28 U.S. Code § 2461 - Mode of recovery

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(a) Whenever a civil fine, penalty or pecuniary forfeiture is prescribed for the violation of an Act of Congress without specifying the mode of recovery or enforcement thereof, it may be recovered in a civil action.
(b) Unless otherwise provided by Act of Congress, whenever a forfeiture of property is prescribed as a penalty for violation of an Act of Congress and the seizure takes place on the high seas or on navigable waters within the admiralty and maritime jurisdiction of the United States, such forfeiture may be enforced by libel in admiralty but in cases of seizures on land the forfeiture may be enforced by a proceeding by libel which shall conform as near as may be to proceedings in admiralty.
(c) If a person is charged in a criminal case with a violation of an Act of Congress for which the civil or criminal forfeiture of property is authorized, the Government may include notice of the forfeiture in the indictment or information pursuant to the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure. If the defendant is convicted of the offense giving rise to the forfeiture, the court shall order the forfeiture of the property as part of the sentence in the criminal case pursuant to to  [1] the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure and section 3554 of title 18, United States Code. The procedures in section 413 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 853) apply to all stages of a criminal forfeiture proceeding, except that subsection (d) of such section applies only in cases in which the defendant is convicted of a violation of such Act.


[1]  So in original.

Source

(June 25, 1948, ch. 646, 62 Stat. 974; Pub. L. 106–185, § 16,Apr. 25, 2000, 114 Stat. 221; Pub. L. 109–177, title IV, § 410,Mar. 9, 2006, 120 Stat. 246.)
Historical and Revision Notes

Subsection (a) was drafted to clarify a serious ambiguity in existing law and is based upon rulings of the Supreme Court. Numerous sections in the United States Code prescribe civil fines, penalties, and pecuniary forfeitures for violation of certain sections without specifying the mode of recovery or enforcement thereof. See, for example, section 567 of title 12, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Banks and Banking, section 64 of title 14, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Coast Guard, and section 180 of title 25, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Indians. Compare section 1 (21) of title 49, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Transportation.
A civil fine, penalty, or pecuniary forfeiture is recoverable in a civil action. United States ex rel. Marcus v. Hess et al., 1943, 63 S.Ct. 379, 317 U.S. 537, 87 L.Ed. 433, rehearing denied 63 S.Ct. 756, 318 U.S. 799, 87 L.Ed. 1163; Hepner v. United States, 1909, 29 S.Ct. 474, 213 U.S. 103, 53 L.Ed. 720, and cases cited therein.
Forfeiture of bail bonds in criminal cases are enforceable by procedure set out in Rule 46 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure.
If the statute contemplates a criminal fine, it can only be recovered in a criminal proceeding under the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, after a conviction. The collection of civil fines and penalties, however, may not be had under the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, Rule 54(b)(5), but enforcement of a criminal fine imposed in a criminal case may be had by execution on the judgment rendered in such case, as in civil actions. (See section 569 of title 18, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Crimes and Criminal Procedure, incorporated in 3565 of H.R. 1600, 80th Congress, for revision of the Criminal Code. See also Rule 69 of Federal Rules of Civil Procedure and Advisory Committee Note thereunder, as to execution in civil actions.)
Subsection (b) was drafted to cover the subject of forfeiture of property generally. Sections in the United States Code specifically providing a mode of enforcement of forfeiture of property for their violation and other procedural matters will, of course, govern and subsection (b) will not affect them. It will only cover cases where no mode of recovery is prescribed.
Words “Unless otherwise provided by enactment of Congress” were inserted at the beginning of subsection (b) to exclude from its application instances where a libel in admiralty is not required. For example, under sections 1607, 1609, and 1610 of title 19, U.S.C., 1940 ed., Customs Duties, the collector of customs may, by summary procedure, sell at public auction, without previous declaration of forfeiture or libel proceedings, any vessel, etc., under $1,000 in value in cases where no claim for the same is filed or bond given as required by customs laws.
Rule 81 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure makes such rules applicable to the appeals in cases of seizures on land. (See also 443 Cans of Frozen Egg Product v. United States, 1912, 33 S.Ct. 50, 226 U.S. 172, 57 L.Ed. 174, and Eureka Productions v. Mulligan, C.C.A. 1940, 108 F.2d 760.) The proceeding, which resembles a suit in admiralty in that it is begun by a libel, is, strictly speaking, an “action at law” (The Sarah, 1823, 8 Wheat. 391, 21 U.S. 391, 5 L.Ed. 644; Morris’s Cotton, 1869, 8 Wall. 507, 75 U.S. 507, 19 L.Ed. 481; Confiscation cases, 1873, 20 Wall. 92, 87 U.S. 92, 22 L.Ed. 320; Eureka Productions v. Mulligan, supra), even though the statute may direct that the proceedings conform to admiralty as near as may be. In re Graham, 1870, 10 Wall. 541, 19 L.Ed. 981, and 443 Cans of Frozen Egg Product v. United States, supra.
Subsection (b) is in conformity with Rule 21 of the Supreme Court Admiralty Rules, which recognizes that a libel may be filed upon seizure for any breach of any enactment of Congress, whether on land or on the high seas or on navigable waters within the admiralty and maritime jurisdiction of the United States. Such rule also permits an information to be filed, but is rarely, if ever, used at present. Consequently, “information” has been omitted from the text and only “libel” is incorporated.
References in Text

The Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, referred to in subsec. (c), are set out in the Appendix to Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure.
The Controlled Substances Act, referred to in subsec. (c), is title II of Pub. L. 91–513, Oct. 27, 1970, 84 Stat. 1242, as amended, which is classified principally to subchapter I (§ 801 et seq.) of chapter 13 of Title 21, Food and Drugs. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 801 of Title 21 and Tables.
Amendments

2006—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 109–177amended subsec. (c) generally. Prior to amendment, subsec. (c) read as follows: “If a forfeiture of property is authorized in connection with a violation of an Act of Congress, and any person is charged in an indictment or information with such violation but no specific statutory provision is made for criminal forfeiture upon conviction, the Government may include the forfeiture in the indictment or information in accordance with the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, and upon conviction, the court shall order the forfeiture of the property in accordance with the procedures set forth in section 413 of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 853), other than subsection (d) of that section.”
2000—Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 106–185added subsec. (c).
Effective Date of 2000 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 106–185applicable to any forfeiture proceeding commenced on or after the date that is 120 days after Apr. 25, 2000, see section 21 ofPub. L. 106–185, set out as a note under section 1324 of Title 8, Aliens and Nationality.
Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment

Pub. L. 101–410, Oct. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 890, as amended by Pub. L. 104–134, title III, § 31001(s)(1),Apr. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 1321–373; Pub. L. 105–362, title XIII, § 1301(a),Nov. 10, 1998, 112 Stat. 3293, provided that:
“short title

“Section 1. This Act may be cited as the ‘Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990’.
“findings and purpose

“Sec. 2. (a) Findings.—The Congress finds that—
“(1) the power of Federal agencies to impose civil monetary penalties for violations of Federal law and regulations plays an important role in deterring violations and furthering the policy goals embodied in such laws and regulations;
“(2) the impact of many civil monetary penalties has been and is diminished due to the effect of inflation;
“(3) by reducing the impact of civil monetary penalties, inflation has weakened the deterrent effect of such penalties; and
“(4) the Federal Government does not maintain comprehensive, detailed accounting of the efforts of Federal agencies to assess and collect civil monetary penalties.
“(b) Purpose.—The purpose of this Act is to establish a mechanism that shall—
“(1) allow for regular adjustment for inflation of civil monetary penalties;
“(2) maintain the deterrent effect of civil monetary penalties and promote compliance with the law; and
“(3) improve the collection by the Federal Government of civil monetary penalties.
“definitions

