Sec. 1581. Civil actions against the United States and agencies and officers thereof. 1582. Civil actions commenced by the United States. 1583. Counterclaims, cross-claims, and third-party actions. 1584. Civil actions under the North American Free Trade Agreement or the United States-Canada Free-Trade Agreement. 1585. Powers in law and equity.

1993—Pub. L. 103–182, title IV, § 414(a)(3),Dec. 8, 1993, 107 Stat. 2147, inserted “the North American Free Trade Agreement or” in item 1584.
1988—Pub. L. 100–449, title IV, § 402(d)(2),Sept. 28, 1988, 102 Stat. 1884, temporarily added item 1584. See Effective and Termination Dates of 1988 Amendment note set out under section 1584 of this title.
1982—Pub. L. 97–164, title I, § 135,Apr. 2, 1982, 96 Stat. 41, struck out item 1584 “Cure of defects”.
1980—Pub. L. 96–417, title II, § 201,Oct. 10, 1980, 94 Stat. 1728, substituted “COURT OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE” for “CUSTOMS COURT” in heading for chapter 95, “Civil actions against the United States and agencies and officers thereof” for “Powers generally” in item 1581, “Civil actions commenced by the United States” for “Jurisdiction of the Customs Court” in item 1582, and added items 1583 to 1585.

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for the contained sections. If there are multiple sections, they are presented in section number order (original document order).

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

28 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large


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