After consultation with States, localities, and other interested parties, the Secretary shall, every 2 years, publish in the Federal Register, a plan that describes the demonstration and pilot (including dislocated worker demonstration and pilot), multiservice, research, and multistate project priorities of the Department of Labor concerning employment and training for the 5-year period following the submission of the plan. Copies of the plan shall be transmitted to the appropriate committees of Congress.
The plan published under paragraph (1) shall contain strategies to address national employment and training problems and take into account factors such as—
(A)the availability of existing research (as of the date of the publication);
(B)the need to ensure results that have interstate validity;
(C)the benefits of economies of scale and the efficiency of proposed projects; and
(D)the likelihood that the results of the projects will be useful to policymakers and stakeholders in addressing employment and training problems.
(b) Demonstration and pilot projects
(1) In general
Under a plan published under subsection (a) of this section, the Secretary shall, through grants or contracts, carry out demonstration and pilot projects for the purpose of developing and implementing techniques and approaches, and demonstrating the effectiveness of specialized methods, in addressing employment and training needs. Such projects shall include the provision of direct services to individuals to enhance employment opportunities and an evaluation component and may include—
(A)the establishment of advanced manufacturing technology skill centers developed through local partnerships of industry, labor, education, community-based organizations, and economic development organizations to meet unmet, high-tech skill needs of local communities;
(B)projects that provide training to upgrade the skills of employed workers who reside and are employed in enterprise communities or empowerment zones;
(C)programs conducted jointly with the Department of Defense to develop training programs utilizing computer-based and other innovative learning technologies;
(D)projects that promote the use of distance learning, enabling students to take courses through the use of media technology such as videos, teleconferencing computers, and the Internet;
(E)projects that assist in providing comprehensive services to increase the employment rates of out-of-school youth residing in targeted high poverty areas within empowerment zones and enterprise communities;
(F)the establishment of partnerships with national organizations with special expertise in developing, organizing, and administering employment and training services, for individuals with disabilities, at the national, State, and local levels;
(G)projects to assist public housing authorities that provide, to public housing residents, job training programs that demonstrate success in upgrading the job skills and promoting employment of the residents; and
(H)projects that assist local areas to develop and implement local self-sufficiency standards to evaluate the degree to which participants in programs under this chapter are achieving self-sufficiency.
(A) Competitive awards
Grants or contracts awarded for carrying out demonstration and pilot projects under this subsection shall be awarded in accordance with generally applicable Federal requirements.
(B) Eligible entities
Grants or contracts may be awarded under this subsection only to—
(i)entities with recognized expertise in—
(I)conducting national demonstration projects;
(II)utilizing state-of-the-art demonstration methods; or
(III)conducting evaluations of workforce investment projects; or
(ii)State and local entities with expertise in operating or overseeing workforce investment programs.
(C) Time limits
The Secretary shall establish appropriate time limits for carrying out demonstration and pilot projects under this subsection.
(c) Multiservice projects, research projects, and multistate projects
(1) Multiservice projects
Under a plan published under subsection (a) of this section, the Secretary shall, through grants or contracts, carry out multiservice projects—
(A)that will test an array of approaches to the provision of employment and training services to a variety of targeted populations;
(B)in which the entity carrying out the project, in conjunction with employers, organized labor, and other groups such as the disability community, will design, develop, and test various training approaches in order to determine effective practices; and
(C)that will assist in the development and replication of effective service delivery strategies for targeted populations for the national employment and training system as a whole.
(2) Research projects
(A) In general
Under a plan published under subsection (a) of this section, the Secretary shall, through grants or contracts, carry out research projects that will contribute to the solution of employment and training problems in the United States.
(B) Formula improvement study and report
The Secretary shall conduct a 2-year study concerning improvements in the formulas described in section
2862(b)(1)(B) of this title and paragraphs (2)(A) and (3) of section
2863(b) of this title (regarding distributing funds under subchapter II of this chapter to States and local areas for adult employment and training activities). In conducting the study, the Secretary shall examine means of improving the formulas by—
(I)developing formulas based on statistically reliable data;
(II)developing formulas that are consistent with the goals and objectives of this chapter; and
(III)developing formulas based on organizational and financial stability of State boards and local boards.
The Secretary shall prepare and submit to Congress a report containing the results of the study, including recommendations for improved formulas.