“Sec. 3. For purposes of this Act, the term—
“(1) ‘agency’ means an Executive agency as defined under section 105 of title 5, United States Code, and includes the United States Postal Service;
“(2) ‘civil monetary penalty’ means any penalty, fine, or other sanction that—
“(A)(i) is for a specific monetary amount as provided by Federal law; or
“(ii) has a maximum amount provided for by Federal law; and
“(B) is assessed or enforced by an agency pursuant to Federal law; and
“(C) is assessed or enforced pursuant to an administrative proceeding or a civil action in the Federal courts; and
“(3) ‘Consumer Price Index’ means the Consumer Price Index for all-urban consumers published by the Department of Labor.
“civil monetary penalty inflation adjustment reports

“Sec. 4. The head of each agency shall, not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of the Debt Collection Improvement Act of 1996 [Apr. 26, 1996], and at least once every 4 years thereafter—
“(1) by regulation adjust each civil monetary penalty provided by law within the jurisdiction of the Federal agency, except for any penalty (including any addition to tax and additional amount) under the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 [26 U.S.C. 1 et seq.], the Tariff Act of 1930 [19 U.S.C. 1202 et seq.], the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 [29 U.S.C. 651 et seq.], or the Social Security Act [42 U.S.C. 301 et seq.], by the inflation adjustment described under section 5 of this Act; and
“(2) publish each such regulation in the Federal Register.
“cost-of-living adjustments of civil monetary penalties

“Sec. 5. (a) Adjustment.—The inflation adjustment under section 4 shall be determined by increasing the maximum civil monetary penalty or the range of minimum and maximum civil monetary penalties, as applicable, for each civil monetary penalty by the cost-of-living adjustment. Any increase determined under this subsection shall be rounded to the nearest—
“(1) multiple of $10 in the case of penalties less than or equal to $100;
“(2) multiple of $100 in the case of penalties greater than $100 but less than or equal to $1,000;
“(3) multiple of $1,000 in the case of penalties greater than $1,000 but less than or equal to $10,000;
“(4) multiple of $5,000 in the case of penalties greater than $10,000 but less than or equal to $100,000;
“(5) multiple of $10,000 in the case of penalties greater than $100,000 but less than or equal to $200,000; and
“(6) multiple of $25,000 in the case of penalties greater than $200,000.
“(b) Definition.—For purposes of subsection (a), the term ‘cost-of-living adjustment’ means the percentage (if any) for each civil monetary penalty by which—
“(1) the Consumer Price Index for the month of June of the calendar year preceding the adjustment, exceeds
“(2) the Consumer Price Index for the month of June of the calendar year in which the amount of such civil monetary penalty was last set or adjusted pursuant to law.
“Sec. 6. Any increase under this Act in a civil monetary penalty shall apply only to violations which occur after the date the increase takes effect.”
[Pub. L. 104–134, title III, § 31001(s)(2),Apr. 26, 1996, 110 Stat. 1321–373, provided that: “The first adjustment of a civil monetary penalty made pursuant to the amendment made by paragraph (1) [amending Pub. L. 101–410, set out above] may not exceed 10 percent of such penalty.”]
[For authority of the Director of the Office of Management and Budget to consolidate reports required under the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990, Pub. L. 101–410, set out above, to be submitted between Jan. 1, 1995, and Sept. 30, 1997, or to adjust their frequency and due dates, see section 404 ofPub. L. 103–356, set out as a note under section 501 of Title 31, Money and Finance.]

