30 U.S. Code § 1201 - Congressional findings

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The Congress finds and declares that—
(a) extraction of coal and other minerals from the earth can be accomplished by various methods of mining, including surface mining;
(b) coal mining operations presently contribute significantly to the Nation’s energy requirements; surface coal mining constitutes one method of extraction of the resource; the overwhelming percentage of the Nation’s coal reserves can only be extracted by underground mining methods, and it is, therefore, essential to the national interest to insure the existence of an expanding and economically healthy underground coal mining industry;
(c) many surface mining operations result in disturbances of surface areas that burden and adversely affect commerce and the public welfare by destroying or diminishing the utility of land for commercial, industrial, residential, recreational, agricultural, and forestry purposes, by causing erosion and landslides, by contributing to floods, by polluting the water, by destroying fish and wildlife habitats, by impairing natural beauty, by damaging the property of citizens, by creating hazards dangerous to life and property by degrading the quality of life in local communities, and by counteracting governmental programs and efforts to conserve soil, water, and other natural resources;
(d) the expansion of coal mining to meet the Nation’s energy needs makes even more urgent the establishment of appropriate standards to minimize damage to the environment and to productivity of the soil and to protect the health and safety of the public. [1]
(e) surface mining and reclamation technology are now developed so that effective and reasonable regulation of surface coal mining operations by the States and by the Federal Government in accordance with the requirements of this chapter is an appropriate and necessary means to minimize so far as practicable the adverse social, economic, and environmental effects of such mining operations;
(f) because of the diversity in terrain, climate, biologic, chemical, and other physical conditions in areas subject to mining operations, the primary governmental responsibility for developing, authorizing, issuing, and enforcing regulations for surface mining and reclamation operations subject to this chapter should rest with the States;
(g) surface mining and reclamation standards are essential in order to insure that competition in interstate commerce among sellers of coal produced in different States will not be used to undermine the ability of the several States to improve and maintain adequate standards on coal mining operations within their borders;
(h) there are a substantial number of acres of land throughout major regions of the United States disturbed by surface and underground coal on which little or no reclamation was conducted, and the impacts from these unreclaimed lands impose social and economic costs on residents in nearby and adjoining areas as well as continuing to impair environmental quality;
(i) while there is a need to regulate surface mining operations for minerals other than coal, more data and analyses are needed to serve as a basis for effective and reasonable regulation of such operations;
(j) surface and underground coal mining operations affect interstate commerce, contribute to the economic well-being, security, and general welfare of the Nation and should be conducted in an environmentally sound manner; and
(k) the cooperative effort established by this chapter is necessary to prevent or mitigate adverse environmental effects of present and future surface coal mining operations.


[1]  So in original. The period probably should be a semicolon.

Source

(Pub. L. 95–87, title I, § 101,Aug. 3, 1977, 91 Stat. 447.)
References in Text

This chapter, referred to in pars. (e), (f), and (k), was in the original “this Act”, meaning Pub. L. 95–87, Aug. 3, 1977, 91 Stat. 445, as amended, which enacted this chapter and amended section 1114 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure. For complete classification of this Act to the Code, see Short Title note set out below and Tables.
Short Title of 2006 Amendment

Pub. L. 109–432, div. C, title II, § 200,Dec. 20, 2006, 120 Stat. 3006, provided that: “This title [enacting section 1244 of this title, amending sections 1231 to 1233, 1236, 1238, 1240a, 1260, 1300, and 1302 of this title and sections 9701, 9702, 9704 to 9707, 9711, 9712, and 9721 of Title 26, Internal Revenue Code, and enacting provisions set out as notes under section 1232 of this title and sections 9701, 9704, and 9712 of Title 26] may be cited as the ‘Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act Amendments of 2006’.”
Short Title of 1990 Amendments

Pub. L. 101–508, title VI, § 6001,Nov. 5, 1990, 104 Stat. 1388–289, provided that: “This subtitle [subtitle A (§§ 6001–6014) of title VI of Pub. L. 101–508, enacting section 1240a of this title, amending sections 1231 to 1237, 1239, 1257, and 1302 of this title, and enacting provisions set out as notes under section 1231 of this title] may be cited as the ‘Abandoned Mine Reclamation Act of 1990’.”
Pub. L. 101–498, § 1,Nov. 2, 1990, 104 Stat. 1207, provided that: “This Act [enacting section 1230a of this title] may be cited as the ‘Strategic and Critical Minerals Act of 1990’.”
Short Title of 1988 Amendment

