(Pub. L. 105–220, title I, § 101,Aug. 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 939; Pub. L. 105–244, title I, § 102(d)(1),Oct. 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 1622; Pub. L. 105–332, § 3(f),Oct. 31, 1998, 112 Stat. 3126; Pub. L. 106–400, § 2,Oct. 30, 2000, 114 Stat. 1675; Pub. L. 107–110, title X, § 1076(w),Jan. 8, 2002, 115 Stat. 2093; Pub. L. 109–270, § 2(h)(1), (2),Aug. 12, 2006, 120 Stat. 747; Pub. L. 110–234, title IV, § 4002(b)(1)(B), (E), (2)(R),May 22, 2008, 122 Stat. 1096, 1097; Pub. L. 110–246, § 4(a), title IV, § 4002(b)(1)(B), (E), (2)(R),June 18, 2008, 122 Stat. 1664, 1857, 1858.)
References in Text
This chapter, referred to in text, was in the original “this title” meaning title I of Pub. L. 105–220
, Aug. 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 939
, which enacted this chapter, repealed sections
of this title, section 211 of former Title 40, Appendix, Public Buildings, Property, and Works, sections
, The Public Health and Welfare, and sections
, Transportation, enacted provisions set out as notes under sections
of this title and section
, and repealed provisions set out as notes under sections
of this title and section
, Aliens and Nationality. For complete classification of title I to the Code, see Tables.
The Food and Nutrition Act of 2008, referred to in par. (25)(C), is Pub. L. 88–525
, Aug. 31, 1964, 78 Stat. 703
, which is classified generally to chapter 51 (§ 2011 et seq.) of Title 7, Agriculture. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section
Subsection (c) ofsection
11302 of title 42, referred to in par. (25)(D), was redesignated (d) by Pub. L. 111–22
, div. B, § 1003(a)(1),May 20, 2009, 123 Stat. 1664
This Act, referred to in par. (27)(A), is Pub. L. 105–220
, Aug. 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 936
, known as the Workforce Investment Act of 1998. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section
, Education, and Tables.
Pub. L. 110–234
and Pub. L. 110–246
made identical amendments to this section. The amendments by Pub. L. 110–234
were repealed by section 4(a) ofPub. L. 110–246
Provisions similar to this section were contained in section
of this title prior to repeal by Pub. L. 105–220
2008—Par. (25)(C). Pub. L. 110–246
, § 4002(b)(1)(B), (E), (2)(R), substituted “supplemental nutrition assistance program benefits” for “food stamps” and “Food and Nutrition Act of 2008” for “Food Stamp Act of 1977”.
2006—Par. (3). Pub. L. 109–270
, § 2(h)(1), substituted “given the term ‘area career and technical education school’ ” for “given the term” and made technical amendment to reference in original act which appears in text as reference to section
Par. (50). Pub. L. 109–270
, § 2(h)(2), substituted “given the term ‘career and technical education’ in section
.” for “given the term in section
2471 of title
2002—Pars. (23), (40). Pub. L. 107–110
” for “section
2000—Par. (25)(D). Pub. L. 106–400
made technical amendment to reference in original act which appears in text as reference to section
1998—Par. (3). Pub. L. 105–332
” for “section
2471 of title
Par. (35). Pub. L. 105–244
” for “section
Effective Date of 2008 Amendment
Amendment of this section and repeal of Pub. L. 110–234
by Pub. L. 110–246
effective May 22, 2008, the date of enactment of Pub. L. 110–234
, except as otherwise provided, see section 4 ofPub. L. 110–246
, set out as an Effective Date note under section
Amendment by section 4002(b)(1)(B), (E), (2)(R) ofPub. L. 110–246
effective Oct. 1, 2008, see section 4407 ofPub. L. 110–246
, set out as a note under section
, The Congress.
Effective Date of 2002 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 107–110
effective Jan. 8, 2002, except with respect to certain noncompetitive programs and competitive programs, see section 5 ofPub. L. 107–110
, set out as an Effective Date note under section
Effective Date of 1998 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 105–244
effective Oct. 1, 1998, except as otherwise provided in Pub. L. 105–244
, see section 3 ofPub. L. 105–244
, set out as a note under section
Short Title of 2007 Amendment
Pub. L. 110–140
, title X, § 1001,Dec. 19, 2007, 121 Stat. 1748
, provided that: “This title [amending section
of this title] may be cited as the ‘Green Jobs Act of 2007’.”
Short Title of 2006 Amendment
Pub. L. 109–281
, § 1,Sept. 22, 2006, 120 Stat. 1173
, provided that: “This Act [enacting section
of this title, amending section
of this title, section
, Banks and Banking, section
, Indians, and section
, The Public Health and Welfare, repealing sections
, and enacting provisions set out as notes under section
of this title and section
] may be cited as the ‘YouthBuild Transfer Act’.”
