(June 25, 1948, ch. 646, 62 Stat. 952; Pub. L. 90–274, § 101,Mar. 27, 1968, 82 Stat. 54; Pub. L. 92–269, § 2,Apr. 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 117; Pub. L. 95–572, § 2(a),Nov. 2, 1978, 92 Stat. 2453; Pub. L. 100–702, title VIII, § 802(b), (c),Nov. 19, 1988, 102 Stat. 4657, 4658; Pub. L. 102–572, title IV, § 401,Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4511.)
Historical and Revision Notes
Based on title 28, U.S.C., 1940, ed., § 415 (Mar. 3, 1911, ch. 231, § 278,36 Stat. 1165
Subsections (a) and (b) are new and merely declaratory of existing practice.
The phrase “or previous condition of servitude” was omitted as obsolete.
Changes were made in phraseology.
References in Text
Section 1203(6) of title I of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968, referred to in subsec. (b)(5)(B), was successively renumbered and redesignated as section 1204(8) of the Act which is classified to section
, The Public Health and Welfare.
The date of enactment of the Jury Selection and Service Act of 1968, referred to in subsec. (c), is the date of enactment of Pub. L. 90–274
, which was approved Mar. 27, 1968.
1992—Subsec. (b)(2). Pub. L. 102–572
inserted at end “The plan for the district of Massachusetts may require the names of prospective jurors to be selected from the resident list provided for in chapter 234A, Massachusetts General Laws, or comparable authority, rather than from voter lists.”
1988—Subsec. (b)(5). Pub. L. 100–702
, § 802(b), designated existing provisions as subpar. (A), inserted “except as provided in subparagraph (B),”, and added subpar. (B).
Subsec. (b)(6). Pub. L. 100–702
, § 802(b), amended par. (6) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (6) read as follows: “specify those groups of persons or occupational classes whose members shall be barred from jury service on the ground that they are exempt. Such groups or classes shall be exempt only if the district court finds, and the plan states, that their exemption is in the public interest and would not be inconsistent with sections
of this title. The plan shall provide for exemption of the following persons: (i) members in active service in the Armed Forces of the United States; (ii) members of the fire or police departments of any State, district, territory, possession, or subdivision thereof; (iii) public officers in the executive, legislative, or judicial branches of the Government of the United States, or any State, district, territory, or possession or subdivision thereof, who are actively engaged in the performance of official duties.”
1978—Subsec. (b)(7) to (9). Pub. L. 95–572
struck out par. (7) relating to random jury selection plan provision for fixing the distance, in miles or in travel time, from each place of holding court beyond which prospective jurors residing should, on individual request, be excused from jury service on the ground of undue hardship in traveling to the place where court was held, now incorporated in definition of “undue hardship or extreme inconvenience” in section
of this title, and redesignated pars. (8) and (9) as (7) and (8), respectively.
1972—Subsec. (b)(4). Pub. L. 92–269
inserted provisions requiring the master jury wheel to be emptied and refilled in not greater than four years intervals.
1968—Subsec. (a). Pub. L. 90–274
substituted provisions requiring a written plan covering the random selection of jurors by each United States District Court and the adoption, review, and modification of the plan for provisions authorizing district judges to exclude or excuse for good cause persons called as jurors.
Subsec. (b). Pub. L. 90–274
substituted provisions setting out the nine required features of a plan for random jury selection, including management by commission or clerk, selection from voter registration lists, detailed procedures for selecting names, a master jury wheel, excused or exempted groups, maximum distances of travel, disclosure of names, and procedures for assigning jurors drawn from the jury wheel to particular grand and petit jury panels, for provisions authorizing the district court to excuse, for the public interests, classes or groups upon a finding that such jury service would entail undue hardship, extreme inconvenience, or serious obstruction or delay in the fair and impartial administration of justice.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 90–274
substituted provisions covering the transmittal of the plan to a reviewing panel and the modification thereof for provisions prohibiting the exclusion of any citizen from juror service on account of race or color.
Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 90–274
added subsec. (d).
Effective Date of 1992 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 102–572
effective Jan. 1, 1993, see section 1101(a) ofPub. L. 102–572
, set out as a note under section
, The Congress.
Effective Date of 1978 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 95–572
applicable with respect to any grand or petit juror summoned for service or actually serving on or after Nov. 2, 1978, see section 7(a) ofPub. L. 95–572
, set out as an Effective Date note under section
of this title.
Effective Date of 1968 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 90–274
effective 270 days after Mar. 27, 1968, except as to cases in which an indictment has been returned or a petit jury empaneled prior to such effective date, see section 104 ofPub. L. 90–274
, set out as a note under section
of this title.
Refilling of Master Jury Wheel Not Later Than September 1, 1973; Refilling of Qualified Jury Wheel Not Later Than October 1, 1973; Retroactive Effect
Pub. L. 92–269
, §§ 3,
,Apr. 6, 1972, 86 Stat. 117
, provided that:
“Sec. 3. (a) Each judicial district and each division or combination of divisions within a judicial district, for which a separate plan for random selection of jurors has been adopted pursuant to section
, United States Code, other than the District of Columbia and the districts of Puerto Rico and the Canal Zone, shall not later than September 1, 1973, refill its master jury wheel with names obtained from the voter registration lists for, or the lists of actual voters in, the 1972 general election.
“(b) The District of Columbia and the judicial districts of Puerto Rico and the Canal Zone shall not later than September 1, 1973, refill their master jury wheels from sources which include the names of persons eighteen years of age or older.
“(c) The qualified jury wheel in each judicial district, and in each division or combination of divisions in a judicial district for which a separate plan for random selection of jurors has been adopted, shall be refilled from the master jury wheel not later than October 1, 1973.
“Sec. 4. (a) Nothing in this Act amending this section and section
of this title shall affect the composition of any master jury wheel or qualified jury wheel prior to the date on which it is first refilled in compliance with the terms of section
“(b) Nothing in this Act shall affect the composition or preclude the service of any jury empaneled on or before the date on which the qualified jury wheel from which the jurors’ names were drawn is refilled in compliance with the provisions of section