer prices.”