(3) Multistate projects
(A) In general
Under a plan published under subsection (a) of this section, the Secretary may, through grants or contracts, carry out multistate projects that require demonstrated expertise that is available at the national level to effectively disseminate best practices and models for implementing employment and training services, address the specialized employment and training needs of particular service populations, or address industry-wide skill shortages.
(ii)Design of grants
Grants or contracts awarded under this subsection shall be designed to obtain information relating to the provision of services under different economic conditions or to various demographic groups in order to provide guidance at the national and State levels about how best to administer specific employment and training services.
(A) Competitive awards
Grants or contracts awarded for carrying out projects under this subsection in amounts that exceed $100,000 shall be awarded only on a competitive basis, except that a noncompetitive award may be made in the case of a project that is funded jointly with other public or private sector entities that provide a substantial portion of assistance under the grant or contract for the project.
(B) Time limits
A grant or contract shall not be awarded under this subsection to the same organization for more than 3 consecutive years unless such grant or contract is competitively reevaluated within such period.
(C) Peer review
The Secretary shall utilize a peer review process—
(I)to review and evaluate all applications for grants in amounts that exceed $500,000 that are submitted under this section; and
(II)to review and designate exemplary and promising programs under this section.
(ii)Availability of funds
The Secretary is authorized to use funds provided under this section to carry out peer review activities under this subparagraph.
In awarding grants or contracts under this subsection, priority shall be provided to entities with nationally recognized expertise in the methods, techniques, and knowledge of workforce investment activities and shall include appropriate time limits, established by the Secretary, for the duration of such projects.
(d) Dislocated worker projects
Of the amount made available pursuant to section
2862(a)(2)(A) of this title for any program year, the Secretary shall use not more than 10 percent of such amount to carry out demonstration and pilot projects, multiservice projects, and multistate projects, relating to the employment and training needs of dislocated workers. Of the requirements of this section, such projects shall be subject only to the provisions relating to review and evaluation of applications under subsection (c)(4)(C) of this section. Such projects may include demonstration and pilot projects relating to promoting self-employment, promoting job creation, averting dislocations, assisting dislocated farmers, assisting dislocated fishermen, and promoting public works. Such projects shall be administered through the dislocated worker office described in section
2918(b) of this title.
(e) Energy efficiency and renewable energy worker training program
(1) Grant program
(A) In general
Not later than 6 months after December 19, 2007, the Secretary, in consultation with the Secretary of Energy, shall establish an energy efficiency and renewable energy worker training program under which the Secretary shall carry out the activities described in paragraph (2) to achieve the purposes of this subsection.
For purposes of providing assistance and services under the program established under this subsection—
(i)target populations of eligible individuals to be given priority for training and other services shall include—
(I)workers impacted by national energy and environmental policy;
(II)individuals in need of updated training related to the energy efficiency and renewable energy industries;
(III)veterans, or past and present members of reserve components of the Armed Forces;
(V)individuals, including at-risk youth, seeking employment pathways out of poverty and into economic self-sufficiency; and
(VI)formerly incarcerated, adjudicated, nonviolent offenders; and
(ii)energy efficiency and renewable energy industries eligible to participate in a program under this subsection include—
(I)the energy-efficient building, construction, and retrofits industries;
(II)the renewable electric power industry;
(III)the energy efficient and advanced drive train vehicle industry;
(IV)the biofuels industry;
(V)the deconstruction and materials use industries;
(VI)the energy efficiency assessment industry serving the residential, commercial, or industrial sectors; and
(VII)manufacturers that produce sustainable products using environmentally sustainable processes and materials.
(A) National research program
Under the program established under paragraph (1), the Secretary, acting through the Bureau of Labor Statistics, where appropriate, shall collect and analyze labor market data to track workforce trends resulting from energy-related initiatives carried out under this subsection. Activities carried out under this paragraph shall include—
(i)tracking and documentation of academic and occupational competencies as well as future skill needs with respect to renewable energy and energy efficiency technology;
(ii)tracking and documentation of occupational information and workforce training data with respect to renewable energy and energy efficiency technology;
(iii)collaborating with State agencies, workforce investments boards, industry, organized labor, and community and nonprofit organizations to disseminate information on successful innovations for labor market services and worker training with respect to renewable energy and energy efficiency technology;
(iv)serving as a clearinghouse for best practices in workforce development, job placement, and collaborative training partnerships;
(v)encouraging the establishment of workforce training initiatives with respect to renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies;
(vi)linking research and development in renewable energy and energy efficiency technology with the development of standards and curricula for current and future jobs;
(vii)assessing new employment and work practices including career ladder and upgrade training as well as high performance work systems; and
(viii)providing technical assistance and capacity building to national and State energy partnerships, including industry and labor representatives.
