29 U.S. Code § 773 - Demonstration and training programs
(a) Demonstration projects to increase client choice
The Commissioner may make grants to States and public or nonprofit agencies and organizations to pay all or part of the costs of projects to demonstrate ways to increase client choice in the rehabilitation process, including the selection of providers of vocational rehabilitation services.
(2) Use of funds
An entity that receives a grant under this subsection shall use the grant only—
(A) for activities that are directly related to planning, operating, and evaluating the demonstration projects; and
Any eligible entity that desires to receive a grant under this subsection shall submit an application at such time, in such manner, and containing such information and assurances as the Commissioner may require, including—
(A) a description of—
(i) how the entity intends to promote increased client choice in the rehabilitation process, including a description, if appropriate, of how an applicant will determine the cost of any service or product offered to an eligible client;
(ii) how the entity intends to ensure that any vocational rehabilitation service or related service is provided by a qualified provider who is accredited or meets such other quality assurance and cost-control criteria as the State may establish; and
(B) assurances that a written plan will be established with the full participation of the client, which plan shall, at a minimum, include—
(ii) a statement of the specific vocational rehabilitation services to be provided, the projected dates for their initiation, and the anticipated duration of each such service; and
(4) Award of grants
In selecting entities to receive grants under paragraph (1), the Commissioner shall take into consideration—
(A) the diversity of strategies used to increase client choice, including selection among qualified service providers;
Entities that receive grants under paragraph (1) shall maintain such records as the Commissioner may require and comply with any request from the Commissioner for such records.
(6) Direct services
At least 80 percent of the funds awarded for any project under this subsection shall be used for direct services, as specifically chosen by eligible clients.
The Commissioner may conduct an evaluation of the demonstration projects with respect to the services provided, clients served, client outcomes obtained, implementation issues addressed, the cost-effectiveness of the project, and the effects of increased choice on clients and service providers. The Commissioner may reserve funds for the evaluation for a fiscal year from the amounts appropriated to carry out projects under this section for the fiscal year.
For the purposes of this subsection:
(A) Direct services
(b) Special demonstration programs
(1) Grants; contracts
The Commissioner, subject to the provisions of section 776 of this title, may provide grants to, or enter into contracts with, eligible entities to pay all or part of the cost of programs that expand and improve the provision of rehabilitation and other services authorized under this chapter or that further the purposes of the chapter, including related research and evaluation activities.
(2) Eligible entities; terms and conditions
(A) Eligible entities
To be eligible to receive a grant, or enter into a contract, under paragraph (1), an entity shall be a State vocational rehabilitation agency, community rehabilitation program, Indian tribe or tribal organization, or other public or nonprofit agency or organization, or as the Commissioner determines appropriate, a for-profit organization. The Commissioner may limit competitions to one or more types of organizations described in this subparagraph.
An eligible entity that desires to receive a grant, or enter into a contract, under paragraph (1) shall submit an application to the Secretary at such time, in such form, and containing such information and assurances as the Commissioner may require, including, if the Commissioner determines appropriate, a description of how the proposed project or demonstration program—
(A) is based on current research findings, which may include research conducted by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research, the National Institutes of Health, and other public or private organizations; and
(4) Types of projects
The programs that may be funded under this subsection may include—
(5) Priority for competitions
(A) In general
In announcing competitions for grants and contracts under this subsection, the Commissioner shall give priority consideration to—
(i) special projects and demonstration programs of service delivery for adults who are either low-functioning and deaf or low-functioning and hard of hearing;
(ii) supported employment, including community-based supported employment programs to meet the needs of individuals with the most significant disabilities or to provide technical assistance to States and community organizations to improve and expand the provision of supported employment services; and
(B) Additional competitions
In announcing competitions for grants and contracts under this subsection, the Commissioner may require that applicants address one or more of the following:
(vi) The needs of underserved populations, unserved and underserved areas, individuals with significant disabilities, low-incidence disability population or individuals residing in federally designated empowerment zones and enterprise communities.
(viii) Systems change projects to promote meaningful access of individuals with disabilities to employment-related services under title I of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 [29 U.S.C. 2801 et seq.] and under other Federal laws.
(x) The demonstration of the effectiveness of early intervention activities in improving employment outcomes.
(xi) Alternative methods of providing affordable transportation services to individuals with disabilities who are employed, seeking employment, or receiving vocational rehabilitation services from public or private organizations and who reside in geographic areas in which public transportation or paratransit service is not available.
(6) Use of funds for continuation awards
The Commissioner may use funds made available to carry out this section for continuation awards for projects that were funded under sections 711 and 777a of this title (as such sections were in effect on the day before August 7, 1998).