Pub. L. 100–483, § 13,Oct. 12, 1988, 102 Stat. 2341, provided that: “This Act [amending sections 1221, 1222, 1224, 1226, 1229, and 1230 of this title and enacting provisions set out as notes under this section and section 1229 of this title] may be cited as the Mining and Mineral Resources Research Institute Amendments of 1988.”
Short Title

Pub. L. 95–87, § 1,Aug. 3, 1977, 91 Stat. 445, provided: “That this Act [enacting this chapter and amending section 1114 of Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure] may be cited as the ‘Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977’.”
Pub. L. 98–409, § 11, as added by Pub. L. 100–483, § 12,Oct. 12, 1988, 102 Stat. 2341; amended by Pub. L. 104–312, § 1(b),Oct. 19, 1996, 110 Stat. 3819, provided that: “This Act [enacting subchapter III of this chapter] may be cited as the ‘Mining and Mineral Resources Institutes Act’.”

The table below lists the classification updates, since Jan. 3, 2012, for this section. Updates to a broader range of sections may be found at the update page for containing chapter, title, etc.

The most recent Classification Table update that we have noticed was Tuesday, August 13, 2013

An empty table indicates that we see no relevant changes listed in the classification tables. If you suspect that our system may be missing something, please double-check with the Office of the Law Revision Counsel.

30 USCDescription of ChangeSession YearPublic LawStatutes at Large

This is a list of parts within the Code of Federal Regulations for which this US Code section provides rulemaking authority.

This list is taken from the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules provided by GPO [Government Printing Office].

It is not guaranteed to be accurate or up-to-date, though we do refresh the database weekly. More limitations on accuracy are described at the GPO site.


25 CFR - Indians

25 CFR Part 200 - TERMS AND CONDITIONS: COAL LEASES

25 CFR Part 216 - SURFACE EXPLORATION, MINING, AND RECLAMATION OF LANDS

30 CFR - Mineral Resources

30 CFR Part 301 - PROCEDURES UNDER SURFACE MINING CONTROL AND RECLAMATION ACT OF 1977

30 CFR Part 700 - GENERAL

30 CFR Part 701 - PERMANENT REGULATORY PROGRAM

30 CFR Part 702 - EXEMPTION FOR COAL EXTRACTION INCIDENTAL TO THE EXTRACTION OF OTHER MINERALS

30 CFR Part 705 - RESTRICTION ON FINANCIAL INTERESTS OF STATE EMPLOYEES

30 CFR Part 706 - RESTRICTION ON FINANCIAL INTERESTS OF FEDERAL EMPLOYEES

30 CFR Part 707 - EXEMPTION FOR COAL EXTRACTION INCIDENT TO GOVERNMENT-FINANCED HIGHWAY OR OTHER CONSTRUCTION

30 CFR Part 710 - INITIAL REGULATORY PROGRAM

30 CFR Part 715 - GENERAL PERFORMANCE STANDARDS

30 CFR Part 716 - SPECIAL PERFORMANCE STANDARDS

30 CFR Part 717 - UNDERGROUND MINING GENERAL PERFORMANCE STANDARDS

30 CFR Part 721 - FEDERAL INSPECTIONS

30 CFR Part 722 - ENFORCEMENT PROCEDURES

30 CFR Part 723 - CIVIL PENALTIES

30 CFR Part 724 - INDIVIDUAL CIVIL PENALTIES

30 CFR Part 725 - REIMBURSEMENTS TO STATES

30 CFR Part 731 - SUBMISSION OF STATE PROGRAMS

30 CFR Part 732 - PROCEDURES AND CRITERIA FOR APPROVAL OR DISAPPROVAL OF STATE PROGRAM SUBMISSIONS

30 CFR Part 735 - GRANTS FOR PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT AND ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT

30 CFR Part 736 - FEDERAL PROGRAM FOR A STATE

30 CFR Part 740 - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS ON FEDERAL LANDS

30 CFR Part 745 - STATE-FEDERAL COOPERATIVE AGREEMENTS

30 CFR Part 746 - REVIEW AND APPROVAL OF MINING PLANS

30 CFR Part 750 - REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS ON INDIAN LANDS

30 CFR Part 755 - TRIBAL-FEDERAL INTERGOVERNMENTAL AGREEMENTS

30 CFR Part 756 - INDIAN TRIBE ABANDONED MINE LAND RECLAMATION PROGRAMS

30 CFR Part 762 - CRITERIA FOR DESIGNATING AREAS AS UNSUITABLE FOR SURFACE COAL MINING OPERATIONS

30 CFR Part 764 - STATE PROCESSES FOR DESIGNATING AREAS UNSUITABLE FOR SURFACE COAL MINING OPERATIONS

30 CFR Part 769 - PETITION PROCESS FOR DESIGNATION OF FEDERAL LANDS AS UNSUITABLE FOR ALL OR CERTAIN TYPES OF SURFACE COAL MINING OPERATIONS AND FOR TERMINATION OF PREVIOUS DESIGNATIONS

30 CFR Part 772 - REQUIREMENTS FOR COAL EXPLORATION

30 CFR Part 773 - REQUIREMENTS FOR PERMITS AND PERMIT PROCESSING

30 CFR Part 774 - REVISION; RENEWAL; TRANSFER, ASSIGNMENT, OR SALE OF PERMIT RIGHTS; POST-PERMIT ISSUANCE REQUIREMENTS; AND OTHER ACTIONS BASED ON OWNERSHIP, CONTROL, AND VIOLATION INFORMATION

30 CFR Part 775 - ADMINISTRATIVE AND JUDICIAL REVIEW OF DECISIONS

30 CFR Part 777 - GENERAL CONTENT REQUIREMENTS FOR PERMIT APPLICATIONS

30 CFR Part 778 - PERMIT APPLICATIONS—MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR LEGAL, FINANCIAL, COMPLIANCE, AND RELATED INFORMATION

30 CFR Part 779 - SURFACE MINING PERMIT APPLICATIONS—MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR INFORMATION ON ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES

30 CFR Part 780 - SURFACE MINING PERMIT APPLICATIONS—MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR RECLAMATION AND OPERATION PLAN

30 CFR Part 783 - UNDERGROUND MINING PERMIT APPLICATIONS—MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR INFORMATION ON ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES

30 CFR Part 784 - UNDERGROUND MINING PERMIT APPLICATIONS—MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR RECLAMATION AND OPERATION PLAN

30 CFR Part 785 - REQUIREMENTS FOR PERMITS FOR SPECIAL CATEGORIES OF MINING

30 CFR Part 795 - PERMANENT REGULATORY PROGRAM—SMALL OPERATOR ASSISTANCE PROGRAM

30 CFR Part 800 - BOND AND INSURANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR SURFACE COAL MINING AND RECLAMATION OPERATIONS UNDER REGULATORY PROGRAMS

30 CFR Part 815 - PERMANENT PROGRAM PERFORMANCE STANDARDS—COAL EXPLORATION

30 CFR Part 816 - PERMANENT PROGRAM PERFORMANCE STANDARDS—SURFACE MINING ACTIVITIES

30 CFR Part 817 - PERMANENT PROGRAM PERFORMANCE STANDARDS—UNDERGROUND MINING ACTIVITIES

30 CFR Part 819 - SPECIAL PERMANENT PROGRAM PERFORMANCE STANDARDS-AUGER MINING

30 CFR Part 822 - SPECIAL PERMANENT PROGRAM PERFORMANCE STANDARDS—OPERATIONS IN ALLUVIAL VALLEY FLOORS

30 CFR Part 823 - SPECIAL PERMANENT PROGRAM PERFORMANCE STANDARDS—OPERATIONS ON PRIME FARMLAND

30 CFR Part 824 - SPECIAL PERMANENT PROGRAM PERFORMANCE STANDARDS—MOUNTAINTOP REMOVAL

30 CFR Part 825 - SPECIAL PERMANENT PROGRAM PERFORMANCE STANDARDS—SPECIAL BITUMINOUS COAL MINES IN WYOMING

30 CFR Part 827 - PERMANENT PROGRAM PERFORMANCE STANDARDS—COAL PREPARATION PLANTS NOT LOCATED WITHIN THE PERMIT AREA OF A MINE