(B) National Energy Training Partnership Grants
Under the program established under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall award National Energy Training Partnerships Grants on a competitive basis to eligible entities to enable such entities to carry out training that leads to economic self-sufficiency and to develop an energy efficiency and renewable energy industries workforce. Grants shall be awarded under this subparagraph so as to ensure geographic diversity with at least 2 grants awarded to entities located in each of the 4 Petroleum Administration for Defense Districts with no subdistricts, and at least 1 grant awarded to an entity located in each of the subdistricts of the Petroleum Administration for Defense District with subdistricts.
To be eligible to receive a grant under clause (i), an entity shall be a nonprofit partnership that—
(I)includes the equal participation of industry, including public or private employers, and labor organizations, including joint labor-management training programs, and may include workforce investment boards, community-based organizations, qualified service and conservation corps, educational institutions, small businesses, cooperatives, State and local veterans agencies, and veterans service organizations; and
(aa)experience in implementing and operating worker skills training and education programs;
(bb)the ability to identify and involve in training programs carried out under this grant, target populations of individuals who would benefit from training and be actively involved in activities related to energy efficiency and renewable energy industries; and
(cc)the ability to help individuals achieve economic self-sufficiency.
Priority shall be given to partnerships which leverage additional public and private resources to fund training programs, including cash or in-kind matches from participating employers.
(C) State labor market research, information, and labor exchange research program
Under the program established under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall award competitive grants to States to enable such States to administer labor market and labor exchange information programs that include the implementation of the activities described in clause (ii), in coordination with the one-stop delivery system.
A State shall use amounts awarded under a grant under this subparagraph to provide funding to the State agency that administers the Wagner-Peyser Act [29 U.S.C. 49 et seq.] and State unemployment compensation programs to carry out the following activities using State agency merit staff:
(I)The identification of job openings in the renewable energy and energy efficiency sector.
(II)The administration of skill and aptitude testing and assessment for workers.
(III)The counseling, case management, and referral of qualified job seekers to openings and training programs, including energy efficiency and renewable energy training programs.
(D) State energy training partnership program
Under the program established under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall award competitive grants to States to enable such States to administer renewable energy and energy efficiency workforce development programs that include the implementation of the activities described in clause (ii).
A State shall use amounts awarded under a grant under this subparagraph to award competitive grants to eligible State Energy Sector Partnerships to enable such Partnerships to coordinate with existing apprenticeship and labor management training programs and implement training programs that lead to the economic self-sufficiency of trainees.
To be eligible to receive a grant under this subparagraph, a State Energy Sector Partnership shall—
(I)consist of nonprofit organizations that include equal participation from industry, including public or private nonprofit employers, and labor organizations, including joint labor-management training programs, and may include representatives from local governments, the workforce investment system, including one-stop career centers, community based organizations, qualified service and conservation corps, community colleges, and other post-secondary institutions, small businesses, cooperatives, State and local veterans agencies, and veterans service organizations;
(II)demonstrate experience in implementing and operating worker skills training and education programs; and
(III)demonstrate the ability to identify and involve in training programs, target populations of workers who would benefit from training and be actively involved in activities related to energy efficiency and renewable energy industries.
In awarding grants under this subparagraph, the Secretary shall give priority to States that demonstrate that activities under the grant—
(I)meet national energy policies associated with energy efficiency, renewable energy, and the reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases;
(II)meet State energy policies associated with energy efficiency, renewable energy, and the reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases; and
(III)leverage additional public and private resources to fund training programs, including cash or in-kind matches from participating employers.
A grantee under this subparagraph shall coordinate activities carried out under the grant with existing other appropriate training programs, including apprenticeship and labor management training programs, including such activities referenced in paragraph (3)(A), and implement training programs that lead to the economic self-sufficiency of trainees.