Declaration of Policy
Pub. L. 102–367
, title I, § 101(a),Sept. 7, 1992, 106 Stat. 1022
, provided that: “In recognition of the training needs of low-income adults and youth, the Congress declares it to be the policy of the United States to—
“(1) provide financial assistance to States and local service delivery areas to meet the training needs of such low-income adults and youth, and to assist such individuals in obtaining unsubsidized employment;
“(2) increase the funds available for programs under title II of the Job Training Partnership Act ([former] 29
et seq.) by not less than 10 percent of the baseline each fiscal year to provide for growth in the percentage of eligible adults and youth served above the 5 percent of the eligible population that is currently served; and
“(3) encourage the provision of longer, more comprehensive, education, training, and employment services to the eligible population, which also requires increased funding in order to maintain current service levels.”
For provisions relating to transition from authority under the Job Training Partnership Act (29
et seq.) to the workforce investment systems established under this chapter, including provisions relating to regulations, expenditures, and reorganization of functions in the Department of Labor, see section
Executive Order No. 13174
Ex. Ord. No. 13174, Oct. 27, 2000, 65
, which established the Commission on Workers, Communities, and Economic Change in the New Economy, was revoked by Ex. Ord. No. 13218, § 3(b), June 20, 2001, 66
, set out below.
Ex. Ord. No. 13218. 21st Century Workforce Initiative
Ex. Ord. No. 13218, June 20, 2001, 66
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and laws of the United States of America, including the Federal Advisory Committee Act, as amended (5 U.S.C. App.), and in order to promote the study and the development of strategies to address the needs of the 21st century workforce, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Establishment of the Office of the 21st Century Workforce. (a) The Secretary of Labor is hereby directed to establish within the Department of Labor the Office of the 21st Century Workforce. The Office shall provide a focal point for the identification and study of issues relating to the workforce of the United States and the development of strategies for effectively addressing such issues.
(b) The Office of the 21st Century Workforce shall gather and disseminate information relating to workforce issues by conducting summits, conferences, field hearings, meetings, and other appropriate forums designed to encourage the participation of organizations and individuals interested in such issues, including business and labor organizations, academicians, employers, employees, and public officials at the local, State, and Federal levels.
(c) Among the issues to be addressed by the Office of the 21st Century Workforce shall be the identification of the ways in which the Department of Labor may streamline and update the information and services made available to the workforce by the Department; eliminate duplicative or overlapping rules and regulations; and eliminate statutory and regulatory barriers to assisting the workforce in successfully adapting to the challenges of the 21st century.
Sec. 2. Establishment of the Council on the 21st Century Workforce.
(a) Establishment and Composition of the Council.
(i) There is hereby established the “President’s Council on the 21st Century Workforce” (Council).
(ii) The Council shall be composed of not more than 13 members who shall be appointed by the President. The membership shall include individuals who represent the views of business and labor organizations, Federal, State, and local governments, academicians and educators, and such other associations and entities as the President determines are appropriate. In addition, the Secretary of Labor and the Director of the Office of Personnel Management shall serve as ex officio members representing the views of the Federal Government. The Secretary of Labor shall be the Chairperson of the Council.
(b) Functions of the Council. The Council shall provide information and advice to the President through the Secretary of Labor, the Office of the 21st Century Workforce within the Department of Labor, and other appropriate Federal officials relating to issues affecting the 21st century workforce. These activities shall include:
(i) assessing the effects of rapid technological changes, demographic trends, globalization, changes in work processes, and the need for new and enhanced skills for workers, employers, and other related sectors of society;
(ii) examining current and alternative approaches to assisting workers and employers in adjusting to and benefitting from such changes, including opportunities for workplace education, retraining, access to assistive technologies and workplace supports, and skills upgrading;
(iii) identifying impediments to the adjustment to such changes by workers and employers and recommending approaches and policies that could remove those impediments;
(iv) assisting the Office of the 21st Century Workforce in reviewing programs carried out by the Department of Labor and identifying changes to such programs that would stream line [sic] and update their effectiveness in meeting the needs of the workforce; and
(v) analyzing such additional issues relating to the workforce and making such reports as the President or the Secretary of Labor may request.
(c) Administration of the Council.
(i) The Council shall meet on the call of the Chairperson, at a time and place designated by the Chairperson. The Chairperson may form subcommittees or working groups within the Council to address particular matters.
(ii) The Council may from time to time prescribe such procedures and policies relating to the activities of the Council as are not inconsistent with law or with the provisions of this order.
(iii) Each member of the Council who is not an officer or employee of the Federal Government shall serve without compensation but shall be allowed travel expenses, including per diem in lieu of subsistence, as authorized by law for persons serving intermittently in Federal service (5
(iv) The Department of Labor shall make available appropriate funding and administrative support to assist the Council in carrying out the functions under this section, including necessary office space, equipment, supplies, staff, and services. The Secretary of Labor shall perform the functions of the President under the Federal Advisory Committee Act (5 U.S.C. App.), as amended, except that of reporting to the Congress, with respect to the Council in accordance with the guidelines and procedures established by the Administrator of General Services.
(v) The heads of executive agencies shall, to the extent permitted by law, provide the Council with such information as it may require for purposes of carrying out the functions described in this section.