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

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28 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


5 CFR - Administrative Personnel

5 CFR Part 2634 - EXECUTIVE BRANCH FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE, QUALIFIED TRUSTS, AND CERTIFICATES OF DIVESTITURE

5 CFR Part 2636 - LIMITATIONS ON OUTSIDE EARNED INCOME, EMPLOYMENT AND AFFILIATIONS FOR CERTAIN NONCAREER EMPLOYEES

7 CFR - Agriculture

7 CFR Part 3 - DEBT MANAGEMENT

10 CFR - Energy

10 CFR Part 2 - AGENCY RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE

10 CFR Part 13 - PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES

10 CFR Part 207 - COLLECTION OF INFORMATION

10 CFR Part 218 - STANDBY MANDATORY INTERNATIONAL OIL ALLOCATION

10 CFR Part 430 - ENERGY CONSERVATION PROGRAM FOR CONSUMER PRODUCTS

10 CFR Part 601 - NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING

10 CFR Part 820 - PROCEDURAL RULES FOR DOE NUCLEAR ACTIVITIES

10 CFR Part 1013 - PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES AND PROCEDURES

10 CFR Part 1017 - IDENTIFICATION AND PROTECTION OF UNCLASSIFIED CONTROLLED NUCLEAR INFORMATION

10 CFR Part 1050 - FOREIGN GIFTS AND DECORATIONS

11 CFR - Federal Elections

11 CFR Part 111 - COMPLIANCE PROCEDURE (2 U.S.C. 437g, 437d(a))

12 CFR - Banks and Banking

12 CFR Part 19 - RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE

12 CFR Part 109 - RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE IN ADJUDICATORY PROCEEDINGS

12 CFR Part 263 - RULES OF PRACTICE FOR HEARINGS

12 CFR Part 308 - RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE

12 CFR Part 509 - RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE IN ADJUDICATORY PROCEEDINGS

12 CFR Part 622 - RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE

12 CFR Part 1209 - RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE

12 CFR Part 1250 - FLOOD INSURANCE

12 CFR Part 1411 - RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE

14 CFR - Aeronautics and Space

14 CFR Part 13 - INVESTIGATIVE AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES

15 CFR - Commerce and Foreign Trade

15 CFR Part 6 - CIVIL MONETARY PENALTY INFLATION ADJUSTMENTS

15 CFR Part 25 - PROGRAM

15 CFR Part 28 - NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING

16 CFR - Commercial Practices

16 CFR Part 1 - GENERAL PROCEDURES

17 CFR - Commodity and Securities Exchanges

17 CFR Part 143 - COLLECTION OF CLAIMS OWED THE UNITED STATES ARISING FROM ACTIVITIES UNDER THE COMMISSION'S JURISDICTION

17 CFR Part 201 - RULES OF PRACTICE

18 CFR - Conservation of Power and Water Resources

18 CFR Part 385 - RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE

19 CFR - Customs Duties

19 CFR Part 4 - VESSELS IN FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC TRADES

20 CFR - Employees' Benefits

20 CFR Part 356 - CIVIL MONETARY PENALTY INFLATION ADJUSTMENT

24 CFR - Housing and Urban Development

24 CFR Part 28 - IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986

24 CFR Part 30 - CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES: CERTAIN PROHIBITED CONDUCT

24 CFR Part 81 - THE SECRETARY OF HUD'S REGULATION OF THE FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION (FANNIE MAE) AND THE FEDERAL HOME LOAN MORTGAGE CORPORATION (FREDDIE MAC)