(E) Pathways Out of Poverty Demonstration Program
Under the program established under paragraph (1), the Secretary shall award competitive grants of sufficient size to eligible entities to enable such entities to carry out training that leads to economic self-sufficiency. The Secretary shall give priority to entities that serve individuals in families with income of less than 200 percent of the sufficiency standard for the local areas where the training is conducted that specifies, as defined by the State, or where such standard is not established, the income needs of families, by family size, the number and ages of children in the family, and sub-State geographical considerations. Grants shall be awarded to ensure geographic diversity.
To be eligible to receive a grant an entity shall be a partnership that—
(I)includes community-based nonprofit organizations, educational institutions with expertise in serving low-income adults or youth, public or private employers from the industry sectors described in paragraph (1)(B)(ii), and labor organizations representing workers in such industry sectors;
(II)demonstrates a record of successful experience in implementing and operating worker skills training and education programs;
(III)coordinates activities, where appropriate, with the workforce investment system; and
(IV)demonstrates the ability to recruit individuals for training and to support such individuals to successful completion in training programs carried out under this grant, targeting populations of workers who are or will be engaged in activities related to energy efficiency and renewable energy industries.
In awarding grants under this paragraph, the Secretary shall give priority to applicants that—
(I)target programs to benefit low-income workers, unemployed youth and adults, high school dropouts, or other underserved sectors of the workforce within areas of high poverty;
(II)ensure that supportive services are integrated with education and training, and delivered by organizations with direct access to and experience with targeted populations;
(III)leverage additional public and private resources to fund training programs, including cash or in-kind matches from participating employers;
(IV)involve employers and labor organizations in the determination of relevant skills and competencies and ensure that the certificates or credentials that result from the training are employer-recognized;
(V)deliver courses at alternative times (such as evening and weekend programs) and locations most convenient and accessible to participants and link adult remedial education with occupational skills training; and
(VI)demonstrate substantial experience in administering local, municipal, State, Federal, foundation, or private entity grants.
Grantees shall collect and report the following information:
(I)The number of participants.
(II)The demographic characteristics of participants, including race, gender, age, parenting status, participation in other Federal programs, education and literacy level at entry, significant barriers to employment (such as limited English proficiency, criminal record, addiction or mental health problem requiring treatment, or mental disability).
(III)The services received by participants, including training, education, and supportive services.
(IV)The amount of program spending per participant.
(V)Program completion rates.
(VI)Factors determined as significantly interfering with program participation or completion.
(VII)The rate of job placement and the rate of employment retention after 1 year.
(VIII)The average wage at placement, including any benefits, and the rate of average wage increase after 1 year.
The Secretary shall assist grantees in the collection of data under this clause by making available, where practicable, low-cost means of tracking the labor market outcomes of participants, and by providing standardized reporting forms, where appropriate.
(A) In general
Activities to be carried out under a program authorized by subparagraph (B), (D), or (E) of paragraph (2) shall be coordinated with existing systems or providers, as appropriate. Such activities may include—
(i)occupational skills training, including curriculum development, on-the-job training, and classroom training;
(ii)safety and health training;
(iii)the provision of basic skills, literacy, GED, English as a second language, and job readiness training;
(iv)individual referral and tuition assistance for a community college training program, or any training program leading to an industry-recognized certificate;
(v)internship programs in fields related to energy efficiency and renewable energy;
(vi)customized training in conjunction with an existing registered apprenticeship program or labor-management partnership;
(vii)incumbent worker and career ladder training and skill upgrading and retraining;
(viii)the implementation of transitional jobs strategies; and
(ix)the provision of supportive services.
(B) Outreach activities
In addition to the activities authorized under subparagraph (A), activities authorized for programs under subparagraph (E) of paragraph (2) may include the provision of outreach, recruitment, career guidance, and case management services.
(4) Worker protections and nondiscrimination requirements
(A) Application of WIA
The provisions of sections
2938 of this title shall apply to all programs carried out with assistance under this subsection.
(B) Consultation with labor organizations
If a labor organization represents a substantial number of workers who are engaged in similar work or training in an area that is the same as the area that is proposed to be funded under this Act, the labor organization shall be provided an opportunity to be consulted and to submit comments in regard to such a proposal.