(d) Termination of the Council. The Council shall terminate 2 years from the date of this order unless extended by the President prior to such date.
Sec. 3. Effect on Prior Orders.
(a) [Amended Ex. Ord. No. 13111, 5
U.S.C. 4103 note
(b) Revocation of Executive Order 13174. Executive Order 13174 of October 27, 2000, relating to the establishment of the Commission on Workers, Communities, and Economic Change in the New Economy, is revoked.
George W. Bush.
Establishing a Task Force on Skills for America’s Future
Memorandum of President of the United States, Oct. 4, 2010, 75
Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies
In order to compete in the global economy, the United States needs the most educated workforce in the world. The high-wage jobs of the 21st century will require more knowledge and skills than the jobs of the past. We therefore must develop innovative strategies to train more Americans with the skills that businesses and the economy will need to ensure American competitiveness.
Community colleges are a key part of our education system, providing a flexible and affordable place to sharpen relevant workforce skills and align them with the needs of employers in their communities. Traditional four-year colleges, on-line institutions, and nontraditional educational outlets also can play an essential role in providing training opportunities. To prepare students for 21st-century jobs, these institutions need to develop flexible, affordable, and responsive training programs that meet regional and national economic needs. An important way to ensure that training programs meet such needs is through partnerships between these institutions and labor unions, small businesses, and other regional employers. As educational institutions develop these innovative programs, we should assess what works and what does not, so that we reward excellent outcomes and true innovation that meets the needs of entrepreneurs and other employers in every part of the country, from rural communities to urban centers.
Therefore, I am establishing a task force to develop skills for America’s future by identifying, developing, and increasing the scale of promising approaches to improving the skills of our Nation’s workers. By coordinating the work of relevant agencies with that of nonprofits, labor unions, and private sector organizations, and by leveraging the assets of these entities, this effort will build better partnerships between businesses, community colleges, and other training providers to get Americans trained for the jobs of today and tomorrow.
Section 1. Establishment. There is established an interagency Task Force on Skills for America’s Future (Task Force) to ensure that Federal policies promote innovative training programs and curricula, including successful public-private partnerships, at community colleges as well as in other settings, that will prepare the American workforce for 21st-century jobs. The Chair of the Council of Economic Advisers, the Assistant to the President for Economic Policy, and the Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy shall serve as Co-Chairs of the Task Force.
Sec. 2. Membership. In addition to the Co-Chairs, the Task Force shall consist of the following members, or any senior official designated by one of the following members who is a part of the member’s department, agency, or office, and who is a full time employee of the Federal Government:
(a) the Secretary of Defense;
(b) the Secretary of Agriculture;
(c) the Secretary of Commerce;
(d) the Secretary of Labor;
(e) the Secretary of Health and Human Services;
(f) the Secretary of Transportation;
(g) the Secretary of Energy;
(h) the Secretary of Education;
(i) the Secretary of Veterans Affairs;
(j) the Director of the Office of Management and Budget;
(k) the Administrator of the Small Business Administration;
(l) the Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy; and
(m) the heads of other executive departments, agencies, or offices as the Co-Chairs may designate.
Sec. 3. Administration. The Council of Economic Advisers shall provide administrative support for the Task Force to the extent permitted by law and within existing appropriations.
Sec. 4. Mission and Functions. The Task Force shall work across executive departments and agencies to ensure that Federal policies facilitate, and offer incentives for, innovative career-training and education opportunities at community colleges as well as in other settings, and that these opportunities are directly related to skills and job requirements across a range of industries. Using the best evidence available regarding effective practice, the Task Force shall develop recommendations and options for meeting the following objectives:
(a) improved public-private collaboration to develop career pathway and training programs with effective curricula, certifiable skills, and industry-recognized credentials and degrees;
(b) identification of opportunities to amplify, accelerate, or increase the scale of, successful public-private partnerships that match trained workers with prospective employers;
(c) identification and development of stackable credentials that provide entry to and advancement along a career pathway in an in-demand occupation;
(d) outreach to relevant stakeholders—including industry, the adult workforce, younger students, educational institutions, labor unions, policymakers, and community leaders—with expertise in skill development;
(e) alignment of workforce training programs funded by the Departments of Education and Labor, as well as other Federal agencies, with innovative practices and regional market demands, to build on effective skills-based training for adult workers and younger students, including individuals with disabilities;
(f) partnership with appropriate non-profit entities to engage the private sector in developing effective training programs that provide students with recognizable and portable skills that are needed in the marketplace; and
(g) greater use of technology to improve training, skills assessment, and labor market information.
Sec. 5. General Provisions.
(a) This memorandum shall be implemented consistent with applicable law and subject to the availability of any necessary appropriations.
(b) This memorandum is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.
(c) The heads of executive departments and agencies shall assist and provide information to the Task Force, consistent with applicable law, as may be necessary to carry out the functions of the Task Force. Each executive department, agency, and office shall bear its own expenses of participating in the Task Force.
(d) The Chair of the Council of Economic Advisers is hereby authorized and directed to publish this memorandum in the Federal Register.