24 CFR Part 3282 - MANUFACTURED HOME PROCEDURAL AND ENFORCEMENT REGULATIONS

24 CFR Part 3500 - REAL ESTATE SETTLEMENT PROCEDURES ACT

27 CFR - Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms

27 CFR Part 16 - ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE HEALTH WARNING STATEMENT

29 CFR - Labor

29 CFR Part 578 - MINIMUM WAGE AND OVERTIME VIOLATIONS—CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES

29 CFR Part 579 - CHILD LABOR VIOLATIONS—CIVIL MONEY PENALTIES

29 CFR Part 2575 - ADJUSTMENT OF CIVIL PENALTIES UNDER ERISA TITLE I

29 CFR Part 4071 - PENALTIES FOR FAILURE TO PROVIDE CERTAIN NOTICES OR OTHER MATERIAL INFORMATION

29 CFR Part 4302 - PENALTIES FOR FAILURE TO PROVIDE CERTAIN MULTIEMPLOYER PLAN NOTICES

30 CFR - Mineral Resources

30 CFR Part 552 - OUTER CONTINENTAL SHELF (OCS) OIL AND GAS INFORMATION PROGRAM

31 CFR - Money and Finance: Treasury

31 CFR Part 253

31 CFR Part 501 - REPORTING, PROCEDURES AND PENALTIES REGULATIONS

31 CFR Part 510 - NORTH KOREA SANCTIONS REGULATIONS

31 CFR Part 535 - IRANIAN ASSETS CONTROL REGULATIONS

31 CFR Part 536 - NARCOTICS TRAFFICKING SANCTIONS REGULATIONS

31 CFR Part 538 - SUDANESE SANCTIONS REGULATIONS

31 CFR Part 540 - HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM (HEU) AGREEMENT ASSETS CONTROL REGULATIONS

31 CFR Part 543 - CôTE D'IVOIRE SANCTIONS REGULATIONS

31 CFR Part 544 - WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION PROLIFERATORS SANCTIONS REGULATIONS

31 CFR Part 546 - DARFUR SANCTIONS REGULATIONS

31 CFR Part 547 - DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF THE CONGO SANCTIONS REGULATIONS

31 CFR Part 548 - BELARUS SANCTIONS REGULATIONS

31 CFR Part 549 - LEBANON SANCTIONS REGULATIONS

31 CFR Part 551 - SOMALIA SANCTIONS REGULATIONS

31 CFR Part 560 - IRANIAN TRANSACTIONS REGULATIONS

31 CFR Part 561 - IRANIAN FINANCIAL SANCTIONS REGULATIONS

31 CFR Part 562 - IRANIAN HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES SANCTIONS REGULATIONS

31 CFR Part 570 - LIBYAN SANCTIONS REGULATIONS

31 CFR Part 588 - WESTERN BALKANS STABILIZATION REGULATIONS

31 CFR Part 590 - TRANSNATIONAL CRIMINAL ORGANIZATIONS SANCTIONS REGULATIONS

31 CFR Part 592 - ROUGH DIAMONDS CONTROL REGULATIONS

31 CFR Part 594 - GLOBAL TERRORISM SANCTIONS REGULATIONS

31 CFR Part 595 - TERRORISM SANCTIONS REGULATIONS

31 CFR Part 597 - FOREIGN TERRORIST ORGANIZATIONS SANCTIONS REGULATIONS

31 CFR Part 598 - FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN SANCTIONS REGULATIONS

32 CFR - National Defense

32 CFR Part 269 - CIVIL MONETARY PENALTY INFLATION ADJUSTMENT

33 CFR - Navigation and Navigable Waters

33 CFR Part 27 - ADJUSTMENT OF CIVIL MONETARY PENALTIES FOR INFLATION

33 CFR Part 326 - ENFORCEMENT

34 CFR - Education

34 CFR Part 36 - ADJUSTMENT OF CIVIL MONETARY PENALTIES FOR INFLATION

40 CFR - Protection of Environment

40 CFR Part 19 - ADJUSTMENT OF CIVIL MONETARY PENALTIES FOR INFLATION

40 CFR Part 27 - PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES

45 CFR - Public Welfare

45 CFR Part 672 - ENFORCEMENT AND HEARING PROCEDURES

49 CFR - Transportation

49 CFR Part 107 - HAZARDOUS MATERIALS PROGRAM PROCEDURES

49 CFR Part 109 - DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION HAZARDOUS MATERIALS PROCEDURAL REGULATIONS FOR OPENING OF PACKAGES, EMERGENCY ORDERS, AND EMERGENCY RECALLS