(5) Performance measures
(A) In general
The Secretary shall negotiate and reach agreement with the eligible entities that receive grants and assistance under this section on performance measures for the indicators of performance referred to in subparagraphs (A) and (B) of section
2871(b)(2) of this title that will be used to evaluate the performance of the eligible entity in carrying out the activities described in subsection (e)(2). Each performance measure shall consist of such an indicator of performance, and a performance level referred to in subparagraph (B).
(B) Performance levels
The Secretary shall negotiate and reach agreement with the eligible entity regarding the levels of performance expected to be achieved by the eligible entity on the indicators of performance.
(A) Status report
Not later than 18 months after December 19, 2007, the Secretary shall transmit a report to the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, the House Committee on Education and Labor, and the House Committee on Energy and Commerce on the training program established by this subsection. The report shall include a description of the entities receiving funding and the activities carried out by such entities.
Not later than 3 years after December 19, 2007, the Secretary shall transmit to the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, the House Committee on Education and Labor, and the House Committee on Energy and Commerce an assessment of such program and an evaluation of the activities carried out by entities receiving funding from such program.
As used in this subsection, the term “renewable energy” has the meaning given such term in section
15852(b)(2) of title
(8) Authorization of appropriations
There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this subsection, $125,000,000 for each fiscal year, of which—
(A)not to exceed 20 percent of the amount appropriated in each such fiscal year shall be made available for, and shall be equally divided between, national labor market research and information under paragraph (2)(A) and State labor market information and labor exchange research under paragraph (2)(C), and not more than 2 percent of such amount shall be for the evaluation and report required under paragraph (4); 
(B)20 percent shall be dedicated to Pathways Out of Poverty Demonstration Programs under paragraph (2)(E); and
(C)the remainder shall be divided equally between National Energy Partnership Training Grants under paragraph (2)(B) and State energy training partnership grants under paragraph (2)(D).
 So in original. Probably should be paragraph “(6)”.
This chapter, referred to in subsecs. (b)(1)(H) and (c)(2)(B)(i)(II), was in the original “this title” meaning title I of Pub. L. 105–220, Aug. 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 939, which enacted this chapter, repealed sections
2314 of this title, section 211 of former Title 40, Appendix, Public Buildings, Property, and Works, sections
11472 of Title
42, The Public Health and Welfare, and sections
42106 of Title
49, Transportation, enacted provisions set out as notes under sections
2940 of this title and section
11421 of Title
42, and repealed provisions set out as notes under sections
2301 of this title and section
1255a of Title
8, Aliens and Nationality. For complete classification of title I to the Code, see Tables.
The Wagner-Peyser Act, referred to in subsec. (e)(2)(C)(ii), is act June 6, 1933, ch. 49, 48 Stat. 113, which is classified generally to chapter 4B (§ 49 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section
49 of this title and Tables.
This Act, referred to in subsec. (e)(4)(B), is Pub. L. 105–220, Aug. 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 936, known as the Workforce Investment Act of 1998. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section
9201 of Title
20, Education, and Tables.
1998—Subsec. (b)(2)(A). Pub. L. 105–277, which directed the amendment of subsec. (b)(2) of this section by substituting “in accordance with generally applicable Federal requirements.” for “ ‘only on a competitive’ and all that follows through the period”, was executed to subsec. (b)(2)(A) by making the substitution for “only on a competitive basis, except that a noncompetitive award may be made in the case of a project that is funded jointly with other public or private sector entities that provide a portion of the funding for the project.”, to reflect the probable intent of Congress.
Change of Name
Committee on Education and Labor of House of Representatives changed to Committee on Education and the Workforce of House of Representatives by House Resolution No. 5, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, Jan. 5, 2011.
Effective Date of 2007 Amendment
Amendment by Pub. L. 110–140effective on the date that is 1 day after Dec. 19, 2007, see section 1601 ofPub. L. 110–140, set out as an Effective Date note under section
1824 of Title
2, The Congress.
Demonstration Programs and Projects To Provide Technical Skills Training for Workers
Pub. L. 105–277, div. C, title IV, § 414(c),Oct. 21, 1998, 112 Stat. 2681–653, as amended, formerly set out as a note under this section, was transferred and is classified to section
2916a of this title.
The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.
The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013
An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.
Description of Change
Statutes at Large
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