(c) Parent information and training program
The Commissioner is authorized to make grants to private nonprofit organizations for the purpose of establishing programs to provide training and information to enable individuals with disabilities, and the parents, family members, guardians, advocates, or other authorized representatives of the individuals to participate more effectively with professionals in meeting the vocational, independent living, and rehabilitation needs of individuals with disabilities. Such grants shall be designed to meet the unique training and information needs of the individuals described in the preceding sentence, who live in the area to be served, particularly those who are members of populations that have been unserved or underserved by programs under this chapter.
(2) Use of grants
An organization that receives a grant to establish training and information programs under this subsection shall use the grant to assist individuals with disabilities, and the parents, family members, guardians, advocates, or authorized representatives of the individuals—
(C) to communicate more effectively with transition and rehabilitation personnel and other relevant professionals;
(E) to provide support and expertise in obtaining information about rehabilitation and independent living programs, services, and resources that are appropriate; and
(3) Award of grants
The Commissioner shall ensure that grants under this subsection—
(4) Eligible organizations
In order to receive a grant under this subsection, an organization—
(A) shall submit an application to the Commissioner at such time, in such manner, and containing such information as the Commissioner may require, including information demonstrating the capacity and expertise of the organization—
(ii) to coordinate and work closely with parent training and information centers established pursuant to section 1471 of title 20; and
(i) shall be governed by a board of directors—
Each organization carrying out a program receiving assistance under this subsection shall consult with appropriate agencies that serve or assist individuals with disabilities, and the parents, family members, guardians, advocates, or authorized representatives of the individuals, located in the jurisdiction served by the program.
The Commissioner shall provide coordination and technical assistance by grant or cooperative agreement for establishing, developing, and coordinating the training and information programs. To the extent practicable, such assistance shall be provided by the parent training and information centers established pursuant to section 1471 of title 20.
(A) Quarterly review
The board of directors or special governing committee of an organization receiving a grant under this subsection shall meet at least once in each calendar quarter to review the training and information program, and each such committee shall directly advise the governing board regarding the views and recommendations of the committee.
(B) Review for grant renewal
If a nonprofit private organization requests the renewal of a grant under this subsection, the board of directors or the special governing committee shall prepare and submit to the Commissioner a written review of the training and information program conducted by the organization during the preceding fiscal year.
(d) Braille training programs
The Commissioner shall make grants to, and enter into contracts with, States and public or nonprofit agencies and organizations, including institutions of higher education, to pay all or part of the cost of training in the use of braille for personnel providing vocational rehabilitation services or educational services to youth and adults who are blind.
Such grants shall be used for the establishment or continuation of projects that may provide—
(B) in-service or pre-service training in the use of braille, the importance of braille literacy, and methods of teaching braille to youth and adults who are blind; and
Source(Pub. L. 93–112, title III, § 303, as added Pub. L. 105–220, title IV, § 406,Aug. 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 1190; amended Pub. L. 108–446, title III, § 305(h)(5), (6),Dec. 3, 2004, 118 Stat. 2805.)
References in Text
The Workforce Investment Act of 1998, referred to in subsec. (b)(5)(B)(viii), is Pub. L. 105–220, Aug. 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 936, as amended. Title I of the Act is classified principally to chapter 30 (§ 2801 et seq.) of this title. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out under section 9201 of Title 20, Education, and Tables.
Sections 711 and 777a of this title (as in effect on the day before August 7, 1998), referred to in subsec. (b)(6), means section 711 of this title prior to repeal by Pub. L. 105–220, title IV, § 403,Aug. 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 1093, and section 777a of this title prior to the general amendment of this subchapter by Pub. L. 105–220, title IV, § 406,Aug. 7, 1998, 112 Stat. 1183.
A prior section 773,Pub. L. 93–112, title III, § 304, formerly § 303,Sept. 26, 1973, 87 Stat. 379; Pub. L. 95–602, title I, § 113,Nov. 6, 1978, 92 Stat. 2968; Pub. L. 99–506, title I, § 103(d)(2)(C), title X, § 1001(d)(2),Oct. 21, 1986, 100 Stat. 1810, 1843; renumbered § 304 and amended Pub. L. 102–569, title I, § 102(p)(17), title III, §§ 301(b)(3), 304,Oct. 29, 1992, 106 Stat. 4358, 4411, 4417, related to loan guarantees for community rehabilitation programs, prior to the general amendment of this subchapter by Pub. L. 105–220.
A prior section 303 ofPub. L. 93–112was classified to section 772 of this title prior to the general amendment of this subchapter by Pub. L. 105–220.
2004—Subsec. (c)(4)(A)(ii). Pub. L. 108–446, § 305(h)(6), substituted “section 1471” for “section 1482(a)”.
Subsec. (c)(6). Pub. L. 108–446, § 305(h)(5), substituted “section 1471” for “section 1482(a)”.
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