28 U.S. Code § 375 - Recall of certain judges and magistrate judges

(a)
(1) A bankruptcy judge or a United States magistrate judge appointed under chapter 43 of this title, who has retired under the provisions of section 377 of this title or under the applicable provisions of title 5 upon attaining the age and years of service requirements established in section 371 (c) of this title, may agree to be recalled to serve under this section for a period of five years as a bankruptcy judge or magistrate judge, as the case may be, upon certification that substantial service is expected to be performed by such retired judge or magistrate judge during such 5-year period. With the agreement of the judge or magistrate judge involved, a certification under this subsection may be renewed for successive 5-year periods.
(2) For purposes of paragraph (1) of this subsection, a certification may be made, in the case of a bankruptcy judge or a United States magistrate, [1] by the judicial council of the circuit in which the official duty station of the judge or magistrate at the time of retirement was located.
(3) For purposes of this section, the term “bankruptcy judge” means a bankruptcy judge appointed under chapter 6 of this title or serving as a bankruptcy judge on March 31, 1984.
(b) A judge or magistrate judge recalled under this section may exercise all of the powers and duties of the office of judge or magistrate judge held at the time of retirement, including the ability to serve in any other judicial district to the extent applicable, but may not engage in the practice of law or engage in any other business, occupation, or employment inconsistent with the expeditious, proper, and impartial performance of duties as a judicial officer.
(c) During the 5-year period in which a certification under subsection (a) is in effect, the judge or magistrate judge involved shall receive, in addition to the annuity provided under the provisions of section 377 of this title or under the applicable provisions of title 5, an amount equal to the difference between that annuity and the current salary of the office to which the judge or magistrate judge is recalled. The annuity of a bankruptcy judge or magistrate judge who completes that 5-year period of service, whose certification is not renewed, and who retired under section 377 of this title shall be equal to the salary in effect, at the end of that 5-year period, for the office from which he or she retired.
(d) A certification under subsection (a) may be terminated in accordance with chapter 16 of this title, and such a certification shall be terminated upon the death of the recalled judge or magistrate judge involved.
(e) Except as provided in subsection (b), nothing in this section shall affect the right of judges or magistrate judges who retire under the provisions of chapter 83 or chapter 84 of title 5 to serve as reemployed annuitants in accordance with the provisions of title 5. A judge or magistrate judge to whom this section applies may be recalled under section 155, 636 (h), or 797 of this title, as the case may be, other than during a 5-year period in which a certification under subsection (a) is in effect with respect to that judge or magistrate judge.
(f) For purposes of determining the years of service requirements in order to be eligible for recall under this section, any service as a bankruptcy judge or a United States magistrate judge, and any prior service as a referee in bankruptcy or a United States commissioner, may be credited.
(g) Except as provided in subsection (c), a judge or magistrate judge recalled under this section who retired under the applicable provisions of title 5 shall be considered to be a reemployed annuitant under chapter 83 or chapter 84, as the case may be, of title 5.
(h) The Judicial Conference of the United States may promulgate regulations to implement this section.


[1]  So in original. Probably should be “United States magistrate judge,”.

Source

(Added Pub. L. 99–651, title II, § 201(b)(1),Nov. 14, 1986, 100 Stat. 3647; amended Pub. L. 100–659, § 4(b),Nov. 15, 1988, 102 Stat. 3918; Pub. L. 101–650, title III, §§ 321, 325(b)(2),Dec. 1, 1990, 104 Stat. 5117, 5121; Pub. L. 102–572, title IX, § 904(a),Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4517; Pub. L. 107–273, div. C, title I, § 11043(d),Nov. 2, 2002, 116 Stat. 1855.)
Prior Provisions

A prior section 375, added Aug. 28, 1954, ch. 1053, § 1,68 Stat. 918; amended Aug. 3, 1956, ch. 944, § 1(b),70 Stat. 1021; Aug. 22, 1972, Pub. L. 92–397, § 1, 86 Stat. 579, provided for annuities to widows of justices, prior to repeal by Pub. L. 96–504, § 5,Dec. 5, 1980, 94 Stat. 2742.
Amendments

2002—Subsec. (d). Pub. L. 107–273substituted “chapter 16” for “section 372 (c)”.
1992—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 102–572, § 904(a)(1), struck out “, a judge of the Claims Court,” after “A bankruptcy judge” and “, judge of the Claims Court,” after “a bankruptcy judge”.
Subsec. (a)(2). Pub. L. 102–572, § 904(a)(2), amended par. (2) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (2) read as follows: “For purposes of paragraph (1) of this subsection, a certification may be made—
“(A) in the case of a bankruptcy judge or a United States magistrate, by the judicial council of the circuit in which the official duty station of the judge or magistrate at the time of retirement was located; and
“(B) in the case of a judge of the Claims Court, by the chief judge of the United States Claims Court.”
Subsec. (a)(3). Pub. L. 102–572, § 904(a)(3), amended par. (3) generally. Prior to amendment, par. (3) read as follows: “For purposes of this section—
“(A) the term ‘bankruptcy judge’ means a bankruptcy judge appointed under chapter 6 of this title or serving as a bankruptcy judge on March 31, 1984; and
“(B) the term ‘judge of the Claims Court’ means a judge of the United States Claims Court who is appointed under chapter 7 of this title or who has served under section 167 of the Federal Courts Improvement Act of 1982.”
Subsec. (f). Pub. L. 102–572, § 904(a)(4), struck out “, a judge of the Claims Court,” after “bankruptcy judge” and “, a commissioner of the Court of Claims,” after “referee in bankruptcy”.
1990—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 101–650substituted “section 377 of this title” for “section 377 of title”.
1988—Subsec. (a)(1). Pub. L. 100–659, § 4(b)(1), inserted “under the provisions of section 377 of title or” after “has retired”.
Subsec. (c). Pub. L. 100–659, § 4(b)(2), inserted “under the provisions of section 377 of this title or” after “annuity provided” and inserted at end “The annuity of a bankruptcy judge or magistrate who completes that 5-year period of service, whose certification is not renewed, and who retired under section 377 of this title shall be equal to the salary in effect, at the end of that 5-year period, for the office from which he or she retired.”
Subsec. (g). Pub. L. 100–659, § 4(b)(3), inserted “who retired under the applicable provisions of title 5” after “section”.
Change of Name

Words “magistrate judge” and “magistrate judges” substituted for “magistrate” and “magistrates”, respectively, wherever appearing in section catchline and text pursuant to section 321 ofPub. L. 101–650, set out as a note under section 631 of this title.
Effective Date of 1992 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 102–572effective Oct. 29, 1992, see section 911 ofPub. L. 102–572, set out as a note under section 171 of this title.
Effective Date of 1988 Amendment

Amendment by Pub. L. 100–659effective Nov. 15, 1988, and applicable to bankruptcy judges and magistrate judges who retire on or after Nov. 15, 1988, with exception for judges and magistrate judges retiring on or after July 31, 1987, see section 9 ofPub. L. 100–659, as amended, set out as an Effective Date note under section 377 of this title.
Effective Date

Section effective Jan. 1, 1987, see section 203 ofPub. L. 99–651, set out as an Effective Date of 1986 Amendment note under section 155 of this title.

 

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