49 CFR Part 171 - GENERAL INFORMATION, REGULATIONS, AND DEFINITIONS

49 CFR Part 209 - RAILROAD SAFETY ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES

49 CFR Part 213 - TRACK SAFETY STANDARDS

49 CFR Part 214 - RAILROAD WORKPLACE SAFETY

49 CFR Part 215 - RAILROAD FREIGHT CAR SAFETY STANDARDS

49 CFR Part 216 - SPECIAL NOTICE AND EMERGENCY ORDER PROCEDURES: RAILROAD TRACK, LOCOMOTIVE AND EQUIPMENT

49 CFR Part 217 - RAILROAD OPERATING RULES

49 CFR Part 218 - RAILROAD OPERATING PRACTICES

49 CFR Part 219 - CONTROL OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG USE

49 CFR Part 220 - RAILROAD COMMUNICATIONS

49 CFR Part 221 - REAR END MARKING DEVICE—PASSENGER, COMMUTER AND FREIGHT TRAINS

49 CFR Part 222 - USE OF LOCOMOTIVE HORNS AT PUBLIC HIGHWAY-RAIL GRADE CROSSINGS

49 CFR Part 223 - SAFETY GLAZING STANDARDS—LOCOMOTIVES, PASSENGER CARS AND CABOOSES

49 CFR Part 224 - REFLECTORIZATION OF RAIL FREIGHT ROLLING STOCK

49 CFR Part 225 - RAILROAD ACCIDENTS/INCIDENTS: REPORTS CLASSIFICATION, AND INVESTIGATIONS

49 CFR Part 227 - OCCUPATIONAL NOISE EXPOSURE

49 CFR Part 228 - HOURS OF SERVICE OF RAILROAD EMPLOYEES; RECORDKEEPING AND REPORTING; SLEEPING QUARTERS

49 CFR Part 230 - STEAM LOCOMOTIVE INSPECTION AND MAINTENANCE STANDARDS

49 CFR Part 231 - RAILROAD SAFETY APPLIANCE STANDARDS

49 CFR Part 232 - BRAKE SYSTEM SAFETY STANDARDS FOR FREIGHT AND OTHER NON-PASSENGER TRAINS AND EQUIPMENT; END-OF-TRAIN DEVICES

49 CFR Part 233 - SIGNAL SYSTEMS REPORTING REQUIREMENTS

49 CFR Part 234 - GRADE CROSSING SAFETY, INCLUDING SIGNAL SYSTEMS, STATE ACTION PLANS, AND EMERGENCY NOTIFICATION SYSTEMS

49 CFR Part 235 - INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING APPLICATIONS FOR APPROVAL OF A DISCONTINUANCE OR MATERIAL MODIFICATION OF A SIGNAL SYSTEM OR RELIEF FROM THE REQUIREMENTS OF PART 236

49 CFR Part 236 - RULES, STANDARDS, AND INSTRUCTIONS GOVERNING THE INSTALLATION, INSPECTION, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR OF SIGNAL AND TRAIN CONTROL SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND APPLIANCES

49 CFR Part 237 - BRIDGE SAFETY STANDARDS

49 CFR Part 238 - PASSENGER EQUIPMENT SAFETY STANDARDS

49 CFR Part 239 - PASSENGER TRAIN EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS

49 CFR Part 240 - QUALIFICATION AND CERTIFICATION OF LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEERS

49 CFR Part 241 - UNITED STATES LOCATIONAL REQUIREMENT FOR DISPATCHING OF UNITED STATES RAIL OPERATIONS

49 CFR Part 242 - QUALIFICATION AND CERTIFICATION OF CONDUCTORS

49 CFR Part 244 - REGULATIONS ON SAFETY INTEGRATION PLANS GOVERNING RAILROAD CONSOLIDATIONS, MERGERS, AND ACQUISITIONS OF CONTROL

49 CFR Part 1022

49 CFR Part 1503 - INVESTIGATIVE AND ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES

 

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