30 CFR Part 828 - SPECIAL PERMANENT PROGRAM PERFORMANCE STANDARDS—IN SITU PROCESSING

30 CFR Part 840 - STATE REGULATORY AUTHORITY: INSPECTION AND ENFORCEMENT

30 CFR Part 842 - FEDERAL INSPECTIONS AND MONITORING

30 CFR Part 843 - FEDERAL ENFORCEMENT

30 CFR Part 845 - CIVIL PENALTIES

30 CFR Part 846 - INDIVIDUAL CIVIL PENALTIES

30 CFR Part 850 - PERMANENT REGULATORY PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS—STANDARDS FOR CERTIFICATION OF BLASTERS

30 CFR Part 865 - PROTECTION OF EMPLOYEES

30 CFR Part 870 - ABANDONED MINE RECLAMATION FUND—FEE COLLECTION AND COAL PRODUCTION REPORTING

30 CFR Part 872 - MONEYS AVAILABLE TO ELIGIBLE STATES AND INDIAN TRIBES

30 CFR Part 873 - FUTURE RECLAMATION SET-ASIDE PROGRAM

30 CFR Part 874 - GENERAL RECLAMATION REQUIREMENTS

30 CFR Part 875 - CERTIFICATION AND NONCOAL RECLAMATION

30 CFR Part 876 - ACID MINE DRAINAGE TREATMENT AND ABATEMENT PROGRAM

30 CFR Part 879 - ACQUISITION, MANAGEMENT, AND DISPOSITION OF LANDS AND WATER

30 CFR Part 881 - SUBSIDENCE AND STRIP MINE REHABILITATION, APPALACHIA

30 CFR Part 882 - RECLAMATION ON PRIVATE LAND

30 CFR Part 884 - STATE RECLAMATION PLANS

30 CFR Part 885 - GRANTS FOR CERTIFIED STATES AND INDIAN TRIBES

30 CFR Part 886 - RECLAMATION GRANTS FOR UNCERTIFIED STATES AND INDIAN TRIBES

30 CFR Part 887 - SUBSIDENCE INSURANCE PROGRAM GRANTS

30 CFR Part 901 - ALABAMA

30 CFR Part 902 - ALASKA

30 CFR Part 903 - ARIZONA

30 CFR Part 904 - ARKANSAS

30 CFR Part 905 - CALIFORNIA

30 CFR Part 906 - COLORADO

30 CFR Part 910 - GEORGIA

30 CFR Part 912 - IDAHO

30 CFR Part 913 - ILLINOIS

30 CFR Part 914 - INDIANA

30 CFR Part 915 - IOWA

30 CFR Part 916 - KANSAS

30 CFR Part 917 - KENTUCKY

30 CFR Part 918 - LOUISIANA

30 CFR Part 920 - MARYLAND

30 CFR Part 920 - MARYLAND

30 CFR Part 921 - MASSACHUSETTS

30 CFR Part 922 - MICHIGAN

30 CFR Part 924 - MISSISSIPPI

30 CFR Part 925 - MISSOURI

30 CFR Part 926 - MONTANA

30 CFR Part 931 - NEW MEXICO

30 CFR Part 933 - NORTH CAROLINA

30 CFR Part 934 - NORTH DAKOTA

30 CFR Part 935 - OHIO

30 CFR Part 936 - OKLAHOMA

30 CFR Part 937 - OREGON

30 CFR Part 938 - PENNSYLVANIA

30 CFR Part 939 - RHODE ISLAND

30 CFR Part 941 - SOUTH DAKOTA

30 CFR Part 942 - TENNESSEE

30 CFR Part 943 - TEXAS

30 CFR Part 944 - UTAH

30 CFR Part 946 - VIRGINIA

30 CFR Part 947 - WASHINGTON

30 CFR Part 948 - WEST VIRGINIA

30 CFR Part 950 - WYOMING

30 CFR Part 955 - CERTIFICATION OF BLASTERS IN FEDERAL PROGRAM STATES AND ON INDIAN LANDS

43 CFR - Public Lands: Interior

43 CFR Part 3420 - COMPETITIVE LEASING

43 CFR Part 3430 - NONCOMPETITIVE LEASES

43 CFR Part 3450 - MANAGEMENT OF EXISTING LEASES

43 CFR Part 3460 - ENVIRONMENT

43 CFR Part 3470 - COAL MANAGEMENT PROVISIONS AND LIMITATIONS

 

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